Response to intervention (Rtl) provides tiered levels of supports to all students and allows for increasingly more inten- sive and individualized instruction. Similarly, universal design for learning (UDL) addresses needs of students by proactively plan- ning for instructional, environmental, and technology supports to allow all students to effectively access and engage in instruction. Although these two frameworks are widely accepted as structures for supporting students with diverse learning needs, the relation- ship between them has not been adequately developed. This arti- cle describes how an ecological Rtl framework that integrates scientifically based instructional strategies, proactive instruc- tional design, and purposeful technology use can provide a more seamless support system for all students.


Via Smaragda Papadopoulou