Secure Milk Supply Project Update - An update on the status of the Secure Milk Supply Project supplemental to ongoing Foot and Mouth Disease prevention and response planning with Dr. Pam Hullinger, UC-Davis Department of Veterinary Medicine and Epidemiology.
Rigorous evaluation of forest conservation efforts is scant and critically needed. A paper by Allen Blackman from Resources for the Future provides a comprehensive non-technical guide to navigate the challenges.
Do you buy Champagne? How about Kobe beef, Florida Orange Juice, or Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese? Each of these are food items protected by trademark and international treaty through Geographic Indications. All but one of them is used correctly in the United States. This article provides deep insight into international use of food labels, or food brand names, how the U.S. government is not playing well, and the deep meaning of real Kobe beef.
O IBGE disponibiliza desde 23 do mês passado dezenas de milhares de mapas dos setores censitários referentes ao censo 2010, onde há um mapa para cada setor censitário. Neste mapa, para cada setor, informações como nome dos logradouros do setor [atualizados antes e durante o recenseamento] e de seu entorno e outras aparecem em conjunto. Também está disponível a descrição do perímetro de cada setor censitário.
Também desde janeiro, estão disponibilizados os mapas municipais estatísticos, onde aparece a divisão intra-territorial de cada município, localização no mapeamento sistemático, bem como a base cartográfica ao fundo. Aparecem também no mapa-base, localidades atualizadas em trabalhos de campo a partir de 2007, com nomes em rosa, sendo muito útil para trabalhos de campo........
A century ago the Titanic collided with an iceberg in the North Atlantic and sank. Mapping travelers’ hometowns reveals the immigrant status of most third-class passengers, who also suffered the highest fatality rate.
The Canadian Agriculture Land Commission are using Google Maps to show the location of Agricultural Land Reserve zones. Agricultural Land Reserve zones are areas where agriculture is recognized as the priority use. Farming is encouraged and non-agricultural uses are controlled.
The agricultural zones are shaded green on the map (although anyone who has ever played SimCity can tell you they should be shaded yellow) . It is possible to search the map using a postal address to see if it falls within an Agricultural Land Reserve area. If the location is inside the green area it means it is in the ALR.
Deforestation rates in the Amazon fell by 21.8 percent from July to August 2011 as a result of enforcement efforts and monitoring initiatives by the Brazilian government, Minister of Environment Izabella Teixeira announced today in Brasília. Data released by the National Institute for Space Research (INPE) show an estimated 163.8 square kilometers of forests cleared during this period, down from 224.9 square kilometers in July 2011.
O Pará passa a integrar o seleto grupo dos Estados que já aderiram ao programa de Agricultura de Baixo Carbono (Programa ABC), do Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento (Mapa). Nesta quinta-feira, 24, acontece o Seminário de Sensibilização do Programa ABC, no auditório do Banco da Amazônia. “O Pará assume uma posição de liderança mais uma vez porque é um dos primeiros estados a estruturar o Comitê Estadual do Programa ABC”, afirma Hildegardo Nunes, titular da Secretaria de Estado de Agricultura (Sagri), que coordenará o programa no Estado.
For me, the most significant development at Esri’s 2012 Developer Summit was the pre-release of ArcGIS Runtime. ArcGIS Runtime represents a new direction for building lightweight, focused mapping applications with Esri technology. The resulting applications are responsive, trivial to deploy, cloud friendly, and optimized for their target platforms – be they mobile or desktop.
The first hints about Runtime came at the 2011 DevSummit, more was revealed at the 2011 UC (see especially the third slide for platform support), and this year’s Esri Federal GIS Conference brought a demo and technical overview.
I see Runtime as a natural extension of two larger trends: Esri’s focus on a web service architecture (e.g. the transition towards ArcGIS Server and ArcGIS Online), and the proliferation and success of small, focused applications on mobile devices.....
O Ministério Público Federal (MPF) anunciou nesta quinta-feira (10) que representantes da Associação Brasileira de Supermercados (Abras) e das maiores redes varejistas do País (Wal Mart, Pão de Açúcar, Carrefour) concordaram em fazer um acordo de cooperação técnica para estimular os fornecedores de produtos bovinos que se comprometerem com a regularização ambiental.
Workable financial mechanisms are essential to abate greenhouse gas emissions. Deforestation, which contributes a large proportion of total global emissions, must be avoided as an effective emissions-reduction tactic, and to alleviate biodiversity loss and poverty. However, incentives to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) have had mixed and suboptimal success because of opportunity costs and administrative and technical issues, in particular, leakage, permanence, and additionality. We show that these latter concepts can be ambiguous, potentially contrived and in some cases, generate perverse outcomes. Encumbering avoided-deforestation projects with these administrative shackles risks massive increases in global deforestation and a concomitant loss of biodiversity, ecosystem services and emissions-reduction opportunities. We offer a solution built on a proven insurance-based hedging principle, a concept we call iREDD, that could indirectly address specific technical and administrative challenges, whether real or contrived. Project-specific iREDD insurance policies and premiums would be negotiated upfront using a simple assessment of risk based on governance quality, the integrity of management plans, liquidity, monitoring and evaluation frameworks, and political acceptability. iREDD acts as both an incentive for prudent forest management given the seller's potential financial windfall if forests are diligently managed, and guarantees not to disenfranchise the buyer.
The “land use” concept has evolved during recent decades and it is now considered as the socioeconomic function of land. Land use representation and land use change assessment through remote sensing still remains one of the major challenges for the remote sensing scientific community. In this paper we present a methodological approach based on remote sensing techniques to assess land use in accordance with the requirements of the United Nations Framework Climate Change Convention, UNFCCC (1995). The methodology is based mainly on the recognition of the land key elements and their function and on the adoption of the “predominant land use” criteria in the classification scheme settled by rules. The concept that underpins these rules is that the land use function of land can be expressed through hierarchical relationships among key land elements, and that these functional relationships are based on thresholds reflecting the relevance and predominance of key land elements in the observed area. When analyses are supported by high (10–30 m) or very high ( < 10 m) spatial resolution remote sensing data, the methodology provides a systematic approach for the representation of land use that is consistent with the concepts and methodologies developed by the International Panel on Climate Change(IPCC) to fulfill UNFCCC commitments. In particular, data with high and very high spatial resolution provide good results, with overall accuracies above 87% in the identification of key land elements that characterize land use classes. The methodology could be used to assess land use in any context (e.g., for any land use category or in any country and region) as it is based on the definition of user/project rules that should be tailored on the land use function of any territory.
The following is a helpful section of python code to assist with calculating NDVI (Normalised Difference Vegetation Index) using the arcpy site package. The Image Analysis Window allows you to see this visually, but if you want the values in the raster itself, then you will need to use this code.
Thanks go to the Esri team for explaining this new notation in the Spatial Analyst module of arcpy (arcpy.sa). The arcpy.sa module calculates rasters more effectively than the Raster Calculator at 9.x, as it uses the number crunching power of Python. Also, dot notation for multiple bands no longer works in the Raster Calculator at 10, so this code is a optimised replacement for this loss in functionality.
Carbon density is an issue of huge concern for global climate change and land use decision making: What’s the amount of live woody biomass over a given parcel of land? WHRC researchers have created a dataset for the land between the Tropics, at 500m resolution, and posted it in ArcGIS Online. You can see it in an embedded map, and read about the impact of carbon, and how the data were assembled.
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