Krokodil, a homemade injectable opioid, gained its moniker from the excessive harms associated with its use, such as ulcerations, amputations and discolored scale-like skin. While a relatively new phenomenon, krokodil use is prevalent in Russia and the Ukraine, with at least 100,000 and around 20,000 people respectively estimated to have injected the drug in 2011. In this paper we review the existing information on the production and use of krokodil, within the context of the region's recent social history.
Considerable attention is given to addressing the physical and psychological aspects of drug dependence - some suggest it's a disease called 'addiction'. This paper entitled 'Barriers to Recovery: Stigma & Discrimination' given at the New Zealand Drug Symposium 'Through the Maze: Making Treatment Better' http://www.youtube.com/user/nzdrugfoundation?feature=watch argues that the social context is much overlooked, and illustrates how problem drug use is to a large extent a social construct, exacerbated by criminalisation, exclusion, stigma and discrimination.
A young Australian could be the key to changing Britain's binge drinking culture, after winning an Oxford University scholarship to expand a movement that has seen thousands of people give up the grog.
Have you ever wondered about how much you actually drink? Have you ever played a drinking game? Have you ever given someone another drink, even after they said they'd had enough?
Have you ever thought about the way we drink in Australia and what these habits may seem like to people from other countries? Norwegian journalist Brit-Helen Johansen arrived in Australia in 2008 and was aware that Australians had a reputation associated with drinking, but what surprised her wasn't that Australians drank, but how.
Earlier this year, Brit-Helen made a radio feature documenting her experiences.
An individual diagnosed with a mental health condition, no matter how minor in severity, faces an uphill battle against the ignorance of society. ..., Thom W. Conroy (The stigma of a mental health diagnosis - by Thom W.
This module firstly summarises the biological mechanisms of action of stimulants and how their use can lead to chronic addiction and dependence. We then highlight how treatment approaches should mirror the clinical complexity of stimulant misuse, whilst incorporating psychiatric, medical and social management skills.
"Can I ask? An alcohol and drug clinician's guide to addressing family and domestic violence" explores the relationship relationship between alcohol and other drugs (AOD) and family and domestic violence (FDV).
Twenty years ago, using contemplative Yoga therapy as a model, Jon Kabat-Zinn designed trial programs for volunteer patients with Obsessive Compul..., Youngbear Roth (Yoga contemplative practice and its effects on neuroplasticity - by Youngbear Roth...
We found that four genetic variants in alcohol metabolising genes in 4167 children were strongly related to lower IQ at age 8, as was a risk allele score based on these 4 variants. This effect was only seen amongst the offspring of mothers who were moderate drinkers (1–6 units alcohol per week during pregnancy (per allele effect estimates were −1.80 (95% CI = −2.63 to −0.97) p = 0.00002, with no effect among children whose mothers abstained during pregnancy (0.16 (95%CI = −1.05 to 1.36) p = 0.80), p-value for interaction = 0.009). A further genetic variant associated with alcohol metabolism in mothers was associated with their child’s IQ, but again only among mothers who drank during pregnancy.PLOS ONE: an inclusive, peer-reviewed, open-access resource from the PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE. Reports of well-performed scientific studies from all disciplines freely available to the whole world.
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