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Production céréalière mondiale en progression de 8 pour cent en 2013 - FAO

Production céréalière mondiale en progression de 8 pour cent en 2013 - FAO | AgInterest | Scoop.it

Les perspectives de l'offre mondiale de céréales pour la campagne de commercialisation 2013/14 restent généralement favorables, en dépit des révisions à la baisse des estimations de la production et des stocks de clôture, selon le dernier rapport trimestriel de la FAO Perspectives de récoltes et situation alimentaire. Malgré cet ajustement à la baisse, la production céréalière mondiale devrait être supérieure de près de 8 pour cent au niveau de 2012.


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Brazil to overtake US as top soybean grower

Brazil is to top the world soybean production league for the first time, thanks to the incentive to farmers provided from resilient prices and a weak real, overtaking the US, whose hopes have been dented by dryness.

The US last season held on to its record as the top soybean producer, stretching back to at least the 1960s, thanks to late rains which enabled its drought-tested crop to recover above 82.0m tonnes, beating the Brazilian harvest by a narrow 55,000 tonnes, on Washington estimates.

However, Brazil, which last season did manage to take the crown of top soybean exporter, is on track to trounce the US harvest this year.

US Department of Agriculture estimates on Thursday upgraded the Brazilian crop, which will be harvested early in 2014, to 88.0m tonnes, 3.0m tonnes ahead of forecast US output.

Area expansion

The forecasts reflect an expectation that elevated soybean prices, coupled with a drop of getting on for 20% in the value of the real against the dollar over the last six months, will encourage Brazilian farmers to lift soybean area by 4.3%.

"Depreciation results in higher values for exported soybeans which are sold on the global market," the USDA said.

While the real will also lift costs of inputs such as fertilizers and insecticides, which are largely imported, "the increases in input prices are lower than the increases in the value of the soybeans in real terms and higher profits are expected".

Many private analysts too have come in with lofty forecasts for the Brazilian crop, with AgRural forecasting an 89.1m-tonne harvest.

Dryness concern

However, for the high hopes to be realised depends on successful Brazilian sowing and growing seasons, with planting yet to begin in earnest.

Indeed, dry weather in Brazil, stretching into Argentina too, has raised some initial concerns over crop prospects, with Oil World earlier this week saying that conditions were "delaying the start of corn and soybean plantings and jeopardizing satisfactory germination.

"It is still early in the season, but there is an increasing risk that insufficient soil moisture will result in deteriorated new crop prospects."


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Monitoring agricultural vulnerability using NDVI time series

Monitoring agricultural vulnerability using NDVI time series | AgInterest | Scoop.it
A study to evaluate agricultural vulnerability at district –level in rainfed agro-ecological regions in India, is being conducted at the Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA) at Hyderabad under the National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture programme of ICAR. Long-term NDVI time-series data is being used to assess agricultural vulnerability. As variations in NDVI would indicate impact of climate change on vegetation growth and vigour, it could be used as an indicator to study agricultural vulnerability. Based on coefficient of variation (CV) in NDVI, vulnerable districts were identified in order to develop climate resilient technologies for coping with climate change and adapting to it. NDVI data products based on NOAA-AVHRR (8km) data (1982-2006) and MODIS-TERRA (250m) NDVI data product (2001 – 2011) were used for the study.

 

Objective


The main objective of the study was to understand variability in ground vegetation also termed surface greenness as indicated by NDVI based on NOAA-AVHRR and MODIS-TERRA time-series datasets and to examine correlation between NDVI variability and Standard Precipitation Index (SPI) instead of actual daily rainfall data, in order to, understand the impact of extreme weather events, viz., droughts, floods, heat and cold waves, cyclones, untimely rains, etc.....


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la baguette tradition fete ses 20 ans

la baguette tradition fete ses 20 ans | AgInterest | Scoop.it

Les baguettes «de tradition française», règlementées par un décret datant de septembre 1993, représentent un quart de la consommation de pain des Français. Très en vogue, leur consommation ne cesse de croître


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Les interfaces forêts-prairies comme éléments de conservation de la ...

Nous formulons l'hypothèse que dans les écosystèmes forestiers les facteurs abiotiques feront converger la diversité fonctionnelle alors que dans des prairies de fauche les pratiques agricoles faciliteront les phénomènes de compétition entre ....
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Il faut mettre les OGM en open source | Slate

Il faut mettre les OGM en open source | Slate | AgInterest | Scoop.it
Il n’y a pas si longtemps, on racontait que des biologistes moléculaires allaient sauver des milliards de personnes de la famine en créant génétiquement des cultures capables de résister aussi bien aux inondations qu’au gel et aux périodes de...
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Interview - Marion Guillou, Inra : « L'agro-écologie ne fait pas baisser les rendements »

Interview - Marion Guillou, Inra : « L'agro-écologie ne fait pas baisser les rendements » | AgInterest | Scoop.it

Alors qu'elle doit remettre mardi au ministre de l'Agriculture, Stéphane Le Foll son rapport sur l'agro-écologie, Marion Guillou (ex-présidente de l'Inra) explique à l'Afp que cela n'entraîne pas une baisse des rendements comme le craignent de nombreux agriculteurs mais prend plus de temps.


Via Laurent Lebot, Catherine Closson, Paul-Jean Ricolfi
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80% of Your Food is GMO CONTAMINATED: Ministry blames GMO cotton for 10,000 Indian farmer suicides, BANNED WORLDWIDE

80% of Your Food is GMO CONTAMINATED: Ministry blames GMO cotton for 10,000 Indian farmer suicides, BANNED WORLDWIDE | AgInterest | Scoop.it
While policy makers insist that Bt cotton, also known as genetically modified cotton, is a success in India, the Ministry of Agriculture says otherwise and blames the crop for suicides among India's farmers.

Via #BBBundyBlog #NOMORELIES Tom Woods #Activist Award #Scoopiteer >20,000 Sources >250K Connections http://goo.gl/ruHO3Q
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Louis Culotta's curator insight, July 11, 2013 5:05 PM

In Geography class we talked about GMA (or Genetically Modified Food)...But in reading this piece about GMC or Genetically Modified Cotton in India and how it went from a big success to a big failure, with very low yields and farmers their taking their lives.

 

This example only goes to show that we should not mess around to much with how nature makes things to begin with.

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Buy, grow, sell high: Canada’s wheat farmers turn into commodity traders

Buy, grow, sell high: Canada’s wheat farmers turn into commodity traders | AgInterest | Scoop.it

John Guelly’s work does not end once his combine is set on auto-steer. Bouncing over his 1,000 acres of land perched on the seat of the large farm machine, the Westlock, Alta., farmer takes advantage of the time to switch on his iPad and check out his go-to websites for agricultural prices.

Along with the intense job of harvesting at this time of year, Mr. Guelly now keeps a close eye on futures contracts for wheat and barley and the global commodity market so he can get the best prices for his crops. Checking several times a day on the rates grain companies are offering is a must. But he doesn’t mind.

 

“One of the reasons people farm is they like to be their own boss,” said Mr. Guelly, 46, whose family has been on the same land for three generations. The new system, he said, has “improved our ability to sell wheat when we want to, and know exactly what we’re going to get paid for it.”

Canada, the second largest exporter of wheat in the world, has transformed the way farmers sell their crops.

Just two harvests ago, all farmers of food-quality wheat and barley in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba (and a small portion of British Columbia) were forced to sell through the Canadian Wheat Board, known as a single-desk system. The Conservative government ended that monopoly in August, 2012.

Now, farmers such as Mr. Guelly make their own arrangements.

Regulations and government-mandated marketing have given way to competition and choices in selling. But the dependability of the wheat board system has also vanished, leaving farmers more exposed to a downturn. The first year of the new system brought record-breaking prices for wheat, driven by drought in the United States. But prices are falling from that high because of expectations of a bumper crop. Farmers are now free of the restrictions of the wheat board, but they have also lost its certainty.

Canadian Prairie wheat prices are linked to futures on U.S. commodity exchanges, but Saskatchewan farmer Rob Florence said he and other wheat growers must guess whether grain companies are giving them what their crops are actually worth. He completed a university course on Canadian commodity futures and options after the board was downsized, and sells to several grain companies, including the wheat board. Even so, he said he can spend an hour or more on the computer every day trying to keep track of grain prices.

“I don’t know I’m getting a fair price, and sometimes I’ll discover after the fact that I’m not getting a fair price,” the 59-year-old farmer said. He explained that farmers occasionally read in the news that a company that bought their wheat has resold it at a huge profit.

The Winnipeg-based board evoked strong emotions on the Prairies from its beginning as a wheat and barley marketer meant to help producers through the Great Depression, up to the 1990s when a small group of Western farmers, angry with the prescribed sales system, illegally sold wheat in the United States. This frustration helped spur the policies of the Reform Party, the western political movement that gave birth to the current Conservative Party.

Despite lingering concerns, federal Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz – once a Reformer himself – has already pronounced the termination of the single desk a success.

He said the change has given farmers the freedom to market their own grain, and he believes the ability to choose “the time, price and place” of grain sales has already resulted in higher profits. According to Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, the crop-year average wheat price for the 2012-13 was $285 per tonne compared to the average pooled return of $257 per tonne during the previous five crop years under the wheat board, an increase of nearly 11 per cent.

“I’m not judging it arbitrarily. I’m going by what farmers tell me ... they’re exceptionally pleased with it, and that it has been a very successful year,” Mr. Ritz said. “Farmers used to be held hostage.”

There’s no doubt the change is a challenge to the existence of the downsized Canadian Wheat Board – which will not release its present-day sales volumes but has said it is aiming for 20-30 per cent of the crop market under the new system.

No one from the board was available for an interview, and as of yet, there are no new details on a five-year plan to privatize it (a press conference on the issue scheduled for earlier this month was cancelled).

However, the new system has boosted business opportunities for global grain players such as Viterra Inc., Richardson International Ltd. and Cargill Ltd., which can now buy directly from farmers.

Kyle Jeworski, Viterra’s president and chief executive for North America, said his company has been able to find greater efficiencies under the new system. He said the end of the monopoly means pricing is more transparent for farmers. Now producers can view grain futures a year out, and lock in prices if they choose, or sell at a posted spot price.

In Meota, Sask., Tyler Mack’s phone buzzes with text messages throughout the day to alert him to the prices companies are offering. He likes that companies compete for his crops, and that he gets paid as soon as he makes a delivery. Under the wheat board, he would get part of the payment up front and the rest months later.

“Now I can just haul it and sell it, and get paid the full amount,” the 34-year-old farmer said. “It’s a lot nicer from my perspective.”

While some farmers say the change to a deregulated market is a horn of plenty, proponents of the single-desk system have always argued the wheat board’s size meant it could command better prices around the world. Although one lawsuit attempting to force the government to reverse the change was shot down, an uncertified class action initiated by Friends of the Canadian Wheat Board will go to Federal Court this fall.

“It’s freedom alright – freedom for the big grain players,” said Ken Eshpeter, a farmer in Daysland, Alta., and chairman of the Battle River Railway, a co-operative-owned short line focused on transporting grain.

“It was the single desk that was the crucial factor. It was the single desk gave farmers, as a collective marketing group, the power and the leverage,” Mr. Eshpeter said.


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Map of the Earth's Vegetation - GIS Lounge

Map of the Earth's Vegetation - GIS Lounge | AgInterest | Scoop.it
NASA and NOAA have released a map of the earth's vegetation. The map was created with NDVI data from VIIRS sensor aboard the Suomi NPP satellite.

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Stéphane Le Foll veut développer la contractualisation entre agriculteurs et industriels

Stéphane Le Foll veut développer la contractualisation entre agriculteurs et industriels | AgInterest | Scoop.it

Promise depuis près d’un an, la loi d’avenir pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et la forêt, voit enfin le jour. Cette loi...


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L'herbicide le plus vendu dans le monde, le glyphosate, contamine ...

L'herbicide le plus vendu dans le monde, le glyphosate, contamine ... | AgInterest | Scoop.it
D'autres firmes comme Syngenta, Bayer, BASF et Dow vendent aussi leurs propres produits à base de glyphosate. Une bonne part du marché de Monsanto provient des agriculteurs qui sont obligés d'acheter son herbicide, ...
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Pourquoi l'agriculture est-elle un enjeu de civilisation ? (par Xavier ... - Le Club de Mediapart

Pourquoi l'agriculture est-elle un enjeu de civilisation ? (par Xavier ... - Le Club de Mediapart | AgInterest | Scoop.it
Pourquoi l'agriculture est-elle un enjeu de civilisation ? (par Xavier ...
Le Club de Mediapart
À travers la diversité des produits et des savoir-faire, l'agriculture a assuré à l'humanité tout entière ses possibilités d'évolutions et d'échanges.

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L'aquaponie, une nouvelle méthode pour développer l'agriculture urbaine - Reporterre

L'aquaponie, une nouvelle méthode pour développer l'agriculture urbaine - Reporterre | AgInterest | Scoop.it

Depuis 2010, UrbanFarmers propose de cultiver légumes et poissons selon les principes de l’aquaponie. Midi :onze est allé voir comment fonctionnait ce système high-tech. Direction Bâle, où la start-up suisse a installé l’an dernier une serre sur les toits d’un entrepôt…


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