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ΙΑΠΩΝΙΑ: Η σφαγή των δελφινιών

ΙΑΠΩΝΙΑ: Η σφαγή των δελφινιών | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Κάθε χρόνο στην Ιαπωνία μεταξύ Σεπτεμβρίου και Μαρτίου τα νερά της παραθαλάσσιας πόλης Taiji βάφονται κόκκινα από το κυνήγι των δελφινιών.

 

Ομάδες ψαράδων με υπερσύγχρονα σκάφη ψάχνουν και κυνηγούν τις οικογένειες των δελφινιών που μεταναστεύουν. Τα οδηγούν και τα παγιδεύουν στον όρμο με δίχτυα και αφού χωρίσουν τα μωρά από τις μητέρες, εξετάζουν και επιλέγουν τα πιο όμορφα, ακηλίδωτα δελφίνια για να τα πουλήσουν σε δελφινάρια. Τα υπόλοιπα σφαγιάζονται άγρια μπροστά στα αιχμάλωτα, που κολυμπούν στο αίμα των συγγενών τους. Πολλά δελφίνια, στην προσπάθειά τους να αποδράσουν και όπως είναι τρομοκρατημένα, πνίγονται μέσα στα δίχτυα.

 

Τα αιχμάλωτα τα κρατούν σε θαλάσσιες σπηλιές πεινασμένα και τραυματισμένα, μέχρι να βρεθούν αγοραστές. Αλλά επειδ, όπως και ο άνθρωπος έτσι και τα δελφίνια, έχουν πολύ ισχυρούς οικογενειακούς δεσμούς, τραυματίζονται βαθιά από τη φρικιαστική εμπειρία και αρκετά πεθαίνουν από τον κλονισμό περιμένοντας τον αγοραστή. Το κρέας των σφαγιασμένων δελφινιών, παρότι είναι μολυσμένο από υδράργυρο και άλλα τοξικά από τη ρύπανση των θαλασσών, πωλείται για κατανάλωση με όλες τους κινδύνους που συνεπάγεται για την ανθρώπινη υγεία.

 

Παρά το γεγονός ότι υπάρχουν προτάσεις από τη διεθνή κοινότητα για να σταματήσει η σφαγή και να αναπληρωθεί το εισόδημα των κατοίκων, μετατρέποντας την περιοχή σε τουριστικό θέρετρο, όπου οι επισκέπτες θα μπορούν να θαυμάζουν τα δελφίνια στο φυσικό τους περιβάλλον, οι κάτοικοι αρνούνται πεισματικά επιμένοντας ότι αποτελεί «παράδοση» της περιοχής.

 

Φέτος, όμως, υπάρχει μια μοναδική ευκαιρία για να ασκηθεί πίεση στην κυβέρνηση της Ιαπωνίας, ώστε να απαγορεύσει αυτό το απάνθρωπο και επαίσχυντο κυνήγι. Το Τόκιο έχει υποβάλει αίτημα για την ανάληψη των Ολυμπιακών Αγώνων του 2020. Έναςμ όμωςμ από τους όρους των Ολυμπιακών Αγώνων ορίζει ότι η χώρα που τους φιλοξενεί πρέπει να συμμορφώνεται περιβαλλοντικά. Το να εξοντώνεις καθημερινά επί εφτά μήνες το χρόνο ολόκληρες γενιές δελφινιών, όπως και το να επιτρέπεις στους πολίτες σου να καταναλώνουν τοξικό κρέας, δεν μπορεί να θεωρηθεί περιβαλλοντικά αποδεκτό.

 

Η Shona Lewendon, που ηγείται της παγκόσμιας καμπάνιας ώστε να ασκηθεί πίεση στην ιαπωνική κυβέρνηση από τη ΔΟΕ, ήρθε στην Ελλάδα καλεσμένη της δημοσιογράφου Ηλέκτρας Κουτούκη για να ενημερώσει το ελληνικό κοινό για την πρωτοβουλία της να εμποδίσει τους Ολυμπιακούς Αγώνες στο Τόκιο το 2020, εάν δεν σταματήσει η βάρβαρη σφαγή.

 

H Shona αρχικά δημιούργησε ένα ηλεκτρονικό αίτημα (petition) και μέσα σε πέντε ημέρες συγκέντρωσε 10.000 υπογραφές. Αυτό την ενθάρρυνε να οργανώσει μια διαμαρτυρία στην ιαπωνική πρεσβεία, στην οποία συγκεντρώθηκε πολύς κόσμος, όχι μόνο από την Αγγλία, αλλά και από Γαλλία και Ιρλανδία. Το επόμενο βήμα της ήταν να επισκεφτεί πολλές χώρες, μεταξύ των οποίων και η Ελλάδα, και να γνωστοποιήσει το θέμα.

 

«Δεν υποστηρίζουμε μποϊκοτάρισμα των ιαπωνικών προϊόντων, ούτε επιθυμούμε να υποκινήσουμε οποιαδήποτε αρνητικότητα προς τους Ιάπωνες πολίτες. Οι περισσότεροι, άλλωστε, είναι απληροφόρητοι αυτής της φρίκης. Θέλουμε να ασκήσουμε πίεση στην κυβέρνηση της Ιαπωνίας για να σταματήσει αυτή η σφαγή. Ζητάμε από τη ΔΟΕ να απορρίψει την προσφορά του Τόκιο, αν δεν υπάρξει δέσμευση να σταματήσουν αυτές τις μαζικές δολοφονίες».

 

Το μήνυμα που θέλησε να στείλει στους Έλληνες μέσω της A.V. είναι ότι παρά τα μεγάλα προβλήματα που αντιμετωπίζουμε σήμερα θα πρέπει να είμαστε μπροστάρηδες σε αυτή την κίνηση, αφού στην Ελλάδα γεννήθηκαν οι Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες και τέτοιου είδους εγκλήματα είναι τόσο έξω από το πνεύμα των Ολυμπιακών Αγώνων όσο και από την ιδέα που έχουν οι Έλληνες για τα δελφίνια. «Είναι τόσο έξυπνα όσο και ο άνθρωπος, έχουν συναισθήματα και οικογένειες. Στην Ιαπωνία δεν είναι κουλτούρα, αλλά παράδοση. Όμως πριν από 200 χρόνια και η δουλεία ήταν παράδοση.

 

Μια παράδοση που εγκαταλείφθηκε γιατί ήταν λάθος. Τότε κανένας δεν φανταζόταν ότι αυτό ήταν λάθος». Με εξίσου αρνητικό τρόπο αναφέρθηκε και στην αιχμαλωσία των δελφινιών. «Στην αιχμαλωσία τα δελφίνια ζουν πολύ λιγότερο και δεν μπορούν να αναπαραχθούν. Τους δίνουν ένα σωρό φάρμακα για να επιβιώσουν. Στο τέλος, όμως, πεθαίνουν από κατάθλιψη.

 

Η αιχμαλωσία των δελφινιών δεν έχει να κάνει με την συντήρηση του είδους και την εξοικείωση του ανθρώπου μαζί τους. Έχει να κάνει μόνο με την κακοποίησή τους. Όταν οι άνθρωποι είναι ενήμεροι και καλλιεργημένοι δεν θεωρούν τα θεάματα με δελφίνια ψυχαγωγικά και ως εκ τούτου δεν τα ανέχονται».

 

Όσοι θέλουν να βοηθήσουν να σταματήσει αυτή η σφαγή, μπορούν να υπογράψουν την αίτηση στο www.causes.com. Επιπλέον μπορούμε και στην Ελλάδα να οργανώσουμε διαμαρτυρίες κατά της σφαγής των δελφινιών και ενάντια στην ανάληψη των Ολυμπιακών Αγώνων από μια χώρα που εγκρίνει αυτό το έγκλημα. Και το σημαντικότερο, να αποφεύγουμε να πηγαίνουμε σε σόου με δελφίνια ή σε θαλάσσια πάρκα, που υπάρχουν και στη χώρα μας πλέον και σε προσκαλούν να ζήσεις την εμπειρία «κολυμπώ με τα δελφίνια», προβάλλοντάς το ως περιβαλλοντικά υπεύθυνη συμπεριφορά και εντελώς φιλική προς τα θηλαστικό. Είναι ένα μεγάλο ψέμα με μόνο σκοπό το οικονομικό κέρδος.

 

Πηγή Athens Voice

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EUROPEAN UNION: Discard ban - MEPs delay enforcement of sanctions on fishermen who fail to comply

EUROPEAN UNION: Discard ban - MEPs delay enforcement of sanctions on fishermen who fail to comply | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Fishermen will have two years to “adapt” before sanctions for failing to comply with the new Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) discard ban take effect, under a tentative deal struck by Parliament and Council on Thursday, with European Commission help. The agreement amends the “omnibus” regulation setting out detailed arrangements for enforcing the ban.

 

"I am satisfied that the Council has accepted my proposals. Parliament must be able to assess how the landing obligation is put into effect. I have won an undertaking that the Commission will draft an annual implementation report, based on information supplied by member states. The landing obligation can now be applied with the necessary legal clarity. We will have concrete ways to assess and thus respond appropriately to the inevitable difficulties that fishermen and national authorities will face in complying with this new rule", said rapporteur Alain Cadec (EPP, FR).

 

Enabling fishermen to adapt

 

MEPs sought to make small fishermen’s lives easier by restricting the obligation to keep a fishing logbook listing all quantities of each species caught and kept on board to catches above 50 kg of live-weight equivalent.

 

They also deleted a requirement to separate out undersized catches in different boxes. Other changes to the original Commission proposal include introducing a mechanism to prevent the development of a parallel market for non-marketable catches.

 

These rules are urgently needed because the discard ban is already in force, since 1 January, for pelagic species, and the "landing obligation" regulation is needed to adapt seven current EU laws which conflict with the new rules. The ban is to take effect gradually, in stages, between now and 2019.

 

Next steps

 

The compromise text will be submitted to a first reading vote in plenary in April at the earliest, after which the Council must formally approve it. It will then be published in the Official Journal of the EU.



Note to editors

 

The discard ban, or landing obligation, is one of the central objectives of the reformed Common Fisheries Policy, approved by the European Parliament in December 2013. Discards are fish thrown back into the sea, usually because they are of an unwanted species or size. Most of the discarded species die, thus making it a wasteful practice.

 

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ITALY: Lakes and rivers key to livelihoods of millions

ITALY: Lakes and rivers key to livelihoods of millions | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Global Conference calls for recognition, better management of inland fisheries.

 

Rome –Inland fisheries – the network of lakes, rivers and streams that provide fish and freshwater to millions across the world – need to be better managed in order to safeguard their contribution to healthy diets and economies, particularly in developing countries.

 

These are among the key recommendations of international experts at the Global Conference on Inland Fisheries that concluded in Rome this week. During the event leading researchers in the field of fisheries and water management, along with indigenous peoples groups, warned that a dearth of data and sound policies means development decisions fail to take into account adverse impacts on inland fisheries.

 

Lakes and rivers are an essential source of protein, micronutrients, vitamins and fats for diets, particularly in developing countries, where more than 60 million people rely on them for their livelihood. Some 71 low-income countries currently produce nearly 7 million tonnes a year, or 80 percent of global inland captures. 

 

But these waters are often impacted by other human needs, including energy creation, tourism and competition for freshwater.

 

 “Inland fisheries provide a valuable but often overlooked source of nutrition and employment around the world,” said Árni M. Mathiesen, FAO Assistant Director-general in the Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. “But to date, the international effort to effectively integrate inland fisheries into the broader development agenda has fallen short of what is needed.”

 

Globally, some 70 percent of available freshwater supplies are currently used for agriculture.  Pollution and the building of hydro-electric dams and channels further impacts the availability and quality of inland waters that are home to diverse types of fish.

 

International cooperation key

 

 “We hear a lot about the threats to coral reefs, but freshwater fish are the most threatened group of vertebrates used by humans,” said Mathiesen.

 

This is why water management and fisheries management ought to go hand in hand.  It also means international cooperation is essential.

“If a country upstream dams a river or drains a wetland, fisheries management downstream is fairly useless,” said FAO’s Devin Bartley, Senior Fishery Resource Officer at FAO.

 

Currently less than half of international or shared inland water bodies have international agreements on their management and only 11 percent have a mandate covering fish. Experts who attended the meeting encourage increasing the number of international accords to ensure freshwater resources are used sustainably and smartly– especially in light of the growing demands for food associate with feeding a world of nine billion by 2050.

 

They also called for stronger national and international institutions that can address inland fishery issues and help to better integrate the sector in global development agendas.

 

Recognizing the value of local and traditional knowledge and respecting indigenous cultures is key to doing this sustainably.

 

Better data for better policy

 

Because most inland fishing activity is small scale, much of it goes unreported and data on the sector is incomplete, meaning its contributions are undervalued in decisions on water management and development.

 

Research suggests that the harvests from river fisheries that are reported only account for 30 to 50 percent of the actual bounty that fisherfolk bring home. 

 

Having more and better data –on inland fisheries’ contribution to local nutrition and economies, as well as for the environmental impacts they suffer from other industries—  will allow decision makers to make more strategic choices. 

 

A new partnership

 

The conference  was co-organized by FAO and Michigan State University in the United States. Both institutions signed a memorandum of understanding that outlines a new partnership to raise the international profile of inland fisheries.

 

“Human nutrition, environmental sustainability, and community prosperity are closely linked to the health of freshwater fisheries around the world,” said Michigan State University President Lou Anna K. Simon.

 

Related links - Global Conference on Inland Fisheries: http://inlandfisheries.org/ - MSU partners with UN to defend inland fisheries: http://msutoday.msu.edu/news/2015/msu-partners-with-un-to-defend-inland-fisheries/ - FAO Fisheries & Aquaculture: http://www.fao.org/fishery/en FAO

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EVENT: Climate change, roadmap to Paris conference to be debated Wednesday evening

EVENT: Climate change, roadmap to Paris conference to be debated Wednesday evening | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Steps to be taken on the way to the next UN climate conference (COP 21) in Paris in December 2015, will be discussed by MEPs, the Council and the Commission early on Wednesday evening. The road might be steep, as the most difficult questions, in particular climate mitigation, adaptation and finance, have been left open since the previous conference, last December in Lima.


The European Parliament’s ambition for the Paris conference is to reach a global climate agreement in Paris by 30 November to 11 December 2015 to keep the world on track for a sub-2°C climate warming scenario. In Lima, MEPs reiterated the pledge by the EU and its member states to step up contributions to the UN Green Climate Fund, so as to mobilise US$ 100 billion per year by 2020.


The new global agreement would replace the Kyoto Protocol.

 

You can watch the plenary debate via EP Live, and EbS+.

 

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EVENT: 26-27 March 2015 Kiel, Germany - Maritime stakeholder platform in the Baltic Sea Region - Kick off conference

EVENT: 26-27 March 2015 Kiel, Germany - Maritime stakeholder platform in the Baltic Sea Region - Kick off conference | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

The Commission adopted in May 2014 a "Sustainable Blue Growth Agenda for the Baltic Sea Region". It calls for a stakeholder-driven, cross-Baltic approach to innovation, sustainability, skills and qualifications.

 

As a first step of this agenda, the European Commission will launch a Maritime Stakeholder Platform on 26-27 March 2015 in Kiel, Germany.

 

The Platform will bring together all key maritime stakeholders from business, academia and the public sector across the Baltic Sea region to discuss smart specialisation, maritime technologies and skills and employment.

 

Online registration will be available shortly.

Draft programme: http://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/events/2015/03/20150326-programme_en.pdf

 

 

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EVENT: 5-6 April 2015, Dubai, United Arab Emirates - Middle East Aquaculture Forum

EVENT: 5-6 April 2015, Dubai, United Arab Emirates - Middle East Aquaculture Forum | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

The Middle East Aquaculture Forum (MEAF) has been created to bring together aquaculture experts from the Middle East, to showcase the latest products and offer industry professionals a state-of-the-art platform to interact.

 

The MEAF will focus on vital industry issues affecting the key Middle East aquaculture producing countries. Activities will include specific topical industry sessions, technical sessions, facilitated workshops and panel discussions. Industry professionals will be able to interact and network in designated meeting space.

 

Click here to download the preliminary programme at a glance: https://app.box.com/s/0pmvy4h45n9qvc3k2w2b

 

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EVENT: 26 - 31 May 2015, Jeju, Korea - World Aquaculture 2015 / AquaForum 2015

EVENT: 26 - 31 May 2015, Jeju, Korea - World Aquaculture 2015 / AquaForum 2015 | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

 

The International conference and trade show on Aquaculture, World Aquaculture 2015, Jeju, Korea, will enhance industry participation by incorporating the newly organized WA2015 AquaForum. To encourage participation, the AquaForum committee offers free of charge for first 700 registrations.

The WA2015 AquaForum has been created to benefit industry professionals during the WA15 conference and exhibition. The organizing committee invites Asian farmers, suppliers, and other industry professionals to Jeju, Korea to attend this forum. Activities will include specific topical industry sessions, facilitated workshops, round table discussions, simultaneous translations, designated meeting spaces, farm tours, etc.

 

It is now time to register online and get all AquaForum benefits. The WA2015 AquaForum, May 26th 2015 (registration day of WA2015) is free of charge for the first 700 registrations. Feel free to chat with your colleagues on the AquaForum website.

 

- The World Aquaculture Society is proud to announce the 1st AquaForum – May 26th on the first day of World Aquaculture 2015. The International conference and trade show on Aquaculture, World Aquaculture 2015, Jeju, Korea, will enhance industry participation by incorporating the newly organized AquaForum

 

- WA2015 AquaForum topics are: Shrimp Health, Shrimp Production Systems, Shrimp Nutrition, Fish Nutrition, Fish Health, Fish Production Systems

 

- Let us know what topics you are interested in. Advanced registration is recommended to reserve seating and translation services for attendees. All World Aquaculture 2015 conference attendees and exhibition visitors are welcome to attend the 1st AquaForum. However, for those without advanced AquaForum registration, seating and translation services will be provided on a first come first served basis according to availability.

 

https://www.was.org/AquaForum/Register/

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EVENT: 19-20 August 2015, Hanoi, Vietnam - The Aquaculture Round Table Series 2015

EVENT: 19-20 August 2015, Hanoi, Vietnam - The Aquaculture Round Table Series 2015 | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

 

About TARS

 

While modern aquaculture has been around for the past 40 years, it has not developed at the speed expected of an industry that has the enormous responsibility of creating an alternative source of seafood to the dwindling capture fisheries. Among the major contributing factors are the lack of direction, coordination and technology development to propel the industry into the next century.

 

The Aquaculture Roundtable Series (TARS) aims to address these challenges by providing a platform for the public, private sector, academia, government and non-government organizations to share new knowledge, deliberate on critical issues, and identify a clear strategy to ensure the sustainability and profitability of the industry. TARS is a stakeholder driven effort to facilitate the sharing of information, reduce redundancy and improve efficiency. It is designed as a series of roundtable sessions to focus on specific sectors of the industry.

 

Since 2011, through the Aquaculture Roundtable Series (TARS) has continuously served as a viable communication channel for information exchange and knowledge transfer through the plenary sessions and breakout group sessions involving all sectors of Asia’s aquaculture industry.

 

TARS 2015 will focus on the feed sector, a major cost component in aquaculture in Asia.

 

The aqua feed industry in Asia has been growing in parallel with Asia’s production of freshwater and marine fish and shrimp. However, as there is great expectation for aquaculture to meet the shortfall of capture fisheries and cater to the increasing global demand for safe and sustainable products, the aqua feed industry has to not only stay ahead of demand but also support sustainable farming.

 

Along the supply chain in commercial aquaculture, aqua feeds determine the efficiency of spawning, transformation and survival of larvae to juveniles, productivity at grow-out, and finally fillet percentage and consumer acceptance on taste and texture. Advances in nutrition and formulation should design optimal feeds to meet requirements at each stage of the animal’s growth as well as the demands of the consumer.

 

As aquaculture moves towards an integrated supply chain, there are constant challenges for the industry. Markets demand superior feeds based on sound nutrition which comply with sustainability practices that address environmental and social aspects, in addition to food safety. In intensive production systems, aqua feeds represent the highest cost input and lowering this cost is essential for the long-term economic sustainability of fish and shrimp farming.

 

The fifth Aquaculture Roundtable Series (TARS 2015), Aqua Feeds 2.0: From Farm to Plate will look at how feeds can add value along the supply chain, from farm to plate. The supply chain for shrimp, freshwater and marine fish share similar bottlenecks but each has its own opportunity and threats. TARS 2015 will explore the influence of feeds on the various phases of production: from maturation and hatchery, to nursery, grow-out and processing, and branding. As we learn to survive diseases in all species, TARS 2015 will also focus on functional feeds and building immunity.

 

Format

 

As with the past four successful roundtable series, TARS has become the industry’s foremost opinion-leading aquaculture events in Asia. A host of international experts will facilitate the plenary and breakout sessions which have become the hallmarks of this critical series.

 

Delegate Profile

 

TARS 2015 brings together key stakeholders from the academia, policymakers, NGOs, integrators, investors, farmers and technical staff, feed suppliers, nutritionists, ingredient and equipment specialists, and marketers.

 

2015 PROGRAM

 

The fifth Aquaculture Roundtable Series (TARS 2015), Aqua Feeds 2.0 will look at how feeds can add value along the supply chain, from farm to plate. The supply chain for shrimp, freshwater and marine fish share similar bottlenecks but each has its own opportunity and threats.

 

TARS 2015 will further explore the influence of feeds on the various phases of production: from maturation and hatchery, to nursery, grow-out and processing and branding.

 

As we learn to survive diseases in all species, TARS 2015 will also focus on functional feeds and building immunity.

 

Building on the successful format of this roundtable series, TARS 2015 promises a comprehensive agenda of aqua feed and nutrition ‘state-of-the-science’ presentations by international experts, and thought-provoking, interactive breakout sessions with industry participation.

 

http://tarsaquaculture.com/2015-program/

 

 

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ΕΥΡΩΠΑΪΚΗ ΕΝΩΣΗ: Καταπολέμηση της φθίνουσας πορείας των αποθεμάτων λαυρακιού

ΕΥΡΩΠΑΪΚΗ ΕΝΩΣΗ: Καταπολέμηση της φθίνουσας πορείας των αποθεμάτων λαυρακιού | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Πακέτο μέτρων προς άμεση απαγόρευση της αλιείας λαυρακιού με τράτα στα πελάγη των Νήσων της Μάγχης, της Κελτικής και Ιρλανδικής Θάλασσας και τη βιώσιμη διαχείριση της εμπορικής και ερασιτεχνικής αλιείας ανακοίνωσε εχθές 26 Ιανουαρίου η Κομισιόν.

 

Για να αποτραπεί η εξάντληση των αποθεμάτων λαυρακιού στις Νήσους της Μάγχης, στην Κελτική Θάλασσα και Ιρλανδική Θάλασσα και νότια της Βόρειας Θάλασσας πρόκειται να εφαρμοστούν άμεσα μέτρα προστασίας τους.

Ειδικότερα, άμεσα θα απαγορευτεί η αλίευση λαυρακιού σε πέλαγος με τράτα, μιας και είναι περίοδος  αναπαραγωγής για το συγκεκριμένο ψάρι και συνεχίζει μέχρι και το τέλος Απριλίου. Το λαυράκι αυτή την περίοδο είναι περισσότερο ευάλωτο, αφού μαζεύεται σε κοπάδια για να αναπαραχθεί.

Η απαγόρευση της αλιείας με τράτα στα πελάγη αποτελεί το πρώτο κριτικής σημασίας βήμα στο πακέτο μέτρων της Ευρωπαϊκής Επιτροπής, αφού η αλιεία με τράτα θεωρείται ως η κύρια πηγή θνησιμότητας του λαυρακιού. Οι αλιείς εκμεταλλευόμενοι την περίοδο αναπαραγωγής συμβάλλουν στη μείωση των αποθεμάτων μέχρι και 25%.

Η Κομισιόν στοχεύει ακόμα και στην βιώσιμη διαχείριση της εμπορικής και ερασιτεχνικής αλιείας θέτοντας ένα πακέτο μέτρων προς υιοθέτηση από το Συμβούλιο της ΕΕ και από τα Κράτη Μέλη. Τρία ψάρια την ημέρα ανά ψαρά αντιστοιχούν για την ερασιτεχνική αλιεία. Όμως, όσον αφορά την εμπορική αλιεία προετοιμάζεται πρόταση της Επιτροπής που θα περιλαμβάνει περιορισμό των αλιευμάτων.

 

Παπαηλιού Χαρά  - Agronews.gr

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RESEARCH ARTICLE: Fishing for Space - Fine-Scale Multi-Sector Maritime Activities Influence Fisher Location Choice

RESEARCH ARTICLE: Fishing for Space - Fine-Scale Multi-Sector Maritime Activities Influence Fisher Location Choice | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Abstract

 

The European Union and other states are moving towards Ecosystem Based Fisheries Management to balance food production and security with wider ecosystem concerns. Fishing is only one of several sectors operating within the ocean environment, competing for renewable and non-renewable resources that overlap in a limited space. Other sectors include marine mining, energy generation, recreation, transport and conservation. Trade-offs of these competing sectors are already part of the process but attempts to detail how the seas are being utilised have been primarily based on compilations of data on human activity at large spatial scales. Advances including satellite and shipping automatic tracking enable investigation of factors influencing fishers’ choice of fishing grounds at spatial scales relevant to decision-making, including the presence or avoidance of activities by other sectors. We analyse the determinants of English and Welsh scallop-dredging fleet behaviour, including competing sectors, operating in the eastern English Channel.

 

Results indicate aggregate mining activity, maritime traffic, increased fishing costs, and the English inshore 6 and French 12 nautical mile limits negatively impact fishers’ likelihood of fishing in otherwise suitable areas. Past success, net-benefits and fishing within the 12 NM predispose fishers to use areas. Systematic conservation planning has yet to be widely applied in marine systems, and the dynamics of spatial overlap of fishing with other activities have not been studied at scales relevant to fisher decision-making. This study demonstrates fisher decision-making is indeed affected by the real-time presence of other sectors in an area, and therefore trade-offs which need to be accounted for in marine planning. As marine resource extraction demands intensify, governments will need to take a more proactive approach to resolving these trade-offs, and studies such as this will be required as the evidential foundation for future seascape planning.

 

About the Authors 

Alex N. Tidd  - SPC, BP D5, 98848, Noumea, New Caledonia

 

Alex N. Tidd, John Pinnegar  - Cefas, Pakefield Road, Lowestoft, Suffolk, NR33 0HT, United Kingdom

 

Youen Vermard, Paul Marchal  - IFREMER, Département Ressources Biologiques et Environnement Responsable de l’Unité Halieutique Manche-Mer du Nord, Unit 150, Quai Gambetta, BP 699 62321, Boulogne sur mer, France

 

Julia L. Blanchard -  Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Alfred Denny Building, Western Bank, Sheffield, S10 2TN, United Kingdom

 

E. J. Milner-Gulland - Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, SL5 7PY, United Kingdom

 

Corresponding Author

 

Email: alext@spc.int

 

Competing Interests

 

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

 

Author Contributions

 

Conceived and designed the experiments: AT PM YV. Performed the experiments: AT PM YV. Analyzed the data: AT YV. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AT YV. Wrote the paper: AT JB JP EJMG.

 

Download PDF: http://www.plosone.org/article/fetchObject.action?uri=info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0116335&representation=PDF

 

 

 

 

 

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MAGAZINE: Inshore ireland - December 2014 / January 2015

News, information and features from Ireland's marine and freshwater industries

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EUROPEAN UNION: New habitat model can help avoid Mediterranean hake overfishing

EUROPEAN UNION: New habitat model can help avoid Mediterranean hake overfishing | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

A habitat model, developed by the JRC and partner scientists, reveals that the main hake nurseries are mostly located from February to June in the northern Mediterranean, on the seabed in depths from 50 to 250 m. Such knowledge can guide decisions for sustainable fisheries management, such as the closure of fishing areas allowing hake stocks to recover from overfishing.

 

Supported by sound scientific approaches, such measures can increase yield and profits in the long term. The JRC is also studying the potential habitats of other key marine species, such as the Atlantic bluefin tuna.

Due to the rather low minimum size for fishing hake (20 cm), the status of hake stocks in the Mediterranean is indeed characterised by high mortality of young fish.,).

 

This has led to an exceptional fall in the total number of landings, which were halved in the late 90s for the Europe area, according to the FAO. The reduction of fishing effort in and around nurseries is therefore vital for the hake stocks recovery. The seasonal and large scale mapping of potential habitats provide information on areas and periods where nurseries are active, even if no studies are available.

 

The new habitat model couples scientific data on hake collected over decades in the Mediterranean Sea (MEDITS campaigns) with environmental data from remote sensing and ocean circulation models. The results show that hake nurseries require a stable bottom temperature, low bottom currents and a frequent occurrence of productive fronts in low chlorophyll-a areas to support a successful recruitment.

 

These conditions mostly occur recurrently between 50 and 250 meters of depth. The model allows for better understanding of the favorable environmental factors for hake growth for the Mediterranean Sea, including food availability and physical tolerance to temperature and water currents.

 

The model also shows the primary role of unfavorable environmental conditions on low recruitment in specific years, such as in 2011. As such, the habitat model is valuable for shaping spatial protection measures of hake nurseries under the Common Fisheries Policy providing information on when and where fisheries at sea bed (demersal trawling) should be closed.

 

This research on habitat mapping addresses the concerns of a study published in July 2014 by the European Commission, that supports the development of new technical conservation measures within the reformed Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) in support of the Council Regulation (EC) No 734/2008 of 15 July 2008 on the protection of vulnerable marine ecosystems in the high seas from the adverse impacts of bottom fishing gears.

 

Monitoring of fish habitats and ecosystem's productivity: https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/scientific-tool/monitoring-fish-habitats-and-ecosystems-productivity

 

JRC Science Hub - European Commission

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ΕΥΡΩΠΑΪΚΗ ΕΝΩΣΗ: «Κόκκινη κάρτα» στην παράνομη αλιεία από το εξωτερικό

ΕΥΡΩΠΑΪΚΗ ΕΝΩΣΗ: «Κόκκινη κάρτα» στην παράνομη αλιεία από το εξωτερικό | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Ένα στα πέντε ψάρια συνδέεται με παράνομες δραστηριότητες

 

Η Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση επέβαλε κυρώσεις στις εισαγωγές ψαριών από τη Σρι Λάνκα, μετά την αποτυχία της χώρας να περιορίσει την παράνομη αλιεία. Οι εμπορικοί περιορισμοί της Ε.Ε. σημαίνουν ότι τα αλιευτικά σκάφη των κρατών μελών της ένωσης δεν θα είναι σε θέση να αλιεύουν στα ύδατα της Σρι Λάνκα, και η Σρι Λάνκα δεν θα είναι σε θέση να εξάγει ψάρια σε χώρες της Ευρώπης.

 

Η Σρι Λάνκα ήταν ένα από τα οκτώ κράτη που δέχθηκαν «κίτρινη κάρτα» το 2012 και από τότε βρισκόταν σε συνεχή διάλογο με την ΕΕ αλλά δεν κατάφερε να συμμορφωθεί με τους κανονισμούς που είχαν τεθεί. Από αυτά τα οκτώ κράτη, εκτός από τη Σρι Λάνκα δέχθηκαν «κόκκινη κάρτα» και η Καμπότζη, η Γουινέα και το Μπελίζ, αν και οι κυρώσεις του τελευταίου πρόσφατα ανακλήθηκαν.

 

Αλιευτικά προϊόντα αξίας πάνω από 74 εκατομμύρια ευρώ εισάγονται κάθε χρόνο στην Ευρώπη από τη Σρι Λάνκα, και η χώρα δεν έχει καταφέρει να έχει πλήρη έλεγχο των σκαφών στα λιμάνια της, δήλωσε ο Τόνι Λονγκ του μη κυβερνητικού οργανισμού Pew Charitable Trusts.

 

Σύμφωνα με στοιχεία του οργανισμού, περίπου ένα στα πέντε ψάρια στην παγκόσμια αγορά συνδέονται με παράνομες δραστηριότητες, ένα μερίδιο αξίας 20,7 δισεκατομμυρίων ευρώ. Η Σρι Λάνκα αποτελεί το δεύτερο μεγαλύτερο εξαγωγέα τόνου και ξιφία στην Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση.

 

Οι κυρώσεις στη Σρι Λάνκα επιδοκιμάστηκαν από διάφορες περιβαλλοντικές οργανώσεις, οι οποίες υποστηρίζουν πως η χώρα δεν ελέγχει επαρκώς τον αλιευτικό της στόλο, δεν επιδιώκει τιμωρίες για τους παραβάτες και δεν έχει αναπτύξει ένα ισχυρό νομοθετικό πλαίσιο για να αποθαρρύνει νέες παραβάσεις.

 

Ο Αντρέας Μπαουμίλλερ της WWF επαίνεσε τον Κάρμενου Βέλλα, Επίτροπο Περιβάλλοντος, Ναυτιλίας και Αλιείας της ΕΕ, και κάλεσε να συνεχιστούν οι ευρωπαϊκές νομοθετικές προσπάθειες στην ίδια κατεύθυνση.

 

www.naftemporiki.gr

 

 

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MAGAZINE: Sea Trout - January 2015

The new magazine about saltwater angling for sea trout / sea run brown trout. This all goes on at the Island of Fyn, Denmark, which is the ace location for targeting the elusive beauty, the queen of the North - the sea trout.

 

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ΕΥΡΩΠΑΪΚΗ ΕΝΩΣΗ: Ζωντανά η συζήτηση στην ολομέλεια για τη συμφωνία για το κλίμα στη Λίμα

ΕΥΡΩΠΑΪΚΗ ΕΝΩΣΗ: Ζωντανά η συζήτηση στην ολομέλεια για τη συμφωνία για το κλίμα στη Λίμα | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Στο δρόμο για τη νέα συμφωνία για το κλίμα στο Παρίσι, η ολομέλεια του ΕΚ συζητά για τον χάρτη πορείας αυτής της συμφωνίας με εκπροσώπους από το Συμβούλιο και την Ευρωπαϊκή Επιτροπή, την Τετάρτη 28 Ιανουαρίου. Ήδη στη Συνδιάσκεψη του ΟΗΕ για το κλίμα, στο Παρίσι τον περασμένο Δεκέμβριο, ΜΚΟ, ειδικοί και πολιτικοί συζήτησαν για τη νέα συμφωνία. Περισσότερες πληροφορίες στο γράφημα.

 

Η καταπολέμηση της κλιματικής αλλαγής αποτελεί προτεραιότητα για το ΕΚ. Η αντιπροσωπία του ΕΚ που συμμετείχε στις συνομιλίες για το κλίμα, στη Λίμα τόνισε ότι είναι απαραίτητο να μην μειωθεί η θερμοκρασία του πλανήτη περισσότερο από 2 βαθμούς, κάτω από τα προβιομηχανικά επίπεδα και να ενταθούν οι συνεισφορές στο Πράσινο ταμείο για το κλίμα, που στηρίζει αναπτυσσόμενες χώρες.

 

Ζωντανά: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/ep-live/en/plenary/video?date=28-01-2015

 

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FINAL REPORT: Ex ante evaluation of a possible future FPA and protocol between the EU and Kiribati

FINAL REPORT: Ex ante evaluation of a possible future FPA and protocol between the EU and Kiribati | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

This report provides an ex post evaluation for the existing Protocol to the Fisheries Partnership Agreement (FPA) between the European Union (EU) and the Republic of Kiribati. The Protocol concerns the access to Kiribati waters of a maximum of 4 purse seiners and 6 surface longliners flying the flag of any EU Member State for fishing of highly migratory species. The evaluation considers the Protocol in terms of its effectiveness, efficiency, economy, coherence and acceptability. It also provides an ex ante evaluation to support the potential negotiation and implementation of a new Protocol. The current Protocol is applicable for 3 years between 16 September 2012 and 15 September 2015.

 

The total EU minimum financial contribution considered includes annual payments by the EU of EUR 1 325 000 comprising an annual amount for the access to Kiribati fishing zone of EUR 975 000 (74%) for a reference tonnage of 15 000 tonnes and EUR 350 000 (26%) for the support and implementation of Kiribati’s sectoral policy. EU vessels utilising the agreement contribute to the financial transfers to Kiribati budget with
payments of access fees and other contributions towards management costs of the agreement (e.g. observers remunerations) amounting up to a minimum of EUR 1.7 million.

...

 

Final report: http://ec.europa.eu/fisheries/documentation/studies/kiribati-2014/doc/evaluations-kiribati_en.pdf

 

 Fisheries - European Commission

 

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ΗΝΩΜΕΝΕΣ ΠΟΛΙΤΕΙΕΣ: Ανταρκτική, ανακάλυψη θαλάσσιας ζωής κάτω από 750 μέτρα πάγου

ΗΝΩΜΕΝΕΣ ΠΟΛΙΤΕΙΕΣ: Ανταρκτική, ανακάλυψη θαλάσσιας ζωής κάτω από 750 μέτρα πάγου | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Γεωτρήσεις βαθιά μέσα στον πάγο της Ανταρκτικής οδήγησαν στην ανακάλυψη μίας αποικίας ψαριών, καρκινοειδών και μεδουσών που κατοικούν σε σκοτεινά και παγωμένα νερά, χιλιόμετρα μακριά από τον ανοιχτό ωκεανό.

 

Τα μέλη της ερευνητικής αποστολής WISSARD δηλώνουν εντυπωσιασμένοι από το «χαμένο κόσμο» που ανακάλυψαν στην παγωμένη ήπειρο μετά από γεώτρηση σε βάθος 750 μέτρων.

 

«Έχω ερευνήσει αυτά τα είδη περιβαλλόντων για μεγάλο μέρος της καριέρας μου, και παρ’ όλο που ήξερα ότι θα ήταν δύσκολο, επιδίωκα να αποκτήσω πρόσβαση σε αυτό το σύστημα για πολλά χρόνια λόγω της επιστημονικής του σημασίας», δήλωσε ο Ρος Πάουελ του Πανεπιστημίου του Βόρειου Ιλινόι και επικεφαλής της έρευνας.

 

Η ανακάλυψη έλαβε χώρα στο ρεύμα Whillans, σε ένα ποτάμι με γρήγορη ροή από τη δυτική Ανταρκτική προς την Θάλασσα Ρος. Η γεώτρηση πραγματοποιήθηκε περίπου 850 χιλιόμετρα από την άκρη του στρώματος πάγου Ρος.

 

Το παχύ κάλυμμα πάγου εμποδίζει το φως από το να φτάνει τα οικοσυστήματα σε αυτά τα βάθη, με αποτέλεσμα το νερό να είναι ιδιαίτερα σκοτεινό και ψυχρό. Αυτές οι συνθήκες έκαναν τους επιστήμονες να υποθέτουν πως η ανακάλυψη της ζωής ήταν απίθανη.

 

Ωστόσο έμειναν έκπληκτοι όταν διαπίστωσαν πως μέδουσες, καρκινοειδή και διάφορα είδη ψαριών ζούσαν σε αυτό το ακραίο περιβάλλον.

 

Σύμφωνα με τον Πάουελ, το τηλεχειριζόμενο μη επανδρωμένο όχημα που χρησιμοποιήθηκε, κάλυψε μία επιφάνεια 400 τετραγωνικών μέτρων του πυθμένα. Η ερευνητική ομάδα ελπίζει πως συνέλεξε αρκετά δεδομένα για να προσδιορίσει τις πηγές του άνθρακα και του οξυγόνου που επιτρέπουν στα ζώα να ευδοκιμήσουν.

 

«Είναι συναρπαστικό να βλέπουμε τόσους πολλούς θαλάσσιους σπονδυλωτούς και ασπόνδυλους οργανισμούς τόσο μακριά από τον ανοικτό ωκεανό», δήλωσε ο Σλάβεκ Τουλάζικ του Πανεπιστημίου της Καλιφόρνιας στη Σάντα Κρουζ και μέλος της ερευνητικής ομάδας.


http://www.naftemporiki.gr


 

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EVENT: 2-4 April 2015, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia - Tilapia 2015

EVENT: 2-4 April 2015, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia - Tilapia 2015 | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it
Highly successful international technical and trade conference on tilapia organized by INFOFISH


The Conference


TILAPIA 2015 KUALA LUMPUR is the fourth in series of highly successful international technical and trade conferences on tilapia organized by INFOFISH, following TILAPIA 2010, TILAPIA 2007 and the inaugural TILAPIA 2001. Internationally renowned speakers will address issues of relevance to the industry encompassing the industry situation and outlook, production and processing, markets and marketing, technological developments and related issues. Some 300 delegates from the industry, government, academia, as well as potential investors and marketers, are expected to attend the conference.

 

 

The Exhibition


The accompanying trade show will feature seafood buyers and sellers, farmers, processors and exporters, as well as suppliers of fishing and aquaculture equipment, goods and services, processing equipment, and transport and distribution services.

 

 

The Organizers


TILAPIA 2015 KUALA LUMPUR is the fourth in series of highly successful international technical and trade conferences on tilapia organized by INFOFISH, following TILAPIA 2010, TILAPIA 2007 and the inaugural TILAPIA 2001. Internationally renowned speakers will address issues of relevance to the industry encompassing the industry situation and outlook, production and processing, markets and marketing, technological developments and related issues. Some 300 delegates from the industry, government, academia, as well as potential investors and marketers, are expected to attend the conference.
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MAGAZINE: Aqua Culture Asia Pacific - January / February 2015

MAGAZINE: Aqua Culture Asia Pacific - January / February 2015 | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

AQUA CULTURE Asia Pacific is a regional trade publication focused exclusively on commercial aquaculture.

Bimonthly, we provide relevant information-technical and general, research updates, product news and industry profiles to help you develop your business and markets.


The range of topics includes:

 

- culture technology in hatchery, pond, tank and cage systems

 

- aqua feed technology and production

 

- farm management

 

- disease and shrimp/fish health management

 

- processing and markets

 

Our articles cover freshwater fish/prawn and marine fish/shrimp, molluscs and ornamentals.By reading AQUA CULTURE Asia Pacific, you will be informed of current issues and trends that affect this industry.

 

View issue for free: http://aquaasiapac.com/emagazine/issue_01022015/index.html#2

 

 

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FINAL REPORT: Ex ante evaluation of a possible future FPA and protocol between the EU and Kenya

FINAL REPORT: Ex ante evaluation of a possible future FPA and protocol between the EU and Kenya | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

 

Introduction


This report provides an ex ante evaluation of a possible Fisheries Partnership Agreement (FPA) and Protocol between the European Union (EU) and Kenya (officially the Republic of Kenya, but hereafter referred to as Kenya). Following informal communication between staff from the EU’s Directorate-General of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (DG MARE) and officials from Kenya, which took place on the fringes of the annual Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) meeting in May 2013, Kenya expressed interest (in a series of email communications with DG MARE) in a possible FPA/Protocol with the EU. Given interest by EU Member State stakeholders in an FPA/Protocol, the evaluation is intended to inform a decision as to whether to provide a mandate to the European Commission to negotiate an FPA/Protocol with Kenya on behalf of the EU.

 

This ex ante evaluation of a possible FPA/Protocol between the EU and Kenya is informed by a regional analysis of tuna fisheries in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO), which provides background information of relevance to this ex ante evaluation (Poseidon et al., 2014). This evaluation was completed between September and December 2013, and was based on: a review of relevant literature; consultations with regional organisations in the WIO; a visit by the contractors to Kenya (28 September to 8 October 2013); and relevant consultations in the EU with European Commission services, the European External Action Service (EEAS), Member State administrations and the private sector.

 

The domestic fishing sector in Kenya


Kenya does not have an industrial tuna fleet, and the only domestic tuna-catching sector is therefore an artisanal fleet of around 800 small-scale vessels, all of which are typically confined to within 3-5 nm of the coast, catching around 300 tonnes (t) of tuna a year. The stocks of tuna being caught by the domestic fleet are regional stocks of skipjack, yellowfin and bigeye tuna, none of which is assessed by the IOTC as being overfished or subject to overfishing. The domestic prawn/shrimp and demersal fisheries are also exploited by small-scale vessels, and while research is poor, stocks are probably overfished and subject to overfishing (despite the lack of any industrial activity) due to poor fisheries management.


There are three principal companies providing supplies to visiting foreign fishing (and non-fishing) vessels employing around 500 people. One of these companies also engages in tuna processing, operating on a ‘fee for service’ basis for major tuna traders, with raw material landed directly by EU purse seine vessels to the company’s private berth before tuna is processed into loins to send to the EU for canning. The volume of processing is very sporadic, being dependent on good catches of yellowfin tuna in/near the Kenyan EEZ (in some years the company may process no tuna at all).

 

Final report: http://ec.europa.eu/fisheries/documentation/studies/kenya/doc/kenya-ex-ante-evaluation_en.pdf

 

 Fisheries - European Commission

 

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WORLDWIDE: Fish catch break on world stage at global conference

WORLDWIDE: Fish catch break on world stage at global conference | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Inland fishing - the powerful yet quieter sister to the large, salty marine aquaculture powerhouse - has gained what experts say is a much-needed visibility boost this as the first partnership between Michigan State University (MSU) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations goes on in Rome.

 

These freshwater fish provide the food, sport and economic power across the globe. Inland fishing is often a study in the power of the many, more about the line and the net, about individuals, families and small cooperatives. More than 60 million people in low-income nations are estimated to rely on inland fisheries for their livelihood.

 

Its small-but-many base has in modern times across the globe been shy of strong data to document its impact. That has left the inland fishery industry a poor competitor for water against agriculture, energy, commercial development and industry.

 

Raising the profile of quiet-but-powerful giant that is inland fishing has joined MSU and the FAO. This week they bring together 212 people from 45 countries to the The Global Conference on Inland Fisheries at the FAO headquarters to discuss ways to make fish a competitive part of global development.

 

"Fish always been representative of how well humans are doing with their environment," said Bill Taylor, University Distinguished Professor in Global Fisheries Systems in MSU's Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability (CSIS). "It's time for us to make a move and speak for the fish to have them valued along with power, commercial, agriculture and other competition for water."

 

It's an issue that resonates both domestically and internationally. Across the continental United States, more than a quarter of its miles of streams are considered at high risk from urban development, agriculture, livestock grazing, pollution, or dams.

 

Inland fisheries and the freshwater lakes and streams that sustain them, meanwhile, support many local economies in Michigan and elsewhere through agriculture, tourism, industry, and energy generation. Many communities continue to directly tap the Great Lakes for their municipal water supplies.

 

"The world's poor, hungry, and disenfranchised—often the people most dependent on inland fisheries—are the very people whose voices most need to heard and represented by us to those who will make decisions affecting them," said MSU President Lou Anna K. Simon, who delivered the conference's opening address Monday.

 

"Inland fisheries have long been a quiet but important component in food and economic security around the world. Yet the voices of those most dependent on these resources often are at risk of being drowned out by louder, more powerful interests."

 

In Rome, 18 MSU professors and students will be attending and giving talks and poster presentations on topics ranging from gathering worldwide fishery data to governance to food security to law enforcement. It's an interdisciplinary show of force, folding in both biological and environmental sciences along with social studies - a hallmark of MSU and CSIS, which stresses the need for holistic research to pursue sustainable solutions that allow both people and nature to thrive.

 

At the conference on Monday, Simon and Arni Mathieson, assistant director-general of the FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, signed a memorandum of understanding, formalizing a way for MSU to continue to reach into the corners of the world to help coordinate and collaborate on inland fisheries issues.

 

One of the largest issues is the dearth of hard numbers on inland fisheries. Taylor, who has established an international reputation in inland fisheries, says that his research group recently reported that globally, just 156 of more than 230 countries and territories reported their inland capture fisheries production to the FAO in 2010. Moreover, even those reporting have inaccurate and grossly underestimated data.

 

When accurately assessed, the amount of freshwater fish caught could equal the current amount of marine fish caught. And it's not just the numbers. Taylor said many of the fish caught in fresh waters provide important protein, micronutrients and fatty acids that aren't easily replaced once that resource is gone.

 

phys.org

 

 

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MAGAZINE: Caribbean Maritime – January 2015

Caribbean Maritime is the official journal of the Caribbean Shipping Association, published by Land & Marine Publications Ltd.

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ΚΟΣΜΟΣ: ΟΗΕ - Κοντά σε σημαντική συμφωνία για την προστασία των ωκεανών

ΚΟΣΜΟΣ: ΟΗΕ - Κοντά σε σημαντική συμφωνία για την προστασία των ωκεανών | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Έναρξη διαπραγματεύσεων για την προστασία της βιοποικιλότητας των διεθνών υδάτων.

 

Τα κράτη μέλη των Ηνωμένων Εθνών ξεκίνησαν το Σάββατο διαπραγματεύσεις για την υπογραφή μίας συνθήκης προστασίας της θαλάσσιας βιοποικιλότητας σε περιοχές των ωκεανών που εκτείνονται πέρα από χωρικά ύδατα, σε μία κίνηση που επιδοκιμάστηκε από τις περιβαλλοντικές οργανώσεις.

 

Η επικείμενη συμφωνία του ΟΗΕ θα είναι η πρώτη που θα απευθύνεται συγκεκριμένα στην προστασία της θαλάσσιας ζωής, καλώντας για τη διαφύλαξη μεγάλων περιοχών που απειλούνται από μόλυνση, υπερβολική αλιεία και την παγκόσμια υπερθέρμανση.

 

Ωστόσο οι διαπραγματεύσεις ξεκίνησαν μόνο αφού μία μικρή ομάδα χωρών, οι οποίες εμπλέκονται σε επιχειρήσεις αλιείας και εξόρυξης στους ωκεανούς, διαφώνησε με το αρχικό, πιο σύντομο χρονοδιάγραμμα. Τα περισσότερα από τα 193 κράτη καλούσαν για πιο άμεσες ενέργειες, ωστόσο χώρες όπως η Ρωσία, οι ΗΠΑ, ο Καναδάς, η Ισλανδία και η Ιαπωνία εξέφρασαν την επιφυλακτικότητά τους.

 

Η συμφωνία θα καλύπτει διεθνείς ζώνες που αποτελούν το 64 τοις εκατό της συνολικής επιφάνειας των ωκεανών και το 43 τοις εκατό της συνολικής επιφάνειας της Γης.

 

«Πρόκειται για το μεγαλύτερο οικοσύστημα στη Γη και ακόμα δεν υφίσταται κάποιο νομικό όργανο ώστε να θεσπίσει εθνικά πάρκα στους ωκεανούς για να προστατεύσει την θαλάσσια ζωή», δήλωσε η Κάρεν Σακ της μη κυβερνητικής οργάνωσης Pew Charitable Trusts.

 

Η συμφωνία για την αρχή των διαπραγματεύσεων έγινε μετά από τέσσερις ημέρες συζητήσεων στη Νέα Υόρκη, ενώ η τελική επικύρωση της συνθήκης θα λάβει χώρα το 2018 το συντομότερο, καθώς η παρουσίαση των τελικών προτάσεων προγραμματίστηκε για τη Γενική Συνέλευση του Σεπτεμβρίου του 2017.

 

Ωστόσο το χρονοδιάγραμμα αυτό αποτελεί σημαντική πρόοδο αν αναλογιστεί κανείς πως η συζήτηση για τη δημιουργία μίας τέτοιας συμφωνίας ξεκίνησε πριν από δέκα έτη.

 

«Η συμφωνία θα βοηθήσει σε μεγάλο βαθμό την εξασφάλιση της προστασίας που χρειάζεται απεγνωσμένα η ανοικτή θάλασσα», δήλωσε η Σοφία Τσενικλή της Greenpeace σε δήλωση της.

 

www.naftemporiki.gr

 

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EUROPEAN UNION: Using less fish to test chemicals safety

EUROPEAN UNION: Using less fish to test chemicals safety | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

The JRC has released a new strategy on how to replace, reduce and refine the use of fish in testing of chemicals’ effect on flora and fauna in water (aquatic toxicity) and chemicals’ uptake and concentration in living organisms (bioaccumulation).

 

Out of the 11.5 million animals used for experimental purposes in the EU (2011 data), cold blooded animals, namely reptiles, amphibians and fish represent 12.4%. In the case of specific testing for toxicological safety assessment, fish represent 18% of the one million animals used.

 

Developed by the JRC-managed European Union Reference Laboratory for Alternatives to Animal Testing (EURL ECVAM), the strategy supports EU legislation on environmental hazard and risk assessment of chemicals and EU legislation on protection of animals used for scientific purposes.

 

Achievement of the of the strategic aims and related objectives outlined in the document will deliver alternative approaches for standard information requirements while ensuring that tests on fish are only conducted as a last resort. Success will depend on the proactive and coordinated engagement of the multiple stakeholders in the field. An important near-term impact could be the reduction in the number of these tests conducted on chemicals subject to the next REACH registration deadline (2018).

 

The strategy also proposes the further development of mechanistically-based replacement alternatives, as well as the need to revise existing test guidelines to reduce and refine testing on fish. Furthermore, the development of guidance on the application of integrated approaches to chemical assessment is recommended.

 

Concerning bioaccumulation, efforts are encouraged to develop and apply in silico models such as quantitative structure-activity relationships and physiologically based toxicokinetic models, as well as the standardisation of in vitro methods for hepatic metabolism in fish.

 

Background information

 

Aquatic toxicity refers to adverse effects of chemicals on organisms living in the water and is usually determined by testing on organisms representing aquatic plants or algae, invertebrate (crustaceans) and vertebrate (fish) animals. Bioaccumulation describes the uptake and concentration of a chemical in an organism.

 

Bioaccumulative properties pose a threat since a chemical can reach concentration levels causing toxic effects in organisms taking up the chemical or in those feeding on them.

 

JRC Science Hub - European Commission

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