Advances in Technology and Warfare
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2-12 Sentence Paragraphs

My topic is Advances in technology and warfare of World War 2. The war lasted from 1939 to 1945. It was one of the greatest wars ever known. People who served in that war are alive to this day and can recall many great stories. Wars used to be hand to hand or gun-to-gun violence but after the first war people decided to start inventing new things. A start to the biggest milestone made during World War 1 was medicine, penicillin to be in fact. It took off during World War 2 due to injured soldiers. A lot of sickness flowed through every war fought in the world. Nurses and doctors used it to better the soldiers hoping to get them back on their feet as soon as possible. Another invention brought up to help towards war was the radar. Soldiers used it to detect any planes flying by. The radar was used to prevent any attacks from the sky. A big part of the war was the Atomic Bomb that the states dropped upon Japan. It was attack from them bombing pearl harbor. A lot of people including the scientists who made the bomb were against the idea of dropping it on Japan. Japan never surrendered which lead to the bomb. Millions of people across seas, died that day. A lot of new technology was invented during the war and used to conquer our opponents. Most of the stuff brought up at that time is still being used to this day just on a completely different level. 

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Primary Source #3

At The History Place, a speech from 1941 made by Roosevelt the day after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. 

Mr. Vice President, Mr. Speaker, members of the Senate and the House of Representatives:

Yesterday, December 7th, 1941 - a date which will live in infamy - the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.

The United States was at peace with that nation, and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in conversation with its government and its Emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the Pacific.

Indeed, one hour after Japanese air squadrons had commenced bombing in the American island of Oahu, the Japanese Ambassador to the United States and his colleague delivered to our Secretary of State a formal reply to a recent American message. And, while this reply stated that it seemed useless to continue the existing diplomatic negotiations, it contained no threat or hint of war or of armed attack.

It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago. During the intervening time the Japanese Government has deliberately sought to deceive the United States by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.

The attack yesterday on the Hawaiian Islands has caused severe damage to American naval and military forces. I regret to tell you that very many American lives have been lost. In addition, American ships have been reported torpedoed on the high seas between San Francisco and Honolulu.

Yesterday the Japanese Government also launched an attack against Malaya.
Last night Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong.
Last night Japanese forces attacked Guam.
Last night Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands.
Last night the Japanese attacked Wake Island.
And this morning the Japanese attacked Midway Island.

Japan has therefore undertaken a surprise offensive extending throughout the Pacific area. The facts of yesterday and today speak for themselves. The people of the United States have already formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety of our nation.

As Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense, that always will our whole nation remember the character of the onslaught against us.

No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people, in their righteous might, will win through to absolute victory.

I believe that I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost but will make it very certain that this form of treachery shall never again endanger us.

Hostilities exist. There is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory and our interests are in grave danger.

With confidence in our armed forces, with the unbounding determination of our people, we will gain the inevitable triumph. So help us God.

I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7th, 1941, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese Empire.

-President Franklin D. Roosevelt - December 8, 1941

Rebekkah Kelly's insight:

This is a speech from Preident Rooselvelt towards congress about Japan. The attack Pearl Harbor received, Franklin took it personal. He appealed towards congress about declaring a war to the attackers. He was basically saying that the Japaniese had been planning the attack for weeks. They attacked many other parts of countries, they needed to be stopped. 

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Primary Source #1

Primary Source #1 | Advances in Technology and Warfare |
Rebekkah Kelly's insight:

This letter was to the President in 1945. This is from local scientists whom are the ones assigned to work on the "atomic bombs." After the defeat of Germany the President wanted to bomb Japan. Scientists were afraid of the outcome of using a bomb bigger than the biggest one ever recorded. They're plea was that the Japaniese are people too and if they happened to surrender they should be given a chance to live. Using such vile attack on humans was inhumane to the scientists. They were begging the President to think twice about sending a bomb Japan's way. 

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Connects to Today #2

Connects to Today #2 | Advances in Technology and Warfare |
Rebekkah Kelly's insight:

During world war I, most soldiers had the normal guns with power and or gases to throw towards each other. During world war II, a lot more technology was invented to further success in warfare. A big thing during the war were Radars, in which detected any planes flying by. This helped soldiers take down the planes that planned to attack them from above. Although the radar still had kinks in the plan, and was easy for opponents to work around, it was very innovative for the time. In our time now, we still use things like that to detect flying aircraft and or sneak attacks, it's just far more advanced than the very first one, which was merely a building block to become something better.

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Primary Source Vocabulary

1. Deliberately 

2. Squadrons

3. Treachery

4. Inevitable

5. Liberation

6. Atomic

7. Annihilation

8. Torpedoed

9. Unbounding

10. Unprovoked

Rebekkah Kelly's insight:

1. carefully 

ex; slowly and deliberately he rose from the armchair

2. an operational unit in an air force consisting of two or more flights of aircraft and the personnel required to fly them.

ex. as well as equipping nine RAF squadrons, the aircraft was also bought by Australia, Germany and Belgium.

3. betrayal of trust; deceptive action or nature.

ex; his resignation was perceived as an act of treachery

4. Unavoidable

ex; war was inevitable

 5. the act of setting someone free from imprisonment, slavery, or oppression; release.

ex; the liberation of all political prisoners

6. of or relating to an atom or atoms.

ex; "the atomic nucleus" 

7. total destruction

ex; the atomic bomb on Japan caused annihilation

8. attack or sink (a ship) with a torpedo or torpedoes.

ex; fighting between the militias torpedoed peace talks

9. Not bound or tied up.ex; The confidence of the army was unbounding10. not caused by anything done or said.

ex; The attack on pearl harbor was unprovoked 



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Primary Source #2

Primary Source #2 | Advances in Technology and Warfare |
Rebekkah Kelly's insight:

This photo is of President Franklin signing a delecration of war against Japan. As you can see his face shows no jokes. I believed at this point he had no sympathy for anyone around him. In a sense I feel like world war II got so out of hand so quick because everyone wanted to be better than the other. They basically felt as if they had to one up each other. It may not be the case but i think that countries also got a little too bored with not having drama around so they'd find any little reason to start a war. It's just like highschool.

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Connects to Today #1

Connects to Today #1 | Advances in Technology and Warfare |
Update 1: watch the conference presentation inspired by this article! Update 2: read the follow-up article, Five Innovations from the Civil War British psychologist Henry Ellis famously said, "There is nothing that war has ever achieved that we ...
Rebekkah Kelly's insight:

One thing that helped 100% of the soldiers in World War II was synthetic rubber. They used it in their clothes, tired for vehicles. Just about everything they had, had some sort of rubber base in it. "Simply put: without rubber, armies couldn’t do much more than hand-to-hand combat. Probably barefoot." In modern times we still use rubber for a lot of things. Anywhere from car parts to adhesives in tape. Rubber was invented over in Japan before the war but if we hadn't discovered it, we'd be living a totally different life.

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