Adolescent Sexuality
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Adolescent Sexuality
Issues related to adolescent sexuality for Stanford Hum Bio Course. Please note that I do not necessarily endorse the viewpoint of any article posted here, but rather want you to pay attention to how various issues related to sexuality are covered in the media. Please send links to any topics or points of view that seem to be missing here.
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A Short History of the Tomboy

A Short History of the Tomboy | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it

The tomboy conjures an image of a girl in overalls and baseball hats, wearing short hair and nondescript shoes. She probably isn’t into Barbie. When the term “tomboy” first appeared, in the mid-16th century, it actually was a name for male children who were rude and boisterous. But by the 1590s, the word underwent a shift toward its current, feminine usage: a “wild, romping girl, [a] girl who acts like a spirited boy.”

Many girls, of course, exhibit both girly and tomboy traits, and the infinite shades in between. Nevertheless, the tomboy is an overlooked part of how American society understands gender, race, class, and sexuality. And as attitudes toward all those categories change and evolve, the relevance and appropriateness of the tomboy label is uncertain

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Narcissism and romantic relationships: The differential impact of narcissistic admiration and rivalry.

Narcissism and romantic relationships: The differential impact of narcissistic admiration and rivalry. | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
Narcissism is known to be related to romantic success in short-term contexts (dating, early stage relationships) but also to problems in long-term committed relationships. We propose that these diverging romantic outcomes of narcissism can be explained by differential associations with agentic versus antagonistic dimensions of grandiose narcissism: Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry. Both dimensions serve the central narcissistic goal of gaining and maintaining a grandiose self-view, but do so by different processes: Admiration is characterized by the tendency to promote the positivity of one’s self-view by seeking social admiration (assertive self-enhancement). Rivalry is characterized by the tendency to protect oneself from a negative self-view by derogating others (antagonistic self-protection). Across 7 studies (total N = 3,560) using diverse measures and methodological approaches (self-, peer, and partner reports, as well as interpersonal perception measures in video-based studies, face-to-face laboratory encounters, and online surveys), we show that the short-term romantic appeal associated with narcissism is primarily attributable to the dimension of Admiration, whereas the long-term romantic problems associated with narcissism are primarily attributable to the dimension of Rivalry. These results highlight the utility of a 2-dimensional reconceptualization of grandiose narcissism for explaining its heterogeneous romantic outcomes. The findings further underscore the idea that different facets of personality traits might impact different aspects of romantic relationship quality, depending on the stage of the relationship. Such a more nuanced view increases the predictive validity of personality traits in social relationship research.
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Donald Trump Meets with SCOTUS Candidate William Pryor who Supported Criminalizing Gay Sex

Donald Trump Meets with SCOTUS Candidate William Pryor who Supported Criminalizing Gay Sex | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
Donald Trump met on Saturday with extreme conservative Judge William Pryor of the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. Pryor is on Trump’s short list for potential SCOTUS candidates.

Pryor is on record supporting the criminalization of private consensual gay sex and has compared it to “activities like” prostitution, adultery, necrophilia, sex with animals, possession of child pornography, and even incest and pedophilia.

The AP reports:

Judge William Pryor, an Alabama-based judge on the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, met with Trump in New York on Saturday, said two people familiar with the meeting. They spoke on condition of anonymity because the meeting had not been publicly announced.

Trump said last week that he would select a candidate to fill the seat of the late Justice Antonin Scalia within his first two weeks in office. He has promised to seek someone in the conservative’s mold and said he is working from a list of 21 people, mainly conservative state and federal judges in their 50s.
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‘Queer Dance Party’ shakes and shimmies to send a message to Mike Pence

‘Queer Dance Party’ shakes and shimmies to send a message to Mike Pence | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
About 200 protesters shimmied and sashayed their way through the Chevy Chase neighborhood Wednesday night toward the house temporarily rented by Vice President-elect Mike Pence to protest what they consider his anti-gay views.

The group, which gathered for a “Queer Dance Party,” convened at the Friendship Heights Metro station around 6 p.m. and, blasting Beyoncé and other up-tempo tunes, danced its way to the house Pence has been renting until he moves into the Naval Observatory after the inauguration.

“Dance is so integral to the queer community as a form of self-expression and a form of asserting our power and our beauty and our love for one another,” said Firas Nasr, 23, a protest organizer who lives in Virginia. “The idea is to leave a mark that Mike Pence will never forget.”
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A New Play About Roe v. Wade Opens in a Very Different World Than the One Its Playwright Imagined

A New Play About Roe v. Wade Opens in a Very Different World Than the One Its Playwright Imagined | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
Over a year ago, Molly Smith, artistic director of Washington, D.C.’s Arena Stage Theater, scheduled a new play, Roe, to open in the nation’s capital in January 2017. The stars, it seemed, would be perfectly aligned. January would mark both the 44th anniversary of Roe v. Wade, the U.S. Supreme Court’s landmark decision legalizing abortion, and a historic presidential inauguration. “We thought it would be our first woman president,” Smith said, “I expected the play to open in a celebratory feel.”

Then, of course, Donald Trump got elected as the 45th president of the United States. Now, as Washington prepares for the inauguration, a new urgency has set in on both sides of the abortion divide. This weekend, the Women’s March on Washington will protest, among other things, Trump’s promise to appoint conservative justices to overturn Roe. Meanwhile, right to life groups are urging states to declare Jan. 22 as the Day of Tears and lower their flags to half staff to “mourn the innocents who have lost their lives to abortion.” Roe opens this week, just a few miles from the Supreme Court, in a very different atmosphere than its creators anticipated, but perhaps under an even greater spotlight.
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Why we should all be having sex with robots

Why we should all be having sex with robots | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
When it comes to automated sex, we humans are a bit... nervous. The media has labeled the idea of sex robots "upsetting," and the people who might be interested in using their services are considered "bewildering." There's even a "Campaign Against Sex Robots!"

For many people, there's an unquestioning ick factor attached to the idea of sex with robots. Why? The popular thinking goes something like this: It's pathetic and creepy to sleep with inanimate objects. It's another step on the dangerous path toward eliminating human contact, as flesh-and-blood lovers won't be able to compete with humanoid ones. And it might even kill us.
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U.S. Abortion Rate Falls To Lowest Level Since Roe v. Wade

U.S. Abortion Rate Falls To Lowest Level Since Roe v. Wade | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
The abortion rate in the United States fell to its lowest level since the historic Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision legalized abortion nationwide, a new report finds.

The report by the Guttmacher Institute, a research group that supports legalized abortion, puts the rate at 14.6 abortions per 1,000 women of childbearing age (ages 15-44) in 2014. That's the lowest recorded rate since the Roe decision in 1973. The abortion rate has been declining for decades — down from a peak of 29.3 in 1980 and 1981.
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Serena Williams Got Engaged to Reddit's Cofounder: Why Bigots, Black Men, and Feminists Care

Serena Williams Got Engaged to Reddit's Cofounder: Why Bigots, Black Men, and Feminists Care | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
For years, interracial couples were depicted in popular culture as novelties or provocateurs. But now such couples grace the screen with little to no commentary about their racial makeup. At some point during the past decade, Hollywood decided that mixed couples just aren’t controversial anymore. On shows such as ABC’s How to Get Away With Murder, nearly every character has had an interracial relationship. And reviews of Loving, the biopic about the couple who took their fight against anti-miscegenation laws to the Supreme Court in 1967, suggest that interracial marriage today is unremarkable. The implication is that outrage over miscegenation is passé. Interracial relationships are the new normal, or at least not abnormal enough to be noteworthy.

The reality tells a different story.

When Serena Williams announced her engagement to Reddit cofounder Alexis Ohanian, she faced attacks from white racists and some African Americans, disappointed that the tennis star planned to wed a white ma
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Here’s what the Texas bathroom bill means in plain English

Here’s what the Texas bathroom bill means in plain English | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
Following North Carolina’s lead, Texas Republicans last week unveiled the so-called “bathroom bill” to regulate bathroom use and keep transgender Texans from using bathrooms that align with their gender identity.

Senate Bill 6, one of Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick’s legislative priorities, would require transgender people to use bathrooms in public schools, government buildings and public universities based on “biological sex.” The measure would also pre-empt local nondiscrimination ordinances that allow transgender Texans to use the bathroom that corresponds with their gender identity.

To help you understand the proposal, below is the text of SB 6, annotated with our own context and analysis. Text with a red strikethrough are being proposed for removal from the current law; text with a green underline are additions.
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CHOICE/LESS - Evan Minton: Why Did They Cancel My Surgery? 

CHOICE/LESS - Evan Minton: Why Did They Cancel My Surgery?  | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
Evan Minton calls each transgender person a snowflake. “Our process is so different and so unique,” the 35-year-old transgender man told Rewire. For Evan, that means medical interventions in the form of hormones and surgery. Evan’s gender dysphoria causes him extreme anxiety. “As soon as I take the next step in my medical intervention, my anxiety just evaporates. For other people, they don’t need that, and it is all completely valid.”
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A National Version of the 'Heartbeat Bill' Was Just Introduced in the U.S. House

A National Version of the 'Heartbeat Bill' Was Just Introduced in the U.S. House | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
A national version of the Heartbeat Bill, a bill that would effectively ban abortion at roughly six weeks of gestation, was introduced yesterday in the U.S. House of Representatives. The bill is sponsored by Representative Steve King, a Republican from Iowa.

“Human life, beginning at the moment of conception, is sacred in all of its forms and today, I introduced a bill that will protect the lives of voiceless innocents,” King said in a statement. “My legislation will require all physicians, before conducting an abortion, to detect the heartbeat of the unborn child. If a heartbeat is detected, the baby is protected.”

The bill is meant as a direct challenge of Roe which established 24-weeks—the gestational point that the Supreme Court determined to be the point of viability—as the legal standard for abortion
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Defense nominee Mattis won’t say if women and LGBT people should be able to serve

Defense nominee Mattis won’t say if women and LGBT people should be able to serve | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
At his confirmation hearing on Thursday, Retired General James Mattis — President-elect Donald Trump’s pick to be secretary of defense — refused to say whether he believes women and LGBT people should be able to serve in the military.
Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) noted during questioning that Mattis had previously said allowing women and men to serve together was like mixing different types of arrows, and asked whether he still believes that. Mattis responded that he did not plan to make any changes unless someone brings a problem to his attention.
“I’m looking for military readiness,” he said, adding that he has “no plan to oppose women.”
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A better way to talk about love

A better way to talk about love | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
In love, we fall. We're struck, we're crushed, we swoon. We burn with passion. Love makes us crazy and makes us sick. Our hearts ache, and then they break. Talking about love in this way fundamentally shapes how we experience it, says writer Mandy Len Catron. In this talk for anyone who's ever felt crazy in love, Catron highlights a different metaphor for love that may help us find more joy — and less suffering — in it.
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Transitions in romantic relationships and development of self-esteem.

Transitions in romantic relationships and development of self-esteem. | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
Research suggests that self-esteem increases during late adolescence and young adulthood, but that there is large interindividual variability in this development. However, little is known about the factors accounting for these findings. Using propensity score matching, we tested whether important transitions in the domain of romantic relationships (i.e., beginning a relationship, marrying, and breaking up) explain why individuals differ in the particular self-esteem trajectory they follow. Data came from a longitudinal German study with a large sample of 3 nationally representative cohorts of late adolescents and young adults (total N = 9,069). The analyses were based on 4 assessments across a 3-year period. Using matched samples, the results showed that beginning a relationship increased self-esteem and that the increase persisted when the relationship held at least for 1 year. Experiencing a relationship break-up decreased self-esteem, but the effect disappeared after 1 year, even if the participant stayed single. Marrying did not influence self-esteem. Additionally, we tested for selection effects of self-esteem on the later occurrence of relationship transitions. High self-esteem predicted the beginning of a relationship and low self-esteem predicted relationship break-up. All findings held across gender, age, and migration background. Furthermore, relationship quality mediated the effect of self-esteem on relationship break-up and the effect of beginning a longer versus a short relationship on self-esteem. The findings have significant implications because they show that self-esteem influences whether important transitions occur in the relationship domain and that, in turn, experiencing these transitions influences the further development of self-esteem
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How implicit theories of sexuality shape sexual and relationship well-being.

How implicit theories of sexuality shape sexual and relationship well-being. | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
How do people believe they can best maintain sexual satisfaction in their romantic relationships? In the current research, we draw upon the literature on implicit theories of relationships to develop and validate a scale examining 2 types of lay beliefs about how sexual satisfaction can be maintained over time. Individuals high in sexual growth beliefs think that sexual satisfaction is attained from hard work and effort, whereas individuals high in sexual destiny beliefs think that sexual satisfaction is attained through finding a compatible sexual partner. Across 6 studies (2 cross-sectional online studies, a 21-day daily experience study, 2 dyadic studies, and an experimental manipulation; N = 1,896), we find evidence that those higher in sexual growth beliefs experience higher relationship and sexual satisfaction, and have partners who are more satisfied. Conversely, the effects of sexual destiny beliefs on satisfaction are contingent upon signs of partner compatibility: When individuals high in sexual destiny beliefs experience greater sexual disagreements in their relationship, they experience lower relationship quality. These results are independent of general relationship implicit beliefs, providing evidence for the uniqueness of these 2 constructs and the importance of examining implicit beliefs in the domain of sexuality. Overall, these results provide novel evidence that individuals’ lay beliefs about maintaining sexual satisfaction are important for understanding the quality of their sex lives and relationships
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Actually, Tom Price, Women Have Been Fired For Their Reproductive Choices

Actually, Tom Price, Women Have Been Fired For Their Reproductive Choices | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
Allow us to show you this brief list.
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D.C. Metro Rejects Medication Abortion Ads 

D.C. Metro Rejects Medication Abortion Ads  | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
A reproductive health center said the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) is censoring the company’s messages about medication abortion by selectively enforcing its advertising guidelines.
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Air India Announces a Section for Women-Only as a Strategy to Combat Harassment

Air India Announces a Section for Women-Only as a Strategy to Combat Harassment | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
Following several instances of reported harassment on their flights, Air India is implementing a plan to mark two rows on every flight as “women only.”

The Hindu reports that there will be no additional fee for booking one of the special seats set aside for female passengers, though there aren’t very many:

“We will be reserving the third row — six seats — in the economy class of the aircraft for female passengers travelling alone,” said Air India general manager-revenue management Meenakshi Malik. “We feel, as national carriers, it is our responsibility to enhance comfort level to female passengers. There are a lot of female passengers who travel alone with us and we will be blocking a few seats for them.”
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Off the Hook: A Q&A With "American Hookup" Author Lisa Wade

Off the Hook: A Q&A With "American Hookup" Author Lisa Wade | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
As a longtime fan of Lisa Wade's blog, Sociological Images, I would have gladly read pretty much any book she wrote. But, as it happens, the first book by Wade—who teaches sociology at California's Occidental College—addresses one of the most widely misunderstood concepts of the past few decades: The college hookup. Vilified, tsk-tsked, and blamed for everything from the death of chivalry to the epidemic of campus rape, the hookup and its gendered dimensions has become an obsession of mainstream media .

American Hookup: The New Culture of Sex on Campus uses data, reporting, and journal entries from students of various races, classes, and religions to put together a compelling, and often depressing, picture of a culture in which feelings are discouraged, orgasm ratios are skewed, and young people aren't induling in the kind of orgiastic ecstasy conjured by the overheated imaginations of their moral guardians. It considers what happens when "fun" becomes narrowly defined and when theories about gender equality don't match a reality in which sexual double standards still reign. "Students are less happy and healthy than in previous generations," writes Wade, and American Hookup—out tomorrow from W.W. Norton—is her effort to find out why hookup culture might play a part in that.
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Connecticut GOP Politician Arrested After Pinching Woman’s Genitals

Connecticut Republican politician Christopher von Keyserling was arrested and charged with sexual assault after he was caught on a security camera pinching the genitals of a woman with whom he got into a political disagreement.

Von Keyserling, the 71-year-old chair of the Representative Town Meeting in Greenwich, encountered the unnamed woman in the hallway of an unnamed town facility on Dec. 8, according to the Westport Weston. She told him it was “a new world” politically, to which he allegedly replied, “I love this new world, I no longer have to be politically correct,” according to the warrant.

She told him that if he was “proud of that I can’t help you,” after which he called her a lazy, bloodsucking union employee, the warrant said. He allegedly followed her into her office, saying he wanted to talk to her co-worker. Her co-worker came into the office, refused to talk with him, and left.
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Rethinking Gender Boundaries

Rethinking Gender Boundaries | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
Twelve-year-old Chanel likes watching Disney movies, baking cupcakes, and going on sleepovers. Her favorite places to shop are Justice, for the trendy tween styles, and Claire’s, for the earrings. She loves to draw, especially girls in skirts, dresses, boots, and heels that she designs. When you meet Chanel, what you find is a shy, sweet, well-adjusted girl, but this wasn’t always the case.

Chanel (not her real name) was born a healthy baby boy in 2004. Lori and John (also pseudonyms) began fostering the baby boy at 5 months and adopted him three years later. (Chanel changed her birth name, a boy’s name, legally in 2014.) “As soon as Chanel could crawl, she went right for the girls’ toys, the dolls,” John said. At 3, Chanel became fascinated with mermaids, fairies, and princesses and wanted to dress in girls’ clothes. “It was about that time that she would correct me and tell me that she was a girl,” Lori said. By 4, he rejected anything that was boyish, such as short haircuts and boy’s underwear, and was prone to angry outbursts. Then Lori saw a talk show about a family that had a transgender child. “We had never heard of transgender,” Lori said. “It was as if they were telling our son’s story.” Between second and third grades, Chanel informed her parents that she was going to go to school as a girl the next year. Lori and John agreed. That summer, she changed her name and wardrobe and grew her hair long. “Her whole nature transformed overnight,” said John. “She was calm and happy, all of the frustration melted away.”

Diane Ehrensaft is a Bay Area developmental and clinical psychologist, author, and expert on gender nonconforming and transgender children who has been a gender specialist for 40 years.
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Men Go to Steve Harvey Show Taping on 'What Men Really Think' That Gets 'Too Rapey'

Men Go to Steve Harvey Show Taping on 'What Men Really Think' That Gets 'Too Rapey' | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
On Sunday, a group of male Chicago comedians attended the season premiere taping of The Steve Harvey Show in Chicago. These ten men were part of an audience of roughly 2,000 at the Ford Oriental Theatre downtown, who were all there for “What Men Really Think - The Event!” What Men Really Think, according to accounts, is that it is acceptable for thousands of them to catcall and harass 150 women onstage.

Advertised as an event intended “for gentlemen of all backgrounds and ages,” the taping appears to be a more elaborate version of a segment that was part of an episode that aired in July during It’s Raining Men Week, also entitled “What Men Really Think.” That segment had featured a regular-sized studio audience of women, with men onstage who’d been quizzed on questions like “Which is more important, a pretty face or a great body?” (Answer: A pretty face!)
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Gender-fluid actor Kelly Mantle makes Oscars history

Gender-fluid actor Kelly Mantle makes Oscars history | Adolescent Sexuality | Scoop.it
Actor Kelly Mantle is making Academy Awards history this year. The gender-fluid performer is eligible for Oscar nominations in both male and female categories, which is a first for the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
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