01 Choose from any of these hyper-surveilled storage reservoirs in the Pacific Northwest. 02 Excavate “teacup” basins in a plaza. Downscale their dimensions in proportion to the reservoirs selected in (1) so they will all fit within the installation site. 03 Ring the basin interior with concentric steps-cum-seats. 04 Hack into the servers of the U.S. Department of the Interior where the data on water levels at the reservoirs is collected and parsed. (Or does the bureau have an API?) 05 Re-network the flow of data from these real-world reservoirs, so that not only will the numbers get rendered into info-porn, they will also determine the water levels of your simulant reservoirs.
SuDS try to replicate natural systems that use cost effective solutions with low environmental impact to drain away dirty and surface water run-off through:
01 SOURCE CONTROL methods decrease the volume of water entering the drainage/river network by intercepting run-off water on roofs for subsequent re-use (e.g. for irrigation) or for storage and subsequent evapotranspiration (e.g. green roofs).
02 PRE-TREATMENT steps, such as vegetated swales (ditches) or filter trenches, remove pollutants from surface water prior to discharge to watercourses or aquifers.
03 RETENTION systems delay the discharge of surface water to watercourses by providing storage within ponds, retention basins and wetlands for example.
04 INFILTRATION systems, such as infiltration trenches and soakaways mimic natural recharge, allowing water to soak into the ground.
01 "multipurpose, interconnected and synergistic", "capturing efficiencies by integrating diverse functions"
02 modeled on and incorporated into natural processes
03 resilient, particularly in the context of instability produced by climate change
04 they should couple their ostensible functions with additional programming which serves the needs of the communities that they are built within.
The potential of infrastructure resides in its ability to be at once “precise and indeterminate", to specify both "what must be fixed and what is subject to change" [Stan Allen] In other words, an infrastructure can be a stable element which molds and manipulates the various flowing processes of urbanization which produce cities: economic exchange, human migration, traffic patterns, informational flows, legal conditions, political actions, hydrologies, waste streams, commutes, even wildlife ecologies.
This capacity of infrastructure, distinct from its capacity to carry the flows that it is specifically intended for, might be termed generative. Generative capacity, then, is the effect on an infrastructure on the territory in which it resides.
Currently an oppositional relationship exists between the built city and water.
Create a flexible and adaptive urban model by aligning the advantages of naturally-occurring and engineered systems.
Integrated and reciprocal organization of natural and hard infrastructure systems; a combination of strategies, including perimeter wetlands, a raised edge, and sponge slips paired with new upland street infrastructure systems, protect the island from flooding in the event of a large storm.
Over time currents, tides and storms cause an evolution of the morphology of the coastline and the local flora and fauna that it supports.
The goal of the Flussbad project is the permanent transformation of a 1.5-km stretch of river in Berlin’s historic center that has gone unused for more than 100 years.
01 A natural swimming pool 745 meters long, for the water flowing through this arm of the river has bathing water quality. A functional changing facility with lockers serving the practical needs of swimmers is invisibly integrated in the unused lower storey of the former Kaiser Monument.
02 The filtered water comes from the upper reaches of this section of the river, which lies about 1.2 meters higher than the pool. There, on a stretch 390m meters long, a 7.200m2 constructed wetland is inserted into the canal profile to purify the running water in a natural way.
03 The 640-meter uppermost section of the river will be renaturized. To this end, the northern shore wall will be completely removed and the course of the river gently widened into the grounds of the Fischerinsel. As an auxiliary purpose, this section serves as an inner city green area and preliminary water purifier. The actual main purpose is as a wildlife refuge, to support the resettling of riparian flora and fauna.
A PRODUCTIVE ECOLOGY AS A CATALYST FOR URBAN DEVELOPMENT
A 50-year process for cultivating aquaculture and urbanism increases wildlife biodiversity and creates cultural and economic synergies over time, at both local and regional scales.
Infrastructural elements and systems for multi-trophic aquaculture—fish raceways, mussel beds and kelp groins—are designed for a range of site conditions using parametric tools. These adaptive elements serve as a polyfunctional urban underlay that supports aquatic ecologies while treating fish waste, storm water and grey water for multiple development density scenarios. The robust fertilizers that are produced from this form of waste management can be sold to regional agricultural lands and garden plots. Other profitable exports from this infrastructural system include edible kelp, mussels, and sea cucumbers, a delicacy enjoyed in adjacent ethnic communities such as Flushing Chinatown. The aim of this project is to reformulate landscape as “a sophisticated, instrumental system of essential resources, services and agents that generate and support urban economies”
WATER QUALITY / RISING TIDES / COMMUNITY BASED DEVELOPMENT
Looking to the past to reimagine the future. The Bay Ridge Flats was once home to a small archipelago of islands that protected the Brooklyn coastline. The islands have long since disappeared because of dredging.
Blending urbanism and ecology. A system of artificial reefs [3d landscape mosaic] built out of rocks, shells and fuzzy rope that is intended to mitigate onrushing tides and nurture the growth of oysters [new economies] as natural water filters [new ecologies].
Standardized measurements and measuring tools serve to not only measure landscapes, but also to shape them: the functional effect of the NAP is to reify a binary relationship between land and water.
From NAP to d(NAP) — i.e. a more complex understanding of the relationship between land and water.
Measuring water level as a single datum expresses and reinforces an attitude about the way that humans use and occupy littoral terrain which privileges certain programs [construction of dams that neatly separate salt and fresh waters] while excluding the possibility of other programs [an economy based on the biological productivity of the fluctuating gradient that typically occurs when salt and fresh waters mix].
The incorporation of true flood conditions into the conception of normal is exceptionally important, as it produces an understanding under which flood conditions are not unexpected disasters, but anticipated and recurring conditions of the landscape.
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