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EUROPEAN UNION: MEPs vote to give rules against cruel shark practice extra bite

EUROPEAN UNION: MEPs vote to give rules against cruel shark practice extra bite | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Never mind what the popular Jaws films will have you believe: people pose a greater threat to sharks then they to us. Several shark species have been pushed to the brink of extinction due to fin hunters cutting the animals' fins off while they are still alive before leaving them to drown in the water. MEPs voted on 22 November to close a loophole in the current ban on shark finning, which will make it easier to catch out perpetrators of this cruel practice.

About shark finning

Sharks fins are sold between 15 and 70 euros per kilogramme. Fins are graded as extra large (40 cm and above), large (30-40 cm), medium (20-30 cm), small (10-20 cm), very small (4-10 cm) and mixed or assorted.

Indonesia is the biggest fisher of sharks (107 tons per year) followed by India (81 tons) and Spain (56 tons). The biggest shark fin importers are China (36%) and Hong Kong (58%).

According to data from the United Nations, the EU is the world’s largest trading partner for shark products and is responsible for 56% of total global shark imports from other states and for more than  30% of worldwide exports

Shark fins have been used as food in China for centuries. There are reports of their use as early as the Ming Dynasty from 1368-1644.

What's happening in the European Parliament?


The European Commission has proposed to improve current European rules for cracking down on shark finning. Portuguese Christian Democrat Maria do Céu Patrão Neves, who is responsible for steering the legislation through Parliament, supports the plan. She wants fishers to be required to bring in sharks to ports with the fins attached. This would mean that fishers would be forced to kill sharks on their vessels instead of leaving them in the sea to die and remove the fins later.

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UNITED STATES: What Does Greed Look Like? Overfishing for Tuna in the 21st Century

UNITED STATES: What Does Greed Look Like? Overfishing for Tuna in the 21st Century | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

When we speak about the future of the ocean, we use words like sustainability and responsibility. We also lament the actions by many, often oil and gas interests, that declare their indifference to sustainability by word and irresponsibility by deed. Again and again, we identify instances when total consumption overwhelms any alternative approach, and regulation is opposed through politics, obfuscation, and corruption. The conflict, often mentioned in these blog posts, lies between human need and greed.


What does greed look like? Shannon Service, a journalist, in an article titled "Tuna Firm's Bungled IPO Exposes China's Flouting of Global Fishing Rules" published by The Guardian newspaper in October 2014, provides a stunning report into how greed works in a description of China Tuna Industry Group, from 2011 to 2013 the largest Chinese supplier of premium tuna to the Japanese market, a product considered by various international conservation organizations as "seriously over-fished" or "near endangered." China Tuna had applied for an initial public stock offering on the Hong Kong Exchange, and Service found in the draft IPO submission documents revelations about how the illegal fishing industry works. In her article, Service discovered the company stating:

"that it intended to circumvent international conservation limits by simply ignoring them. In a series of circular arguments, the document stated that China, which presides over the world's larges long-distance fishing fleet, would not crack down on companies engaged in illegal fishing because it never had in the past; that the catch limits set by Regional Fisheries Management Organizations apply only to China the country, not to actual Chinese fishing boats; and that even if the catch limits did apply, the regional fisheries organizations would not them because 'there is no sanction for non-compliance with Big Eye catch limits'."


Service attempted to follow up. She found the company was owned by a 24 year-old Chinese woman with a St. Kitt's passport, and her father. The company had no office, an unlisted telephone number, an accommodation address with another Chinese company that at first denied any connection, and a subsidiary company that finally admitted that China Tuna was indeed its parent while refusing to identify or connect with any company officers or directors. This attempt to unravel the complex skein of corporate entities, interlocking management, subsidiary arrangements, off-shore registrations, and more requires determination, knowledge of international law and forensic accounting, and courage--because the stakes are high.


In her article, Service writes,

"I have yet to speak with anyone who admits working directly for China Tuna. But the firm's combination of bravado and impenetrable corporate structure offers clues as to why the health of the oceans is in free-fall. China has told the world that from 2000 to 2011 it caught 368,000 tons of fish annually in international waters. But as the Wall Street Journal reported in 2012, the European Commission estimated the catch as closer to 4.6 million tons or 12 times greater."

In this, and in so many other instances, China defends its environmental practices by citing its status as "a developing country" with weak and unsophisticated management practices over which central government agencies have no control. Anyone with any awareness of Chinese finance, government structures, and monolithic centralized regulatory powers will only laugh at such assertions.



But there is more. Service quotes a China expert, Tabitha Mallory, who told her that

"fishing lies at the intersection of Chinese ambitions for military expansion and food security. While the many political analysts refer to the 21st century as 'the China century,' Mallory told the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission in 2012, China also calls it 'the ocean century.' She points to a 2010 Chinese task force report stating that 'marine biological resources are seen as the largest store of protein, therefore owning and mastering the ocean means owning and mastering the future'."


So, what we have here is fishing as an exercise of international power, the implementation of which needs be indifferent to treaty, law, international policy, or limiting regulation. Those Chinese fishing boats, sometimes accompanied by military vessels, into the claimed national waters of Japan, Vietnam, and South Korea may be more than the actions of rogue fishermen, but rather carefully applied tools of territorial aspiration and nationalistic political action. In such a case, rule of or by law does not pertain. Everything is a lie. Everything is possible to meet any objective regardless of impact on anyone else. Such an attitude and such action is a depressing portrayal of greed.




is Director of the World Ocean Observatory, a web-based place of exchange for information and educational services about the ocean defined as “an integrated, global, social system,” transcending conventional emphasis on species and habitat to relate the ocean to such issues as fresh water, climate, food, energy, trade, transportation, public health, international finance, policy and governance, economic development, mega-cities, and coastal traditions. World Ocean Observatory provides links and proactive services to aquariums, science centers, educational institutions, governmental and non-governmental organizations, and individuals to build public awareness and a global constituency for the ocean.


Throughout his career, Mr. Neill has contributed to organizations devoted to marine affairs, education, and culture. He was President of the South Street Seaport Museum from 1985-2004. He is a past President of the Council of American Maritime Museums and the International Congress of Maritime Museums He is a co-founder of The Sound School, New Haven, CT., and The Harbor School, New York, NY, two innovative public high schools that use the marine environment as a context for teaching and learning. He has appeared on numerous television documentaries on The History Channel, Discovery, and National Geographic Society productions.



His publications include novels (A Time Piece, 1970; Mock Turtle Soup, 1972; Acoma, 1978); non-fiction (Maritime America, 1988; Great Maritime Museums of the World, 1991; On a Painted Ocean, 1998); anthologies (The City: American Experience, 1978; American Sea Writing, 2000); and numerous articles on maritime history and art. In 1972, Mr. Neill founded Leete’s Island Books, a small publisher specializing in literary reprints, the essay, photography, and profiles of indigenous healers and practitioners of complimentary medicine around the world. Mr. Neill has served as founding Chairman, High Mountain Institute, Leadville, CO (1995-2007); founding Chairman, The Apprenticeshop, Rockland, ME (1988-2006); President, Pilobolus Dance Theater, Washington, CT (1995-2004); Trustee, Ocean Classroom Foundation, Damariscotta, ME (2007- ); Trustee, Penobscot Marine Museum, Searsport, ME (2006- ); and Founding Trustee of Apogee Arts, a new dance company for Maine (2008- ).

Peter is host of World Ocean Radio, a weekly series of 5-minute audio essays on a wide range of ocean topics.

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INDIA: Ecologists worry about capture of juvenile sardines

INDIA: Ecologists worry about capture of juvenile sardines | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |
It could lead to destruction of precious fisheries resources: The landing of more than a hundred tonnes of juvenile sardines, measuring between 8 and 11 cm, on World Fisheries Day at the Thottappilly Fishing Harbour, Alappuzha, was a cause of worry for conservationists, who saw the incident as one of many acts of “wanton” destruction of precious fisheries resources.


The catch was not sent for sale to the market, but was packed off to a fish meal factory in Mangalore, a scientist involved in marine fisheries conservation activities told The Hindu. A few of these factories have recently been set up in Kerala too.


He said that fishermen had been reporting these incidents quite often. Charles George, president of Matsya Thozhilali Aikya Vedi, a forum for fishermen’s unions, had recently said that juvenile catch was a destroying precious resources and hurting the livelihoods of traditional fishermen.


“It is quite pathetic to understand this valuable fish resource is being destroyed by ring seine fishing,” said the conservationist.


It has been reported that large quantities of major fish varieties like sardine, mackerel and nemipterus (kilimeen), which are major items in the daily fish markets in the State are being captured and sent to fish meal factories, he added.


There appears to be no means of controlling such destructive practices, the conservationist pointed out.


He cited CMFRI data to show that sardine catch in 2013 was only one lakh tonnes, against the 3.9 lakh tonnes in 2012.


During that year, sardine catch contributed about 46 per cent of the total fish landings in Kerala.


The situation in this year “will be disastrous” if the practices of destructive fishing continue, he said and warned that sending juvenile catch to fish meal factories would end up with destruction of livelihood means for several lakhs of people.


Fishing harbours in other parts of the Kerala, too, have been witness of juvenile catch landings and threw was a big issue at the Chettuva fishing harbour in Thrissur district a few months ago, he said.


The fish workers refused to handle the juvenile fish landed at the harbour and only the intervention of the political leaders and the district administration ended the dispute, he added.


K. A. Martin




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MAGAZINE: 1max2pêche – Novembre / Décembre 2014

Et voilà déjà le 6ème et dernier numéro de l’année. C’était un pari, risqué, et il est désormais transformé! Retrouvez-nous en 2015 et sachez que nous comptons toujours autant sur vous, c’est essentiel que vous participiez à votre manière pour nous soutenir. Vous pouvez lire cet article et si vous souhaitez nous aider à promouvoir ce magazine gratuit, il vous suffit de vous rendre sur cette page qui vous explique comment faire. Bonne lecture à tous!

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NORWAY: Needless with five hunting areas for minke whale

NORWAY: Needless with five hunting areas for minke whale | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

DNA analysis shows that all minke whales in Norwegian catches belong to the same population. Thus there is no genetic reason to divide the whaling into five different hunting areas.


However, based upon extensive DNA analysis, we have demonstrated that there is no scientific evidence to suggest that the common minke whale in the North east Atlantic is divided into several subpopulations, and therefore, the multiple catch areas are redundant.

All catch in one register

The Institute of Marine Research (IMR) manages a register containing information about genetics (DNA) of each minke whale taken by Norwegian whalers.

The registry was created to prevent illegal whaling. The control system involves taking a meat sample from all individual whales that is later used to create an individual DNA profile stored in the register alongside other information such as catch date and location. The register is open.


Anyone buying whale meat can control it against the data in the register.
The collection started in 1997, and the register now contains DNA profiles from around 9,000 minke whales.


Practical challenges with five areas

If populations are separated for a sufficiently long time, geographical or otherwise, they can grow to be genetically distinct. Now we have enough genetic samples in the register to determine if there really are several populations of minke whale where Norwegians harvest.

In the absence of sufficient knowledge of the minke whale population structure in Norwegian waters, IWC in the 1990s shared minke whaling into five geographic sub-areas. Areas were created out of a desire to spread the catch geographically by the precautionary principle.

Should there exist different populations, the division would distribute hunting pressure and largely neutralize any negative effects that may arise if stocks are harvested without otherwise taking the population structure into consideration. However, it is no secret that this division into subregions presents practical challenges for the Norwegian whalers.


Recently we presented results from the analysis of approximately 3,000 minke whales, captured in the five management areas in 2004 and in the years 2007 to 2011 – from the North Sea in the south to Svalbard in the north. All data are sourced from the DNA register, and it is the first time that such an analysis has included so many individuals.


Nobody knows where they mate

There are still many unknown details concerning the minke whale migration. During winter it stays in unknown areas at low latitudes, possibly even down to the equator, where we have assumed that they calve and mate. From there they migrate to higher latitudes where it is present in spring, summer and autumn. There the minke whale finds plenty of food and builds up fat deposits.

We have reasonably good knowledge of the minke whale distribution, behavior and biology when it is present on the whaling grounds, but we know very little about where it is and what it is doing during the winter "holiday in the sun".

We have for example never succeeded in identifying some well-defined mating and/or calving areas. The fact that sexually mature females are caught by Norwegian whalers may indicate that mating and birth occurs over a fairly long period of time through an annual cycle. Thus, is it possible that there are no well-defined breeding grounds, and that males and females meeting at the "right time" just let go right then and there?


Amorous encounters between north and south

Genetic studies of whales have also provided some sensational observations. In 2007, a minke whale with a DNA pattern that differed significantly from what we regard as normal was captured and entered into the register.

Our Japanese research colleagues have for many years collected samples of minke whales in the Antarctic. This enabled us to compare the DNA profiles of whales from the north and the south, and the conclusion was that the whale from 2007 really was a hybrid that has an Antarctic minke whale mother, while her father is a common minke whale.

Some years earlier, in 1996, a female minke whale was also captured in the Norwegian catch with pectoral fins that lacked the typical white bands. The whale had gray colored pectoral fins and thus resembled more of its Antarctic relative. The whale's DNA profile could be established because it was taken a tissue sample, and this left no doubt: this was a pure Antarctic minke whale. First observation of Antarctic minke whales in the northern hemisphere was thus a fact.

In 2010 another minke whale displaying a deviat DNA pattern to the common minke whale was also captured by Norwegian whalers . This time it was a pregnant female whale. The genetic analysis showed that this whale was the result of a pairing between an Antarctic minke male and a female common minke whale from the North Atlantic. Analyses of the fetus, a female, showed that the hybrid mother had become pregnant after mating with a male common minke whale from the North Atlantic.


Drawn to food

The results of the DNA registry shows that there is a potential for hybridization between common and Antarctic minke whales that are thought to have diverged genetically for several millions years ago. Unless the frequency of meetings between the two species should change significantly, there is little reason to believe that the dividing lines between the two species will be challenged.


It is known that the whales can swim long distances, but all previous observations have indicated that they have not wandered much longer than to the equator, usually during winter, before they head back to feeding grounds in high latitudes.

We do not know anything for sure about the reasons for these findings, but it is tempting to speculate that changes in nutritional conditions can be the driving force behind such extreme migrations. Perhaps we had southern guests visiting the north even before the creation of the DNA register in 1997?




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ΙΣΠΑΝΙΑ: Αύξηση της στάθμης της Μεσογείου λόγω κλιματικής αλλαγής

ΙΣΠΑΝΙΑ: Αύξηση της στάθμης της Μεσογείου λόγω κλιματικής αλλαγής | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Η στάθμη της Μεσογείου έχει αυξηθεί τις δύο τελευταίες δεκαετίες, σύμφωνα με νέα βάση δεδομένων που ανέπτυξε το Πανεπιστήμιο της Καντάμπρια στην Ισπανια, η οποία παρέχει στοιχεία μεταβολής του επιπέδου της θάλασσας σε σχέση με τις ατμοσφαιρικές αλλαγές στην Ευρώπη από το 1948 έως to 2009.


«Η λεγόμενη μετεωρολογική στάθμη της θάλασσας ή και μετεωρολογική «παλίρροια» είναι η μεταβολή στο επίπεδο της θάλασσας ως αποτέλεσμα των αλλαγών της ατμοσφαιρικής πίεσης και των ανέμων στο επίπεδο αυτό», εξήγησε η Άλμπα Θιδ, επικεφαλής της έρευνας, η οποία εξέτασε επίσης την περιοχή των Κανάριων Νήσων στον Ατλαντικό Ωκεανό.


Η επιστημονική ομάδα χρησιμοποίησε ένα εργαλείο προσομοίωσης που αναπτύχθηκε στο Πανεπιστήμιο Rutgers των Ηνωμένων Πολιτειών, και επαλήθευσε τις προσομοιώσεις συγκρίνοντας τα δεδομένα με πραγματικές τοπικές και δορυφορικές μετρήσεις σε 58 τοποθεσίες στις ακτές της Ισπανίας, της Πορτογαλίας, της Γαλλίας, της Ιταλίας και των Κανάριων Νήσων.


Στις προσομοιώσεις των ερευνητών, οι τάσεις από το 1948 έως το 1989 ήταν μικρές και αρνητικές σε όλη τη ζητούμενη περιοχή, γεγονός που σημαίνει ότι η στάθμη μειώθηκε για αυτή την περίοδο.


Συγκεκριμένα στην Αδριατική, στη βορειοανατολική Μεσόγειο και στις αφρικανικές ακτές του Ατλαντικού η στάθμη της θάλασσας μειώθηκε κατά 0,35 χιλιοστά ετησίως κατά τη διάρκεια αυτών των ετών.


Ωστόσο, τις τελευταίες δύο δεκαετίες που κάλυψε η έρευνα, από το 1989 έως το 2009, οι τάσεις ήταν θετικές, δηλαδή η στάθμη της θάλασσας αυξήθηκε, και μάλιστα με γρηγορότερο ρυθμό. Στην πλευρά του Ατλαντικού η αύξηση ήταν μισό χιλιοστό το χρόνο ενώ σε αρκετές περιοχές της Μεσογείου ήταν μεγαλύτερη από ένα χιλιοστό.


Η βάση δεδομένων που χρησιμοποίησαν οι επιστήμονες διαφοροποιεί επίσης τις τάσεις κατά τους θερινούς και τους χειμερινούς μήνες, με τις προαναφερθείσες αυξήσεις πολλές φορές να αντισταθμίζονται κατά τη διάρκεια του χειμώνα, κυρίως στην κεντρική Μεσόγειο και την Αδριατική. Ωστόσο συνολικά η στάθμη του νερού σημειώνει άνοδο.




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EUROPEAN UNION: Important agreement with Norway and Faroe Islands for the sustainable fishing of mackerel

EUROPEAN UNION: Important agreement with Norway and Faroe Islands for the sustainable fishing of mackerel | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

The Commission welcomes that the EU, the Faroe Islands and Norway reached agreement on 21 November on an arrangement on mackerel fisheries for 2015.


This arrangement, which established the quota sharing for 2015, follows up on the five-year arrangement between the Parties for mackerel for the period 2014 to 2018 reached in London on 12 March. It was unfortunate that during 2014, ICES (International Council for the Exploration of the Sea) had been unable to deliver their advice on the basis of which the Parties could have developed a revised management plan as foreseen in the five-year arrangement.


However, the Parties did agree in the absence of this advice to base the TAC (Total Allowable Catch) for 2015 on the precautionary reference points established at the last benchmarking exercise on the stock in February 2014. The Parties will therefore recommend the adoption of a total catch limitation of 1,054,000 tonnes for the mackerel fishery in 2015 in the North-East Atlantic, noting that ICES confirms this TAC level as both sustainable and precautionary.


In line with the five-year arrangement, the Parties also set aside a Coastal State and NEAFC (North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission) reserve equivalent to 15.6% of the TAC to provide for new adherents to the Arrangement, such as, Iceland.


Commissioner Karmenu Vella said “I very much welcome this  agreement on mackerel for 2015. It builds on the framework established last March. The proper management of mackerel resources is vital for our coastal communities, and for our fishing and processing industries in particular. It is our joint responsibility to manage this resource in a sustainable manner. We look forward to the early establishment of a long-term management strategy in line with the ICES advice.”


Mackerel TACs and quotas for 2015

In accordance with the 2014 Mackerel Arrangement, the Delegations agreed to the following arrangement on the quota shares for 2015:




European Union:                 519,512


Faroe Islands:                     132,814


Norway:                              237,250


15.6% reserve:                   164,424


TOTAL                              1,054,000  


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TANZANIA: New fish species in Nyumba ya Mungu worry researchers

TANZANIA: New fish species in Nyumba ya Mungu worry researchers | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |
Marine researchers in the country have discovered large volumes of Nile tilapia within Nyumba ya Mungu dam that are known to outcompete indigenous species.


Speaking exclusively to the ‘Sunday News’ on Saturday, the Tanzania Fisheries Research Institute (TAFIRI) Director General, Dr Semvua Mzighani, said that the new species bring hope to local fishermen due to the size but causing sleepless nights to researchers.


“We are at crossroads; on the one hand local fishermen had fish that they can sell at 1,500/- per kilogramme as compared to 300/- of the indigenous species and on the other hand, as researchers we are concerned about the damage in biodiversity,” he said.


Dr Mzighani said in the 1960s the Nile tilapia was introduced in Lake Victoria and within a short time, these species drove away all indigenous species because by nature they are known to be big reproducers and with big appetites.


He said that bearing this in mind, TAFIRI is in the process of meeting with the Department of Fisheries in the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries to plan on the course of action to be taken.

“Before any new species can be introduced into a system, research has to be conducted. We have asked around and learned that three or four years ago, a dam in Simanjiro burst spilling out its contents to nearby tributaries of River Kiluletwa.


Speaking from Nyumba ya Mungu, the TAFIRI Chief Research Officer, Dr Benjamin Ngatunga, narrated that he had found the large volume of Nile tilapia after responding to concerns of local fishermen of sightings of a new species.


Dr Ngatunga said that prior to the research project that he is conducting in collaboration with the University of Bern, Switzerland, he had last visited Nyumba ya Mungu in 2009 and there were no Nile tilapia then.


“After I arrived there and carefully looking at the features of the new fish, I can say without a doubt that this is a new species. The local community is looking at the tilapia like a saviour but the Lake Victoria experience in the past makes us edgy, a balance has to be struck,” he cited.


The researcher said in addition to finding the species in the dam, further assessment in the whole of the Pangani basin showed that the fish has a big presence and damage has been done.


Dr Ngatunga said that the discovery of the Nile tilapia in the Pangani basin has added spice to an ongoing three-year project on tilapia that will look into the extent of damage and later advise the government on the route to take whether for biomass namely the fish or biodiversity namely the ecosystem.


In January this year, a species was discovered that has been dubbed the Mtera Tilapia that can exist both in fresh and salt water. Dr Ngatunga said that it was indeed good news to science and to the future of food security.


“Thanks to the Royal Society Africa Award, Tanzania and two United Kingdom universities have for the past three years been gathering data from freshwater lakes and one of our findings was the Mtera Tilapia and we feel this is a good candidate for further development,” he explained.


The findings that were released are from the Molecular Ecology of Fish project after three years of collecting data in five valleys in Ruvuma, Nyasa, Rukwa, Ruaha and Rufiji that is being implemented by TAFIRI, the University of Bangor and the University of Bristol.


Dr Ngatunga said that Tanzania being the only country in Africa to border all the Great Lakes namely Tanganyika, Nyasa and Victoria was unique in that it has over 1,000 fish species and of the 50 Tilapia species that exist in Africa, 26 are in Tanzania.


BY MASEMBE TAMBWE, Tanzania Daily News

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EUROPEAN UNION: Draft Guidelines for the examination of State aid to the fishery and aquaculture sector

EUROPEAN UNION: Draft Guidelines for the examination of State aid to the fishery and aquaculture sector | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Consultation on the draft guidelines for the examination of state aid to the fishery and aquaculture sector


Policy fields: Fishery and aquaculture


Target groups: Public authorities, citizens, companies, and organisations concerned with State aid are welcome to contribute to this consultation.


Period of consultation: From 21.11.2014 to 20.01.2015


Objective of the consultation: The objective of the consultation is to collect the views of public authorities, citizens, companies, and organisations on the draft Guidelines for the examination of State aid to the fishery and aquaculture sector. Those Guidelines set out the principles that the Commission will apply when assessing whether aid to the fishery and aquaculture sector can be considered compatible with the internal market under Article 107(2) or Article 107(3) TFEU. They apply to all State aid granted by Member States to the fishery and aquaculture sector that has been notified or should have been notified to the Commission in accordance with Article 108(3) TFEU.


While the currently applicable Guidelines are still in force, they require revision in order to update references to legal acts mentioned in the Guidelines. Further, the Guidelines need to be aligned with the State aid Modernisation (SAM) exercise, with the reformed Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) and with the new financing instrument of that policy, the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF). Except for those changes, the Guidelines will continue along the lines of the current Guidelines and outline a set of general principles for assessment as well as specific conditions for various categories of aid.


View the consultation document:


More information:


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ΕΥΡΩΠΑΪΚΗ ΕΝΩΣΗ: Ψάρια από ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες, αντίδοτο στην υπεραλίευση ή βλάβη στο περιβάλλον

ΕΥΡΩΠΑΪΚΗ ΕΝΩΣΗ: Ψάρια από ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες, αντίδοτο στην υπεραλίευση ή βλάβη στο περιβάλλον | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Όλοι γνωρίζουμε ότι τα ψάρια είναι πλούσια σε πρωτεΐνες. Κάνουν καλό στην καρδιά και αποτελούν πλούσια πηγή βιταμινών και θρεπτικών ουσιών. Συγχρόνως, όμως, κανείς δεν αγνοεί το πρόβλημα της υπεραλίευσης των θαλασσών μας που θέτει σε κίνδυνο τα ιχθυαποθέματά μας.


Πόσο καλή εναλλακτική λύση αποτελεί η ιχθυοκαλλιέργεια ή υδατοκαλλιέργεια;


—Η ευρωπαϊκή καμπάνια


Όπως αναφέρεται στην ιστοσελίδα της καμπάνιας «Οι Υδατοκαλλιέργειες στην ΕΕ: » “ιχθυοκαλλιέργεια, ή υδατοκαλλιέργεια, μπορεί να συμβάλει στη μείωση της πίεσης που ασκείται στα άγρια ψάρια καλύπτοντας ένα μέρος της ολοένα μεγαλύτερης ζήτησης για προϊόντα της θάλασσας – τόσο στην ΕΕ όσο και στον υπόλοιπο κόσμο”.


Η ιχθυοκαλλιέργεια αποτελεί έναν από τους ταχύτερα αναπτυσσόμενους κλάδους τροφίμων. Τα μισά περίπου από τα ψάρια που καταναλώνονται κάθε χρόνο σε παγκόσμιο επίπεδο προέρχονται από την ιχθυοκαλλιέργεια, και το ποσοστό αυτό αυξάνεται συνεχώς.


Με απλά λόγια, χωρίς υδατοκαλλιέργεια δεν θα υπήρχαν αρκετά ψάρια για να τραφεί ο παγκόσμιος πληθυσμός. Αυτό θα σήμαινε ότι θα έπρεπε να αλιεύουμε ακόμη περισσότερα ψάρια από τις θάλασσές μας με συνέπεια να θέτουμε σε κίνδυνο τη μακροπρόθεσμη βιωσιμότητα των αποθεμάτων άγριων ψαριών.


—Τα ψάρια εκτροφής είναι τοπικά ψάρια


Πέραν του ότι μας παρέχουν πρωτεΐνες καλής ποιότητας, τα προϊόντα υδατοκαλλιέργειας είναι τοπικά και μπορούν να βοηθήσουν τις τοπικές οικονομίες. Στην ΕΕ εισάγεται σήμερα το 68 % των θαλασσινών που καταναλώνουμε, ενώ μόνο το 10 % προέρχεται από ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες εντός της ΕΕ.


Περισσότερα από 80.000 άτομα απασχολούνται ήδη άμεσα στον ευρωπαϊκό κλάδο υδατοκαλλιέργειας, και ο αριθμός αυτός αναμένεται να αυξηθεί, καθώς ολοένα μεγαλύτερη ποσότητα των προϊόντων της θάλασσας που καταναλώνουμε προέρχεται από ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες της ΕΕ.


Χάρη στην προσφάτως αναθεωρηθείσα αλιευτική πολιτική και τη στοχευμένη χρηματοδότηση, η Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση θα στηρίξει την ανάπτυξη του τομέα, θα δημιουργήσει περισσότερες δυνατότητες απασχόλησης και θα διασφαλίσει ότι όλα τα προϊόντα της θάλασσας που εκτρέφονται στην Ευρώπη θα συνεχίσουν να είναι υψηλής ποιότητας, υγιεινά και βιώσιμα.


—Πώς λειτουργεί η υδατοκαλλιέργεια


Η υδατοκαλλιέργεια παράγει τροφές που προέρχονται από τη θάλασσα. Εκτρέφει ζώα του γλυκού νερού και της θάλασσας καθώς και, τελευταία, διάφορα είδη φυκιών. Ασκείται σε όλη την Ευρώπη και παράγει πολλά είδη ψαριών, οστρακοειδών, μαλακοστράκων και φυκιών, χρησιμοποιώντας ένα ευρύ φάσμα διαφορετικών μεθόδων εκτροφής, από τις παραδοσιακές, όπως σκοινιά, δίχτυα και δεξαμενές, έως τις πιο εξελιγμένες, όπως συστήματα ανακύκλωσης νερού.


Περίπου η μισή παραγωγή της ΕΕ αποτελείται από οστρακοειδή, μεταξύ των οποίων τα μύδια και στρείδια είναι τα δημοφιλέστερα, ενώ θαλάσσια ψάρια, όπως ο σολομός, το λαβράκι και η τσιπούρα, αντιπροσωπεύουν το ένα τέταρτο περίπου της παραγωγής και ψάρια του γλυκού νερού, όπως η πέστροφα και ο κυπρίνος, το ένα πέμπτο.


Ακριβώς όπως στη γεωργία, πρώτες προτεραιότητες παραμένουν η παραγωγή υγιεινών τροφίμων για τους καταναλωτές, καθώς και η προστασία της καλής διαβίωσης των ζώων και ο σεβασμός του περιβάλλοντος.


Το καθαρό νερό και οι καλές υγειονομικές συνθήκες είναι απαραίτητα για την ιχθυοκαλλιέργεια. Σε πολλές περιπτώσεις, τα ψάρια και τα οστρακοειδή μπορούν να βρουν τις θρεπτικές ουσίες που χρειάζονται στο περιβάλλον, αλλά, όταν είναι αναγκαίο, οι ιχθυοκαλλιεργητές παρέχουν πρόσθετες ζωοτροφές, ώστε να διασφαλίζεται μια ισορροπημένη και υγιεινή διατροφή.


Η εκστρατεία υποστηρίζει ότι “για όλα αυτά τηρούνται τα αυστηρά ευρωπαϊκά πρότυπα για την προστασία του περιβάλλοντος και των καταναλωτών, ώστε τα ψάρια που εκτρέφονται στην ΕΕ να είναι βιώσιμα, φρέσκα, ασφαλή, τοπικής προέλευσης και εύκολα ανιχνεύσιμα”.


Η εκστρατεία βασίζεται επίσης σε διαύλους κοινωνικής δικτύωσης, εκδηλώσεις, και οπτικές αναπαραστάσεις. Αυτό το διάστημα, ετοιμάζεται ένα εκπαιδευτικό πρόγραμμα το οποίο θα πραγματοποιηθεί σε δέκα χώρες: μαθητές θα έχουν τη δυνατότητα να ανακαλύψουν τα πάντα σχετικά με την ιχθυοκαλλιέργεια, να συναντήσουν επαγγελματίες του χώρου και να διδαχτούν τη σημασία των βιώσιμων επιλογών.


—Τι γίνεται με την ιχθυοκαλλιέργεια στην Ελλάδα


Τα τελευταία χρόνια με την ανάπτυξη της ιχθυοκαλλιέργειας στην Ελλάδα έχει καταστεί απαραίτητη η συνεχής καταμέτρηση της ποιότητας του νερού, καθώς και του βυθού έτσι ώστε να μην επιβαρυνθεί το περιβάλλον από τις συγκεκριμένες δραστηριότητες.


Για το λόγο αυτό η επιστημονική ομάδα των Ε. Φαρμάκη, Ν. Θωμαΐδη, Ι. Πασιά Κ. Ευασταθίου από το Εργαστήριο Αναλυτική Χημείας του Πανεπιστημίου Αθηνών και των C. Baulard και Λ. Παπαχαρίση του ομίλου Νηρεύς Ιχθυοκαλλιέργιες ασχολήθηκαν με την επίπτωση των διαφόρων ανόργανων συστατικών στον περιβάλλοντα χώρο, όπως το τάισμα των ψαριών, οι μεταβολικές δραστηριότητες, αλλά και οι εργασίες συντήρησης των μονάδων γύρω από τις εν λόγω δραστηριότητες.


Οι περιοχές που επιλέχτηκαν για τη μελέτη ήταν οι Οινούσσες κοντά στη Χίο, η Ναύπακτος στη Φωκίδα και η περιοχή του Αστακού στην Αιτωλοακαρνανία.


Στο πλαίσιο της έρευνας συλλέχθηκαν θαλάσσια ιζήματα σε απόσταση από μηδέν ως 100 μέτρα από τις μονάδες.


Η έρευνα απέδειξε ότι κάτω από τα κλουβιά η συγκέντρωση θρεπτικών συστατικών όπως το άζωτο, ο άνθρακας και το φώσφορο ήταν ιδιαίτερα αυξημένη σε σχέση με τις απομακρυσμένες περιοχές.


Επίσης, η έρευνα απέδειξε σημαντικά αυξημένες περιεκτικότητες μετάλλων όπως ο ψευδάργυρος και ο χαλκός ακριβώς κάτω από τα κλουβιά, αλλά ελάχιστα αυξημένες συγκεντρώσεις τοξικών μετάλλων όπως το κάδμιο και ο μόλυβδος.


Αντίθετα, δεν παρατηρήθηκε κάποια ιδιαίτερη αύξηση στις περιεκτικότητες νικελίου, αρσενικού, σιδήρου, μαγγανίου και υδραργύρου.


Μετά από στατιστική επεξεργασία αυτό που τελικά αποδείχτηκε είναι ότι οι περιεκτικότητες άνθρακα, φωσφόρου, αζώτου, χαλκού και ψευδαργύρου είναι κρίσιμες και εξαρτώνται από τη διατροφή των ψαριών και τα συμπληρώματα που λαμβάνουν καθώς και από τις εργασίες συντήρησης των κλωβών.


Η συγκεκριμένη εργασία δημοσιεύτηκε πρόσφατα στο διεθνές επιστημονικό περιοδικό Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 485-486, 2014, pages 554-562.


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JAPAN: Yellowtail fish prices higher for wild, farmed

JAPAN: Yellowtail fish prices higher for wild, farmed | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Prices at Japanese fish markets have remained firm on wild yellowtail despite increasing quantities of the popular winter fish.


Wild yellowtail have been caught since summer in Hokkaido, but landings and prices had both remained low.


From November, increasing quantities of yellowtail were caught in trap nets in Toyama and Ishikawa prefectures along the Sea of Japan. Such winter yellowtail are referred to as “kan-buri” (cold-weather yellowtail). This year they are of good size and quality.


Yellowtail migrating south down the Sea of Japan in winter are fatty and as Japanese consider it a winter food, they fetch a higher price than those caught earlier in the north. As winter demand kicked in at the beginning of November, the average wholesale price at Tokyo’s Tsukiji market rose to JPY 1000 per kilogram (USD 8.49, EUR 6.83), nearly doubling that of early October.


Japan’s wild stocks of yellowtail have been recovering since 2000. Over the last century, catches have fluctuated mainly between 14,000 and 77,000 metric tons (MT), but catches in the last decade have been at the top of the range, with some notable spikes above it.


For example, in 2004, the capture-based fishery took over 66,000 MT of yellowtail, but catches in 2010 and 2011 exceeded 100,000 MT. A 2012 study (Tian, et al., Journal of Marine Systems) noted that a warming trend of sea surface temperatures in the Sea of Japan has been positive for migration and recruitment of yellowtail. Wild “kan-buri” are caught at about four or five years old and are 90 cm or larger.


Meanwhile, aquaculture product, generally harvested at a little over two years of age, is 30 percent higher per kilogram from the previous year, at JPY 900-1,000 (USD 7.64-8.49, EUR 6.15-6.83). The break-even price for the fish farmers for yellowtail is around JPY 800 per kg (USD 6.79, EUR 5.46).


The volume of mature fish reaching wholesale markets is now about 40 percent less than the same period last year. In 2012, 160,000 MT of cultured fish of the genus Seriola (including both yellowtail and amberjack) were produced, but the resulting low prices caused farmers to voluntarily reduce stocking rates of the fry in net pens by 20 percent.


The government had requested cooperatives reduce the levels by at least 10 percent to protect struggling family operators, who were facing difficulties under the depressed prices. That group class of juveniles are now mature and are coming to market.


The usual retail price of sliced farmed hamachi in supermarkets is JPY 200-300 (USD 1.70-2.55, EUR 1.37-2.05) per 100 grams, but this has been gradually increasing. Now, even when prices 10 percent over this are offered, they are promoted as a sale.


Though they are the same species, Seriola quinqueradiata, there is not as much substitution between wild yellowtail (usually called “buri” or “kan-buri”) and farmed (usually called “hamachi”) as might be expected.


The former is usually consumed grilled with teriyaki sauce, while the latter is eaten raw or as buri-shabu (dipped in boiling water, then in ponzu, a citrus-flavored sauce). When wild buri is served as sushi, it is often also usually seasoned with ponzu, rather than soy sauce, as the oil of the buri can actually repel the soy sauce, or leave an “oil slick” in the soy sauce container.


Farmed hamachi comes mainly from the warm sheltered waters around Kyushu and in the Seto Inland Sea. It is available year-round, and is thus more suitable as an export item. The yellowtail used for sushi and sashimi in the United States and Japan is farmed, while the wild kan-buri is mainly a seasonal domestic item.



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UNITED STATE: Bluefin tuna limits set for failing fishery

UNITED STATE: Bluefin tuna limits set for failing fishery | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Sport fishing limits on bluefin tuna will drop from 10 fish per day to two, under new rules that federal fisheries regulators approved this week.


The Pacific Fishery Management Council on Monday finalized its decision to reduce the bag limit on the tuna for the years 2015 and 2016, following reports that bluefin throughout the Pacific have dropped to 4 percent of historical numbers.


“So it’s a pretty severe state of affairs,” said Marci Yaremko, state federal fisheries program manager for the California Department of Fish and Wildlife.


In September the council had tentatively voted for the two fish per day limit. It affirmed that decision this week after exploring and rejecting other options. The new limits will likely take effect early next year, Yaremko said.


The reduced bag limit should decrease recreational bluefin catch by 30 percent, said Jamie Gibbon, a senior associate for global tuna conservation at The Pew Charitable Trusts. It’s a higher bag limit than the one fish per day maximum that Pew had called for, or the moratorium that some conservation groups wanted.


Catherine Kilduff, an attorney with the Center for Biological Diversity, which had called for a halt to bluefin fishing, expressed disappointment at the compromise measure, saying that two fish per day wouldn’t sufficiently protect bluefin populations. Gibbon however, said it’s a start.


“While this isn’t as large of a cut as we’d like to see, it is, it’s a good first step,” Gibbon said.


The bag limit is more restrictive than the three to five fish per day allowance that sport fishermen and charter captains were hoping for, but some acknowledged that catch limits were needed to ensure recovery of the fishery.


“I think it is one step in the process to help the bluefin rebuild and rebound, and that’s the correct thing to do,” said Buzz Brizendine, a representative on the Pacific Fisheries Management Council and owner of the Prowler, a sport boat out of Fisherman’s Landing.


Bluefin are highly sought for sushi and sashimi, and fetch high prices on Japanese markets. A single 489 pound bluefin sold for $1.45 million at a Tokyo auction last year, according to the British newspaper the Telegraph. They’re hard-fighting and great-tasting, making them a popular prize for sport fishermen.


Although recreational and commercial catch of bluefin has been good in recent years, overall populations of the fish have declined steadily. This week the International Union for the Conservation of Nature categorized bluefin as a vulnerable species, meaning it is threatened with extinction.


Limiting harvest to restore bluefin populations will cost the sport fishing industry some of its business, though. Sport fishing charters in Southern California generated $119 million in 2013, and supported 1,537 jobs, according to an economic analysis by the fishery council. The new bag limits could kill between 8 and 51 jobs, the analysis reported.


“There’s no question that going from the current limit of 10 fish down to two fish has an economic impact on this industry,” Yaremko said. “There is an economic price tag on this. It’s not for free. We also need to balance those economic impacts with the conservation benefits.”


Although most recreational fishermen land only one or two fish, charter boats could lose business if customers believe they’re missing the opportunity to catch more, Brizendine said.


“They’ve got a minimum amount of time in the summer, and they need to be able to maximize that. When you’ve got a potential reduction in take, it can be counterproductive,” Brizendine said.


An alternate measure would have allowed recreational fishermen to catch up to three fish per day. If the total catch in 2015 exceeded 37,500 fish, however, there would be no fishing allowed the next year – an option that anglers didn’t accept.


Fishermen also complained that the recreational bag limits don’t address the biggest sources of overfishing.


U.S. sport-fishing is only a small part of the overall bluefin catch, and reduced bag limits must be part of an international effort to restore the dwindling fishery. Japan accounts for 84 percent of bluefin catch in the Pacific, according to the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission, and most fish caught off North America are commercially harvested in Mexico.


A decision earlier this fall by the tuna commission cut U.S. commercial catch of the fish from 500 metric tons per year to a total of 600 metric tons for the two-year period of 2015 and 2016, Yaremko said.


Brizendine said commercial catch reductions by the Japan, Mexico and the U.S. are the key to restoration of the species.


“That’s where the real healing needs to occur,” he said. “If all three countries do their conservation measures correctly, that will be adequate.”


The new sport fishing limits will likely take effect early next year, after the fishery council releases a proposed rule and receives public comment on it, Yaremko said. While limits to U.S. recreational fishing alone won’t restore the fishery, they set an important precedent for catch reductions by other countries, she said.


“When the health of the stock is low, I guess it takes everybody pulling on the same end of the rope,” Brizendine said.





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AUSTRALIA: Expert panel warns of supertrawler environmental risks

AUSTRALIA: Expert panel warns of supertrawler environmental risks | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

An expert scientific panel has warned of broad environmental risks of a supertrawler in Australia's small pelagic fishery.    


In a report on the controversial plan, the federal government-appointed panel found a host of protected native seals and seabirds would be at risk of losing their food to the fishing, even if special precautions were taken.      


"The panel's assessment has confirmed that there are considerable uncertainties relating to the extent of those impacts, and the level of impact that would create adverse environmental outcomes," the report released on Tuesday said.    


The panel was asked to examine the fishery for jack mackerel and redbait by the previous Labor government after it banned the Dutch-owned super trawler Margiris when it came to Australia to fish an 18,000-tonne quota in 2012.    


Prime Minister Tony Abbott said earlier this year that the supertrawler would remain banned, but the small pelagic quota holder Seafish Tasmania has entered the fishery for assessment of its sustainability by the independent Marine Stewardship Council.  


The expert panel, chaired by fisheries management consultant Mary Lack, was asked to report to the Environment Minister, now Greg Hunt, on the proposal's effects on protected species, and whether it would cause localised depletion of the target fish.    


The report found it was inevitable that the fishing would directly affect protected species of seals, dolphins and seabirds.    


"Some interactions will result in mortalities regardless of the adoption of the best available mitigation and management measures; however, there remains uncertainty about the extent of those interactions," the report said.    


Among species at greatest risk from localised depletion of their prey were fur seals, gannets, short-tailed shearwaters, little penguins and shy albatross.    


But it concluded the localised depletion of small pelagic target fish was unlikely to affect the overall stocks of the fish.  


The Greens' spokesman on fisheries, Peter Whish-Wilson, said the report vindicated opponents of the ship, including conservation groups and recreational fishers.    


"The Greens have long argued that the science on the wider impacts were too uncertain for the minister to make a call on allowing this gigantic floating factory into our waters," Senator Whish-Wilson said .    

"We are still a long way away from a point where we could be confident that industrial-scale fishing from a supertrawler wouldn't have these impacts."  


The Commonwealth Fisheries Association was contacted for comment.


It has defended the use of large vessels, saying size and dimensions should not be a driving factor when it comes to fisheries management decisions.


A spokesman for Mr Hunt said the government was considering its response to the expert panel report, as it worked to develop a permanent solution.


A two-year ban on a supertrawler hauling its nets lapsed earlier this month, but a further ban on a supertrawler acting as a mother ship, receiving and processing fish, is in place until next April.


Andrew DarbyHobart correspondent for Fairfax Media


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MAGAZINE: +MagazineFishEco - #5 2014

The only electronic fishing magazine you need! In this issue, read about the huge 16+ kilo pike that was caught and filmed during a very successful fishing trip in the north of Sweden. Also, the backside of being a sport fisherman, dealing with the "idiot force" that make us succeed but also fail miserably. Build your own baitfish tank filter, and lots lots more...

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EUROPEAN UNION: EU – Guinea-Bissau renew sustainable fisheries cooperation

EUROPEAN UNION: EU – Guinea-Bissau renew sustainable fisheries cooperation | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Following the restoration of constitutional order in Guinea-Bissau, the EU and Guinea-Bissau have signed a new three-year fisheries Protocol under the Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the two parties. EU boats, mostly from Spain, Portugal, France, Greece and Italy, will now be able to resume fishing in local waters following a two year interruption.


The agreement will allow up to 40 EU vessels to operate in Guinea-Bissau waters in return for a financial contribution of €9.2m a year by the EU. As part of that the EU will invest €3m a year to support the development of the local fisheries sector by strengthening Guinea-Bissau's monitoring, control and surveillance capacity, encouraging scientific cooperation, improving sanitary controls and offering support to artisanal fisheries.


These actions will be programmed and implemented in accordance with the priorities expressed by Guinea-Bissau and will be consistent with the actions supported by the EU through the European Development Fund.


The new Protocol is good value for the EU and will also be a significant boost to the local economy and to the development of the fisheries sector. Fisheries is an important economic activity and source of jobs for Guinea Bissau whilst EU boats have an interest in fishing tuna, shrimps, cephalopods and demersals along the country's coast.


As with all of the EU's agreements, the partnership with Guinea Bissau is based on the principles of resource sustainability, good governance, and local development. The fight against illegal fishing is of particular importance to both parties and can only be addressed through the cooperation and joint approach central to this agreement.


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ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Σε άγνωστα νερά πλέον η Ελληνικές Ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες ΑΒΕΕ

ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Σε άγνωστα νερά πλέον η Ελληνικές Ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες ΑΒΕΕ | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Δεν έγινε δεκτή από το Πρωτοδικείο Αθηνών η αίτηση επικύρωσης της συμφωνίας εξυγίανσης που είχε συνάψει με το 61,4% των πιστωτών της η Ελληνικές Ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες, σύμφωνα με πληροφορίες του

Η εισηγμένη που βαρύνεται από σημαντικές υποχρεώσεις, τον περασμένο Απρίλιο, είχε ανακοινώσει πως η γενική συνέλευση της εταιρείας είχε εγκρίνει τη συμφωνία με το 61,4% των πιστωτών της (και το 97,064% με ειδικό προνόμιο ή εμπράγματη εξασφάλιση πιστωτών της εταιρείας, περιλαμβανομένου του συνόλου των τραπεζών) για συνολική αναδιάρθρωση των υποχρεώσεων της και κατέθεσε προς επικύρωση στο Πολυμελές Πρωτοδικείο Αθηνών την εν λόγω συμφωνία.

Το Πρωτοδικείο Αθηνών εξέδωσε την περασμένη Παρασκευή την απόφασή του και σύμφωνα με πληροφορίες δεν ενέκρινε τη συμφωνία εξυγίανσης, με το σκεπτικό ότι αυτή δεν εξασφαλίζει τη βιωσιμότητα της εταιρείας. Η εξέλιξη αυτή φέρνει πιο κοντά στο αδιέξοδο την εταιρεία, καθώς, όπως αναφέρουν πηγές, πλέον, το μοναδικό μέτρο άμυνας της ΕΛΙΧΘ είναι η άσκηση έφεσης.

Σε διαφορετική περίπτωση και με δεδομένη την απόρριψη της συμφωνίας εξυγίανσης αναμένεται να υπάρξουν κινήσεις διεκδίκησης από τους οφειλέτες της ΕΛΙΧΘ (προμηθευτές, εργαζόμενους, πιστωτές κτλ) των απαιτήσεών τους μέσω αναγκαστικών κατασχέσεων ή αιτήσεων πτώχευσης. Ως αποτέλεσμα, η «επόμενη μέρα» της εταιρείας κρίνεται αβέβαιη, καθώς μοναδική σανίδα σωτηρίας ήταν η έγκριση από τη δικαιοσύνη της συμφωνίας εξυγίανσης.
Οι Ελληνικές Ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες βαρύνονται από υποχρεώσεις προς προμηθευτές, ασφαλιστικούς οργανισμούς, προσωπικό, τράπεζες και δημόσιο που ξεπερνούν τα 85 εκατ. ευρώ (στις 30/6/14) σε επίπεδο ομίλου. Σύμφωνα με τη λογιστική κατάσταση, οι μακροπρόθεσμες υποχρεώσεις προς τις τράπεζες ανέρχονται σε 33,7 εκατ. ευρώ, ενώ λοιπές βραχυπρόθεσμες υποχρεώσεις ανέρχονται σε 24,1 εκατ. ευρώ. Σύμφωνα με την εταιρεία, μέχρι το τέλος του 2013 είχαν καταβληθεί συνολικά προς τους πιστωτές του άρθρου 99 συνολικά περίπου 30 εκατομμύρια ευρώ.
Στη λογιστική κατάσταση εξαμήνου, οι ορκωτοί ελεγκτές αναφέρουν πως στις υποχρεώσεις προς τις τράπεζες, το προσωπικό, το δημόσιο, τα ασφαλιστικά ταμεία και τους προμηθευτές υπάρχουν ληξιπρόθεσμες υποχρεώσεις συνολικού 17 εκατ. ευρώ για τον όμιλο και σημειώνουν πως τα αποθέματα ιχθυοπληθυσμού του ομίλου είναι ανασφάλιστα. Επιπλέον, πως ο όμιλος δεν έχει λάβει νέες χρηματοδοτήσεις από τις τράπεζες οι οποίες είναι αναγκαίες για την αντιμετώπιση των προβλημάτων ρευστότητας.
Ν. Χρυσικόπουλος

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ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA: Conservationist calls for suspension of license to hunt lionfish

ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA: Conservationist calls for suspension of license to hunt lionfish | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

President of the Antigua Conservationist Society, Eli Fuller is urging the Fisheries Department to relax current fishing regulations to allow more people to hunt the invasive lionfish.


Fuller, who appeared on Friday’s edition of OBSERVER AM, said as it stands, those who wish to fish in the nation’s waters must first acquire a fishing license from the Fisheries Department. He said, however, provisions should be made for those interested in harvesting lionfish.


“You know, there’s lot of people out there who don’t fish at all but would go and target lionfish if they thought it would be a good thing to do environmentally,” he told OBSERVER media.


“If The Coastguard pulls you over and you’ve got a sling and a bucket full of lionfish, but you don’t have a fishing license, I think that should be permitted,” he said. “I mean, let’s face it. You’re doing a great service to the Fisheries.”


He maintained, however, that these unofficial fishermen would not be given carte blanche to operate their boats in the nation’s seas. Fuller suggested that those who would be allowed to operate without an official fishing license would only be allowed certain tools necessary for hunting the fish.


“I just think if they’re doing it using special equipment, which is primarily used for that type of fishing, and they’re not shooting anything else, not taking anything else, I think we should give them a free pass.”


Fuller also suggested that the lionfish could provide a potential boon to fishermen and the tourism sector. He said chefs around Antigua & Barbuda have been incorporating the lionfish into their menus more and more, and are using it in a variety of dishes, including sushi.


“Here in Antigua, there’s about four restaurants that have lionfish on their menu fulltime and once fishermen hear that there’s an open market for them to supply restaurants that are more and more having these fish on the menu, this is where big change happens.”


The lionfish is a species of fish native to the Indo-Pacific region. It is relatively harmless in its natural habitat, but in the Atlantic where it has very few predators, the lionfish aggressively feeds on smaller fish and crustaceans often found around coral reefs, like shrimp, grouper and snapper. This can lead to the extinction of these species in a particular area and the destruction of the delicate reef ecosystem.


The lionfish has already devastated reefs in waters around Florida and northern Caribbean islands like The Bahamas and Jamaica, and environmentalists here are taking measures to stop the spread of the lion fish after it was found on the southern coast of the island a few years ago.


The Fisheries Department routinely suspends its licensing policy for the Lionfish Hunt, the most recent of which harvested over 300 fish between nine vessels.


By Raisa SN Charles

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SRI LANKA: Sri Lankan Navy personnel accused of chasing away Indian fishermen

SRI LANKA: Sri Lankan Navy personnel accused of chasing away Indian fishermen | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

Sri Lanka navy personnel are accused of chasing away a group of Indian fishermen from Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu while fishing in the Palk Strait.


Fisheries officials said the Sri Lankan Naval personnel chased away more than 20 fishermen who were fishing in mid-sea near the maritime borders.


President of Rameswaram Fishermen Organisation S Emiret has claimed that the fishermen were not aware whether the area was Indian or Sri Lankan territory, the PTI reported.


As the Sri Lankan naval personnel asked them to move away, the fishermen panicked, cut off their fishing nets by themselves and fled the scene, fisheries officials have said. The officials said that the fishermen lost fish and fishing net estimated to be 10 lakh.




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ITALY: Fisheries Body Raises Quota On Endangered Bluefin

ITALY: Fisheries Body Raises Quota On Endangered Bluefin | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

MILAN (AP) — A multi-nation fisheries body on Monday raised the quotas for endangered Bluefin tuna in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea to the dismay of conservationists, who said the move puts early signs of population recovery at risk.


Next year's quota for Bluefin tuna off the United States, Canada and Mexico was raised by 14 percent to 2,000 metric tons by the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas at the end of an eight-day meeting in the Italian port city of Genoa. It raised the quota for the larger population of Mediterranean Bluefin tuna by 20 percent to 15,821 metric tons next year, with additional 20 percent increases each of the following two years.



The fisheries body's scientific committee said "gradual and moderate" increases in the catch would not jeopardize the stock health. But the Pew Charitable Trusts said the western Bluefin tuna population off the U.S., Canadian and Mexican coasts "remains severely depleted," 15 years into a 20-year rebuild, and that scientific assessments indicate the increased catches could reverse the recovery trend.


Amanda Nickson, director of tuna conservation at Pew, said the new quotas "are not remotely precautionary."


"At the first sign of growth this year, ICCAT members chose to go big for more quota, rather than sticking again to a regime that was just starting to work," Nickson said by telephone from Washington, D.C. She said the decision appeared to reflect "a lack of political will to put in place responsible management for the medium- to long-term."


In the face of the increased catches, the World Wildlife Foundation called on fishers, traders, retailers and consumers "to take greater responsibility" to ensure Bluefin tuna recovery.


Both groups also expressed disappointment at the body's failure to enact an electronic monitoring system for the fourth straight year that would help crack down on illegal fishing.



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EVENT: 1-3 December 2014, Florence, Italy - 1st EABA and EC Algae Contractors’ Conference, and the 8th International Algae Congress

EVENT: 1-3 December 2014, Florence, Italy - 1st EABA and EC Algae Contractors’ Conference, and the 8th International Algae Congress | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

The European Algae Biomass Association and the Directorates General for Energy and Research & Innovation of the European Commission in collaboration with DLG BENELUX are organising the 1st EABA and EC Algae Contractors’ Conference, and the 8th International Algae Congress in Florence.


The objective of the joint Conference is to discuss with all key EU algae stakeholders the progress achieved over the past 7 years since the inception of the 7th Framework Programme and to deliberate on the present status of Algal Biofuels and Products in an effort to benchmark the technological advances in view of deployment of algal biorefineries, commercialising algal biofuels and products and looking ahead to the Horizon 2020 Programme.


The Conference will take place in Florence on 01-03 December 2014 at Villa Vittoria– Palazzo Dei Congressi.


The Conference is structured on the basis of invited presentations, submitted abstracts and panel discussions.


If you wish to participate, please register online or send an e-mail to


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BLADFORULE: Fish Trend - Nummer 8 - Week 47, Jaargang 2014

De vakkrant voor de hele visbranche! Een unieke bladformule voor en door professionals. Vol actualiteiten, achtergrondartikelen, opinie, introducties, vraag- en aanbod en wetenswaardigheden. Kortom het blad waar de sector vanaf het schip, achter de verwerkingslijn, in de winkel, achter het bureau of thuis vanuit de luie stoel op zit te wachten.


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UNITED STATE: U.S. shrimp antidumping duties against Vietnam illegal

UNITED STATE: U.S. shrimp antidumping duties against Vietnam illegal | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing |

The World Trade Organization earlier this week ruled that aspects of the United States’ antidumping duties on frozen shrimp from Vietnam were in violation of world trade laws.


The U.S. Department of Commerce’s (USDOC) “zeroing” methodology and its antidumping duties applied against exporters of Vietnam shrimp are inconsistent with the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) of 1994.


Vietnam in 2012 requested consultations with USDOC officials concerning several trade laws and administrative practices. In 2013, the WTO’s Dispute Settlement Body established a panel that, according to its 17 November 2014 ruling, recommended that the United States bring its trade-regulation measures “into conformity with its obligations” under GATT.

China, Ecuador, the European Union, Japan, Norway and Thailand are named as third parties in the report, which you can view in its entirety here: .


The World Trade Organization has ruled that zeroing is illegal after numerous countries, including Thailand, India and China, challenged the controversial practice. Zeroing involved comparing a foreign domestic price against the U.S. import price, adjusted for shipping and handling costs. Under zeroing, the importer sets at zero the negative differences, which critics contend is not a fair comparison as it results in an antidumping duty in excess of the actual dumping practiced by the countries concerned.

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