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Technology for TBLT: Examples of virtual worlds for language learning

University of Hawai'i Spanish professor Marta Gonzalez-Lloret explains the principles of task-based language teaching (TBLT) and gives examples of technology use for language learners such as virtual and synthetic worlds (Second Life, World of Warcraft).

 

See a demonstration of her collaborative environment for Spanish learners "En busca de Esmeraldes" and another virtual environment for an ESP course for health professionals, plus a Chinese online course


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ADQUISICIÓN DE SEGUNDAS LENGUAS-SECOND LANGUAGE ADQUISITION
La importancia de los estudios teóricos sobre adquisición de segundas lenguas para su aplicación en el aula
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Language and Linguistics Journals- Cambridge Journals Online

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E-JournALL | EuroAmerican Journal of Applied Linguistics and Languages

E-JournALL | EuroAmerican Journal of Applied Linguistics and Languages | ADQUISICIÓN DE SEGUNDAS LENGUAS-SECOND LANGUAGE ADQUISITION | Scoop.it
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Chomsky Was Right, We Possess An Internal Grammar

Chomsky Was Right, We Possess An Internal Grammar | ADQUISICIÓN DE SEGUNDAS LENGUAS-SECOND LANGUAGE ADQUISITION | Scoop.it

A team of neuroscientists has found new support for MIT linguist Noam Chomsky’s decades-old theory that we possess an “internal grammar” that allows us to comprehend even nonsensical phrases.

 

 


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Shona Whyte's curator insight, January 10, 4:12 AM

Poeppel: "Because we went to great lengths to design experimental conditions that control for statistical or sound cue contributions to processing, our findings show that we must use the grammar in our head,” explains Poeppel. “Our brains lock onto every word before working to comprehend phrases and sentences. The dynamics reveal that we undergo a grammar-based construction in the processing of language.”

Breffni O'Rourke's curator insight, January 11, 8:18 AM

Via Shona Whyte, definitely one for the to-read list. I'll be interested to see whether the study shows that rules are the ONLY mechanism for parsing, or that it is one mechanism available in special conditions such as the ones the researchers created in the lab.

 

NB: in the Neuroscience News write-up, they say that we can recognise Chomsky's famous example “Colorless green ideas sleep furiously” as simultaneously nonsensical but grammatically well-formed because "the statistical relations between words are non-existent". Not so: see http://itre.cis.upenn.edu/~myl/languagelog/archives/000025.html


 

 

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La primera lengua que aprendes prepara tu cerebro para adquirir nuevos idiomas

La primera lengua que aprendes prepara tu cerebro para adquirir nuevos idiomas | ADQUISICIÓN DE SEGUNDAS LENGUAS-SECOND LANGUAGE ADQUISITION | Scoop.it
Poco después del año, los bebés comienzan a decir sus primeras palabras. Al principio son apenas dos o tres, generalmente 'mamá', papá' y 'agua', o tal vez 'hola', y aunque a esa edad pueden comunicar...
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The Two Faces of SLA: VanPatten 2010

Language consists of two broad domains: (1) mental representation, and (2) skill (use), although within each domain there are separable sub-domains (e.g., syntax, phonology, lexicon, semantics, and so on in mental representation; and reading, writing, speaking, and so on, in skill). The implications of such a view are that the development of different parts of language may respond to different stimuli in the environment. What is more, some domains may be more or less amenable to explicit instruction and practice while others are stubborn or resistant to external influences.


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Shona Whyte's curator insight, December 16, 2015 12:00 AM

VanPatten argues against explicit grammar instruction (making the no-interface argument, pace DeKeyser)

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How the language you speak changes your view of the world

How the language you speak changes your view of the world | ADQUISICIÓN DE SEGUNDAS LENGUAS-SECOND LANGUAGE ADQUISITION | Scoop.it
Bilinguals get all the perks. Better job prospects, a cognitive boost and even protection against dementia. Now new research shows that they can also view the world in different ways depending on the specific language they are operating in.
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Justifying Language Teacher Cognition Research

Justifying Language Teacher Cognition Research | ADQUISICIÓN DE SEGUNDAS LENGUAS-SECOND LANGUAGE ADQUISITION | Scoop.it

One fundamental question teacher cognition research needs to address clearly is ‘why is it important to understand what teachers know, believe, think and feel?’ Today it is not enough to study, for example, teacher beliefs, for their own sake – a more concrete reason is needed. And for this reason I am critical (see Borg 2015) of papers which increasingly describe teacher cognition without any ulterior purpose or sense of how such insights might be of value. It can often be, though, difficult to provide a convincing answer to the ‘why’ question above, so let’s consider some examples.


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Shona Whyte's curator insight, November 5, 2015 11:43 AM

Discussion of ground rules for teacher cognition research

irvin's curator insight, November 5, 2015 3:57 PM

language teacher  cognition research

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The benefits of a bilingual brain - Mia Nacamulli

The benefits of a bilingual brain - Mia Nacamulli | ADQUISICIÓN DE SEGUNDAS LENGUAS-SECOND LANGUAGE ADQUISITION | Scoop.it
It’s obvious that knowing more than one language can make certain things easier — like traveling or watching movies without subtitles. But are there other advantages to having a bilingual (or multilingual) brain? Mia Nacamulli details the three types of bilingual brains and shows how knowing more than one language keeps your brain healthy, complex and actively engaged.
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Complexity theory for ELT: Diane Larsen-Freeman

Complexity theory for ELT: Diane Larsen-Freeman | ADQUISICIÓN DE SEGUNDAS LENGUAS-SECOND LANGUAGE ADQUISITION | Scoop.it

Achilleas Kostoulas:

"Complexity can offer a way to look into the connections between three dichotomous pairs that come up often in the ELT literature:

grammar process & product: Complexity helps us to understand how grammatical regularities originate in language use, rather than from the top-down imposition of formal rules. Emergent regularities then become sedimented into patterns, through a process of ‘grammaring’, and it is these patterns that then constrain future use.lexis & grammar: This dichotomy has already been challenged by empirical work in corpus linguistics, which has raised awareness of lexico-grammatical phenomena. Lexico-grammar ranges from fixed phrases to semi-lexicalised patterns, and complexity theory can help to account for their use.learners & learning: Larsen-Freeman cites evidence from emprical research including her own, which have suggested that while learners share a common learning process, they also go through unique developmental trajectories. In this case too, complexity can help us understand how the trajectories interrelate with shared learning processes.

Larsen-Freeman concludes her talk by suggesting some implications of these insights for English Language Teaching."


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Shona Whyte's curator insight, September 18, 2015 3:21 AM

Blog post plus link to video of Diane Larsen Freeman on complexity theory.

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Could Bilingual Education Mold Kids’ Brains to Better Resist Distraction?

Could Bilingual Education Mold Kids’ Brains to Better Resist Distraction? | ADQUISICIÓN DE SEGUNDAS LENGUAS-SECOND LANGUAGE ADQUISITION | Scoop.it
Studies show learning another language helps people develop cognitive advantages that improve attention.

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Nik Peachey's curator insight, September 2, 2015 8:07 AM

Interesting reading.

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MIT claims to have found a “language universal” that ties all languages together

MIT claims to have found a “language universal” that ties all languages together | ADQUISICIÓN DE SEGUNDAS LENGUAS-SECOND LANGUAGE ADQUISITION | Scoop.it
A language universal would bring evidence to Chomsky's controversial theories.
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Bilingualism Benefits the Brain at Any Age - Language Magazine

Learning and actively using a second language, whether done from childhood or later in life, can not only improve language processing but benefit the brain in a more general sense.


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Sacra Jáimez's curator insight, August 6, 2015 6:27 AM

Most investigation on the topic shows that learning and using a second language benefits your brain and your life!

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Language Acquisition Theory | Simply Psychology


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Tracking L2 acquisition in immigrant secondary school pupils: Michael Evans

Tracking L2 acquisition in immigrant secondary school pupils: Michael Evans | ADQUISICIÓN DE SEGUNDAS LENGUAS-SECOND LANGUAGE ADQUISITION | Scoop.it

Two case studies:

22 recently-arrived migrant pupils

Language data: 2 open ended writing tasks, 30 minutes, some prompts were provided, 1 year interval

What was analysed? Formal features (word count, spelling mistakes, connectives, tenses, complex sentences.)

70 interviews, 30 min approx

Analyses of the 3 longest turns

Study of conjecture in the language of EAL pupils + Direct/indirect speech

 


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David Crystal on Texting (S1E2 of It's Only a Theory)

Professor David Crystal on BBC's It's Only a Theory, originally broadcast on October 13th 2009. "Texting is good for the English language."
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Debate Rages Over Whether Speaking A Second Language Improves Cognition

Debate Rages Over Whether Speaking A Second Language Improves Cognition | ADQUISICIÓN DE SEGUNDAS LENGUAS-SECOND LANGUAGE ADQUISITION | Scoop.it

Some studies show that the purported “bilingual advantage” may be only a myth

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The First Language You Learn Changes How You Hear All Other Languages After

The First Language You Learn Changes How You Hear All Other Languages After | ADQUISICIÓN DE SEGUNDAS LENGUAS-SECOND LANGUAGE ADQUISITION | Scoop.it

An MRI experiment shows that the language you hear as a baby makes a permanent imprint on your brain.


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Articulatory setting: an approach to pronunciation teaching

Articulatory setting: an approach to pronunciation teaching | ADQUISICIÓN DE SEGUNDAS LENGUAS-SECOND LANGUAGE ADQUISITION | Scoop.it

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Shona Whyte's curator insight, December 13, 2015 4:56 AM

A short introduction to articulatory setting or voice setting, and some links to background reading, research, and pedagogical applications.

 

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Entrevista a Reyes Llopis García, experta en gramática cognitiva

Entrevista a Reyes Llopis García, experta en gramática cognitiva | ADQUISICIÓN DE SEGUNDAS LENGUAS-SECOND LANGUAGE ADQUISITION | Scoop.it

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10 Language Mistakes Kids Make That Are Actually Pretty Smart

10 Language Mistakes Kids Make That Are Actually Pretty Smart | ADQUISICIÓN DE SEGUNDAS LENGUAS-SECOND LANGUAGE ADQUISITION | Scoop.it
These mistakes show that little kids know a lot more about the rules than we think.
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How Did Language Begin?

How Did Language Begin? | ADQUISICIÓN DE SEGUNDAS LENGUAS-SECOND LANGUAGE ADQUISITION | Scoop.it
Here's what we know about the origin of language.
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100 Libros de Lingüística para descargar en PDF | Laberintos del Tiempo

100 Libros de Lingüística para descargar en PDF | Laberintos del Tiempo | ADQUISICIÓN DE SEGUNDAS LENGUAS-SECOND LANGUAGE ADQUISITION | Scoop.it
100 Libros de Lingüística para descargar en PDF http://t.co/atznewGtN2
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Phonemic Diversity Supports a Serial Founder Effect Model of Language Expansion from Africa

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Learning and Cognitive Load - An Introduction

Learning and Cognitive Load - An Introduction | ADQUISICIÓN DE SEGUNDAS LENGUAS-SECOND LANGUAGE ADQUISITION | Scoop.it
What does it mean to have learned something? What occurs within the individual as they are learning and what changes occur as a result of that learning? At some point in the teaching/learning cycle we need to ask this question and ponder our definition of learning and the consequences that follow from our conclusions. 

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Foreign Language Learning in Adults Associated With Genetic Variation

Foreign Language Learning in Adults Associated With Genetic Variation | ADQUISICIÓN DE SEGUNDAS LENGUAS-SECOND LANGUAGE ADQUISITION | Scoop.it

Researcher in communication sciences and disorders examines the brain’s role in individual differences in adult language learning and seeks to understand the biological origins of language.


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Csilla Jaray-Benn's curator insight, August 3, 2015 5:59 AM
Based on my experience, I truly believe in adult language learners' ability to learn a new language. Good to read about scientific proof.