"Grains are the seeds of cereal crops such as wheat, rye, rice, oats and barley and have been a staple food for humans for thousands of years. In pre-industrial times grains were commonly eaten whole but advances in the milling and processing of grains allowed large-scale separation and removal of the bran and germ, resulting in refined flour that consists mainly of the starchy endosperm. Refined flour became popular because it produced baked goods with a softer texture and extended freshness. However the bran and germ contain a host of important nutrients, which are lost when the grain is refined.
Nowadays it is increasingly recognised that foods made with whole grain can make an important contribution to ..."