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ALGÉRIE: 243 tonnes allouées à l’Algérie

ALGÉRIE: 243 tonnes allouées à l’Algérie | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it
M. Neghli fait observer que ce résultat a été obtenu grâce aux efforts déployés en termes opérationnels, techniques et même diplomatiques après ce qu’il appelle l’accident de parcours de 2010.

 

Dans un entretien accordé à la Chaîne III de la radio algérienne dont il était l’invité de la rédaction, Kamel Neghli, chef de cabinet au ministère de la Pêche et des Ressources halieutiques, a confirmé que le quota de l’Algérie pour la pêche au thon rouge qui était de 138 tonnes l’année dernière a été porté à 243 tonnes sur les 13 400 allouées par la 18e réunion extraordinaire de la Commission internationale pour la conservation des thonidés de l’Atlantique (Cicta) qui s’est tenue du 12 au 19 novembre à Agadir (sud du Maroc).

 

Ainsi, ajoute-t-il, l’Algérie a réussi à récupérer, une partie substantielle de son quota pour la pêche au thon rouge. Il précise qu’outre les 5 tonnes qui lui ont été allouées dans le cadre du traitement classique, un traitement spécial et différencié a été consacré pour réparer le tort causé à l’Algérie, par l’octroi de 100 tonnes supplémentaires au titre des années 2013 et 2014 en vue des révisions futures.

 

Le rétablissement de la quote-part historique de l’Algérie sera considéré de manière prioritaire lors des prochaines révisions du TAC (total des prises admissibles) et de l’allocation. M. Neghli fait observer que ce résultat a été obtenu grâce aux efforts déployés en termes opérationnels, techniques et même diplomatiques après ce qu’il appelle l’accident de parcours de 2010.

 

Par ailleurs, fait-il savoir, les quotas de pêche de thon rouge accordés aux membres de la Cicta ont été fixés à 13 500 tonnes par an pour les deux prochaines années 2013/2014 contre 12 900 durant les années 2011/2012, autrement dit une augmentation de 600 tonnes à partager entre 48 pays, ce qui est peu, fait remarquer M. Neghli.

 

L’Icat a recommandé, dit-il, que tous les pays membres remettent leurs capacités au niveau de leurs quotas, autrement dit soit ils ont des capacités qui correspondent exactement au quota, soit ils reconvertissent ou cassent les thoniers en plus. Il rappelle que, l’an dernier, l’Algérie avait pêché 69 tonnes soit la moitié du quota qui lui avait été alloué. Il explique que les conditions n’étaient pas réunies, notamment au plan réglementaire.

 

Deux thoniers avaient alors été engagés et seul un avait réussi à capturer du thon rouge. Ainsi, l’Algérie, dit-il, a démontré à l’Icat que non seulement, elle avait les capacités mais aussi la discipline indispensable à cette opération. Cette année, pour 250 tonnes, ce sont 5 thoniers qui seront engagés et ce nombre peut aller jusqu’à 6 ou 7 (avec les palangriers).

 

La Cicta réunit l’UE, les Etats-Unis, le Canada, le Japon, plusieurs pays méditerranéens dont l’Algérie, le Maroc, la Tunisie, l’Egypte, et la Syrie, ainsi que le Mexique, la Norvège, l’Islande et le Brésil.

Lakhdar A. La Nouvelle République
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EVENT: 1-3 December 2014, Florence, Italy - 1st EABA and EC Algae Contractors’ Conference, and the 8th International Algae Congress

EVENT: 1-3 December 2014, Florence, Italy - 1st EABA and EC Algae Contractors’ Conference, and the 8th International Algae Congress | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

The European Algae Biomass Association and the Directorates General for Energy and Research & Innovation of the European Commission in collaboration with DLG BENELUX are organising the 1st EABA and EC Algae Contractors’ Conference, and the 8th International Algae Congress in Florence.

 

The objective of the joint Conference is to discuss with all key EU algae stakeholders the progress achieved over the past 7 years since the inception of the 7th Framework Programme and to deliberate on the present status of Algal Biofuels and Products in an effort to benchmark the technological advances in view of deployment of algal biorefineries, commercialising algal biofuels and products and looking ahead to the Horizon 2020 Programme.

 

The Conference will take place in Florence on 01-03 December 2014 at Villa Vittoria– Palazzo Dei Congressi.

 

The Conference is structured on the basis of invited presentations, submitted abstracts and panel discussions.

 

If you wish to participate, please register online http://www.dlg-benelux.com/Registration/page/4179/ or send an e-mail to paulien.hoftijzer@dlg-benelux.com.

 

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BLADFORULE: Fish Trend - Nummer 8 - Week 47, Jaargang 2014

De vakkrant voor de hele visbranche! Een unieke bladformule voor en door professionals. Vol actualiteiten, achtergrondartikelen, opinie, introducties, vraag- en aanbod en wetenswaardigheden. Kortom het blad waar de sector vanaf het schip, achter de verwerkingslijn, in de winkel, achter het bureau of thuis vanuit de luie stoel op zit te wachten.

 

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UNITED STATE: U.S. shrimp antidumping duties against Vietnam illegal

UNITED STATE: U.S. shrimp antidumping duties against Vietnam illegal | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

The World Trade Organization earlier this week ruled that aspects of the United States’ antidumping duties on frozen shrimp from Vietnam were in violation of world trade laws.

 

The U.S. Department of Commerce’s (USDOC) “zeroing” methodology and its antidumping duties applied against exporters of Vietnam shrimp are inconsistent with the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) of 1994.

 

Vietnam in 2012 requested consultations with USDOC officials concerning several trade laws and administrative practices. In 2013, the WTO’s Dispute Settlement Body established a panel that, according to its 17 November 2014 ruling, recommended that the United States bring its trade-regulation measures “into conformity with its obligations” under GATT.


China, Ecuador, the European Union, Japan, Norway and Thailand are named as third parties in the report, which you can view in its entirety here: http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/dispu_e/cases_e/ds429_e.htm#bkmk429r .

 

The World Trade Organization has ruled that zeroing is illegal after numerous countries, including Thailand, India and China, challenged the controversial practice. Zeroing involved comparing a foreign domestic price against the U.S. import price, adjusted for shipping and handling costs. Under zeroing, the importer sets at zero the negative differences, which critics contend is not a fair comparison as it results in an antidumping duty in excess of the actual dumping practiced by the countries concerned.

 

 

SeafoodSource.com

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AUSTRALIA: Citizen scientists home in on crab menace

AUSTRALIA: Citizen scientists home in on crab menace | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Perth fishermen have helped stop a 'nasty' crab invading West Australian waters which could have devastated local marine biodiversity.

 

The aggressive Asian Paddle Crab (Charybdis japonica) is found throughout south-east Asia and has a history of invading other waters; in New Zealand's North Island for example it has established itself by out-competing local crab species.

 

WA Fisheries scientist Mathew Hourston says introduced pests like this are one of the greatest threats to global marine biodiversity.

 

"Invaders like this can be very detrimental to the ecosystem and to get onto it early and get a handle on it, is very important in all biosecurity," Dr Hourston says.

 

"This is a really aggressive crab. People who have caught them in the Swan River have noted how nasty they are compared to our Blue Manna Crab.

 

"They also have potential to transfer diseases like white spot syndrome to other crabs and prawns."

 

The capture of a single crab in Western Australia in 2010 and again in 2012 resulted in widespread public awareness campaigns with flyers distributed through tackle shops, yacht clubs and hand-outs to fishermen by compliance officers.

 

Fisheries also launched intensive trapping assaults, with 935 traps placed over 12 months after each crab capture.

 

While the traps yielded nothing, a small number of crabs up to 10cm across the carapace (upper shell) were caught by members of the public in the Swan River in response to the public awareness campaigns.

 

Dr Hourston says the Asian Paddle Crab was an excellent candidate for a successful public awareness campaign.

 

"It's large and conspicuous; they really stand out a mile when you see them— because they are big and colourful with bright brown and purple patches," he says.

 

"We already had large numbers of crabbers out there, so it was a matter of designing a public information program to piggy-back on that.

 

"We've found the crab fishers have such great stewardship and ownership over the Swan and the crab fishery and they really want to do the right thing."

 

He says the campaign actively engaged the public in scientific research and dramatically increased the search effort for an invasive species to a level that would normally be cost prohibitive.

 

"Last one caught in January 2013. We're coming into the crabbing season now, and will be interested to see if anything turns up," Dr Hourston says.

 

Chinese mitten crab invades Scotland and poses threat to salmon and trout: http://phys.org/news/2014-09-chinese-mitten-crab-invades-scotland.html#inlRlv

 

Provided by Science Network WA

 

 

 

 

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UNITED STATE: World Fisheries Day - It's Not Just About Fish

UNITED STATE: World Fisheries Day - It's Not Just About Fish | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

This week, the world celebrates a natural resource that provides food for billions and employment opportunities for over 50 million people worldwide – fisheries.

 

World Fisheries Day -- established in 1998 and celebrated each year on November 21 -- highlights the importance of conserving the ocean and marine life. Sixteen years later, President Barack Obama and U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry continue to make environmental sustainability a foreign policy priority, recognizing the linkages between fisheries, food security, economic welfare, and the health of people worldwide. On this World Fisheries Day, let’s elevate fisheries out of the ocean, and into the public eye.    

 

In Africa -- where more than 200 million people eat fish as a main source of protein -- sustainable fishing is a critical food security concern.  The economic potential is also great.  The fisheries sector employs more than 12 million Africans as fishers and processors, and fish is a leading export for Africa with an annual export value of nearly $3 billion.  Fisheries provide income to government budgets through fishing agreements and license fees from distant water fishing fleets, which also drive economic activity in regional ports.  Protecting marine environments is not just about fish -- it is about people.

 

Despite humankind’s fundamental reliance on this resource, the health and sustainability of the world’s fisheries face increasing challenges.  Illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing is a major environmental problem and a form of wildlife trafficking.  Just as the poaching and trafficking of thousands of elephants in Africa this year is fueling insecurity, threatening healthy habitats, undermining governance institutions, and hindering economic opportunities for local communities, IUU fishing is degrading and overexploiting precious marine resources with dire consequences. West African fisheries, one of the most diverse and economically important in the world, lose over $1 billion a year to illegal fishing, environmental degradation, and other marine challenges.

 

The United States is standing side-by-side with our African partners in addressing fisheries issues.  Eleven African countries joined nearly 90 countries at the June Our Ocean Conference, hosted by Secretary Kerry.  Sustainable fisheries were one of three key themes, along with marine pollution and ocean acidification.  In September, Secretary Kerry joined Mozambican Foreign Minister Oldemiro Baloi and Director-General of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization Jose Graziano in hosting a follow-on meeting on the margins of the UN General Assembly to discuss sustainable fishing and marine protected areas.  

 

President Obama recently announced the expansion of the U.S. Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument, making it the largest “no-take” marine protected area in the world.  

 

Similarly proactive efforts are underway in Africa.  We applaud Gabon’s announcement earlier this month to create a 46,000 square kilometer network of marine protected areas in its waters.  This bold step shows Gabon’s strong commitment to marine habitats, important species, and local livelihoods.

 

African countries were key voices in developing the Port State Measures Agreement, an international treaty that will make it harder for fishing vessels to land IUU catches at ports around the world.  The United States has signed this agreement, with ratification pending in our Senate.  Seychelles, Gabon, and Mozambique have already ratified the Agreement and are setting an example for their neighbors with decisive action to support sustainable fisheries and to ensure that countries profit from fish caught in their waters.

 

From providing food to generating income to keeping marine ecosystems healthy, fish are an indispensable natural resource.  On this World Fisheries Day, let’s pledge to work together to improve fisheries management, protect the ocean, and safeguard this marine bounty for generations to come. 

 

About the Author: Catherine A. Novelli serves as the Under Secretary of State for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment at the U.S. Department of State.

 

 

 

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WORLDWIDE: Feed industry’s ‘new producers’ now bigger than Peru, Chile

WORLDWIDE: Feed industry’s ‘new producers’ now bigger than Peru, Chile | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

New producers’ of fishmeal are expected to produce a larger share of the world’s fishmeal than Peru and Chile in 2014, according to estimates by Jean Francois Mittaine, co-editor of publication Fish, Oil & Meal World.

 

However, he does not expect this collection of producers in Africa, Asia and South America to continue gaining share, as the biggest feed buyers still value relationships with traditional suppliers.

 

Among ‘new producers’, Mittaine includes China, Japan, Thailand, Vietnam, Mexico, Ecuador, Mauritania and Morocco.

 

Since 2002 this group has been producing an increasingly large proportion of the world’s fishmeal, from around 20% in the early 2000s to nearly 35% in 2014, estimates suggest.

 

In this time Peru and Chile combined have seen their share fall from over 45% to just over 30% in 2013, and bang on 30% in 2014.

 

The ‘new producers’ group has previously held a greater share than Peru and Chile – in 2010 and 2012 – but these were slightly anomalous years. In 2014, Mittaine believes their respective trends will see the new producers become the dominant group in world production.

 

Scandinavia, the third major region of fishmeal production, has also been declining over this time – from just under 15% share in 2001 to around 7% in 2014. Strict pelagic management in the region has made it difficult to produce the levels of fishmeal it did previously.

 

Cutting of resources is, indirectly, the reason for the rise of new producers. As the largest producers cut the amounts they produced, there was a scarcity in the world market. This pushed prices up, and led to new players entering the business.

 

Different countries have seen varying reasons for growth. Thailand, for example, has seen its fishmeal industry boosted by the onset of early mortality syndrome.

 

With less domestic demand for its large amounts of tuna cannery trimmings to go into shrimp feed, it began exporting to China instead. Between January and July 2014 Thailand had exported over 100,000 metric tons of fishmeal to China, bout half of which to China; compared to 63,000 metric tons for the full year 2012, of which only 40% to China.


Continuing trend?


“It is hard to say how this picture will look in 2020, or 2030,” said Mittaine. “World production has been declining, and now we are more or less steadily producing below 5 million metric tons per year.”

 

“We don’t now how these ‘new producer’ countries will manage their resources – if you use up the fish, there’s no more. What will happen when they reach maximum fishing capacity?”

 

On a recent trip to Mauritania, Mittaine heard that most of the planned fishmeal projects there had been built, in Nouadhibhou on the coast in the far north of the country.

 

“There are some 20 to 25 new plants, though it’s not known how many are operating, or more importantly, how their resources are.”

 

The countries emerging in the fishmeal production field ultimately won’t become as dominant as Peru and Chile, argues Mittaine. As a business to business trade – selling fishmeal to aqua feed producers – reliable, steady relationships are key to the big buyers.

 

“There is a limited number of aqua feed producers in Europe, and also some large aqua-feed producers in Asia. They want stability of supply,” said Mittaine.


“They’re trying to balance their fishmeal use with other ingredients, but they still need it. They want high quality, stable supply – they’ll carry on going to Peru, and probably less to Vietnam or Africa; only when Peru is not producing enough.”


Which, of course, could currently be the case. The Peruvian Ministry of Production (Produce) has already had to develop a contingency plan in case the country’s marine institute (Imarpe) re-iterates its advice to suspend fishing for the country’s second anchovy season.

 

It is thought weather conditions linked to El Nino and Kelvin waves have led to anchovy movements away from usual areas — that is, to the south, near the shore. This led Imarpe to provisionally suspend fishing, though it will embark on another research trip this month. In the meantime, prices from Peru are climbing further, reaching $2,400/metric ton for super prime meal FOB Peru.

 

Undercurrent News

 

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ΓΑΛΛΙΑ: Η κυκλοφορία των πλοίων αυξάνεται δραματικά εις βάρος των ωκεανών

ΓΑΛΛΙΑ: Η κυκλοφορία των πλοίων αυξάνεται δραματικά εις βάρος των ωκεανών | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Οι απαιτήσεις του παγκοσμίου εμπορίου έχουν τετραπλασιάσει τον αριθμό πλοίων στους ωκεανούς του πλανήτη από το 1992, σύμφωνα με νέα μελέτη, η οποία παράλληλα αποκαλύπτει πως παράνομη αλιεία λαμβάνει χώρα σε προστατευόμενες ζώνες του Ινδικού Ωκεανού.

 

«Με έκπληξη διαπιστώσαμε πως μέσα σε είκοσι χρόνια ο αριθμός των πλοίων τετραπλασιάστηκε, γεγονός που δείχνει την πίεση που ασκούμε στους ωκεανούς», δήλωσε ο Ζαν Τουρνάντρ, ωκεανογράφος του Γαλλικού Ινστιτούτου Θαλάσσιας Έρευνας (IFREMER) και επικεφαλής της μελέτης.

 

Το μεγαλύτερο μερίδιο σε αυτή την αύξηση οφείλεται στα φορτηγά πλοία, κυρίως στις πολυσύχναστες θαλάσσιες οδούς του Ινδικού Ωκεανού και της Θάλασσας της Νότιας Κίνας. Επίσης στην Αραβική Θάλασσα και τον Κόλπο της Βεγγάλης ο μέσος όρος πλοίων αυξήθηκε κατά περισσότερο από 300 τοις εκατό, ενώ αυξήσεις σημειώθηκαν και στη Μεσόγειο, την Ερυθρά Θάλασσα και τη Δυτική Ακτή των Ηνωμένων Πολιτειών, σύμφωνα με τη μελέτη. Αντίθετα η πειρατεία στα ανοιχτά της Σομαλίας έχει ρίξει κατακόρυφα το πέρασμα πλοίων στην περιοχή από το 2006.

 

Τα φορτηγά πλοία στηρίζουν περίπου 90 τοις εκατό του παγκοσμίου εμπορίου, σύμφωνα με στοιχεία των Ηνωμένων Εθνών. Τα περισσότερα εξ αυτών χρησιμοποιούν τις κύριες στρατηγικές οδούς, οι οποίες επιβαρύνονται περισσότερο καθώς εξυπηρετούν ολοένα και περισσότερα αλλά και μεγαλύτερα πλοία. Το 2000 το μεγαλύτερο φορτηγό πλοίο μπορούσε να μεταφέρει 8.000 κοντέινερ, ενώ το 2013 η μεγαλύτερη χωρητικότητα ξεπέρασε τα 18.000 κοντέινερ.

 

Η ομάδα του Τουρνάντρ χρησιμοποίησε δεδομένα από υψόμετρα επτά διαφορετικών δορυφόρων για να καταγράψουν την αύξηση της κυκλοφορίας σε αυτές τις διαδρομές, αλλά και τις αρνητικές τους συνέπειες στο περιβάλλον.

 

Κατά τη διάρκεια της περιόδου που κάλυψε η μελέτη, οι εκπομπές διοξειδίου του αζώτου αυξήθηκαν ιδιαίτερα κατά μήκος της πολυσύχναστης διαδρομής από την Ερυθρά Θάλασσα προς την Ασία, καθώς και από την Ασία προς το Κέιπ Τάουν, σύμφωνα με την ερευνητική ομάδα. Η μεγαλύτερη αύξηση εκπομπών διοξειδίου του αζώτου ήταν 50 τοις εκατό σε σχέση με το 1997 και σημειώθηκε στη διαδρομή Σρι Λάνκα-Σουμάτρα-Κίνα.

 

Άλλες αρνητικές επιδράσεις της αυξανόμενης θαλάσσιας κυκλοφορίας περιλαμβάνουν ρύπανση της ατμόσφαιρας, ηχητική ρύπανση των ωκεανών, πετρελαιοκηλίδες και εξάπλωση επιθετικών ειδών, καταλήγει η μελέτη.

 

www.naftemporiki.gr/

 

 

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UNITED STATE: MSC and New England Aquarium developing bycatch mitigation and information tool

UNITED STATE: MSC and New England Aquarium developing bycatch mitigation and information tool | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) and New England Aquarium are working together to create an online tool that will help share information and ideas about the mitigation and avoidance of unwanted catch.

 

Take part

 

The MSC is calling upon anyone with an interest in fisheries and fisheries management to take part in a survey in order to help develop the tool. The survey should take 10-15 minutes, and needs to be completed by 30 November 2014.

 

Take part in the Bycatch Information Exchange survey: https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/QPSP758

 

The online tool will be a free to use public resource that will provide the best available information on minimising and/or avoiding unwanted catch.  

 

Benefit to fisheries in assessment

 

The Bycatch Information Exchange will be of particular benefit to fisheries that are being assessed against the MSC Fisheries Standard version 2.0. The recently updated standard requires in assessment or certified fisheries to consider options for minimising mortality of unwanted catches. A fishery will need to adopt a new measure if it is found to be more effective at minimising the unwanted catch mortality, and is practical and not cost prohibitive to implement.



"Minimising unwanted catch to lowest achievable levels is a core part of the MSC standard and, through certification, fisheries are able to demonstrate a commitment to lessening their overall impact on the marine environment," explains Stephanie Good, Fisheries Assessment Manager at the MSC.

 

Potential far-reaching value of new tool

 

The potential value for an online bycatch information exchange also extends beyond the MSC. It could be accessed by a range of different users, including fishers, fisheries managers, researchers, funders, Fishery Improvement Project (FIP) providers, environmental Non-Governmental Organisations and/or those interested in bycatch mitigation and avoidance more generally.


Once developed, the Bycatch Information Exchange will provide an interactive web-based platform that includes a searchable database of bycatch mitigation and avoidance measures and techniques, with associated summary information, contacts, links to any papers or reports, and possibly reviews.

 

Take part in the Bycatch Information Exchange survey: https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/QPSP758

 

 

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ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Τσιμέντο να γίνει παραθαλάσσιος υγρότοπος στην Πιερία χάριν... ανάπτυξης

ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Τσιμέντο να γίνει παραθαλάσσιος υγρότοπος στην Πιερία χάριν... ανάπτυξης | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Πρόσω ολοταχώς κινείται το υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος, Ενέργειας και Κλιματικής Αλλαγής (ΥΠΕΚΑ) προκειμένου να προχωρήσει η κατασκευή παραθεριστικού οικισμού 6.500 κατοίκων σε μια παραθαλάσσια υγροτοπική έκταση στην Πιερία. 

 

Τον περασμένο Ιούλιο, με απόφαση του αναπληρωτή υπουργού  Περιβάλλοντος κ. Νίκου Ταγαρά, μια προστατευόμενη έκταση 4.000 στρεμμάτων στον Κορινό Κατερίνης βγήκε εκτός των ορίων του Καταφυγίου Αγριας Ζωής Αλυκής Κίτρους.

 

Τμήμα της συγκεκριμένης έκτασης περιλαμβάνεται στη Ζώνη Ειδικής Προστασίας (ΖΕΠ) για τη διατήρηση των πουλιών και των ενδιαιτημάτων τους. 

 

Τον αποχαρακτηρισμό των 4.000 στρεμμάτων ακολουθεί προ ημερών (στις 12 Νοεμβρίου) η απόφαση έγκρισης περιβαλλοντικών όρων από τον υπουργό Περιβάλλοντος κ. Γιάννη Μανιάτη, η εφαρμογή των οποίων αποτελεί απαραίτητη προϋπόθεση για την υλοποίηση του έργου που αφορά την οικιστική αξιοποίηση έκτασης 2.041 στρεμμάτων, καθώς και την κατασκευή των βασικών δικτύων υποδομής για την εξυπηρέτηση των κατοίκων τού υπό ίδρυση οικισμού, στην παραλιακή ζώνη Κορινού Πιερίας.  

 

Είναι αξιοσημείωτο ότι από τα 2.041 στρέμματα τα 1.210 βρίσκονται εντός ΖΕΠ. Η σημασία της περιοχής - σύμφωνα με τη σχετική γνωμοδότηση του Τμήματος Διαχείρισης Φυσικού Περιβάλλοντος του ΥΠΕΚΑ - έγκειται στις υγροτοπικές εκτάσεις των ποταμών Αξιού, Λουδία και Αλιάκμονα, καθώς και της αλυκής Κίτρους, οι οποίες προσελκύουν ποικιλία και αφθονία ειδών ορνιθοπανίδας. 

 

Πάντως, όπως αναφέρεται στους περιβαλλοντικούς όρους, «τυχόν δυσμενείς επιπτώσεις από την κατασκευή και λειτουργία του έργου στα στοιχεία της περιοχής επέμβασης κρίνεται ότι αντιμετωπίζονται επαρκώς από τα επανορθωτικά μέτρα που προτείνονται να κατασκευαστούν ή να ληφθούν στη μελέτη».

 

Οσο για οποιαδήποτε φθορά δασικής βλάστησης και γενικότερα φυσικής βλάστησης, επειδή προφανώς δεν μπορεί να αποτραπεί, συστήνεται «να περιοριστεί στην ελάχιστη δυνατή». 

 

Εντός της έκτασης του υπό ίδρυση παραθεριστικού οικισμού προτείνεται η κατασκευή κατοικιών, τουριστικών εγκαταστάσεων, καταστημάτων λιανικού εμπορίου, εστίασης και αναψυχής, αθλητικών χώρων, κεντρικής αγοράς και δημοτικού κέντρου.

 

Μάλιστα, η δόμηση θα επιτρέπεται και σε τμήμα 690 στρεμμάτων της Ζώνης Ειδικής Προστασίας (ΖΕΠ), με την ονομασία «Δέλτα Αξιού - Λουδία - Αλιάκμονα - Αλυκή Κίτρους». Ο συντελεστής δόμησης στη ΖΕΠ θα είναι 0,15, ενώ εκτός ΖΕΠ (έκταση 831 στρεμμάτων) θα φτάνει ως και 0,4.

 

 Η περιοχή αποτελεί το τελευταίο «φιλέτο» στην ευρύτερη περιοχή, γι' αυτό οι τοπικές Αρχές προσπαθούν εδώ και δύο δεκαετίες να μετατρέψουν τον Κορινό σε παραθεριστικό οικισμό.

 

Η πρώτη προσπάθεια έγινε το 1995, οπότε η περιοχή εντάχθηκε σε Ζώνη Οικιστικού Ελέγχου (ΖΟΕ), ενώ δύο χρόνια αργότερα, το 1997, μπήκε σε Σχέδιο Ανάπτυξης Περιοχών δεύτερης κατοικίας (ΣΧΑΠ). Το 2004, με υπουργική απόφαση, είχε εγκριθεί μελέτη για την πολεοδόμηση της περιοχής.  Πριν από περίπου δύο χρόνια για την υπόθεση είχε παρέμβει η Ευρωπαϊκή Επιτροπή, η οποία είχε ζητήσει εξηγήσεις από τις ελληνικές Αρχές.

 

Είχε προηγηθεί διάνοιξη δρόμων στην περιοχή από τον δήμο, αλλά είχαν λήξει οι περιβαλλοντικοί όροι και έτσι, έπειτα από παρέμβαση του φορέα διαχείρισης του Εθνικού Πάρκου Δέλτα Αξιού - Λουδία - Αλιάκμονα, τα έργα είχαν «παγώσει». 

 

tovima.gr  

 

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EUROPEAN UNION: Latvia ahead of schedule on improving fisheries control

EUROPEAN UNION: Latvia ahead of schedule on improving fisheries control | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

The European Commission has welcomed the great strides made by Latvia in addressing the shortcomings of its national fisheries control system.

 

An action plan, drawn up in May 2013, listed a set of actions and deadlines to redress the issues identified with the system was scheduled to be completed by the 2nd quarter of 2015.

 

However, thanks to its considerable efforts and close cooperation with the European Commission,  Latvia has successfully implemented its action plan. To keep up the momentum, the Latvian authorities have agreed to go even further in their efforts to by working towards additional improvements to their control system by 31st March 2015.

 

Ensuring a level playing field for fishermen


This action plan is the latest step in a structured Commission approach to address deficiencies in fisheries control. Without effective control and enforcement systems in EU countries, the Commission's ambitious sustainability goals risk not being achieved and the health of Europe's fish stocks may be jeopardised for future generations. An effective control system also ensures a level playing field for fishermen across Europe -  all fishermen should play by the same rules. 

 

Action plans are designed as to address systemic organisational problems, while other enforcement means are used to deal with more isolated issues. The Commission is working with Member States individually to determine what steps need to be taken to reach those standards.

 

Tangible improvements


Since the adoption of the plan in May 2013 Latvia has taken a number of steps to improve its control system:

 

 

- Fisheries control funding has increased by 686,400 LVL (approximately 976,758 EUR).

 

- The administrative capacity has by 31%, including 12 new inspectors' posts, and by organising regular training for inspectors.

 

- The technical capacity has been strengthened with a 29% increase in the number of cars as well as a new vessel for marine inspectors.

 

- The catch data system has been restructured and a new IT system (Latvian Fisheries Integrated Control and Information System) is operational.

 

- Through the development of an IT application allowing access to ERS and VMS data and their validation, fisheries inspectors now have access to relevant data. The technical means for inspectors to access the data has also been improved

 

- A risk-based work plan with targeted inspection benchmarks  has been adopted and the benchmarks achieved

 

- A risk assessment framework has been established, allowing for more targeted and efficient inspections. The risk assessment team , made up of six experts and a head of the Control Division, is in charge of risk assessment and produces an updated monthly list of vessels graded by risk level. The point system for infringements is being applied and accounted for in the risk assessment.

 

Background


Fisheries rules and control systems are agreed at EU level, but implemented and carried out by the national authorities and inspectors of EU Member States.

 

To enforce the EU's Common Fisheries Policy rules, there is a European control system in place, designed to ensure that only the allowed quantities of fish are caught, to collect the necessary data for managing fishing opportunities, and to ensure the rules are applied to fishermen across the EU in the same manner.

 

The system is set out in the EU's Control Regulation which entered into force on 1 January 2010 and which thoroughly modernised the EU's approach to fisheries control. It provides for a series of new instruments to assist Member States in implementing the agreed rules, including system auditing and action plans.

 

Together with the EU's IUU Regulation - which focuses on combatting illegal fishing in particular when entering the EU and ensures the legality of imported fisheries products- the Control Regulation forms a strong and consistent control system that ensures a level playing field both for fish caught in EU waters and imported fish.

 

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JAPAN: Surrogate sushi - Japan biotech for bluefin tuna

JAPAN: Surrogate sushi - Japan biotech for bluefin tuna | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

TATEYAMA — Of all the overfished fish in the seas, luscious, fatty bluefin tuna are among the most threatened. Marine scientist Goro Yamazaki, who is known in this seaside community as "Young Mr. Fish," is working to ensure the species survives.

 

Yamazaki is fine-tuning a technology to use mackerel surrogates to spawn the bluefin, a process he hopes will enable fisheries to raise the huge, torpedo-shaped fish more quickly and at lower cost than conventional aquaculture. The aim: to relieve pressure on wild fish stocks while preserving vital genetic diversity.

 

Yamazaki, 48, grew up south of Tokyo in the ancient Buddhist capital of Kamakura, fishing and swimming at nearby beaches. His inspiration hit 15 years ago while he was out at sea during graduate studies at the Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, and a school of bluefin tuna streaked by.

 

"They swam just under the boat, and they were shining metallic blue. A beautiful animal," Yamazaki said. "Before that, tuna was just an ingredient in sushi or sashimi, but that experience changed bluefin tuna into a wild animal to me."

 

An animal, that like so many other species, is endangered due to soaring consumption and aggressive modern harvesting methods that have transformed the bluefin, also known as "honmaguro" and "kuromaguro," from a delicacy into a commonly available, if pricey, option at any sushi bar.

 

This month, experts in charge of managing Atlantic bluefin met in Italy and raised the quota for catches of Atlantic bluefin tuna by 20 percent over three years. Stocks have recovered somewhat after a severe decline over the past two decades as fishermen harvested more to meet soaring demand, especially in Japan.

 

But virtually in tandem with that, the International Union for Conservation of Nature put Pacific bluefin tuna on its "Red List," designating it as a species threatened by extinction.

About a quarter of all tuna are consumed by the Japanese, according to the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization. They gobble up most — between 60 percent and 80 percent — of all bluefin. Rosy, fatty "chu-toro" from the upper part of bluefin bellies, is especially prized for sushi and sashimi.

 

Out at his seaside lab in Tateyama, on the far northern rim of Tokyo Bay, Yamazaki and other researchers are hoping their latest attempt to get mackerel to spawn bluefin will prove a success. An earlier attempt failed due to what he thinks was a problem with the water temperature.

 

Yamazaki's technique involves extracting reproductive stem cells from the discarded guts of tuna shipped by cold delivery from fish farms and inserting them into mackerel fry so tiny they are barely visible.

 

The baby fish are put in an anesthetic solution and then transferred by dropper onto a slide under the microscope. Researcher Ryosuke Yazawa deftly inserts a minute glass needle into one's body cavity to demonstrate.

 

Under the right conditions, the tuna stem cells migrate into the ovaries and testes of the mackerel. The team is now waiting to see if the mackerel, when mature, will spawn tuna, and if the tuna will survive. Following that, they could be released into the sea or farmed.

 

The research team has already succeeded in using surrogate technology to produce tiger puffer fish, the poisonous "fugu" used in sashimi and hotpot, using smaller grass puffer fish. It has produced trout spawned by salmon. Companies that import rare and tropical fish also are interested in the technology.

 

The method could help reduce pressure on wild populations, Yamazaki hopes, and also help ensure the greater genetic diversity needed to preserve various species.

 

Though he started out working in the field of genetic modification, Yamazaki emphasizes that his techniques involve only surrogate reproduction, not GM.

 

The main "tricks," as he calls them, are using baby fish as future surrogates, because their immature immune systems will not reject the tuna cells, and relying on the natural tendency of the reproductive stem cells to mature and produce viable offspring. To simplify matters, the lab is using triploid, or sterile hybrid fish commonly bred at fish farms, that will not develop eggs or sperm of their own species.

 

Yamazaki expects his research to be useful for commercial purposes. Though researchers elsewhere have succeeded in breeding tuna in captivity, the process is costly and survival rates are low. Mackerel, less than a foot long when caught, are much easier to handle and keep in land-based tanks than tuna, which can grow to nearly the size of a small car and require far more food per fish. The mackerel also mature more quickly and spawn more frequently, if they are well fed and kept at the right temperature.

 

Not all experts favor such high-tech solutions for the bluefin.

 

Amanda Nickson, director of global tuna conservation for The Pew Charitable Trusts, said the partial recovery of Atlantic bluefin stocks shows that enforcement of catch limits, backed by threats of trade bans, can work.

 

Earlier this year, the multi-nation fisheries body that monitors most of the Pacific Ocean recommended limiting the catch of juvenile bluefin tuna to half the average level of 2002-2004. Scientists found that stocks of the species had dwindled to less than 4 percent of their original size. It also found that most fish caught were juveniles less than 3 years old, before they reach reproductive maturity.

 

The group set a 10-year target of rebuilding the population to 8 percent of its original size.

"As long as you don't take too many, those populations can rebuild and rebuild fairly effectively," she said.

 

Perhaps so, said Yamazaki, but over the centuries, humans have repeatedly over consumed resources, sometimes past the point of no return.

 

"Japanese people eat tuna from all over the world. We have to do something. That is the motivation for my research."


By ELAINE KURTENBACH


Associated Press

 

Elaine Kurtenbach on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/ekurtenbach

 

 

 

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JAPAN: Yellowtail fish prices higher for wild, farmed

JAPAN: Yellowtail fish prices higher for wild, farmed | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Prices at Japanese fish markets have remained firm on wild yellowtail despite increasing quantities of the popular winter fish.

 

Wild yellowtail have been caught since summer in Hokkaido, but landings and prices had both remained low.

 

From November, increasing quantities of yellowtail were caught in trap nets in Toyama and Ishikawa prefectures along the Sea of Japan. Such winter yellowtail are referred to as “kan-buri” (cold-weather yellowtail). This year they are of good size and quality.

 

Yellowtail migrating south down the Sea of Japan in winter are fatty and as Japanese consider it a winter food, they fetch a higher price than those caught earlier in the north. As winter demand kicked in at the beginning of November, the average wholesale price at Tokyo’s Tsukiji market rose to JPY 1000 per kilogram (USD 8.49, EUR 6.83), nearly doubling that of early October.

 

Japan’s wild stocks of yellowtail have been recovering since 2000. Over the last century, catches have fluctuated mainly between 14,000 and 77,000 metric tons (MT), but catches in the last decade have been at the top of the range, with some notable spikes above it.

 

For example, in 2004, the capture-based fishery took over 66,000 MT of yellowtail, but catches in 2010 and 2011 exceeded 100,000 MT. A 2012 study (Tian, et al., Journal of Marine Systems) noted that a warming trend of sea surface temperatures in the Sea of Japan has been positive for migration and recruitment of yellowtail. Wild “kan-buri” are caught at about four or five years old and are 90 cm or larger.

 

Meanwhile, aquaculture product, generally harvested at a little over two years of age, is 30 percent higher per kilogram from the previous year, at JPY 900-1,000 (USD 7.64-8.49, EUR 6.15-6.83). The break-even price for the fish farmers for yellowtail is around JPY 800 per kg (USD 6.79, EUR 5.46).

 

The volume of mature fish reaching wholesale markets is now about 40 percent less than the same period last year. In 2012, 160,000 MT of cultured fish of the genus Seriola (including both yellowtail and amberjack) were produced, but the resulting low prices caused farmers to voluntarily reduce stocking rates of the fry in net pens by 20 percent.

 

The government had requested cooperatives reduce the levels by at least 10 percent to protect struggling family operators, who were facing difficulties under the depressed prices. That group class of juveniles are now mature and are coming to market.

 

The usual retail price of sliced farmed hamachi in supermarkets is JPY 200-300 (USD 1.70-2.55, EUR 1.37-2.05) per 100 grams, but this has been gradually increasing. Now, even when prices 10 percent over this are offered, they are promoted as a sale.

 

Though they are the same species, Seriola quinqueradiata, there is not as much substitution between wild yellowtail (usually called “buri” or “kan-buri”) and farmed (usually called “hamachi”) as might be expected.

 

The former is usually consumed grilled with teriyaki sauce, while the latter is eaten raw or as buri-shabu (dipped in boiling water, then in ponzu, a citrus-flavored sauce). When wild buri is served as sushi, it is often also usually seasoned with ponzu, rather than soy sauce, as the oil of the buri can actually repel the soy sauce, or leave an “oil slick” in the soy sauce container.

 

Farmed hamachi comes mainly from the warm sheltered waters around Kyushu and in the Seto Inland Sea. It is available year-round, and is thus more suitable as an export item. The yellowtail used for sushi and sashimi in the United States and Japan is farmed, while the wild kan-buri is mainly a seasonal domestic item.

 

SeafoodSource.com

 

 

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UNITED STATE: Bluefin tuna limits set for failing fishery

UNITED STATE: Bluefin tuna limits set for failing fishery | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Sport fishing limits on bluefin tuna will drop from 10 fish per day to two, under new rules that federal fisheries regulators approved this week.

 

The Pacific Fishery Management Council on Monday finalized its decision to reduce the bag limit on the tuna for the years 2015 and 2016, following reports that bluefin throughout the Pacific have dropped to 4 percent of historical numbers.

 

“So it’s a pretty severe state of affairs,” said Marci Yaremko, state federal fisheries program manager for the California Department of Fish and Wildlife.

 

In September the council had tentatively voted for the two fish per day limit. It affirmed that decision this week after exploring and rejecting other options. The new limits will likely take effect early next year, Yaremko said.

 

The reduced bag limit should decrease recreational bluefin catch by 30 percent, said Jamie Gibbon, a senior associate for global tuna conservation at The Pew Charitable Trusts. It’s a higher bag limit than the one fish per day maximum that Pew had called for, or the moratorium that some conservation groups wanted.

 

Catherine Kilduff, an attorney with the Center for Biological Diversity, which had called for a halt to bluefin fishing, expressed disappointment at the compromise measure, saying that two fish per day wouldn’t sufficiently protect bluefin populations. Gibbon however, said it’s a start.

 

“While this isn’t as large of a cut as we’d like to see, it is, it’s a good first step,” Gibbon said.

 

The bag limit is more restrictive than the three to five fish per day allowance that sport fishermen and charter captains were hoping for, but some acknowledged that catch limits were needed to ensure recovery of the fishery.

 

“I think it is one step in the process to help the bluefin rebuild and rebound, and that’s the correct thing to do,” said Buzz Brizendine, a representative on the Pacific Fisheries Management Council and owner of the Prowler, a sport boat out of Fisherman’s Landing.

 

Bluefin are highly sought for sushi and sashimi, and fetch high prices on Japanese markets. A single 489 pound bluefin sold for $1.45 million at a Tokyo auction last year, according to the British newspaper the Telegraph. They’re hard-fighting and great-tasting, making them a popular prize for sport fishermen.

 

Although recreational and commercial catch of bluefin has been good in recent years, overall populations of the fish have declined steadily. This week the International Union for the Conservation of Nature categorized bluefin as a vulnerable species, meaning it is threatened with extinction.

 

Limiting harvest to restore bluefin populations will cost the sport fishing industry some of its business, though. Sport fishing charters in Southern California generated $119 million in 2013, and supported 1,537 jobs, according to an economic analysis by the fishery council. The new bag limits could kill between 8 and 51 jobs, the analysis reported.

 

“There’s no question that going from the current limit of 10 fish down to two fish has an economic impact on this industry,” Yaremko said. “There is an economic price tag on this. It’s not for free. We also need to balance those economic impacts with the conservation benefits.”

 

Although most recreational fishermen land only one or two fish, charter boats could lose business if customers believe they’re missing the opportunity to catch more, Brizendine said.

 

“They’ve got a minimum amount of time in the summer, and they need to be able to maximize that. When you’ve got a potential reduction in take, it can be counterproductive,” Brizendine said.

 

An alternate measure would have allowed recreational fishermen to catch up to three fish per day. If the total catch in 2015 exceeded 37,500 fish, however, there would be no fishing allowed the next year – an option that anglers didn’t accept.

 

Fishermen also complained that the recreational bag limits don’t address the biggest sources of overfishing.

 

U.S. sport-fishing is only a small part of the overall bluefin catch, and reduced bag limits must be part of an international effort to restore the dwindling fishery. Japan accounts for 84 percent of bluefin catch in the Pacific, according to the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission, and most fish caught off North America are commercially harvested in Mexico.

 

A decision earlier this fall by the tuna commission cut U.S. commercial catch of the fish from 500 metric tons per year to a total of 600 metric tons for the two-year period of 2015 and 2016, Yaremko said.

 

Brizendine said commercial catch reductions by the Japan, Mexico and the U.S. are the key to restoration of the species.

 

“That’s where the real healing needs to occur,” he said. “If all three countries do their conservation measures correctly, that will be adequate.”

 

The new sport fishing limits will likely take effect early next year, after the fishery council releases a proposed rule and receives public comment on it, Yaremko said. While limits to U.S. recreational fishing alone won’t restore the fishery, they set an important precedent for catch reductions by other countries, she said.

 

“When the health of the stock is low, I guess it takes everybody pulling on the same end of the rope,” Brizendine said.

 

www.utsandiego.com

 

 

 

 

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ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Έρευνα για την καταστροφική δράση του λαγοκέφαλου στις θάλασσές μας

ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Έρευνα για την καταστροφική δράση του λαγοκέφαλου στις θάλασσές μας | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Έρευνα - καταγραφή της κατάστασης που διαμορφώνεται στην ευρύτερη θαλάσσια περιοχή της Ανατολικής Κρήτης εξ αιτίας της καταστροφικής δράσης του λαγοκέφαλου επιχειρεί ο Λιμενάρχης Αγίου Νικολάου Αντιπλοίαρχος Σπύρος Αγγελάκης.

 

Με δική του πρωτοβουλία συνέταξε ερωτηματολόγιο, το οποίο παρέδωσε στους Συλλόγους Επαγγελματιών Αλιέων Αγίου Νικολάου, Σητείας και Ιεράπετρας, ζητώντας από τις διοικήσεις τους να μεριμνήσουν ώστε να παραδοθεί σε όσο το δυνατόν περισσότερους ιδιοκτήτες αλιευτικών σκαφών, για να το συμπληρώσουν.


Με το ερωτηματολόγιο αυτό και τα στοιχεία που ζητά να συμπληρώσουν οι αλιείς, ο Λιμενάρχης επιδιώκει να καταγραφεί η υφιστάμενη κατάσταση στις περιοχές αλιείας του Νομού Λασιθίου και να συγκριθούν τα συλλεγόμενα αλιεύματα, ποσοτικά και ποιοτικά, κατά τις δύο τελευταίες χρονιές, το 2013 και το 2014.


Το ενδιαφέρον και η ανησυχία επικεντρώνονται στις περιοχές του Κόλπου Μεραμβέλου, αλλά και τις περιοχές της Σητείας, στα βόρεια, ανατολικά και νότια, καθώς και στην θαλάσσια περιοχή αλιείας της Ιεράπετρας, γιατί, όπως τόνισε ο Λιμενάρχης μιλώντας στην ΑΝΑΤΟΛΗ, η περιοχή μας είναι η εγγύτερη στη διώρυγα του Σουέζ, απ' όπου εισέβαλε ο λαγοκέφαλος στη Μεσόγειο.

 

Ήδη, όπως τόνισε, η δράση του υπήρξε καταστροφική στις περιοχές Κύπρου και Ρόδου και τα σημάδια που καταγράφονται και στη δική μας θαλάσσια ζώνη είναι άκρως ανησυχητικά. Μάλιστα επεσήμανε ότι οι λαγοκέφαλοι που πιάνονται από αλιείς σε δίκτυα κλπ. είναι πολύ περισσότεροι στη θαλάσσια ζώνη του Νομού Λασιθίου συγκριτικά με την υπόλοιπη Κρήτη. Αυτό σημαίνει ότι η περιοχή μας πλήττεται αυτή την περίοδο, αλλά το δηλητηριώδες ψάρι πολλαπλασιάζεται με ταχείς ρυθμούς και εξαπλώνεται προς τα δυτικά, αφανίζοντας τα αλιεύματα από τα οποία τρέφεται.


ΝΙΚΟΣ ΤΡΑΝΤΑΣ

 

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CHILE: Oceana recommends lowering hake fishery quota

CHILE: Oceana recommends lowering hake fishery quota | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

The international marine conservation organization Oceana recommended the Chilean Government decrease the catch quota of hake (Merluccius gayi gayi), given that the resource biomass has declined since last year.

The NGO intends to have the approval of a reduction of 1000 tonnes, changing from 19,000 tonnes set for this year to 18,000 tonnes in 2015.

Oceana warns that all recovery efforts will be in vain if some continue to fish without respecting management plans.

 

According to a hydroacoustic survey conducted by Instituto de Fomento Pesquero (IFOP), the hake biomass declined 6.6 per cent last year.

 

According to Alex Muñoz, executive director of Oceana, "by raising the hake quota the collapse of this fishery will be sped up, which will mean the loss of thousands of jobs."

 

"While no clear recovery signs are being shown we must maintain low catch levels and avoid being tempted to make social policies through quotas. There are other ways to aid the fishermen who need it most," he added.

 

It is expected that the expert members of the Scientific and Technical Committee (STC) recommend the Central Government the parameters to set the global catch quota for this resource for 2015. Then, the Ministry of Finance will have to set the final quota.

 

Statistics from the Undersecretariat of Fisheries and Aquaculture (SUBPESCA) have shown that hake catches declined by 70 per cent between 2001 and 2013.

 

In addition, about 90 per cent of the hake captured in 2012 corresponded to juvenile specimens.

 

"If we do not take drastic action now, resources such as hake and others will simply disappear, leaving thousands of fishermen out of work and the country without one of its main sources of food. No matter how painful some measures may be, they are the only way to a better future for fisheries," predicted Muñoz.

 

Last September, Oceana submitted to the Executive a Hake Recovery Plan, in which it emphasized the importance of maintaining a low catch quota and it proposed setting a minimum landing size of 38 cm. In addition, it suggested banning trawling at least in hake spawning areas and extending the closed season.

 

Another issue that was included was combating illegal fishing.

 

By Analia Murias
editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com

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INDIA: Need to set up shark sanctuaries

INDIA: Need to set up shark sanctuaries | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

With the shark population in the seas around the country showing signs of an “alarming” decline, conservation should focus on creating sanctuaries for the endangered marine animal, said speakers at the third mission on conservation of sharks held here on Thursday.

 

Based on the shark catch reported at harbours and ports, Shobha Ghosh, Senior Scientist, Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute – Chennai, said over 90 per cent of the sharks caught were below maturity age – that is, they were killed before they had the chance to breed. Moreover, the biggest impact of the over-fishing was on around 17 sub-species of sharks, which could potentially wipe out their populations.

 

To conserve the shark population – which is listed as an endangered species in India – the Institute was looking at a two-pronged approach.

 

One, was to define a “minimum size” per sub-species, so that when the shark is caught the fisherman can determine if the shark has attained maturity level or not. Second, was to protect the “breeding” grounds of the sharks in the oceans.

 

“Using the knowledge of fishermen, we can identity areas, and the seasons that are conducive for shark breeding. We can then set about protecting these sites,” said Ms. Ghosh.

 

Scientists at the workshop pointed out that the rate of fishing far exceeded the breeding rate of sharks, and this was among the reasons for the estimated 43 per cent decline in shark population in the waters around the country.

 

The need for sanctuaries was reiterated by V.K. Shetty, Managing Director of Karnataka Fisheries Development Corporation, who said the current laws for regulation of fishing were “difficult to implement”.

 

M.L. Srivastava, Deputy Inspector General of Forests (Wildlife), Ministry of Environment and Forests and Climate Change, said 10 critically endangered species of sharks and manta rays has already been added to Schedule I of the wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

 

“There is a gap between the perspectives of policymakers, researchers and fishermen on conservation. There is a lot more to be done for a practical solution to be obtained,” he said.

 

However, he expressed optimism that the adoption of CITES (Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species) resolutions of September, there will be tighter regulation on export of sharks and shark fins.

 

On the setting up of sanctuaries, he said there was a need for greater scientific data before the government could come to a decision.

 

www.thehindu.com

 

 

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ΗΝΩΜΕΝΕΣ ΠΟΛΙΤΕΙΕΣ: Ο θερμότερος Οκτώβριος για όλο τον πλανήτη από το 1880

ΗΝΩΜΕΝΕΣ ΠΟΛΙΤΕΙΕΣ: Ο θερμότερος Οκτώβριος για όλο τον πλανήτη από το 1880 | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Ο θερμότερος μήνας για όλον τον πλανήτη ήταν ο φετινός Οκτώβριος σύμφωνα με ανακοίνωση της Αμερικανικής Υπηρεσίας Ωκεανών και Ατμόσφαιρας (ΝΟΑΑ).

 

Όπως αναφέρει η ΝΟΑΑ τόσο ο Οκτώβριος, όπως και όλοι οι δέκα πρώτοι μήνες του 2014 ήταν οι πιο θερμοί μήνες που έχουν καταγραφεί από τότε που έχει ξεκινήσει να καταγράφεται η θερμοκρασία, το 1880.

 

Πρόκειται επίσης για τον 38ο συνεχόμενο Οκτώβριο όπου η παγκόσμια θερμοκρασία ήταν πάνω από τον μέσο όρο αυτής του 20ού αιώνα, φτάνοντας τους 14,74 βαθμούς Κελσίου, διευκρίνισε η NOAA.

 

Για την περίοδο Ιανουαρίου – Οκτωβρίου 2014, η μέση θερμοκρασία στην επιφάνεια των ωκεανών και της ξηράς ήταν 10,3 βαθμοί Κελσίου, ξεπερνώντας κατά 1,05 βαθμό τη μέση θερμοκρασία του προηγούμενου αιώνα.

 

Ο Οκτώβριος ήταν επίσης ο τρίτος συνεχόμενος μήνας και ο πέμπτος των τελευταίων έξι μηνών που σημειώθηκε θερμοκρασία-ρεκόρ σε όλο τον πλανήτη. Ο Ιούλιος του 2014 ήταν ο τέταρτος θερμότερος που έχει καταγραφεί ποτέ.

 

Η θερμοκρασία στην επιφάνεια των ωκεανών ήταν τον Οκτώβριο η πιο αυξημένη που έχει καταγραφεί ποτέ για τον μήνα αυτό, ξεπερνώντας κατά 0,62 βαθμό τη μέση θερμοκρασία του 20ού αιώνα.

 

Πηγή: ΑΜΠΕ, Γαλλικό Πρακτορείο

 

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ΝΟΤΙΑ ΑΦΡΙΚΗ: Τα δελφίνια χρησιμοποιούν σφυρίγματα ως ονόματα

ΝΟΤΙΑ ΑΦΡΙΚΗ: Τα δελφίνια χρησιμοποιούν σφυρίγματα ως ονόματα | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Νοτιοαφρικάνοι ερευνητές ανακάλυψαν πως δελφίνια στις τοπικές ακτές χρησιμοποιούν μοναδικά σφυρίγματα ως ονόματα.

 

Η συγκεκριμένη ανακάλυψη, που προηγουμένως είχε παρατηρηθεί μόνο σε δελφίνια σε αιχμαλωσία, ανοίγει νέους ορίζοντες στην κατανόηση του πώς επικοινωνούν τα ζώα μεταξύ τους και αν η ανθρώπινη παρουσία προκαλεί αλλαγές στη συμπεριφορά τους, δήλωσε η Τες Γκρίντλεϊ του Πανεπιστημίου της Πρετόρια, επικεφαλής της έρευνας.

 

Οι προηγούμενες έρευνες, οι οποίες είχαν γίνει σε δελφίνια που βρίσκονταν σε αιχμαλωσία ή που είχαν περιοριστεί κατά η διάρκεια των μελετών, είχαν δείξει πως κάθε ζώο έχει ένα συγκεκριμένο σφύριγμα το οποίο παρουσιάζει όποτε έρχεται σε επαφή με άλλες ομάδες δελφινιών, και το οποίο στη συνέχεια χρησιμοποιείται όταν απευθύνεται κάποιος σε αυτό, σε μια διαδικασία παρόμοια με την ανθρώπινη χρήση ονομάτων.

 

Ωστόσο η έρευνα της Γκρίντλεϊ είναι η πρώτη που δείχνει ότι και τα δύο είδη άγριων δελφινιών που βρίσκονται στη Νότια Αφρική και τη Ναμίμπια χρησιμοποιούν ένα τέτοιο σύστημα που βασίζεται σε διακεκριμένα ξεχωριστά σφυρίγματα.

 

Τα περισσότερα είδη δελφινιών βασίζονται σε μία ευρεία ποικιλία ήχων στην καθημερινή τους ζωή, χρησιμοποιώντας ήχους για την εύρεση τροφής και τον προσανατολισμό τους, αλλά και για να επικοινωνούν με άλλα δελφίνια.

 

Επιπλέον επιδεικνύουν μεγάλη ικανότητα μάθησης και μίμησης νέων ήχων, σύμφωνα με αρκετές μελέτες. Η ικανότητα αυτή, που ονομάζεται εκμάθηση φωνητικής παραγωγής, αν και είναι κοινή μεταξύ πολλών πτηνών και φυσικά των ανθρώπων, κάνει τα δελφίνια ξεχωριστά στις τάξεις των θηλαστικών.

 

Η επιστημονική ομάδα χρησιμοποίησε «υδρόφωνα», δηλαδή μικρόφωνα κατάλληλα για υποβρύχια ηχογράφηση, για να συλλέξει 79 ώρες ηχογραφήσεων σφυριγμάτων-ονομάτων, μαζί με φωτογραφίες των δελφινιών που τις παρήγαγαν.

 

«Ανακαλύψαμε πως ο αριθμός των διαφορετικών σφυριγμάτων-ονομάτων αυξανόταν όταν οι ομάδες των δελφινιών ήταν μεγαλύτερες και όταν ήταν παρόντα μικρότερα σε ηλικία δελφίνια, κάτι που είναι αναμενόμενο καθώς τα σφυρίγματα βοηθάνε να διατηρηθεί επαφή μεταξύ των ζώων, και κυρίως μεταξύ των μητέρων με τα παιδιά τους», εξήγησε η Γκρίντλεϊ.

 

www.naftemporiki.gr

 

 

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EUROPEAN UNION: EU and Senegal sign Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement

EUROPEAN UNION: EU and Senegal sign Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it

Following an eight year hiatus the EU and Senegal have today signed a new five-year Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement. The agreement will allow up to 38 EU boats to fish in Senegalese waters in return for a €8.69m payment by the EU.

 

This represents good value for money for both parties and, as with all of the EU's fishing partnerships, the agreement is based on the principles of resource sustainability, good governance, and local development.

 

As part of the deal the EU will invest €750,000 a year into developing the local fisheries sector. In particular, support will be directed towards improving surveillance, combatting illegal fishing, and promoting scientific cooperation. Local artisanal fishermen will also directly benefit from the conservation and rehabilitation of spawning areas and vulnerable ecosystems on which their livelihoods depend on.

 

The Senegalese Minister of Fisheries and Maritime Economy, Omar Gueye, and the European Commissioner for Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Karmenu Vella, will meet this afternoon to stress the importance of reactivating this sustainable partnership between two of the major fishing players in West Africa after eight years without agreement. The partnership will further strengthen the region's general governance of fisheries and its fight against illegal fishing.

 

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MAGAZINE: What’s New in Food Technology - November / December 2014

The most comprehensive coverage of new products and technology developments from companies supplying and servicing the food and beverage industry. The magazine covers bulk handling, storage and logistics, processing, packaging and food product design. If you work in the food industry and your role covers any of the following areas, this magazine is for you: plant management, processing engineers, packaging specialists, product marketers, laboratory management, technologists, consultants and other purchasing influences.

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CANADA: Lobster boom in Bay of Fundy puzzles scientists

CANADA: Lobster boom in Bay of Fundy puzzles scientists | Aquaculture and Fisheries - World Briefing | Scoop.it
Scientists puzzled by surging numbers of crustaceans as each year produces a new record

 

The Bay of Fundy's lobster population continues to grow, but experts can't figure out why. 

 

Lobster represents Canada's most valuable fishery and boats in the Bay of Fundy are bringing in record harvests, year after year. 

 

Julien Gaudette, a biologist for Fisheries and Oceans, studies lobster reproduction to safeguard the fishery's health. 

 

"Since 1995, it's been an almost exponential increase," he said.  

A June 2013 report from Fisheries and Oceans says the previous five seasons in the Bay of Fundy each created a new record.

 

Gaudette says more research is needed to determine what's happening.

 

"Right now we don't really understand entirely why there have been such high landings. There are a couple of hypothesis we can use to try and explain." 

 

Gaudette says environmental changes in the Bay of Fundy, like warm water temperatures, could be part of the reason. Also, cod and sculpin populations are down, and those are among the fish that eat young lobster. 

 

Gaudette says in the short term high lobster catches will likely continue, but he says the long-term outlook has some uncertainty. 

 

"There are other factors that need to be considered, like natural mortality and the growth rate, but it is a possibility that at some point the population will decrease," he said. 

 

www.cbc.ca

 

 

 

 

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