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UNITED STATES: First U.S. Steelhead Trout Farm Achieves BAP Certification

UNITED STATES: First U.S. Steelhead Trout Farm Achieves BAP Certification | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

The Global Aquaculture Alliance announced in late April that Pacific Seafood Group’s steelhead trout farm on the Columbia River is the United States’ first steelhead trout or salmon farm to achieve Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) certification.

 

Operated by Pacific Seafood’s Pacific Aquaculture division, the farm is located in Nespelem, Wash., on the Colville Nation, in northeastern Washington state. Pacific Seafood purchased the farm in 2008 but partners with the Colville Nation to operate it; most farm employees are members of the Colville Nation.

 

The farm produces more than 8 million pounds (3.63 million kilograms) of steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) annually; the fish are raised in pens. The fish are marketed throughout North America, mostly fresh, to both retail and foodservice customers.

 

“Our team is extremely proud to receive BAP certification,” said John Bielka, general manager of Pacific Aquaculture. “It demonstrates that we are living out our company vision of providing the healthiest protein on the planet while promoting sustainable practices.”

 

“This is an exciting development for us in this species and a great step forward,” added Peter Redmond, BAP’s vice president of development. “The GAA is excited to further develop our relationship with Pacific Seafood and welcomes the Colville Nation in to the growing fold of those who strive to grow fantastic quality fish in a responsible manner.”

 

Based in Clackamas, Ore., family-owned Pacific Seafood is one of the United States’ largest seafood suppliers and distributors. The company processes seafood from Alaska to Mexico and has facilities in seven U.S. Western states.

 

About BAP


Best Aquaculture Practices is an international certification program based on achievable, science-based and continuously improved performance standards for the entire aquaculture supply chain -- farms, hatcheries, processing plants and feed mills -- that assure healthful foods produced through environmentally and socially responsible means. BAP certification is based on independent audits that evaluate compliance with the BAP standards developed by the Global Aquaculture Alliance. For more information on BAP, visit:  http://www.gaalliance.org/bap.

 

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JAPAN: Asia farmers agree to limit volume of young eel in aquaculture ponds

JAPAN: Asia farmers agree to limit volume of young eel in aquaculture ponds | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Representatives of Japan, China, South Korea and Taiwan agreed Wednesday at a multilateral forum on conserving the endangered Japanese eel to cut the volume of young eels put into aquaculture ponds by 20 percent from recent levels, the Japanese Fisheries Agency said.

 

The deal, which will implement the restrictions on farmed eels from November to prevent overfishing of juveniles, was reached by Japan and its neighbors as the first international framework on managing the species as a marine resource.

 

The representatives, who began their meeting in Tokyo on Tuesday, also agreed to set up an international entity to effectively manage eels, the agency said.

 

Masanori Miyahara, adviser to the Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, told reporters after the meeting that the delegates were able to come up with an agreement because of a shared view that measures must be taken to prevent the extinction of the Japanese eel.

 

In June, the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, or IUCN, put the Japanese eel on a red list of species at risk of extinction, citing overfishing of juveniles and the destruction of freshwater habitats among reasons for its decline.

 

Japan and its neighbors began discussions on managing the eel in September 2012, and the current meeting is the seventh of its kind.

 

The participating governments had already agreed on the need for some form of regulations on the farming, which relies on naturally bred juvenile eels.

 

Kyodo News International

 

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CHILE: Pescanova se aleja de la Antártida

CHILE: Pescanova se aleja de la Antártida | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

La biomasa del krill tal vez sea la mayor de cualquier especie animal multicelular del planeta. Este crustáceo, de no más de cinco centímetros de longitud, el animal más abundante en la Tierra, se encuentra en las aguas antárticas. Se emplea en la producción de alimentos para consumo humano (rico en ácidos grasos Omega 3), pero es en la acuicultura donde más se utiliza, como pienso de alta calidad.

 

La Comisión para la Conservación de los Recursos de la Vida Marina en la Antártida (CCAMLR) es el organismo que regula su pesca. De acuerdo al listado de la CCAMLR de barcos con licencia para pescar en la región, no más de medio centenar de buques cuentan con licencia para faenar sus aguas. Uno de ellos es el Betanzos, de Pescanova.

 

La multinacional gallega es una de las pocas compañías que cuenta con permiso para pescar en las aguas antárticas, a través de su filial Lafonia. Sin embargo el grupo español, que acaba de abandonar la situación concursal en la que se encontraba, ha optado por dejar la zona. Adiós a Lafonia, a las Islas Malvinas, a las Islas Georgias, a la Antártida. Adiós al krill.

 

De acuerdo a fuentes cercanas al grupo pesquero, Pescanova ultima la venta de Lafonia (una operación que podría estar valorada entre 15 y 20 millones de euros). Lafonia cuenta con dos filiales, Polar, situada en Islas Malvinas, y Antarctic Sea Fisheries, en Chile.


La primera de estas filiales tiene cuota de pesca de calamar, bacalao y pez hielo en Malvinas, y cuenta con dos de los mejores barcos para pesca de arrastre que existen en España, el Sil y el New Polar. Pescanova participa en esta sociedad junto con un socio local, la firma Seaview.

 

La otra filial, Antarctic Sea Fisheries, es 100% de Lafonia. Dispone de un palangrero con permiso de pesca de bacalao en las Islas Georgias (cerca de las Malvinas), y con el arrastrero Betanzos, dedicado a la captura de krill. En 2011 la empresa invirtió 17,3 millones de euros en la remodelación del Betanzos para adaptarlo a la pesca del krill, según el plan de viabilidad elaborado por PwC para Pescanova el pasado año, al que ha accedido este diario.

 

La consultora estimaba en su informe que Lafonia, en situación concursal, podría alcanzar unas ventas estables anuales de 21,7 millones de euros. Según el mismo informe, la empresa debe 3,2 millones a Banco Sabadell; 2 millones a Bank of Western Australia, y 1,39 millones a BBVA. El combustible es el principal coste operativo del negocio antártico de Pescanova, suponiendo un gasto de 2,48 millones de euros al año.

 

De acuerdo a fuentes del sector, Pescanova ha optado por desprenderse de Lafonia para centrarse en Argenova, su filial en Argentina. Según las fuentes consultadas, el conflicto de soberanía entre Argentina y Reino Unido sobre las Malvinas y las Georgias hace que el Gobierno argentino no vea con buenos ojos a las compañías con negocios en la zona, lo que habría empujado a Pescanova a vender Lafonia.

 

Argenova, en concurso desde mayo de 2013, emplea a cerca de 1.000 personas y cuenta con 18 barcos. PwC estima en su informe que la empresa podría alcanzar una facturación superior a los 63 millones de euros. La compañía argentina debe 6,5 millones a Caixa Geral; 11,7 millones a Sabadell; 1,9 millones a Banco Patagonia, y 1,8 millones a Deutsche Bank.


Las fuentes del sector consultadas advierten de la arriesgada apuesta de Pescanova por Argentina. “La inestabilidad política y laboral hacen que siempre sea un caladero incierto y en Argenova lo principal es la pesca de gambón, que no tiene un futuro halagüeño por la competencia del vannamei”, dicen.

 

El grupo sigue la estrategia del krill para sobrevivir


Aún no está claro cómo consigue el krill sobrevivir, hasta 200 días, sin comer aparentemente en las heladas aguas antárticas. Según recientes estudios, lo más probable es que este pequeño crustáceo consuma el material orgánico de su cuerpo para satisfacer así sus necesidades metabólicas.

 

Pescanova está haciendo como el krill: se está encogiendo para sobrevivir. La multinacional (cada vez menos) gallega se ha desprendido de filiales en el extranjero en los últimos meses. En abril de 2013 vendió dos granjas de camarón en Ecuador; en diciembre vendió el 50% de su filial australiana al grupo japonés Marucha Nichiro.


Recientemente se ha desprendido de sus filiales en Chile, uno de sus mayores activos en el extranjero. Durante el concurso y reorganización accionarial de Pescanova se aseguró que Chile era básico para el negocio del grupo español. El negocio chileno de Pescanova –a través de las sociedades Pescachile, Acuinova y Nova Austral– figura en el informe de viabilidad elaborado por PwC como “prioritario”. Las filiales de Pescanova en Chile tienen una plantilla en total cercana a las 2.000 personas.

 

Pescachile, declarada en concurso en mayo de 2013, tiene una cuota de pesca de merluza del 46,6% en el país. Acuinova y Nova Austral están centradas en la cría y comercialización de salmón. Solamente dos barcos de Pescanova en Chile, el Diego Ramírez y el Cabo de Hornos, pescan al año 30.000 toneladas de hoki (merluza de cola), cuando en Namibia (donde está presente Pescanova) para pescar esa cantidad se necesitan 18 barcos, explican expertos del sector.

 

Pescanova informó ayer a la CNMV de que no ha recibido información oficial sobre la venta de sus participadas en Chile.

 

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WORLDWIDE: ISSF Technical Report 2014-09 - Status Of The World Fisheries For Tuna – 2014

WORLDWIDE:  ISSF Technical Report 2014-09 - Status Of The World Fisheries For Tuna – 2014 | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

There are 23 stocks of the major commercial tuna species worldwide (6 albacore, 4 bigeye, 4 bluefin, 5 skipjack and 4 yellowfin stocks). This document summarizes the results of the most recent scientific as-sessments of these stocks, as well as the current management measures adopted by the RFMOs.

 

In addition, this report ranks the status and management of the 23 stocks using a consistent methodology in terms of three factors: Abundance, Exploitation/Management (fishing mortality) and Environmental Im-pact (bycatch).

 

In 2012, the catch of major commercial tunas was 4.6 million tonnes. Fifty-six percent of it was skipjack tuna, followed by yellowfin (28 percent), bigeye (10 percent) and albacore (6 percent). Bluefin tuna accounts for only 1 percent of the global catch.

 

Globally, 52 percent of the stocks are at a healthy level of abundance, 39 percent are overfished and 9 percent are at an intermediate level. In terms of exploitation, 43.5 percent of the stocks are experiencing a low fishing mortality rate, 17.4 percent are experiencing overfishing, and 39.1 percent have a high fishing mortality that is being managed adequately.

 

When viewed from the point of view of total catch , 86 percent of the catch comes from healthy stocks. This is due to the fact that skipjack stocks contribute more than one half of the global catch of tunas, and they are all in a healthy situation . In contrast, most bluefin stocks and 2 out of 6 albacore stocks are overfished, but combined they make a relatively small fraction of the total catch.

 

Full Report here: http://iss-foundation.org/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2014/09/ISSF-2014-09-Status-of-the-Stocks-Sept-11-BYCATCH-APPENDIX.pdf

 

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UNITED STATES: Study finds warming Atlantic ocean temperatures could increase expansion of invasive native species

UNITED STATES: Study finds warming Atlantic ocean temperatures could increase expansion of invasive native species | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Warming water temperatures due to climate change could expand the range of many native species of tropical fish, including the invasive and poisonous lionfish, according to a study of 40 species along rocky and artificial reefs off North Carolina by researchers from NOAA and the University of North Carolina-Wilmington.

 

The findings, reported for the first time, were published in the September issue of Marine Ecology Progress Series.

 

“The results will allow us to better understand how the fish communities might shift under different climate change scenarios and provide the type of environmental data to inform future decisions relating to the management and siting of protected areas,” said Paula Whitfield, a research ecologist at NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) and lead author of the study.

 

The North Carolina reefs lie within the temperate-tropical transition zone, where historically, both temperate and tropical species live, at their respective range limits. However, water temperatures in the zone are becoming more tropical, making it an important place to detect climate changes and its impacts.

 

The researchers first  made these discoveries during an ecological study of the marine communities on the North Carolina reefs. Findings from this earlier study showed similar shifts of climate change induced shifts in algal populations.

 

Researchers combined year-round bottom water temperature data with 2006-2010 fish community surveys in water depths from 15 to 150 feet off the coast of North Carolina. The study revealed that the fish community was primarily tropical in the deeper areas surveyed, from 122 to 150 feet, with a winter mean temperature of 21 °C (69.8 °F). However, many of these native tropical fishes, usually abundant in shallow, somewhat cooler reefs, tended to remain in the deeper, warmer water, suggesting that temperature is a main factor in controlling their distribution.

 

“Globally, fish communities are becoming more tropical as a result of warming temperatures,  as fish move to follow their optimal temperature range.,” said Whitfield. “Along the North Carolina coast, warming water temperatures may allow the expansion of tropical fish species, such as lionfish, into areas that were previously uninhabitable due to cold winter temperatures. The temperature thresholds collected in this study will allow us to detect and to estimate fish community changes related to water temperature.”

 

“This kind of monitoring data set is quite rare because it combines multi-year quantitative fish density data with continuous bottom water temperature data from the same location,” said Jonathan A. Hare, NOAA Fisheries research oceanographer and a co-author on the study.

 

Similarly, the distribution of the venomous Indo-Pacific lionfish (Pterois volitans), a species new to the Atlantic since 2000, was restricted to water depths deeper than 87 feet where the average water temperature was higher than 15.2°C (approximately 59.4 °F). As the more shallow waters warm, lionfish may expand their range, since they seem to be attracted to areas with a warmer  minimum temperature. Although lionfish only arrived in North Carolina in 2000 they were the most common species observed in water depths from 122 to 150 feet in this study.

 

Since their first sighting off the Florida east coast, in the late 1980s, lionfish have spread throughout the western North Atlantic including the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean. They are considered a major threat to Atlantic reefs by reducing reef fish recruitment and biomass, and have been implicated in cascading impacts such as decreased coral cover on coral reefs. To date, cold winter bottom temperatures are the only factor found to control their distribution on a large scale.

 

NOAA’s mission is to understand and predict changes in the Earth's environment, from the depths of the ocean to the surface of the sun, and to conserve and manage our coastal and marine resources. Join us on Facebook, Twitter and our other social media channels.

 

 


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Lion fish have veracious appetites.  Their growth and expansion into other territories may cause even more havoc on an environment that is struggling to remain healthy.

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CHILE: New CEO appointed for the BioMar Group

CHILE: New CEO appointed for the BioMar Group | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it
Torben Svejgard, who has been Group CEO in BioMar since 2008, has resigned from his position in order to focus on a career as a full-time board member. The BioMar board has appointed Vice President Carlos Diaz as new Group CEO. He will take over the seat from Torben Svejgard sometime towards the end of the year.

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MAGAZINE: Fish Farmer Magazine - September / October 2014

MAGAZINE: Fish Farmer Magazine - September / October 2014 | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it
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EUROPEAN UNION: Commission cooperates with Portugal to enforce fisheries rules

EUROPEAN UNION: Commission cooperates with Portugal to enforce fisheries rules | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

In its efforts to ensure that fisheries rules are respected across the EU, the European Commission has today adopted an action plan to help upgrade the Portuguese fisheries control system to European standards. This plan was prepared in partnership with the Portuguese authorities to ensure that Portugal complies fully with the requirements of the EU's 2009 Fisheries Control Regulation and the new Common Fisheries Policy to achieve sustainable fishing.

 

The Portuguese action plan focuses largely on the catch registration system, in order to ensure that essential data to monitor catches are complete, reliable and timely. To that end, the development of IT tools to collect, share and analyse data is essential. Catch data are reported by fishermen so control authorities can monitor their fishing quotas and thus prevent overfishing.

 

European Commissioner for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Maria Damanaki, said: "I have an obligation to make sure that commonly agreed rules are enforced on the ground: this is a prerequisite for sustainability. We have worked hand in hand with the Portuguese authorities on this action plan. The Commission can also assist in financing this upgrading of the Portuguese fisheries control system through the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF).


Several of the measures within the action plan aim to reinforce the chain of control, and in particular the flow of catch data between mainland Portugal's fisheries authorities and those of the Portuguese offshore archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira. Also included are measures which focus on Portugal's inspection activities, to support a more robust control system.

 

Action plan for effective controls

 

Effective control of European fisheries is not only essential for the sustainability of European fisheries, but also for the coastal communities, the wider economy and the marine ecosystem. It also ensures a level playing field for fishermen across Europe, so all fishermen play by the same rules.

 

Control action plans are designed to address systemic organisational issues, while other enforcement means are used to deal with more isolated issues. The Commission is working with Member States individually to determine what steps need to be taken to reach those standards. Action plans have already been adopted and put in place with Spain, Malta, Italy, France and Latvia, whilst others are in the pipeline for Bulgaria and Romania.

 

Background

 

Fisheries rules and control systems are agreed at EU level, but implemented and carried out by the national authorities and inspectors of EU Member States.

 

To enforce the EU's Common Fisheries Policy rules, a European control system is in place, designed to ensure that only the allowed quantities of fish are caught, to collect the necessary data for managing fishing opportunities, and to ensure the rules are applied to fishermen across the EU in the same manner.

 

The system is set out in the EU's Control Regulation which entered into force on 1 January 2010 and which thoroughly modernised the EU's approach to fisheries control. It provides for a series of new instruments to assist Member States in implementing the agreed rules, including system auditing and action plans such as the one unveiled today for Portugal.

 

For more information

 

The EU system for fisheries controls: http://ec.europa.eu/fisheries/cfp/control/index_en.htm

 

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AUSTRALIA: Australia's waters full of plastic

AUSTRALIA: Australia's waters full of plastic | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

A new report has revealed that Australia's coastal rubbish is mainly plastic from Australian sources.

 

The CSIRO report surveyed sites approximately every 100km along the Australian coastline. CSIRO scientist Denise Hardesty said, "We found about three-quarters of the rubbish along the coast is plastic. Most is from Australian sources, not the high seas, with debris concentrated near cities."

 

She says the density of plastic in Australian waters ranges from a few thousand pieces of plastic per square kilometre to more than 40,000 pieces.

 

Marine debris includes items such as glass or plastic bottles, cans, bags, balloons, rubber, metal, fibreglass, cigarettes and other manufactured materials that end up in the ocean and along the coast. It can smother coral reefs, kill wildlife, and may pose a threat to human health.

 

"Approximately one third of marine turtles around the world have likely ingested debris, and this has increased since plastic production began in the 1950s," Dr Hardesty says. "We also estimate that between 5,000 and 15,000 turtles have been killed in the Gulf of Carpentaria after becoming ensnared by derelict fishing nets mostly originating from overseas."

 

She says the Tasman Sea south of Australia is a global hotspot for seabird impacts.

 

"We found that 43% of seabirds have plastic in their gut. Globally, nearly half of all seabird species are likely to ingest debris, eating everything from balloons to glow sticks, industrial plastic pellets, rubber, foam and string."

 

"By garnering the information needed to identify sources and hotspots of debris, we can better develop effective solutions to tackle marine debris," says Dr Hardesty.

 

The research is part of TeachWild, a national three-year research and education program developed by Earthwatch Australia in partnership with CSIRO and Shell Australia's National Social Investment Program.

 

World Fishing & Aquaculture

 

- See more at: http://www.worldfishing.net/news101/industry-news/australias-waters-full-of-plastic?mkt_tok=3RkMMJWWfF9wsRokvqrBZKXonjHpfsX56OQrX7Hr08Yy0EZ5VunJEUWy2YUBT9Q%2FcOedCQkZHblFnVQASa2xS7kNoqwE#sthash.VKkwDZ0M.dpuf

 

 

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ΚΟΣΜΟΣ: Διεθνείς προσπάθειες για την απαγόρευση του επιστημονικού προγράμματος φαλαινοθηρίας της Ιαπωνίας

ΚΟΣΜΟΣ: Διεθνείς προσπάθειες για την απαγόρευση του επιστημονικού προγράμματος φαλαινοθηρίας της Ιαπωνίας | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Αυστραλία και Νέα Ζηλανδία κατά Ιαπωνίας

 

Η Νέα Ζηλανδία και η Αυστραλία ηγούνται της προσπάθειας να ψηφιστεί η απόφαση απαγόρευσης του επιστημονικού προγράμματος φαλαινοθηρίας της Ιαπωνίας στο ερχόμενο συνέδριο της Διεθνούς Επιτροπής Φαλαινοθηρίας.

 

Το συνέδριο, το οποίο θα λάβει χώρα αυτή την εβδομάδα στη Σλοβενία, είναι το πρώτο μετά την απόφαση του Διεθνούς Δικαστηρίου της Χάγης τον περασμένο Μάρτιο που έκρινε πως το ετήσιο κυνήγι φαλαινών της Ιαπωνίας στα νερά της Ανταρκτικής έχει εμπορικό χαρακτήρα και όχι επιστημονικό, επομένως είναι παράνομο.

 

Οι ιαπωνικές αρχές ακύρωσαν προσωρινά το κυνήγι φαλαινών για την περίοδο 2014-2015, όμως αναμένεται να παρουσιάσουν ένα νέο σχέδιο το οποίο θα πληροί τα επιστημονικά κριτήρια της Διεθνούς Επιτροπής, ώστε να μπορέσουν να συνεχίσουν τη φαλαινοθηρία.

 

Η Νέα Ζηλανδία απεναντίας καλεί την επιτροπή να επικυρώσει την απόφαση του Διεθνούς Δικαστηρίου και να προσθέσει ακόμα πιο αυστηρές συνθήκες για μελλοντικές άδειες κυνηγιού για επιστημονικούς λόγους. Σύμφωνα με διεθνείς ανταποκριτές η Νέα Ζηλανδία έχει εξασφαλίσει μία ισχνή πλειοψηφία παρά τις ισχυρές αντιδράσεις της Ιαπωνίας.

 

Η Ιαπωνία υποστηρίζεται από τα άλλα δύο μεγάλα φαλαινοθηρικά κράτη, τη Νορβηγία και την Ισλανδία, καθώς και από ένα πυρήνα μικρών αφρικανικών και νησιωτικών κρατών της Καραϊβικής, τα οποία δέχονται κριτική για τις συμφωνίες που εξασφάλισαν προκειμένου να υποστηρίξουν τις ιαπωνικές θέσεις.

 

Το μορατόριουμ του 1986 απαγόρευσε το εμπορικό κυνήγι φαλαινών ωστόσο η Ιαπωνία, η Νορβηγία και η Ισλανδία δε σταμάτησαν πρακτικά ποτέ. Η διαφορά είναι ότι η Ιαπωνία δεν περιορίζεται στα χωρικά της ύδατα αλλά δραστηριοποιείται και στα διεθνή ύδατα κοντά στην Ανταρκτική, επικαλούμενη επιστημονικούς λόγους όπως την παρατήρηση της σεξουαλικής ωριμότητας των φαλαινών.

 

naftemporiki.gr

 

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MAGAZINE: Legacy - October 2014

Complimentary, e-magazine by Wild Game Fish Conservation International. Celebrating three years of exposing risks to planet Earth's wild game fish and their ecosystems.

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WORLDWIDE: New reports reveal a turning tide for sustainable seafood

WORLDWIDE: New reports reveal a turning tide for sustainable seafood | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

 

Two new reports published today by the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) show the progress being made to secure the future of the world’s oceans, and a plentiful supply of seafood for generations to come.

 

With 29% of the world’s oceans currently overfished1, the reports show how commitments by seafood producers, retailers and consumers are delivering lasting improvements to the sustainability of marine ecosystems, fish stocks and fishing communities.

 

Hundreds of improvements by certified fisheries

 

10% of global wild caught seafood now comes from fisheries engaged in the MSC’s rigorous, scientific program for ensuring the long-term sustainability of marine ecosystems. Since 1999 more than 220 fisheries have undergone independent assessment of their environmental sustainability.

 

Those achieving MSC certification have made hundreds (575) of improvements to their fishing practices, including measures to reduce unwanted bycatch of endangered species, restore habitat and improve scientific understanding of marine ecosystems. MSC-certified fisheries have also committed to deliver a further 600 improvements by 2020.

 

Increased consumer demand and commitment to sustainable seafood

 

As a result of increased consumer demand and greater commitment to sustainability by the fishing industry and retailers, the number of MSC-labelled products has more than doubled over the past five years.

 

In 2013-14 the retail market value of sustainable seafood carrying the MSC ecolabel reached US$4.8 billion, an increase of 118 per cent since 2009. More than 23,000 products from MSC certified fisheries were available in over 100 countries, a tenfold increase since 2009.

 

The MSC’s Global Impacts Report 2014 and Annual Report 2013-14 show improvements to marine environments being delivered by fisheries engaged in the MSC certification program. These changes are often incentivised by increased market demand and, in some cases, a price

premium for sustainable seafood.

 

Seafood's global importance

 

Seafood accounts for almost 17% of the global population’s intake of animal protein2 and supports the livelihoods of around 10% of the world’s population3.  Safeguarding the world’s oceans is essential if we are to maintain healthy fish populations, economies and ecosystems.

 

Rupert Howes, Chief Executive for the MSC said: "The MSC’s vision is for the world’s oceans to be teeming with life - today, tomorrow and for future generations. These reports provide evidence that the leadership of our partners is driving real and lasting change in the way our oceans are fished. Stock status of MSC certified fisheries continue to improve, bycatch of unwanted species and seabirds continues to decline and a myriad of wider management improvements have been delivered. Everyone can help to support this positive change by choosing MSC certified sustainable seafood.”


Other highlights


-Improving performance of MSC fisheries: The sustainability performance of certified fisheries is increasing. The proportion of fisheries in the MSC program with habitat and ecosystem impacts at or above best practice has increased from 71% in 2009 to 82 per cent in 2013. At the same time, the proportion of fisheries in the MSC program with stocks that are maintained at or above maximum sustainable levels has increased from 80% in 2009 to 94% in 2013.

 

- Increasing consumer confidence: On average, there has been an 11% increase in seafood consumers purchasing products carrying the MSC ecolabel since 2010. Seafood consumers can also be assured that the MSC seafood is correctly labelled. DNA testing of 320 samples of MSC-ecolabelled products from 15 counties continues to show that more than 99% are correctly labelled. 

 

-Academic studies reveal price premiums: Independent academic studies4 of retail sales have shown that MSC certification of some species draws a price premium. This includes retail price increases of 14% for MSC-certified Alaska pollock; 10% for MSC-certified haddock and 13% for MSC-certified whitefish. The MSC certification of the Vietnam Ben Tre clam fishery opened up new markets in Europe and North America, bringing a 30 to 50% price increase.

 

-Increasing access to sustainable seafood: Fisheries from 34 counties and supply-chain businesses from 66 countries are now engaged in the MSC program. For example, in Canada over 60% of fisheries are either MSC certified or in assessment to become certified, and 65% of all tuna caught in Fiji is now harvested by MSC-certified fisheries.

 

- Enhanced engagement strategy for developing world fisheries: In February 2014, the MSC Board of Trustees adopted an enhanced engagement strategy to help developing world fisheries achieve MSC certification through Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs). Environmental benefits


Both reports highlight a range of improvements being made by MSC-certified fisheries. These include:

 

 

- The South Africa hake fishery which has implemented changes to secure the long-term future of the fishing economy and environment. This has included measures leading to a 90% reduction in seabird mortalities, including a 99% reduction in albatross bycatch, since 2009.

 

- The Patagonian and Antarctic toothfish, more commonly known as Chilean sea bass. These fish were widely regarded as overfished, at-risk species a few years ago. Toothfish fisheries have made dramatic turnarounds including reduction of bycatch of seabirds from tens of thousands to near zero and 100% observer overage on vessels to ensure compliance with management regulations to prevent illegal catches and overfishing.

 

- The New Zealand hoki western stock is considered to be fully rebuilt and both stocks are now considered to be within sustainable limits. The fishery has seen the population of New Zealand hoki stocks more than double since its first certification in 2001.

 

- The Oregon pink shrimp fishery has put in place an annual monitoring and reporting program in order to be able to model stock and implement management approaches which consider population dynamics. This catch per unit of effort has increased by almost 130% since the stock was initially certified in 2007.

 

- The Fiji Tuna Boat Owners Association has initiated a plan to reduce bycatch of sharks during fishing. This includes the prohibition of fishing techniques harmful to sharks and use of small circular hooks.


Rupert Howes, Chief Executive for the MSC concluded: “I want to take this opportunity to thank all those who have supported the MSC. We are making great progress. However, there is still much more to do if we are to ensure a sustainable future for our oceans and fishing communities.


Going forwards the MSC will work to add value to our fishery partners and to seafood businesses who share our vision. We will also develop new tools to enable greater participation from small-scale and developing world fisheries as well as strengthening the robustness of our traceability requirements.”



1 FAO State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture Report 2014 (p37)

 

2 FAO State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture Report 2014 (p4)

 

3 FAO State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture Report 2014 (p6)

 

4 Roheim et al 2011, Journal of Agricultural Economics; Sogn-Grundvag et al 2012 Marine Policy; Sogn-Grundvag et al 2014 Journal of Agricultural Economics.

 

Related documents

 

Annual report 2013/14 English: http://www.msc.org/documents/msc-brochures/annual-report-archive/annual-report-2013-14-english

 

MSC Global Impacts report 2014: http://www.msc.org/documents/environmental-benefits/global-impacts/msc-global-impacts-report-2014

 

MSC Global Impacts summary report 2014: http://www.msc.org/documents/environmental-benefits/global-impacts/msc-global-impacts-summary-report-2014

 

 

 

MSC

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ΚΟΣΜΟΣ: Νέα συμφωνία για την προστασία καρχαριών

ΚΟΣΜΟΣ: Νέα συμφωνία για την προστασία καρχαριών | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Από σήμερα τίθεται σε ισχύ μια νέα διεθνής συμφωνία για την προστασία των καρχαριών καθώς τα τελευταία χρόνια πολλά είδη του απειλούνται με εξαφάνιση. Ένας από τους λόγους, το λεγόμενο shark finning.

 

Στα «σαγόνια του καρχαρία», το περιπετειώδους θρίλερ παραγωγής 1975 σε σκηνοθεσία Στίβεν Σπίλμπεργκ, ένας καρχαρίας δολοφόνος έσπερνε τον τρόμο, σκοτώνοντας μέσα σε λίγες μόνον μέρες τέσσερις ανθρώπους. Η πραγματικότητα όμως είναι τελείως διαφορετική: κάθε χρόνο χάνουν τη ζωή τους από επιθέσεις καρχαρία μόλις πέντε περίπου άνθρωποι και αυτό, περισσότερο, από σύμπτωση: στο κυνήγι του για τροφή ο καρχαρίας μπερδεύει τον άνθρωπο συχνά με τις φώκιες.

 

Δεδομένου ότι πλέον απειλείται σε πολλές περιοχές του πλανήτη με εξαφάνιση, ο καρχαρίας συγκαταλέγεται ήδη από το 2004 στην κόκκινη λίστα του διεθνούς συμφώνου για την προστασία των απειλούμενων με εξαφάνιση ειδών. «Αυτό είναι τρομακτικό και οφείλεται στην αλόγιστη αλιεία και στο γεγονός ότι χρειάζεται περί τα 22 χρόνια για να φτάσει στο στάδιο της γονιμότητας», σχολιάζει η Χάικε Φίνκε από τον Γερμανικό Σύνδεσμο για την Προστασία της Φύσης NABU.

 

Αυξημένη ζήτηση για πτερύγια


Ένα εξαιρετικά σπάνιο είδος καρχαρία στον κόλπο του Μεξικού

Για ορισμένα άλλα είδη που απειλούνται με εξαφάνιση, όπως για παράδειγμα οι τίγρεις, υπάρχει πάντα η δυνατότητα εκτροφής τους σε ζωολογικούς κήπους, όπως λέει η ειδικός. «Τους καρχαρίες δεν μπορείς να τους κρατήσεις σε ενυδρεία. Εάν εξαφανιστούν, θα εξαφανιστούν για πάντα».

 

Σημαντική αύξηση καταγράφει τα τελευταία χρόνια η ζήτηση των πτερυγίων του καρχαρία που σε αρκετές χώρες, όπως στην Κίνα και την Ιαπωνία, θεωρείται «λιχουδιά». Αυτό έχει οδηγήσει δυστυχώς στην πρακτική του shark finning: να αφαιρούνται δηλαδή τα πολύτιμα πτερύγια των καρχαριών και το υπόλοιπο, λιγότερο πολύτιμο μέρος του να καταλήγει και πάλι στη θάλασσα. «Οι καρχαρίες όμως εξακολουθούν να ζουν και έχουν έναν ιδιαίτερα επώδυνο θάνατο που κρατά αρκετές μέρες καθώς χωρίς τα πτερύγιά τους δεν μπορούν πλέον να μετακινηθούν».

 

Η νέα συμφωνία


 

Για την επιστήμη οι καρχαρίες παραμένουν ένα εξαιρετικά ενδιαφέρον πεδίο εξερεύνησης. «Μας είναι δύσκολο να τους παρακολουθούμε κάτω από την επιφάνεια της θάλασσας», λέει η Χάικε Φίνκε. «Στον λευκό καρχαρία έχουμε βάλει πομπούς προκειμένου να αντλήσουμε πληροφορίες για τη μετακίνησή του αλλά και τη διαδικασία αναπαραγωγής». Για τους σφυροκέφαλους είναι γνωστό ότι κινούνται συνήθως σε ομάδες. Όταν καταλήγουν σε αλιευτικά δίχτυα πρόκειται για ένα τεράστιο πλήγμα για το σύνολο του είδους.

 

Από σήμερα Κυριακή, 14 Σεπτεμβρίου, τίθεται σε ισχύ μια νέα διεθνής συμφωνία για την προστασία των καρχαριών. Η ελεγχόμενη αλίευση των ειδών που περιλαμβάνονται στη λίστα εξακολουθεί να επιτρέπεται. Ωστόσο για τα προστατευόμενα είδη ισχύουν πλέον κάποιοι περιορισμοί: οι χώρες που τα εξάγουν θα πρέπει να αποδεικνύουν ότι οι καρχαρίες προέρχονται από μέρη όπου δεν κινδυνεύει ο πληθυσμός τους.

 

Σύμφωνα με τον Γερμανικό Σύνδεσμο για την Προστασία της Φύσης NABU το 2000 αλιεύτηκαν επίσημα περίπου 800.000 τόνοι, ένας αριθμός που αντιστοιχεί σε περίπου 100 εκατομμύρια καρχαρίες. «Ο πραγματικός αριθμός είναι αναμφίβολα πολύ μεγαλύτερος», λέει η Χάικε Φίνκε.

 

Karin Jäger / Κώστας Συμεωνίδης

DW.DE

 

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REVISTA: Troleo - Agosto / Septiembre 2014

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AUSTRALIA: Research project helps improve dive safety in Tasmanian aquaculture

AUSTRALIA: Research project helps improve dive safety in Tasmanian aquaculture | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

A long-term study of dive safety in Tasmania's aquaculture industry has produced the first set of tables for so-called yo-yo diving, which have caught the eye of the Australian and US navies.

 

Divers inspecting salmon pens have to make a series of shallow-depth dives, a practice known as yo-yo diving that places them at high risk of decompression illness, otherwise known as the bends.

 

Now they can do such work in safety following the field-validated tables produced by a 20-year research project involving the Royal Hobart Hospital, local industry and Defence Research and Development Canada.

 

While advances in technology have meant fewer dives are required, some 40,000 dives are still conducted every year.

 

Feedback from the scientists has helped the industry improve safety and training.

 

Over the course of the study, the aquaculture industry boomed from 1300 tonnes of fish farmed a year to more than 40,000 tonnes yet the number of bends incidents dropped from 11 to three.

 

Research co-author David Smart, who is Medical Co-Director of the Royal Hobart Hospital Department of Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine, said the diving practices followed in Tasmanian aquaculture were first-rate.

 

"The good news is the industry has made great improvements in its safety and it now equals world's best practice with decompression illness incidents per number of dives," he said.

 

Tassal Dive superviser Damien Strong said he had seen the improvements first-hand.

 

"Through the research we've been able to ... get the diving done with less people," he said.

 

Mr Smart said both the Australian and US navies have expressed interest in the dive tables produced by the research because it would be of great help to dive teams carrying out ship, wharf and port inspections.

 

 

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SPAIN: 21 illegally caught bluefin tuna specimens intervened

SPAIN: 21 illegally caught bluefin tuna specimens intervened | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Under the Fisheries Act of the State, Fisheries Inspection Service personnel intervened 21 bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) specimens in the Strait of Gibraltar that had been captured illegally.

 

The Prefecture of Cadiz had the collaboration of the Protection Nature Service (SEPRONA) and the Maritime Service of the Guardia Civil.

 

The Cadiz authorities are stepping up inspections at sea and in port in order to pursue, prevent and punish illegal tuna fishing.

 

The 21 tuna specimens that have been intervened weigh 1,173 kilos and have already been delivered to the Food Bank.

 

Meanwhile, the Border Inspection Position of Algeciras strictly continues controlling all fish imports to prevent the entry of bluefin tuna that do not have the certificate to ensure that its capture was made respecting international, Community and national regulations.

 

Bluefin tuna illegal capture and sale represents a fraud to consumers and unfair competition for all professional fishermen and trap centres that respect the required quotas and regulations.

 

Nowadays, fishing for this species is subject to international recovery plan, which since its implementation has been offering good results, La Voz Digital reported.

 

In recent years, the trap fisheries in Cadiz noted an increase in the abundance of the resource, an observation that has been endorsed by the scientific reports submitted by the International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT).

 

In 2006 this agency approved Bluefin Tuna Recovery Plan, whose launch helped recover the resource and its biomass. This plan provides that bluefin tuna can be fished exclusively by authorized vessels and that each of them, or every trap fishery, can capture only one previously allocated fishing quota.

 

In Cadiz, although the trap centre season ends in June, it is extended until the end of the year in the Strait waters for part of the recreational fleet (which has exhausted its quota) and the hand-long-line fleet of Algeciras and Tarifa, which accounts for 6.3 per cent of the Spanish quota, EFE agency reported.

 

By Analia Murias
editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com

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UNITED STATES: Shark Skin-Like Surfaces May Ward Off Hospital Superbugs

UNITED STATES: Shark Skin-Like Surfaces May Ward Off Hospital Superbugs | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

A material that mimics shark skin, covered with tiny ridges and groves, may help reduce the spread of bacteria in hospitals, a new study suggests.

 

The study examined how well the shark skin-like material — which has bumps that are too small for the eye to see — could prevent the growth and spread of disease-causing bacteria, including Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria, which are resistant to the antibiotics typically used to treat staph infections, and are known for causing infections in hospitals.

 

The researchers set up experiments to mimic how bacteria might contaminate a surface in the "real world" — they used a paint sprayer to apply the bacteria to surfaces, to mimic sneezing, and also used a contaminated velveteen cloth to press against surfaces to represent how bacteria might spread through touching. The surfaces were then tested for bacterial contamination. [6 Superbugs to Watch Out For]

 

The material, called Sharklet, contained 94 percent less MRSA bacteria compared with a smooth surface, while a copper surface, which is also being studied for its antimicrobial properties, had 80 percent less MRSA.

Sharklet was also better than the copper material at being able to resist contamination with methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), which is staph bacteria that can be treated with antibiotics. Sharklet contained 97 percent less MSSA than a smooth surface, while the copper surface harbored about as much MSSA as a smooth surface.

 

Rather than killing bacteria, as some antimicrobial surfaces do, the Sharklet material prevents bacterial contamination by making it difficult for bacteria to attach to the surface, the researchers said.

 

"Shark skin itself is not an antimicrobial surface, rather it seems highly adapted to resist attachment of living organisms such as algae and barnacles," study researcher Ethan Mann, a research scientist at Sharklet Technologies, which makes the material, said in a statement. "We have learned much from nature in building this material texture."

 

Some studies have shown that copper surfaces in hospital rooms reduce the percentage of people who become infected with MRSA. But copper surfaces can be expensive to implement, and it's possible some bacteria may develop resistance to the material, the researchers said. Bacteria may also need to be in contact with copper for a certain amount of time before the material kills the microbes, the researchers said.

 

Because the new study was conducted in a laboratory, more studies are needed in real-world settings, like a hospital room, to confirm the findings, and to see if Sharklet really does reduce the number of infections that patients acquire in hospitals.

 

Dr. Ambreen Khalil, an infectious disease specialist at Staten Island University Hospital who was not involved in the study, noted that one of the primary ways that MRSA and other bacteria are spread in hospitals is from a doctor or nurse's hands, if they touch an infected patient.

If a doctor forgets to wash their hands, and goes to care for another patient, having the Sharklet surface "is not going to help," Khalil said. Hand washing is the best way to prevent the spread of bacteria in hospitals, she said.

 

How effective Sharklet is at reducing bacteria spread will depend on what surfaces are made out of the material, Khalil said. For example, the company is looking into making urinary catheters out of the material, because catheters are frequently involved in the development of hospital-acquired infections.

 

A catheter that is less likely to be colonized by bacteria is "definitely going to be helpful," Khalil said.

 

The study is published today (Sept. 15) in the journal Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control.

 


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FRANCE: Boulogne - Opale Armor en liquidation judiciaire

FRANCE: Boulogne - Opale Armor en liquidation judiciaire | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it
L’ancien atelier de mareyage et de surgélation de la Coopérative maritime étaploise (CME), cédé par le tribunal de commerce de Boulogne-sur-Mer à l’automne 2013 à un duo constitué pour créer la société Opale Armor, a été placé en liquidation judiciaire (...)

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ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Ποιοι ευθύνονται για την κατάρρευση ";"

ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Ποιοι ευθύνονται για την κατάρρευση ";" | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Βασικοί μέτοχοι και πιστώτριες τράπεζες είχαν εδώ και χρόνια τη λύση στα χέρια τους, αλλά ολιγώρησαν χαρακτηριστικά, με αποτέλεσμα να ψάχνουν σήμερα τι θα γίνει με τα πεντακόσια εκατομμύρια που χρωστούν οι τρεις μεγάλοι του κλάδου...

 

Την εβδομάδα που πέρασε είδαμε να εξελίσσεται στα Ιχθυοτροφεία Σελόντα η πρώτη πράξη του σχεδίου αναδιάρθρωσης του κλάδου, με τη στήριξη των πιστωτριών τραπεζών.

 

Όπως δείχνουν τα πράγματα:

 

- Πρώτον, οι τράπεζες θα μετοχοποιήσουν στις τρεις μεγάλες εταιρείες (Νηρέας, Σελόντα, Δίας) σημαντικό τμήμα των δανείων τους και θα ρυθμίσουν ένα μεγαλύτερο. Τα όποια "κουρέματα" που ενδεχομένως προκύψουν θα είναι έμμεσα και σχετικά περιορισμένα. Τα ποσοστά των σημερινών μετόχων θα συρρικνωθούν δραστικά και θα έχουμε μια μικρή ή μεγαλύτερη διαφοροποίηση σε επίπεδο management και διοικητικών συμβουλίων των εταιρειών.

 

- Δεύτερον, θα ακολουθήσει ένα πρόγραμμα αναδιάρθρωσης των εταιρειών και πολύ πιθανόν να οδηγηθούμε σε συγχωνεύσεις, με στόχο τη δημιουργία «εθνικού πρωταθλητή».

 

- Τρίτον, οι τρεις αυτές εταιρείες ξεχωριστά, ή πιθανότερα ο «εθνικός πρωταθλητής» που θα προκύψει από αυτές, θα βγει προς πώληση σε όποιον ιδιώτη θα ήθελε να βάλει το χέρι στην τσέπη και να αποκτήσει τον πρώτο λόγο στη μεσογειακή ιχθυοκαλλιέργεια.

 

Οι περισσότεροι συμφωνούν πως το συγκεκριμένο εγχείρημα, αν και έχει σημαντικό ρίσκο (οι ελληνικές τράπεζες δεν έχουν ποτέ στο παρελθόν υλοποιήσει, με επιτυχία, κάτι τέτοιο), είναι επιβεβλημένο και για τραπεζικούς, αλλά και για αναπτυξιακούς λόγους.

 

Το μόνο βέβαιο είναι πως αν σήμερα υπήρχε κάποιος επενδυτής που θα έδινε ζεστά 150 εκατ. ευρώ για να αναλάβει τους τρεις μεγάλους αυτούς ομίλους τότε οι βασικοί τους μέτοχοι και ιδίως οι πιστώτριες τράπεζες θα έκαναν... πάρτι! Και όμως, αυτή η πρόταση υπήρξε πριν από τέσσερα χρόνια και όλοι την είχαν αγνοήσει, ή έστω δεν είχαν πιέσει όσο θα έπρεπε για να υλοποιηθεί.

 

Τα λάθη των τραπεζών

 

Ας πάρουμε όμως τα πράγματα από την αρχή.

 

 

Κάθε άλλο παρά λίγα ήταν τα σφάλματα των διοικήσεων των τριών αυτών ομίλων: ταχεία ανάπτυξη χωρίς επαρκή προγραμματισμό, ελλιπείς πολιτικές διαχείρισης κινδύνου σε έναν κυκλικό κλάδο, αδυναμία περιορισμού του κόστους παραγωγής σε χαμηλότερα επίπεδα και αδυναμία των διοικήσεών τους να συμπράξουν έγκαιρα, από τη στιγμή δηλαδή που διέγνωσαν το πρόβλημα (οι πρώτες σχετικές κρούσεις είχαν ξεκινήσει από την προηγούμενη δεκαετία).

 

Επίσης, κάποιοι έχουν αναφερθεί και σε κρούσματα κακοδιαχείρισης.

 

Πέρα όμως από τα σφάλματα των διοικήσεων, οι τράπεζες είχαν τις δικές τους σοβαρές ευθύνες.

 

Πρώτα απ' όλα, ήταν εκείνες που (υπερ)δάνεισαν τον κλάδο. Στέλεχος μεγάλης εταιρείας θυμάται: «Χτυπούσε συνεχώς το τηλέφωνο από μικρές και μεγάλες τράπεζες που μας πίεζαν να μας δανείσουν κι άλλο. Δεν μπορεί να λείπετε εσείς από το δανειακό χαρτοφυλάκιο της τράπεζάς μας, μας έλεγαν. Ήταν η εποχή όπου τα δάνεια μοιράζονταν εύκολα».

 

Το δεύτερο σφάλμα των τραπεζών είναι ότι ενεργοποιήθηκαν με πολύ μεγάλη καθυστέρηση για να αντιμετωπίσουν το πρόβλημα. Το καμπανάκι είχε χτυπήσει ηχηρά εδώ και τουλάχιστον 4-5 χρόνια, ωστόσο οι τράπεζες αντί να πιέσουν έντονα από τότε για -μικρή έστω- κεφαλαιοποίηση χρέους, άφησαν την κατάσταση να εξελίσσεται, χρεώνοντας μάλιστα τις υπερδανεισμένες εταιρείες με δυσβάστακτα επιτόκια της τάξεως του 7% και του 8%!

 

Από τη στιγμή όμως που δεν έγιναν όλα αυτά, η μεγαλύτερη γκάφα ήταν ο τρόπος αντιμετώπισης του Linnaeus Fund, όταν το 2010 (έτος ΔΝΤ, που όλοι οι άλλοι ξένοι επενδυτές άκουγαν Ελλάδα και έτρεχαν μακριά...) διέθετε ζεστά 150 εκατ. ευρώ, για να συγχωνεύσει τους τρεις μεγάλους ιχθυοκαλλιεργητικούς ομίλους και να αποκτήσει τον ρόλο του βασικότερου μετόχου.

 

Αν τότε οι μέτοχοι των τριών εταιρειών δέχονταν (και αν οι τράπεζες πίεζαν προς αυτήν την κατεύθυνση...):

 

- Πρώτον, ο σημερινός τραπεζικός δανεισμός θα ήταν μειωμένος κατά 135 εκατ. ευρώ (150 εκατ. μείον 15 εκατ. που τελικά μπήκαν στη Δίας Ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες) από τα λεφτά που θα έβαζε το ξένο fund.

 

- Δεύτερον, ο τραπεζικός δανεισμός θα ήταν μειωμένος κατά επιπλέον 30-40 εκατ. ευρώ, από τους λιγότερους τόκους της τελευταίας τριετίας - τετραετίας.

 

- Τρίτον, οι εταιρείες του κλάδου θα είχαν εκμεταλλευθεί συνέργειες και οικονομίες κλίμακας κάποιων δεκάδων εκατομμυρίων ευρώ.

 

- Και τέταρτον, θα αποφεύγονταν οι παράπλευρες απώλειες δεκάδων εκατομμυρίων ευρώ, επειδή -λόγω έλλειψης ρευστότητας- είτε δεν ταΐζονταν επαρκώς τα ψάρια, είτε πωλούνταν σε πολύ μικρό βάρος και έναντι χαμηλού τιμήματος.

 

Αν κάποιος αθροίσει όλους αυτούς τους παράγοντες, τότε μπορεί εύλογα να υποθέσει ότι ο κλάδος είτε δεν θα αντιμετώπιζε κανένα πρόβλημα σήμερα, είτε το όποιο πρόβλημα θα πέρναγε στα... ψιλά και θα ρυθμιζόταν με κάποιες επιμέρους -και σαφώς ηπιότερες- παρεμβάσεις.

 

ΥΓ.: Χαρακτηριστικά ήταν τα λάθη στα οποία υπέπεσε και το Linnaeus Fund, το οποίο «πέταξε» γύρω στα 60-70 εκατ. ευρώ στον κλάδο, είτε αγοράζοντας την πλειοψηφία των μετοχών της Δίας Ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες, είτε αποκτώντας υψηλά μειοψηφικά ποσοστά μετοχών σε Νηρέα και Σελόντα, σε μια προσπάθειά του να πιέσει τις δύο διοικήσεις για συγχώνευση.

 

Με άλλα λόγια, αντί με τα λεφτά του να ενισχύσει τα ταμεία των ίδιων των εταιρειών και να εκμεταλλευθεί τις συνέργειες, σκόρπισε τα εκατομμύρια για να αγοράσει υπάρχουσες μετοχές σε έναν υπερχρεωμένο κλάδο...

 

Στέφανος Kοτζαμάνης
kotzamanis@euro2day.gr

 

http://www.euro2day.gr

 

 

 

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SEMINAR: State of Fish Stocks and the Economics of Fishing Fleets

SEMINAR: State of Fish Stocks and the Economics of Fishing Fleets | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

On 26 September, the European Commission organises a seminar where scientists and experts will discuss the state of European fish stocks and the economics of fishing fleets around the EU.

 

The latest findings about the situation in the North Sea, Atlantic, Mediterranean and Black Sea will be presented and discussed.

 

Representatives from the fishing sector, NGO's, scientists from the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) and the EU's Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF), representatives of EU Member States and Members of the European Parliament will give their input to the discussion.

 

The seminar is part of the preparations for setting fishing opportunities for EU Member states for 2015. Each year, EU fisheries ministers set fishing quotas and maximum fishing effort levels for the main commercial fish stocks in European waters, based on proposals by the Commission. 

 

In its proposals, the Commission follows scientific advice towards sustainable fishing levels in line with the new Common Fisheries Policy and takes into account input from stakeholders, such as the results of this seminar.

 

The meeting will be held from 08h15 to 12h15 on 26th September at the Centre Albert Borschette, rue Froissart 36, Brussels, Belgium. It is open to the press and the public upon prior registration at: http://fishstocks.onetec.eu.

 

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ICELAND: IceFish Conference to be held next week

ICELAND: IceFish Conference to be held next week | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

The first Icelandic Fisheries Conference, ‘Fish for Waste Profit’ will be held on Thursday 25 September during the Icelandic Fisheries Exhibition and is a must for anyone looking to maximise ROI from their seafood products.

 

The new conference, organised by Mercator Media Ltd, is being pioneered by the Icelandic government, companies already involved in processing the whole fish and research company Matís.

 

The future of fishing relies on innovation and development, and the conference will provide a unique opportunity to learn from companies already involved in this process. Limited resources of certain species of fish mean that companies are looking to achieve zero waste. This will not only benefit the environment but also provide an increase in sales revenue.

 

The three conference sessions will address the issues and techniques of how to utilise the entire fish and maximise returns.

 

Session one – Wild demersal species: In cod we trust
An innovative session from the companies who are using this technology today to adapt the manufacturing and processing lines to maximise return by utilising the entire fish, with no wastage.

Session two – Wild pelagic
This session will address how wild pelagic can join the fish waste revolution.

Session three - Cultivated species
This session will finish the one-day conference by looking at cultivated and farmed species and how they can also provide ROI for processors and catchers.

Speakers include experts from organisations such as Matís, Iceland Ocean Cluster, SINTEF, Skaginn, TripleNine and Marel.

The full conference programme is available to view online here: http://www.icefishconference.com/__data/assets/pdf_file/0011/987293/Icefish-Conference-Programme-2014.pdf.

 

Places are limited, so please secure your delegate place for the conference now or contact the IceFish team at info@icefish.is to discuss how the conference can help your business to maximise its potential.

 

World Fishing & Aquaculture

 

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AUSTRALIA: Pinkies more effective than scarers

AUSTRALIA: Pinkies more effective than scarers | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Warp deflectors, commonly known as ‘pinkies’, are effective in reducing seabird interactions with trawl warp wires by 75%, according to a new report.

 

The report, Assessing the Effectiveness of Seabird Mitigation Devices in the Southern and Eastern Scalefish and Shark Fishery of Australia ( http://www.afma.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Seabird-Mitigation-Assessment-Report.pdf), examined the effectiveness of two devices over a two year period in reducing seabird interactions with trawl warp wires in the Great Australian Bight and Commonwealth Trawl sectors of the Southern Eastern and Scalefish and Shark Fishery of Australia (SESSF).

 

The two devices were warp deflectors (pinkies - a plastic ‘pinkie’ buoy that is attached to the trawl warp by a clip and connected back to the vessel on a rope) and warp scarers (a rope interlaced with semi-stiff streamers that is clipped onto the trawl warp).

 

The results showed that pinkies reduced seabird interactions with warp wires by 75% while warp scarers had only limited success.

 

Nine trawl boats participated in the trial and a total of 124 trawl shots were observed to assess how well the mitigation devices worked. The trial was conducted in areas of high seabird concentration to ensure there was good information on how well the equipment worked.

 

The trial also highlighted the periods of time when seabirds aren’t at risk. It was revealed that trawling at night has a much lower chance of seabird injury compared with trawling during the day.

 

Based on the results of this research, the Australian Fisheries Management Authority (AFMA) has said it will refine its seabird strategy with fishers, seabird experts and environmental groups to further reduce the risk of seabird interaction.

 

World Fishing & Aquaculture

 

- See more at: http://www.worldfishing.net/news101/industry-news/pinkies-more-effective-than-scarers?mkt_tok=3RkMMJWWfF9wsRokvqrBZKXonjHpfsX56OQrX7Hr08Yy0EZ5VunJEUWy2YUBT9Q%2FcOedCQkZHblFnVQASa2xS7kNoqwE#sthash.5KqqlQxv.dpuf

 

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EUROPEAN UNION: Catch limits on the agenda as EU hosts North Atlantic Fisheries Organisation (NAFO) Annual Meeting

EUROPEAN UNION: Catch limits on the agenda as EU hosts North Atlantic Fisheries Organisation (NAFO) Annual Meeting | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

The setting of Total Allowable Catch for NAFO fish stocks will take centre stage at the 36th Annual Meeting to be held in Vigo, Galicia from 22-26 September 2014.

 

The meeting, hosted by Spain with support from the European Commission, will see the representatives of 12 NAFO Contracting Parties discuss the setting of catch limits based on the best scientific advice.

 

During the course of the one-week meeting, the Parties will touch on a range of conservation and enforcement measures under NAFO's remit.

 

The protection of Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems (VMEs) will be discussed as current closures expire by the end of the year. The EU has shown its commitment to this with its significant contribution to the NEREIDA seabed mapping project which seeks to improve our knowledge on the sea bottom.
 
A new challenge for the organisation is the expansion of oil and gas exploratory activities in the NAFO regulatory area which risk undermining conservation efforts.

 

Other priorities for the EU will be to make control and enforcement as efficient as possible. To this end a process for a major overhaul of the observer system and of port state control will be pushed.

 

As part of the new CFP reforms the discard ban will also be discussed, most notably though a proposal for a shark fins attached policy. 

 

Background

 

The Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organisation (NAFO) is a Regional Fisheries Management Organisation established in 1979 which aims to contribute towards the optimum utilisation, and the rational management and conservation of the fishery resources of the Convention Area.

 

Its current Contracting Parties are Canada, Cuba, Denmark (in respect of the Faroe Islands and Greenland), the European Union, France (in respect of St. Pierre et Miquelon), Iceland, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway, Russia, Ukraine and the United States of America.

 

NAFO is responsible for the management of 19 commercially fished stocks.

 

 

 

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ΠΕΡΙΟΔΙΚΟ: Αγροτικός Συνεργατισμός - Αύγουστος 2014

Περιοδικό της ΠΑΣΕΓΕΣ - Τεύχος 131

 

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ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Όπως οι τράπεζες, έτσι και οι ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες;

ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Όπως οι τράπεζες, έτσι και οι ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες; | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Το πρόβλημα με τις ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες, είναι περίπου το ίδιο με το πρόβλημα των τραπεζών. Δηλαδή πολύ μεγάλες βραχυπρόθεσμες υποχρεώσεις, που απαιτούν αύξηση κεφαλαίου για την αναπλήρωση των χαμένων κεφαλαίων, προκειμένου να μπορούν αυτές οι εταιρείες να λειτουργήσουν. 

Για να σωθεί αυτή η κατηγορία εταιρειών (κυρίως για να σωθούν οι θέσεις εργασίας), απαιτείται μια τεράστια αύξηση κεφαλαίου (συγκριτικά με την τωρινή κεφαλαιοποίηση) που έχει σαν αποτέλεσμα τον μηδενισμό των μετόχων. 

Σειρά λοιπόν σήμερα έχει ο κλάδος των ιχθυοκαλλιεργειών. Στο παρελθόν έχω κάνει αναφορά στον κλάδο και στη μετοχική πανωλεθρία που θα πάθουν οι μέτοχοι (που έτσι και αλλιώς έχει προεξοφληθεί από την αγορά), αλλά τώρα έχουμε και επίσημα στοιχεία και μπορούμε να βγάλουμε συμπεράσματα. 

Σύμφωνα λοιπόν με αυτά που αποφασίστηκαν στην πρόσφατη γενική συνέλευση των μετόχων της Σελόντα, θα κεφαλαιοποιηθούν περίπου 50 εκατ. ευρώ υποχρεώσεων προς 0,30 ευρώ ανά μετοχή. 

Αυτό μεν θα μειώσει τις υποχρεώσεις της εταιρείας κατά αυτό το ποσό (50 εκατ. ευρώ), αλλά οι συνολικές μετοχές της εταιρείας θα αυξηθούν από τις 36 εκατ. που είναι σήμερα, σε 204 εκατ. μετοχές. Ουσιαστικά δηλαδή οι μέτοχοι θα πάθουν μια αλλοίωση της τάξεως του 400% περίπου, καθώς μετά από αυτή τη διαδικασία θα έχουν μόνο το 18% της εταιρείας, με το υπόλοιπο να ανήκει πλέον στους πιστωτές. 

Και να λένε ένα μεγάλο ευχαριστώ οι μέτοχοι, διότι αν η κεφαλαιοποίηση υποχρεώσεων είχε γίνει στα 0,10 ευρώ, τότε οι συνολικές μετοχές θα ήταν περίπου 500 εκατ. και θα είχαν ακόμα λιγότερο ποσοστό από ότι έχουν σήμερα.

Καταρχάς το σχέδιο αναδιάρθρωσης της εταιρείας, με κεφαλαιοποίηση υποχρεώσεων, θα έπρεπε να είχε γίνει τώρα και αρκετά χρόνια. 

Δεύτερον, το κατά πόσο το ποσό της κεφαλαιοποίησης υποχρεώσεων είναι αρκετό, μένει να το δούμε. Και αν δεν είναι αρκετό (όπως για παράδειγμα στις Ελληνικές τράπεζες τα περασμένα χρόνια), η διαδικασία θα πρέπει να επαναληφθεί στο μέλλον. 

Και το λέω αυτό διότι σύμφωνα με τον τελευταίο ισολογισμό της Σελόντα, οι βραχυπρόθεσμες υποχρεώσεις είναι περίπου 200 εκατ. Ναι μεν ορισμένες από αυτές τις υποχρεώσεις επίσης θα μετατραπούν σε μακροχρόνιες υποχρεώσεις (σύμφωνα με το σχέδιο αναδιάρθρωσης), αλλά νομίζω ότι θα γίνουν τα ίδια λάθη που έχουν γίνει και με τις τράπεζες. Η κεφαλαιοποίηση των υποχρεώσεων ίσως αποδειχτεί λίγη σχετικά με το πρόβλημα, και δεν έχουν αφήσει οι πιστωτές μπόσικα, προκείμενου να αντιμετωπιστούν έκτακτες καταστάσεις. 

Το πιο πιθανό είναι να χρειαστεί γίνει κάτι ανάλογο σε πολλές άλλες εταιρείες στο Χ.Α. Άλλωστε, έχω γράψει στο παρελθόν αρκετά άρθρα γύρο από το θέμα, και για ποιο λόγο ο μοναδικός τρόπος για να μπορούν να σωθούν πολλές εταιρείες στο ΧΑ είναι με κεφαλαιοποίηση υποχρεώσεων (και όχι με διαγραφή όπως ορισμένοι θα ήθελαν -έλεος). 

Πόσες εταιρείες ακόμα πρέπει να κεφαλαιοποιήσουν υποχρεώσεις και πόσοι ακόμα μέτοχοι θα πάνε στον παράδεισο του κεφαλαίου στον ουρανό, είναι άγνωστο αγαπητέ αναγνώστη. Αλλά πριν ολοκληρωθεί αυτή η διαδικασία (που έχει ήδη αργήσει κατά μερικά έτη αν θέλετε την άποψή μου), γενικευμένη άνοδο το μαγαζί δεν θα δει. 

Επίσης, όσο αυτή η διαδικασία της αναδιάρθρωσης των προβληματικών εταιρειών αργεί, θα έχει και επιβάρυνση στην οικονομία, και στην όποια αναπτυξιακή προσπάθεια.


Του Γιώργου Καισάριου 



Πηγή:www.capital.gr

george.kesarios@capital.gr



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MAGAZINE: Tails of Enchantment - Fishing New Mexico - Summer 2014

 

New Mexico's free fishing magazine created by angler for anglers.

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