Agricultural Biodiversity
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Agricultural Biodiversity
Genetic and species diversity of crops, trees, livestock, pets, fish, pollinators, microbes etc etc...
Curated by Luigi Guarino
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Ketchup’s Chinese origins: how it evolved from fish sauce to today’s tomato condiment

Ketchup’s Chinese origins: how it evolved from fish sauce to today’s tomato condiment | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
Fast food is America’s signature export, and one of its most pervasive: Every day another few outlets open in Europe or Asia, spreading the distinctively American diet to the world.
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Global system for monitoring vegetation disturbance launched

Global system for monitoring vegetation disturbance launched | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
The redoubtable Mongabay.com has just announced the beta version of the Global Forest Disturbance Alert System (GloF-DAS).
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FAO Statistical Yearbook 2012: all you ever wanted to know about world crop yields and tonnages

FAO Statistical Yearbook 2012: all you ever wanted to know about world crop yields and tonnages | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it

"The 2012 edition of the FAO Statistical Yearbook presents a visual synthesis of the major trends and factors shaping the global food and agricultural landscape and their interplay with broader environmental, social and economic dimensions.

 

In doing so, it strives to serve as a unique reference point on the state of world food and agriculture for policy-makers, donor agencies, researchers and analysts as well as the general public.

 

The book is subdivided into four thematic parts:

 

The setting measures the state of the agricultural resource base, by assessing the supply of land, labour, capital, inputs and the state of infrastructure, and also examines the pressure on the world food system stemming from demographic and macroeconomic change

 

Hunger dimensions gauges the state of food insecurity and malnutrition, measuring the multitude of dimensions that give rise to and shape undernourishment

 

Feeding the world evaluates the past and present capacity of world agricultural production and the role of trade in meeting changing food, feed and other demands

 

Sustainability dimensions examines the sustainability of agriculture in the context of the pressure it exerts on the environment including the interaction of agriculture with climate change, and how it can provide ecosystem services in relation to the bio-based economy"


Via Annals of Botany: Plant Science Research
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Plant Science Papers: Elsevier's Most Downloaded 2011

Plant Science Papers: Elsevier's Most Downloaded 2011 | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it

The top five plant science papers downloaded from Elsevier's journals in 2011:

 

Reactive oxygen species and antioxidant machinery in abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants
Plant Physiology and Biochemistry
Gill, S.S.; Tuteja, N.


2 Protein kinase signaling networks in plant innate immunity
Current Opinion in Plant Biology
Tena, G.; Boudsocq, M.; Sheen, J.

 

3 Regulation of flowering in rice: two florigen genes, a complex gene network, and natural variation
Current Opinion in Plant Biology
Tsuji, H.; Taoka, K.i.; Shimamoto, K.

 

4 Long non-coding RNAs and chromatin regulation
Current Opinion in Plant Biology
De Lucia, F.; Dean, C.

 

5 Epigenetic contribution to stress adaptation in plants
Current Opinion in Plant Biology
Mirouze, M.; Paszkowski, J.

 


Via Annals of Botany: Plant Science Research
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Local truffles on the decline, warns expert

Local truffles on the decline, warns expert | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
Gulf TimesLocal truffles on the decline, warns expertGulf Times...
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Use digital tools to showcase your career and your work

Use digital tools to showcase your career and your work | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
Journalists have lots of tools for showcasing our work. If you’re a college student or recent graduate looking for work or a veteran journalist out of work or looking for a better job, you ne...
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The Tomato: Ripe, Juicy and Bursting With Genes

The Tomato: Ripe, Juicy and Bursting With Genes | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
Plant geneticists who sequenced the tomato’s genome in hope of breeding better specimens found that it has 31,760 genes — about 7,000 more than a person. (RT @SpringerPlants: More genes than humans?
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PhilRice exec urges farmers to think green, plant smart

PhilRice exec urges farmers to think green, plant smart | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
PhilRice exec urges farmers to think green, plant smartBusiness MirrorThe institute's gene bank houses more than 12000 accessions that serve as materials for breeding work.
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Sunflower guru bags medal

Sunflower guru bags medal | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
I don’t see it on its website yet, but the Linnean Society of London has just awarded the prestigious Darwin-Wallace Medal ‪to Loren Rieseberg, according to Twitter traffic.
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How to feed a planet, continued | The Economist

How to feed a planet, continued | The Economist | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it

Without the revolution in Brazil’s cerrado and the transformation of inefficient collective and state farms after the fall of communism, it is hard to imagine how the cities of Asia and Africa would have been fed. That raises disturbing questions about the future. The dramatic increase in imports in Asia and the Middle East and Africa seems certain to continue.


Via CGIAR Climate
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Global Food Security UK - lots of photos, videos, links

Global Food Security UK - lots of photos, videos, links | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it

Saw an excellent lecture in Glasogw by Prof. Tim Benton, UK Champion for Global Food Security and Professor, University of Leeds. This site is full of nice graphics, images, videos and interactive modules looking at how science addresses food security issues.  This one's quite nice: http://www.foodsecurity.ac.uk/food/overview/index.html


Via Mary Williams
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The active role of farmers in Malta

The active role of farmers in Malta | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
The active role of farmersTimes of MaltaPC2: The positive and active role of Maltese farmers as stewards of agro-biodiversity and in the maintenance of the countryside and rural environment is encouraged.
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Biodiversity informatics information

Nice idea for the imminent Global Biodiversity Informatics Conference (2-4 July 2012, Copenhagen, Denmark) to have a Mendeley group. You know about our Brainfood group, right?
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Global Gathering Features Leading Authorities on Cassava Research

Global Gathering Features Leading Authorities on Cassava Research | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
Presentations to address a wide variety of issues impacting production and food security ST. LOUIS, MO, May 29, 2012—An impressive lineup of the leaders in cassava research and development from around the globe will present during the second...
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Nature: The tomato genome sequence provides insights into fleshy fruit evolution

Nature: The tomato genome sequence provides insights into fleshy fruit evolution | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is a major crop plant and a model system for fruit development. Solanum is one of the largest angiosperm genera and includes annual and perennial plants from diverse habitats.

Via Wilco Ligterink
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Unique author identification with ORCHID: Scientists: your number is up

Unique author identification with ORCHID: Scientists: your number is up | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
ORCID scheme will give researchers unique identifiers to improve tracking of publications.

In 2011, Y. Wang was the world’s most prolific author of scientific publications, with 3,926 to their name — a rate of more than 10 per day. T

 

This confusing problem could be solved following the launch later this year of the Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID), an identifier system that will distinguish between authors who share the same name.

Just as barcodes at the supermarket allow the till to distinguish a tomato from a turnip, ORCID aims to reliably attribute research outputs to their true author by assigning every scientist on the planet a machine-readable, 16-digit unique digital identifier. If ORCID takes off, it could revolutionize research management, vastly increase the precision and breadth of scientific metrics and help in developing new analyses of, for example, social networks.


Via Annals of Botany: Plant Science Research
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Denver researcher works to study, preserve coffee beans' gene pool

Denver researcher works to study, preserve coffee beans' gene pool | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
Coffee didnt alter the direction of Sarada Krishnans life. It merely flowed through it.
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Let the Oceans Help Solve Hunger Crisis

Let the Oceans Help Solve Hunger Crisis | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
What we have here is an opportunity to make a tangible difference in the battle against global hunger while restoring the health and bounty of the world's oceans. What a rare opportunity to benefit both man and ocean all at the same time.
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Integrating Apiculture in Riparian Buffers

Integrating Apiculture in Riparian Buffers | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
RT @AgForInsight: Integrating Apiculture in Riparian Buffers http://t.co/9ceExnWf #agroforestry #bees via @AgroforestryBC...
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Agrobiodiversity education in context

Agrobiodiversity education in context | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
A piece on “Generating the next generation” by Nigel Chaffey in his latest, always indispensable, Plant Cuttings had me trawling around for an hour or so last night amid botanical teaching resources, looking for stuff that might ...
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Nations need food security goals

Nations need food security goals | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it

The biggest environmental summit for a decade must make meaningful progress on global food security and sustainable agriculture, say researchers. CGIAR, the world's largest publicly funded research body, has published a seven-point "call to action" plan. Ahead of the Rio gathering, scientists are calling for an improved commitment to deliver nutrition security and lessen the need to aid. Agriculture is estimated to provide jobs for 40% of the world's population. In its statement, CGIAR said: "Faced with environmental degradation, climate change... and a world population that is continuing to climb, it is critical for farm and natural resources management and policies to play a more central role in shaping the broader development and environmental agendas." The organisations listed a seven-point "call to action" list, which they will present at the gathering in the Brazilian city, including...


Via Alexander J. Stein
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Parallel domestication of the Shattering1 genes in cereals

Parallel domestication of the Shattering1 genes in cereals | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it

"A key step in domestication of cereals was loss of seed shattering. Jianming Yu and colleagues show that seed shattering is controlled by alleles at Sh1 in sorghum."

 

(although Sh1 is not realy central to rice domestication, in which Sh4 is universal, and Sh1 is restricted to some japonica varieties only -- ed.)

 


Via Dorian Q Fuller
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Inspired by Kingdom of Plants? Check out Plants and Arthropods: Friends or Foes?

Inspired by Kingdom of Plants? Check out Plants and Arthropods: Friends or Foes? | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it

The new Richard Attenborough program "Kindom of Plants" made at Kew gardens is airing in the UK. If you have been inspired by it or are looking forward to seeing it outside the UK later this year, many of the plant / insect interactions it covers can be found in TTPB 18. Resources include pictures, references and Teaching Guide.


Via Mary Williams
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IGNOU admissions 2012: Now an online course on biodiversity - Indian Colleges

IGNOU admissions 2012: Now an online course on biodiversity - Indian Colleges | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
Indian CollegesIGNOU admissions 2012: Now an online course on biodiversityIndian CollegesThe one month post graduate programme has been been developed by IGNOU's Chair of Sustainable Development (CSD) and covers topics such as the importance of biodiversity,...
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