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4D Printing is Manufacturing’s Next Frontier: Materials That Assemble Themselves

4D Printing is Manufacturing’s Next Frontier: Materials That Assemble Themselves | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it

The first proof of concept came from a just-add-H20 molecules experiment: a strand of unformed printed pieces that morphed into the MIT logo once submerged in water. Everything was programmed ahead of time, so that it only took a change in elements (the water) to create a new shape, and therefore a new product.

 

The potential effect of such shape-shifting powers is limitless on everything from consumer goods to biomedical practices, the aerospace industry to sports. “You can imagine garments or shoes that respond to the athlete and the environment," Tibbits tells Co.Design. "Tires could respond to road conditions, rather than consumers needing different tires for different surfaces.”

 

For him, the ultimate goal is on a macro scale--applying 4-D printing to reduce energy and labor costs in manufacturing.

 

The 4-D process requires two kinds of materials: static and active. The static material acts as the geometric structure, and the active material contains the energy and information that prompts the object’s transformation. Tibbits designs the size and placement of the active material using Autodesk’s Project Cyborg software. A Connex Multi-Material printer from Stratasys will then deposit the two materials simultaneously.

 

Of course, MIT scored a major coup in making objects that bounce into new forms once underwater. And along with the team’s largest future plans for the technology--to change the shape of global manufacture--you can also see how less ambitious iterations would refine or even lead into extinction the user experience of say, assembling furniture from Ikea.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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The first 3D printed organ -- a liver -- is expected in 2014

The first 3D printed organ -- a liver -- is expected in 2014 | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
Bio-printing companies and academics are finally having success keeping 3D printed human tissue alive long enough to use it for drug development and testing. It could be used for human implants someday.
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3D printing pen lets surgeons draw cells on damaged bones, speeding recovery

3D printing pen lets surgeons draw cells on damaged bones, speeding recovery | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
Researchers say the pen could be used to treat severe damage from a car accident or to remodel defects in a bone.
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3D Printing Organs with the “Bioficial” Technique > ENGINEERING.com

3D Printing Organs with the “Bioficial” Technique > ENGINEERING.com | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
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3D printing: Protecting intellectual property rights - Philadelphia Business Journal

3D printing: Protecting intellectual property rights - Philadelphia Business Journal | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
3D printing technology has advanced to become more efficient, more accessible, more...
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Two-photon polymerization of polyethylene glycol diacrylate scaffolds with riboflavin and triethanolamine used as a water-soluble photoinitiator, Regenerative Medicine, Future Medicine

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3D printing ‘to cost $100 billion in IP losses’

3D printing ‘to cost $100 billion in IP losses’ | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
By 2018, 3D printing will result in the loss of at least US$100 billion per year in intellectual property globally, according to forecasts. Analyst gr...
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Faculty experiences with the National Institutes of Health (NIH) public access policy, compliance issues, and copyright practices

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Scientists Can Now 3D Print Transplantable, Living Kidneys

Scientists Can Now 3D Print Transplantable, Living Kidneys | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
For the first time ever, scientists are successfully 3D printing actual, living human kidneys.
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3D printing spurs copyright clash on iPhone gear

3D printing spurs copyright clash on iPhone gear | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
3D printing continued to spur copyright clash between low-end 3D printer users and various companies that defend their copyrights on electronics.
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NASA testing reveals one giant leap for 3D printing

NASA testing reveals one giant leap for 3D printing | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
iCleveland, OHi - After successfully completing tests held here at the Glenn Research Center, Aerojet Rocketdyne has demonstrated the potential for more efficient manufacturing of rocket engines, saving aerospace companies substantial amounts of...
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Printing in gel takes 3D printing freeform and enables an undo function

Printing in gel takes 3D printing freeform and enables an undo function | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
The LA-based NSTRMNT team led by Brian Harms, has created a 3D printing process called suspended disposition that gets around gravity by printing objects wi...
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Method Allows for Tissue Design in Three Dimensions | MIT Technology Review

Method Allows for Tissue Design in Three Dimensions | MIT Technology Review | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
A layer-by-layer fabrication tool lets researchers quickly form complicated biological tissue in three-dimensional space.
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Designer 3D prints a desktop speaker in 9 hours - Geek (blog)

Designer 3D prints a desktop speaker in 9 hours - Geek (blog) | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
Geek (blog)
Designer 3D prints a desktop speaker in 9 hours
Geek (blog)
Until now, most of the things you could make with a 3D printer were the sort of items you didn't really need.
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Today's 3D printed eye cells can be of great help in curing blindness in coming time

Today's 3D printed eye cells can be of great help in curing blindness in coming time | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
Living, 3D printed retina units could some time help in curing numerous sorts of lack of sight. The capability to basically print up new, living forms of the harmed parts of your physique is an insane thought.
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Harvard scientist creates ink for 3D printing rechargeable batteries | Chips | Geek.com

Harvard scientist creates ink for 3D printing rechargeable batteries | Chips | Geek.com | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
3D printing is not only getting cheaper, it’s becoming more diverse. The range of materials you can print with is expanding, and therefore the range of objects you can print is also growing. [...]
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Organovo generate 3D printed liver which can survive for 40 days

Organovo generate 3D printed liver which can survive for 40 days | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
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3D-printing encryption program disguises blueprints for controversial objects

3D-printing encryption program disguises blueprints for controversial objects | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
We've already seen, and in some cases theorized, the kind of legal issues 3D printing weapons and copyrighted content can create. For example, the
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5 Entrepreneurs Making 3D Printed Food

5 Entrepreneurs Making 3D Printed Food | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
While many food operations using 3D printing and similar technologies are just theoretical, these entrepreneurs are already doing it with their fully functional prototypes.
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Out of Cite, Out of Mind: The Current State of Practice, Policy, and Technology for the Citation of Data

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NIST Awards $7.4 Million For Additive Manufacturing Research

The U.S. Department of Commerce’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) today announced the award of two grants totaling $7.4 million to fund research projects aimed at improving measurement and standards for the rapidly developing...
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This Is How NASA Will 3D Print in Space

This Is How NASA Will 3D Print in Space | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
NASA recently announced that it plans to take a 3D printer into space in 2014--and now it wants you to see how it will work.
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If You Think 3D Printing Is Disruptive, Wait for 4D

If You Think 3D Printing Is Disruptive, Wait for 4D | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
If you think 3D printing is disruptive, then what about a technology that uses cells and genome compilers to produce goods that respond to their environment?
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Why Patents Won't Kill 3D-Printing Innovation (Op-Ed)

Why Patents Won't Kill 3D-Printing Innovation (Op-Ed) | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
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3D Printing to Revolutionize Building Industry

3D Printing to Revolutionize Building Industry | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
As the technology transcends current limitations in material manufacturing, radical architectural possibilities are opening (3D Printing to Revolutionize Building Industry http://t.co/wZbofUiuxB)...
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3D printing could trigger intellectual property wars, legal expert says

3D printing could trigger intellectual property wars, legal expert says | Additive Manufacturing | Scoop.it
If consumers have 3D printers in their homes, what will stop them from violating copyright?
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