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Ajarn Donald's Blog: A Look Into Higher Education, Ethnicity, and Race

Ajarn Donald's Blog: A Look Into Higher Education, Ethnicity, and Race | Ajarn Donald's Educational News | Scoop.it

Race and Ethnicity in Higher Education

 

President Denise M. Trauth
Texas State University-San Marcos
November 2, 2006

 

Panel discussion
Race, Ethnicity and Place Conference
Presented with
President Lois DeFleur, Binghamton University
President George Wright, Prairie View A&M University

 

I was asked to talk today about the Closing the Gaps initiative and its impact on the state of Texas, and I’m happy to do that because its goals are absolutely critical to the future of Texas and have implications for the nation, as well.
Demographics are behind this initiative, and demographics have everything to do with our theme today. I have been fascinated over the last couple of weeks by the flurry of features and news stories surrounding the fact that the United States population hit 300 million. Maybe the milestone got such widespread press because most of us are looking for a respite from war and election news, but it has been interesting to sit back and look at who we are as a nation. Newspapers, talk shows and news magazines are full of graphs and stories about what the country looks like now and what we will look like in 20, 30 or 40 years.

 

One story forecast what the nation will look like when the population hits 400 million, expected about the year 2043. By then, it says, the U.S. will be 22 percent Hispanic, up from less than 13 percent today, and Anglos‘ share of the population will have fallen from 70 to 55 percent while African-American numbers will grow slightly to a little more than 13 percent. But by 2043, 20 to 30 percent of the population will be multi-racial, blurring the lines among races altogether.

The face of Texas has already shifted to the point that today less than half the population is Anglo. We are a minority majority state. By the year 2020, Anglos and Hispanics will be about the same percentage of the population, and by 2040 more than half of all Texans will be Hispanic.

 

Shifting demographics mean that the face of higher education must also change. Currently, by age 25-29, about a third of whites in the United States have obtained bachelor’s degrees, while just 18 percent of African-Americans and 10 percent of Hispanics have a degree. In Texas almost one quarter [22 percent] of the population has less than a high school education - the highest percentage in the country. Thirteen percent of Hispanics have an associate’s degree or higher in Texas, compared to 40 percent of whites. In our state, the education gap between whites and minorities is widening, not closing. Despite increases in educational attainment for the Texas population as a whole, educational attainment for Hispanic males has actually declined over the last 20 years.

 

In the year 2000 the state of Texas took a long, hard look at its economic future, and alarms went off. Texas was faced with a “growing unskilled, under-educated population that cannot meet the demands of a technology-based workplace.” The average household income in Texas was expected to decline by $4,000 in constant dollars by the year 2030. Texas was faced with increased public spending on prisons, welfare and Medicaid as a result. Enrollment in higher education was increasing, but the participation rate was declining. The participation rate had been 5.3 percent in 1990, was 4.9 percent in 2000 and was predicted to fall to 4.6 percent by 2015. In contrast to Texas’ 4.9 participation rate, other large states were doing better: California’s was 6.1, Illinois’ was 6.0, New York’s 5.6. Additionally, the percentage of ninth graders who complete high school and enter college was dismal in Texas: 32 percent of Texas ninth graders completed high school and entered college, as compared to 54 percent in New Jersey, 49 percent in Illinois, 43 and 44 percent in California and New York.

 

That’s a lot of numbers, I realize. Sum it up by saying that Texas was behind the educational rates of other populous states and was falling farther behind. That forecast was not a pretty picture for the future economy of the state or for the quality of lives of future Texans.

 

The question was what to do about it. The legislature adopted an ambitious initiative called Closing the Gaps that proposed goals in participation numbers, graduation numbers, research funding and numbers of nationally recognized programs.

 

The first goal was the real news-maker, however. It called for Texas to put 500,000 more students into college by the year 2015 – half again as many as were enrolled in 2000. And that figure was later revised upward to more than 600,000.

 

To reach or even get close to this goal of Closing the Gaps, we are going to have to assure that a college education is a possibility for all our citizens. This means that it must be affordable to everyone. And right now we are going in the opposite direction. We are putting a college education farther and farther out of the reach of many of our people.

 

College tuitions are rising, and more and more students are being left behind because of costs. Most of those left-behind students are ethnic minorities. Low-income students, regardless of race, who score in the top quarter of standardized college admission tests attend college at the same rate as high-income students in the lowest quarter. Texas’ median family income remains well below the U.S. average. In fact Texas ranks 37th in the country. And our lower-income student population is the fastest growing segment of our public schools. Texas is No. 6 in the nation in K-12 growth, increasing by 11 percent between 1999 and 2005 with the largest percentage of growth among lower-income and minority students.

 

Between 1995 and 2005, average tuition and fees across the nation rose 36 percent at private four-year colleges and 51 percent at public four-year colleges. In Texas between 2002 and 2006, average tuition and fees at public universities increased 61 percent and at community colleges 51 percent.
Costs have risen in large part because state funding nationwide has fallen to its lowest level in more than 20 years. In 1980 almost 10 percent of states’ budgets nationwide was spent on higher education. Today it’s 7 percent.

 

Nationwide, the state share of per capita personal income going to higher education has dropped almost 20 percent since 1977. Educational appropriations per FTE in public higher education institutions decreased 12 percent between 1991 and 2004. It is common place on state university campuses for financial officers to say that we used to call ourselves “state supported.” Then we changed it to “state assisted,” and now we should change it to “state located.”

 

If we continue on this trajectory, we poison our future economy in obvious and not so obvious ways. The most obvious way is lost tax revenue. Under-educated citizens earn less money, therefore pay less tax. A Census Bureau study out last week says that a college education is worth $23,000 a year. It reported that figure to be the gap between adults with a bachelor’s degree, who average $52,000 a year, and adults with a high school diploma, who average $29,000 a year. It also reported average annual earnings of $19,000 for high school dropouts and $78,000 for those with advanced degrees.

 

This educational advantage has been clear for a long time -- more education, more money, although when I was an assistant professor, I probably would have argued with that! But there are not-so-obvious costs -- quality-of-life costs -- as well. An under-educated citizenry costs the state and nation in terms of health care, job training, welfare, and criminal justice spending.

 

Health care costs rise when citizens are uninsured, and percentages of those insured increase with educational attainment. Nationwide 8 percent of people with a bachelor’s degree are uninsured, compared to 25 percent of those with no high school diploma. In Texas costs are even higher: Texas has the highest non-insured percentage in the country -- a 24 percent average but 39 percent for those with no high school diploma. College educated people by and large don’t go to jail; they live longer, smoke less and vote more.

 

So higher education is important not only to our individual good, but to our collective good as well. We have lost sight of this fact in recent years. The thinking has become, “If you get a degree, you’ll be better off; therefore, you should pay for it.” We have retreated from the notion of higher education as a public good.

 

We unveiled a statue of Lyndon Johnson on our campus this fall. It’s a wonderful likeness of Johnson as a young man, walking down the Quad with his books. The statue was a gift from our students, who believed -- rightly so -- that because we are the only Texas institution to have graduated a U.S. president, we should have a statue of that president. With the statue is a quote: “This nation cannot rest while the door to knowledge remains closed to any American.” Johnson said that and passionately believed it.

 

Almost exactly a year ago, we celebrated the 40th anniversary of the signing of the Higher Education Act by President Johnson on our campus in 1965. Education was close to Johnson’s heart. He believed education to be the solution to all the problems in the world. But while that notion came from his heart, it also came from his head. He knew that education was, and is, a wise and profitable investment for any country.

 

And he was hardly alone in his thinking. The Higher Education Act sailed through Congress – perhaps owing partially to the fact that LBJ was a master politician but probably more to the fact that Congress and the country saw higher education as a public good. Passing it was -- in current language -- a “no-brainer.”

While Closing the Gaps does not state the fact as such, its clear message is that higher education is a public good. Meeting the goals of Closing the Gaps will benefit not only those who will be brought into college but all of us. Perhaps it will help us get back on the track of viewing higher education with a higher purpose.

The Texas plan is incredibly ambitious. It’s as brassy as Ann Richards and as in-your-face as Lyndon Johnson. Of course, Texas is not alone in the goals it needs to meet for the future good of the state. But Texas is approaching it in a very Texas sort of way.

That wonderful Lone Star philosopher Jerry Jeff Walker may express this mind-set best in his recording of London Homesick Blues. He croons, “When a Texan fancies, he’ll take his chances; and chances will be taken, that’s for sure.” That’s what Texas is doing: taking a chance. It’s the biggest, boldest chance that Texas has taken in a long time, and it’s the right chance to take. Other states would do well to follow suit.

 

Thank you for your kind attention.

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Ajarn Donald's English Language Services

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Supawan Inbunna 088-249-4917/089-201-1680 supawan.inbunna@english-attack.com
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We want to be able to provide every person who chooses to learn English, the best educational products & services to meet your demands that will ultimately lead to a successful and productive future in any capacity you desire. Your decision to learn or improve your English Skills + Ajarn Donald's English Language Services = your success to your destiny.

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My Children | Online Slideshow by Slide.ly

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These are some of the amazing young learners and teenagers who I have had the opportunity and pleasure in teaching in my own center over the past 5-years. Each child is truly remarkable in their own ways. - Powered by Slidely - Create & experience your photo collections as beautiful slideshows
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These are some of the amazing young learners and teenagers who I have had the opportunity and pleasure in teaching in my own center over the past 5-years. Each child is truly remarkable in their own ways. 

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About the Gift of Happiness Foundation - YouTube

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In the year 2000, a British professional clown, Edward Haworth (AKA Clown Eckie) based in Bangkok was asked to perform for some of the children at one of the...
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I Can't Believe We Made It - YouTube

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This video shows how far we've come...Where will we be in 20 years?

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A unique video view of Bangkok | Bangkok Post: learning

A unique video view of Bangkok | Bangkok Post: learning | Ajarn Donald's Educational News | Scoop.it
เรียนศัพท์ภาษาอังกฤษพร้อมความหมายของคำเหล่านี้ combine,รวมกัน,encapsulate,สรุป, เอาเฉพาะใจความสำคัญ,equivalent,เท่าเทียมกันกับ,essence,แก่น กับ Bangkok Post Learning Channel
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When you watch this time-lapse film of Bangkok by Saengthit Kamlangchai you are going to be impressed. Guaranteed. But how did he do it? Find out from the young photographer himself and then give it a try.

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Thai police website hacked | Bangkok Post: learning

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เรียนศัพท์ภาษาอังกฤษพร้อมความหมายของคำเหล่านี้ anonymous,ไม่ระบุชื่อ,hooded,คลุมหัวปิดหน้า,identified,ระบุ, ระบุชื่อ,mask,หน้ากาก, เครื่องปิดหน้า กับ Bangkok Post Learning Channel
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The website of the Royal Thai Police has been hacked by a member of the notorious hacking group Anonymous identified as Anon_Ox03.

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PM's lottery "magic" raises suspicions | Bangkok Post: learning

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Anti-government protesters have a new complaint against the Yingluck administration, accusing government officials of fixing the lottery winning tickets to correspond with licence plate numbers of the vehicles the PM uses.

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Dump fire lights Samut Prakan skies | Bangkok Post: learning

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เรียนศัพท์ภาษาอังกฤษพร้อมความหมายของคำเหล่านี้ authority,เจ้าหน้าที่ผู้มีอำนาจ,belongings,ข้าวของเครื่องใช้,blaze,เพลิง,cause,สาเหตุ กับ Bangkok Post Learning Channel
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A massive fire broke out at a garbage dump covering 150 rai of land on Sunday afternoon and continued into late evening as firefighters tried to contain the blaze.

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Insane jumping | Bangkok Post: learning

Insane jumping | Bangkok Post: learning | Ajarn Donald's Educational News | Scoop.it
เรียนศัพท์ภาษาอังกฤษพร้อมความหมายของคำเหล่านี้ awesome,น่าสะพรึงกลัว,ซึ่งทำให้สะเทือนขวัญ, น่าหวาดเสียว,backward,โดยไปทางข้างหลัง,challenging,ที่ท้าทายความสามารถ,cliff,หน้าผา กับ Bangkok Post Learning Channel
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For normal people a bungy jump of 50 metres is exciting enough. People who were born crazy or with the human fear instinct, however, want something more challenging.

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Jet slides off runway | Bangkok Post: learning

Jet slides off runway | Bangkok Post: learning | Ajarn Donald's Educational News | Scoop.it
เรียนศัพท์ภาษาอังกฤษพร้อมความหมายของคำเหล่านี้ alongside,ข้างๆ, อยู่ถัดไป,อยู่ข้าง,base,ฐานทัพ, ฐานที่มั่น,based,ซึ่งเป็นศูนย์กลาง,come to rest, กับ Bangkok Post Learning Channel
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I think they need more training. 

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7 Tricks to Improve Your Teaching Skills - EdTechReview™ (ETR)

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Here are 7 ways you can develop your skills for a better school year.
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Every year, teachers are encouraged to step up their game and improve on their teaching skills.

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Ajarn Donald's Blog: Featured This Week On English Attack! March 3rd - 10th

Ajarn Donald's Blog: Featured This Week On English Attack! March 3rd - 10th | Ajarn Donald's Educational News | Scoop.it
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WORD OF THE WEEK: MOOLAH
Definition in English: Money

English-Attack! ThailandSupawan Inbunna   088-249-4917  supawan.inbunna@english-attack.comDonald Patnaude    081-855-2701   donald.patnaude@english-attack.comwww.th.english-attack.com
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Read Thailand's educational news
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Children suffer amid madness


How can life go on for parents when evil kills little ones? 

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Ajarn Donald's Blog: Some Of My Former Adult Students

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Some Of My Former Adult Students
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No Books Were Harmed In The Filming Of This Video

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Watch an amazing world record attempt with books.
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The Seattle Public Library attempts to set a world record in book domino.

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Dog locked in hot car creates social media stir | Bangkok Post: learning

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An overheated dog seen in an online video panting and gasping for air in a locked car parked in the sun confirms a basic rule for car users: no living creature should be placed in such a situation. I would have broken a window right away to get that poor dog out of that vehicle. 

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=n1UeKe7AH0Q

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The new bionics that let us run, climb and dance

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Hugh Herr is building the next generation of bionic limbs, robotic prosthetics inspired by nature's own designs. Herr lost both legs in a climbing accident 30 years ago; now, as the head of the MIT Media Lab’s Biomechatronics group, he shows his incredible technology in a talk that's both technical and deeply personal — with the help of ballroom dancer Adrianne Haslet-Davis, who lost her left leg in the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing, and performs again for the first time on the TED stage.
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At MIT, Hugh Herr builds prosthetic knees, legs and ankles that fuse biomechanics with microprocessors to restore normal gait, balance, speed — and perhaps to enhance. Full bio

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English Attack

English Attack | Ajarn Donald's Educational News | Scoop.it

The First Lady of the U.S.A. speaks to American and Chinese students at the Stanford Center at Peking University on the importance of studying abroad.


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The First Lady of the U.S.A. speaks to American and Chinese students at the Stanford Center at Peking University on the importance of studying abroad.

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Songkran in Singapore | Bangkok Post: learning

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Many Thais are upset that Singapore intends to hold its own Songkran festival at the same time as Thailand's traditional festival. Some, however, see the move in a positive light.

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Battle to put out landfill fire | Bangkok Post: learning

Battle to put out landfill fire | Bangkok Post: learning | Ajarn Donald's Educational News | Scoop.it
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Firefighters have contained the fire at an abandoned Samut Prakan landfill, but they haven't put it out as dangerous gases continue to fill the air near the site.

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Ajarn Donald's Blog: Tesol Greece 2014

Ajarn Donald's Blog: Tesol Greece 2014 | Ajarn Donald's Educational News | Scoop.it

English-Attack! Thailand

Supawan Inbunna   088-249-4917  supawan.inbunna@english-attack.com

Donald Patnaude    081-855-2701   donald.patnaude@english-attack.com

www.th.english-attack.com

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You don't need an app for that

You don't need an app for that | Ajarn Donald's Educational News | Scoop.it
Are the simplest phones the smartest? While the rest of the world is updating statuses and playing games on smartphones, Africa is developing useful SMS-based solutions to everyday needs, says journalist Toby Shapshak. In this eye-opening talk, Shapshak explores the frontiers of mobile invention in Africa as he asks us to reconsider our preconceived notions of innovation.
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Are the simplest phones the smartest? While the rest of the world is updating statuses and playing games on smartphones, developers across Africa are making useful SMS-based solutions to everyday needs, says journalist Toby Shapshak. In this eye-opening talk, Shapshak explores the frontiers of mobile invention across Africa as he asks us to reconsider our preconceived notions of innovation.

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Teacher shot dead, set on fire in Pattani - The Nation

Teacher shot dead, set on fire in Pattani - The Nation | Ajarn Donald's Educational News | Scoop.it
Teacher shot dead, set on fire in Pattani The Nation Teachers in South frightened by brutal attack; agencies to review security
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It is really very sad to see this happen to anyone. 

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English Attack! Thailand For Schools

English Attack! Thailand For Schools | Ajarn Donald's Educational News | Scoop.it
by Ajarn Donald's English Language Services on Mar 11, 2014

English Attack! Thailand For Schools



English Attack! สำหรับการศึกษา
โรงเรียน มหาวิทยาลัย สถาบันสอนภาษาอังกฤษ

คุณสามารถใช้ English Attack! บทเรียนจากวิดีโอ พจานุกรมภาพ แบบฝึกหัดเกมส์ คุณสามารถในห้องเรียนหรือเรียนข้างนอกชั้นก็ได้

...
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English Attack! for Education 
Schools, universities, language institutes 

You can use English Attack! learning units - video exercises, visual dictionaries and practice games - with your learners both in the classroom as well as for out-of-class learning. 

The wide range of content categories and difficulty levels available on English Attack! makes it an ideal complementary English learning resource for students in Middle School through to secondary and university-level education, as well as for those enrolled in language institutes. 

A deep and constantly expanding catalog of contextual exercises allows the learner to evolve English language proficiency over the course of his or her education. The format and currency of the units (clips from films, news, music, etc) generates enthusiasm and motivation. 

English Attack! for Education consists of a Teachers and Schools Platform and special Education price plans. 

English Attack! is currently being used in schools, universities and language institutes throughout the world. 

สถานที่ตั้ง 
English-Attack Thailand 

สอบถามข้อมูลเป็นภาษาไทย: 
Supawan Inbunna โทร. 088-249-4917 
อีเมล: supawan.inbunna@english-attack.com 

สอบถามข้อมูลเป็นภาษาอังกฤษ: 
Donald Patnaude โทร. 081-855-2701 
อีเมล: donald.patnaude@english-attack.com 

English Attack! | English 2.0 

English Attack

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Ajarn Donald's English Language Services - Google+ - Special Promotion Summer Classes

Ajarn Donald's English Language Services - Google+ - Special Promotion Summer Classes | Ajarn Donald's Educational News | Scoop.it
Special Promotion Summer Classes
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Special Promotion Summer Classes
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