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Experiments in Cultural Language Evolution - Books on Google Play

Experiments in Cultural Language Evolution - Books on Google Play | AI Summer School in Cortona | Scoop.it
The fascinating question of the origins and evolution of language has been drawing a lot of attention recently, not only from linguists, but also from anthropologists,...
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EvolangX Workshop: How Grammaticalization Processes Create Grammar | Evolutionary Linguistics

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International Summerschool on Agent-based Models of Creativity | Cortona (Italy), 16-20 september 2013

Registration closes on August 15th!

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Rescooped by Katrien Beuls from Talks
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Rodney Brooks: Why we will rely on robots

Scaremongers play on the idea that robots will simply replace people on the job. In fact, they can become our essential collaborators, freeing us up to spend time on less mundane and mechanical challenges. Rodney Brooks points out how valuable this could be as the number of working-age adults drops and the number of retirees swells. He introduces us to Baxter, the robot with eyes that move and arms that react to touch, which could work alongside an aging population -- and learn to help them at home, too.

 

http://www.ted.com/talks/rodney_brooks_why_we_will_rely_on_robots.html


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Scooped by Katrien Beuls
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Experiments in Cultural Language Evolution - Books on Google Play

Experiments in Cultural Language Evolution - Books on Google Play | AI Summer School in Cortona | Scoop.it
The fascinating question of the origins and evolution of language has been drawing a lot of attention recently, not only from linguists, but also from anthropologists,...
more...
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Rescooped by Katrien Beuls from Simulation
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Agent-Based Models of Strategies for the Emergence and Evolution of Grammatical Agreement

Agent-Based Models of Strategies for the Emergence and Evolution of Grammatical Agreement | AI Summer School in Cortona | Scoop.it

Grammatical agreement means that features associated with one linguistic unit (for example number or gender) become associated with another unit and then possibly overtly expressed, typically with morphological markers. It is one of the key mechanisms used in many languages to show that certain linguistic units within an utterance grammatically depend on each other. Agreement systems are puzzling because they can be highly complex in terms of what features they use and how they are expressed. Moreover, agreement systems have undergone considerable change in the historical evolution of languages. This article presents language game models with populations of agents in order to find out for what reasons and by what cultural processes and cognitive strategies agreement systems arise.

 

Beuls K, Steels L (2013) Agent-Based Models of Strategies for the Emergence and Evolution of Grammatical Agreement. PLoS ONE 8(3): e58960. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058960


Via Complexity Digest, George Gonzalez-Rivas
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luiy's curator insight, June 28, 2013 8:34 AM

We presented here the first agent-based models to explore how and why a grammatical agreement system may originate and get culturally transmitted in a process of cultural invention and social learning, based on the hypothesis that agreement systems are useful to avoid combinatorial explosions in parsing and semantic ambiguity in interpretation. Agreement systems thus help to minimize cognitive effort and maximize communicative success. After demonstrating how formal markers could arise, we presented strategies showing how meaningful markers could originate, and how markers could become recruited from existing words. We demonstrated also how recruited words could erode to lead to greater articulatory efficiency, at a cost of giving fewer hints for new language users, and how coercion helps to apply an agreement system more broadly so that fewer agreement markers are needed.

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Music and the Origins of Language | International Summer School on Agent-based Computational Models of Creativity

The school is intended for postdocs, lecturers and predocs with a background in computer science (artificial intelligence) or computational linguistics (corpus linguistics or natural language processing) and a strong interest in music and the origins of language. There will be background lectures that introduce concepts from biology, anthropology, psychology, music theory and linguistics that are helpful to understand the nature of creativity, the role and intimate relations between language and music, and the mechanisms underlying cultural evolution. It contains technical lectures on the fundamental computational components required for language processing and technical ateliers to learn how to set up evolutionary linguistics experiments. Participants have the opportunity to present their latest research in a poster session. The school also features artistic ateliers in which participants create new creative works and engage in performance.

 

Music and the Origins of Language
International Summer School on Agent-based Computational Models of Creativity, 15 – 20 September 2013 in Cortona (Italy)

http://ai.vub.ac.be/events/cortona-2013


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