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India tops list of countries to export pest-infested fruit: UK - The Hindu

India tops list of countries to export pest-infested fruit: UK - The Hindu | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it
Economic Times India tops list of countries to export pest-infested fruit: UK The Hindu The European Union and the United Kingdom will not reverse the ban on mangos imposed from May 1 until India meets the phytosanitary standards that will ensure...
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Benin starts feeling the cost of rice pests - SciDev.Net

Benin starts feeling the cost of rice pests - SciDev.Net | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it

The boom in rice growing in Benin has also led to more infestation of stored rice by pests, which is causing losses of hundreds of millions of francs.

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Focus on Gender: women are more than agricultural victims - SciDev.Net

Focus on Gender: women are more than agricultural victims - SciDev.Net | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it
Agricultural research must put women at its heart rather than continuing the victim narrative, says Henrietta Miers.
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Cassava can become Africa's new cash crop

Cassava can become Africa's new cash crop | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it
Cassava is abundant in sub-Saharan Africa, and could be an ideal crop to improve food security for millions of people
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Arab World facing billion dollar food gap

Arab World facing billion dollar food gap | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it

Shaikh Hamdan Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Deputy Ruler of Dubai and Minister of Finance, has warned that the food crisis in the Arab world is getting bigger and it is expected to reach $89 billion in 2020.


Via CIMMYT, Int.
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Disease threatens aquaculture in developing world - SciDev.Net

Disease threatens aquaculture in developing world - SciDev.Net | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it
The impact of disease on fish farming could hit food security and damage the economies of many tropical nations, a study reveals.
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New report: Governments must protect land, food systems as trade liberalization accelerates land grabbing | Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy

New report: Governments must protect land, food systems as trade liberalization accelerates land grabbing | Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it
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Environmental and Health Protections, or New Protectionism? Determinants of SPS Notifications by WTO Members by Emma Aisbett, Lee Pearson :: SSRN

Environmental and Health Protections, or New Protectionism? Determinants of SPS Notifications by WTO Members by Emma Aisbett, Lee Pearson :: SSRN | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it
The drastic reductions in bound tariffs agreed by WTO members over the past half century have been accompanied by a substantial rise in non-tariff barriers to t
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Does policy substitution occur when tariff protection declines on agriculture products? Are countries more likely to use risk-based measures on products that have recently lost tariff protection? This paper analyzes the evidence from WTO member notifications to see if there is any substance to claims of "green protectionism" since the Uruguay Round. 

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Phosphorus demand triples as meat-eating and population rise – with VIDEO - environmentalresearchweb

Phosphorus demand triples as meat-eating and population rise – with VIDEO - environmentalresearchweb | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it
Consuming pulses instead of meat could slash phosphorus footprint per head by one-fifth
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Global Food Crisis Will Worsen as Heat Waves Increase

Global Food Crisis Will Worsen as Heat Waves Increase | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it
Harvests will fall dramatically during heat waves, predicted to become more likely in coming decades.

Via CIMMYT, Int.
Lee Pearson's insight:

"New research, which used corn growing in France as an example, predicts losses of up to 12 percent for maize yields in the next 20 years. A second, longer-term study published on Sunday indicates that, without action against climate change, wheat and soybean harvests will fall by up to 30 percent by 2050 as the world warms."

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Food production vs. biodiversity: comparing organic and conventional agriculture - Gabriel &al (2013) - J Appl Ecol

Food production vs. biodiversity: comparing organic and conventional agriculture - Gabriel &al (2013) - J Appl Ecol | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it

A substantial proportion of the global land surface is used for agricultural production. Agricultural land serves multiple societal purposes; it provides food, fuel and fibre and also acts as habitat for organisms and supports the services they provide. Biodiversity conservation and food production need to be balanced: production needs to be sustainable, while conservation cannot be totally at the expense of crop yield. 

To identify the benefits (in terms of biodiversity conservation) and costs (in terms of reduction in yields) of agricultural management, we examined the relationship between crop yield and abundance and species density of important taxa in winter cereal fields on both organic and conventional farms in lowland England. 

Of eight species groups examined, five (farmland plants, bumblebees, butterflies, solitary bees and epigeal arthropods) were negatively associated with crop yield, but the shape of this relationship varied between taxa. It was linear for the abundance of bumblebees and species density of butterflies, concave up for the abundance of epigeal arthropods and butterflies and concave down for species density of plants and bumblebees. 

Grain production per unit area was 54% lower in organic compared with conventional fields. When controlling for yield, diversity of bumblebees, butterflies, hoverflies and epigeal arthropods did not differ between farming systems, indicating that observed differences in biodiversity between organic and conventional fields are explained by lower yields in organic fields and not by different management practices per se. Only percentage cover and species density of plants were increased by organic field management after controlling for yield. The abundance of solitary wild bees and hoverflies was increased in landscapes with high amount of organic land. 

Our results indicate that considerable gains in biodiversity require roughly proportionate reductions in yield in highly productive agricultural systems. They suggest that conservation efforts may be more cost effective in low-productivity agricultural systems or on non-agricultural land. In less productive agricultural landscapes, biodiversity benefit can be gained by concentrating organic farms into hotspots without a commensurate reduction in yield.


Via Alexander J. Stein
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Is the world heading towards another food crisis?

Is the world heading towards another food crisis? | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it

Too many countries have in history experienced the devastation of not only failed harvests, but also gross agricultural policy mismanagement.The Great Famine of the 1930s in the Ukraine, which resulted in millions starving to death, is just one of...


Via CIMMYT, Int.
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Is eating local good for the climate? Thinking beyond food miles | CGIAR Climate

Is eating local good for the climate? Thinking beyond food miles | CGIAR Climate | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it
In many countries, the concept of reducing food miles has caught on with consumers, and food retailers and restaurants are scrambling to provide customers local, ‘climate-friendly’ alternatives to imported foodstuffs.

 

"A study, Climate Change and Food Systems, published in the 2012 Annual Review of Environment and Resources takes a ‘food systems’ approach to calculating emissions that account for every aspect of food production and distribution. This includes the direct emissions of growing crops and raising livestock; the indirect emissions of food production due to land cover change; manufacturing fertiliser; and storing, transporting and refrigerating food."


Via Jeremy Cherfas, Norman Warthmann
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Rescooped by Lee Pearson from Pest Alerts
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Invasive alien species: "The damage and costs continue to increase"

Invasive alien species: "The damage and costs continue to increase" | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it
All the latest news from the Press Service of the European Parliament: votes, resolutions, debates, parliamentary committees and the plenary.

Via Anne-Sophie Roy
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Anne-Sophie Roy's curator insight, April 17, 2014 3:40 AM

"Invasive alien species are estimated to cost the European Union at least €12 billion per year and the damage and the costs continue to increase,” On Wednesday 16 April 2014, the EU Parliament voted a new legislation on invasive alien species.

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Crop pests ‘vastly underestimated’ warns study - SciDev.Net

Crop pests ‘vastly underestimated’ warns study - SciDev.Net | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it
Around 200 crops pests per country go undetected because countries do not have enough scientific capacity.
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WTO member delegations challenge Chile’s proposed “stop” sign food labels | Lexology

WTO member delegations challenge Chile’s proposed “stop” sign food labels | Lexology | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it
During a recent meeting of the World Trade Organization's (WTO's) Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee, several member delegations expressed…
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Is Chile over-reaching with this proposed amendment? "Chile’s proposed food health regulation amendments that would, among other things, require certain foods high in fat, sugar or salt to bear “STOP” sign-shaped warnings on 20 percent of the “main surface of the package.”

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Can We Feed the World? by Gordon Conway - Project Syndicate

Can We Feed the World? by Gordon Conway - Project Syndicate | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it
Despite recent agricultural advancements, chronic hunger remains pervasive, particularly in developing countries.
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Bolivian researchers sound alarm over quinoa farming - SciDev.Net

Bolivian researchers sound alarm over quinoa farming - SciDev.Net | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it
Surging demand for quinoa brings in money, but it is ruining farmland and putting the crop out of reach of local consumers, say scientists.
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» Is Agribusiness the Key to Africa’s Growth? » Global Development: Views from the Center

» Is Agribusiness the Key to Africa’s Growth? » Global Development: Views from the Center | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it
This post is joint with Casey Friedman. Today, the World Bank launched a new report, “Growing Africa: Unlocking the Potential of Agribusiness.”  The report argues that agriculture and agribusiness should be at the top of the development and...
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Ikea Recalls Its Meatballs Horse Meat Is Detected

Ikea Recalls Its Meatballs Horse Meat Is Detected | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it
The furniture company’s decision demonstrated that even closely guarded brand names have found themselves vulnerable to food adulteration.
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The Zodiac got it wrong: 2013 is the Year of the Horse.

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What's in Your Rice? A Lot of Arsenic, Says Consumer Reports - Forbes

What's in Your Rice? A Lot of Arsenic, Says Consumer Reports - Forbes | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it
Wait, now rice is bad for you, too? Eating rice once a day can increase arsenic levels in the body by up to 44 percent , according to new research from Consumer Reports.
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Rescooped by Lee Pearson from Climate Change, Agriculture & Food Security
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allAfrica.com: Africa: Climate Change to Cut Food By 30 Percent

allAfrica.com: Africa: Climate Change to Cut Food By 30 Percent | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it

Dar es Salaam — Recent research done by different scientists in Africa has shown that production of important crops especially maize will decrease by 30% for the period of 20 years due to the effect of Climate Change.

The most affected areas according to scientists are in the Southern and Eastern Africa including Tanzania.

That was revealed by the Assistant Director of Environment in the Vice President's Office, Mr Richard Muyungi in Dar es Salaam last week during the agriculture workshop organized by Agriculture Council of Tanzania (ACT).


Via CGIAR Climate
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"Recent research done by different scientists in Africa has shown that production of important crops especially maize will decrease by 30% for the period of 20 years due to the effect of Climate Change."

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It’s OK To Buy Quinoa—In Fact, It’s Good for Poor People in the Andes

It’s OK To Buy Quinoa—In Fact, It’s Good for Poor People in the Andes | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it
Many quinoa-lovers have hit the existential skids recently, thanks to a story in the Guardian about the supposedly negative effects of buying imported quinoa.
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Algae can draw energy from other plants - environmentalresearchweb

In a series of experiments, Professor Dr. Olaf Kruse and his team cultivated the microscopically small green alga species Chlamydomonas reinhardtii in a low carbon dioxide environment and observed that when faced with such a shortage, these single-cell plants can draw energy from neighbouring vegetable cellulose instead.

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The real cost of global food

The real cost of global food | Agriculture, Environment and Trade | Scoop.it

Global food prices are soaring again; the price of corn and wheat surged by almost 50 per cent in recent months. There is growing fear that, like 2008, this will lead to riots and social unrest in poorer countries. While we, in the West, wonder what we will have for dinner, almost half of humanity is unsure whether it will have any dinner at all.


Via Cathryn Wellner
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