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Addiction 'rife' among classical musicians

Addiction 'rife' among classical musicians | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

ADDICTION is blighting the lives of many classical musicians as they grapple with performance anxiety and anti-social hours, a cellist has said. The cellist, who was addicted to alcohol and prescription pills, said the problem was rife in the classical music world. "There is the lifestyle, the odd hours, working weekends, post-concert socialising. "Many players use alcohol and beta-blockers to control their performance anxiety and then, after the 'high' of a performance, musicians can struggle to 'come down' and therefore drink to relax - which becomes habitual."


Via ReGenUC
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

It's not just the stereotypical rock-stars, Hollywood actors, or porn celebrities that are affected by pressures to perform on camera or on stage. Addiction touches the lives of people across culture, race, age, gender, occupation, and social class.

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ReGenUC's curator insight, August 19, 2014 7:52 PM

So, not just rock and roll then.  It's always good to see coverage that challenges common stereotypes about the 'type of person' who becomes drug dependent.

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Can Therapists “Officially” Diagnose Sexual Addiction?

Can Therapists “Officially” Diagnose Sexual Addiction? | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it
In the April 2016 edition of Addiction, Dr. Richard B. Krueger of Columbia University and the New York State Psychiatric Institute provided a short commentary on the ways in which psychotherapeutic clinicians, if and when it’s appropriate, can make a DSM-5 and/or an ICD-10-CM diagnosis of sexual addiction. This is important primarily as it relates to insurance companies, who don’t especially like to pay for the treatment of any issue that can’t be identified with a numeric or an alphanumeric code.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Therapists, do you know how to unofficially “officially” diagnose sexual addiction?

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Rates of nonmedical prescription opioid use and opioid use disorder double in 10 years

Rates of nonmedical prescription opioid use and opioid use disorder double in 10 years | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it
Nonmedical use of prescription opioids more than doubled among adults in the United States from 2001-2002 to 2012-2013, based on a study from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health. Nearly 10 million Americans, or 4.1 percent of the adult population, used opioid medications in 2012-2013 a class of drugs that includes OxyContin and Vicodin, without a prescription or not as prescribed (in greater amounts, more often, or longer than prescribed) in the past year. This is up from 1.8 percent of the adult population in 2001-2002.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Almost 10 million US adults report misusing prescription opioids.

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Teenagers in Australia are smoking during pregnancy 'so they have smaller babies'

Teenagers in Australia are smoking during pregnancy 'so they have smaller babies' | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

The surprising results have been recorded in a 10-year national anthropological study into smoking in Australia, The New Zealand Herald reports. Associate Professor Simone Dennis from the Australian National University told the newspaper: “They had read on packets that smoking can reduce the birth weight of your baby, which is obviously not how the public health message is intended to be taken.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Girls, who are as young as 16, are actively trying to have smaller babies due to fears that their own young bodies will not be able to handle childbirth. The teenagers reportedly got the idea from health warnings on Australian cigarette packets which state that ‘smoking while pregnant can reduce the weight of your baby’ and rather than being deterred by the warning, actively sought the lower birth weights as they were afraid of labour.

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Recreational laughing gas use is growing but 'hippy crack' dangerous? 

Recreational laughing gas use is growing but 'hippy crack' dangerous?  | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

Just over half the UK respondents said they had tried the drug at some point, and 38 per cent said they had used it in the last year, making it more popular in the UK than any other country. Nitrous oxide is a colourless, sweet tasting gas that has been used recreationally since the late 18th century, most notably by Sir Humphry Davy, former president of the Royal Society. Medical use was established in the early 20th century and nitrous oxide remains an important anaesthetic, tranquilliser and painkiller, used by dentists, obstetricians and sports doctors. Indeed, many members of the public will have experienced the effects of nitrous oxide themselves without realising it.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Nitrous oxide - or laughing gas - is now the seventh most popular drug in 50 countries, according to the latest Global Drug Survey.

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Can Magic Mushrooms Cure Addiction?

Can Magic Mushrooms Cure Addiction? | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it
Kathleen Conneally successfully quit smoking, after a decades-long habit, with the help of psilocybin. Conneally was a participant in a study at Johns Hopkins University looking at whether nicotine addiction could be treated by psilocybin, the active compound in magic mushrooms. In this short video, staff writer Olga Khazan speaks with Conneally about her experience and uncovers the science of how psychedelics work in the brain to make this possible.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Magic mushrooms may just be exactly that - magic!

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Trauma in childhood linked to drug use in adolescence

Trauma in childhood linked to drug use in adolescence | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it
Latest research from a national sample of almost 10,000 U.S. adolescents found psychological trauma, especially abuse and domestic violence before age 11, can increase the likelihood of experimentation with drugs in adolescence, independent of a history of mental illness. Results of the study conducted at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health are published online in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

 

See also:

Link found between witnessing domestic violence during childhood and attempted suicide http://www.psypost.org/2016/06/link-found-witnessing-parental-domestic-violence-childhood-attempted-suicide-43299

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Childhood trauma experiences before age 11 increases the chance that teens will try marijuana, cocaine, prescription drugs, other drugs, and multiple drugs.

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Certain Psychiatric Symptoms May Predispose People to Addictive Social Media or Video Game Use

Certain Psychiatric Symptoms May Predispose People to Addictive Social Media or Video Game Use | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it
People with psychological conditions such as attention hyperactivity deficit disorder (ADHD), obsessive- compulsive disorder (OCD), or mood disorders may be more likely to report excessive use of video games or social media according to a study led by Cecilie Schou Andreassen, a psychologist with the University of Bergen in Norway.1 Males were more likely to be addicted to video games, whereas females were more likely to be addicted to social networking. Being single increased the likelihood of either type of addictive behavior.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Addictive social media or video game use associated with various psychiatric disorders.

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PORN INDUCED ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION (PIED): problem and scope

Pornography induced erectile dysfunction (PIED): Understanding the scope, science, and treatment. Delivered by Dr. Tarek Pacha at the American Urologic Association in San Diego 2016.

 

Watch part 2: https://youtu.be/cAhgaohDdco

Watch part 3: https://youtu.be/Xb6JOdvG7Is

Watch part 4: https://youtu.be/u5X0hzrWySw

 

How do you know if you have PIED? Take the test: http://www.yourbrainonporn.com/how-do-i-know-if-my-ed-porn-related-test

 

Check out the NoFap Academy: https://www.nofapacademy.com/

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Porn is arguably the most under-estimated drug that exists in the world today, with wide-ranging ramifications for mental, sexual, and reproductive health.

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Wrist Sensor Tracks Blood Alcohol Content In Real Time

Watch the video for BACtrack Skyn, the world's first wearable alcohol monitor, and winning prototype of the National Institute of Health's "2016 Wearable Alcohol Biosensor Challenge."

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

The winner of this year's $200,000 NIH Wearable Alcohol Biosensor Challenge is a device that is worn on the wrist and measures the blood alcohol content of the person wearing it every second, sending the data to a smartphone.

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Drivers stoned on marijuana increasingly involved in fatal accidents

Drivers stoned on marijuana increasingly involved in fatal accidents | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

In Washington, only looking at crashes in which at least one driver tested positive for active THC, there were 40 fatalities in 2010, compared to 85 in 2014, according to AAA estimates. However, a large number of drivers were not tested for THC or did not have available blood test results, so THC-related fatalities could be much higher, the report notes. The AAA report focused only on Washington state, while legalized the sale and possession of marijuana in 2012. It did not track driving while high fatality trends in Colorado, which also legalized pot that in 2012. But with marijuana on the ballot to become legal in more states, AAA researchers fear that the numbers will rise more sharply.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

The flip-side marijuana legalization. 

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Addicts Who Can’t Find Painkillers Turn to Anti-Diarrhea Drugs

Addicts Who Can’t Find Painkillers Turn to Anti-Diarrhea Drugs | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it
The epidemic of opioid addiction sweeping the country has led to another form of drug abuse that few experts saw coming: Addicts who cannot lay hands on painkillers are instead turning to Imodium and other anti-diarrhea medications.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Loperamide offers a cheap high if it is consumed in extraordinary amounts. But in addition to being uncomfortably constipating, it can be toxic, even deadly, to the heart.

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Effectiveness of Scotland’s National Naloxone Programme for reducing opioid-related deaths

Effectiveness of Scotland’s National Naloxone Programme for reducing opioid-related deaths | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it
Problem drug users are particularly likely to suffer drug-related death after periods of relative abstinence, most notably soon after being released from prison, but also after discharge from hospital. The most likely reason is loss of tolerance [acquired ability to tolerate large doses after regular use] to opiate-type or ‘opioid’ drugs, but prison release and hospital discharge may also mark transitions to vulnerability for other reasons.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

In 2011 Scotland became the first country to fund a national policy of distributing the opiate-blocker naloxone to prevent deaths involving opiate-type drugs. According to this evaluation it did prevent deaths where the effect was most likely to be seen – in the weeks after release from prison. Over the first three years of the programme this proportion fell to 6.3% (76 of 1212 deaths), a 36% reduction in the proportion of all opioid-related deaths accounted for by the post-release period.

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Path clears for pill testing at summer music festivals

Path clears for pill testing at summer music festivals | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

Senior police and politicians are supporting a nationwide pill testing trial at Australian music festivals this summer - outside NSW. Fairfax Media revealed in April that Australian Drug Law Reform Foundation president Alex Wodak and Canberra physician David Caldicott would launch pill-testing at forthcoming Sydney festivals with or without government permission, risking possible arrest and police charges. To date, the NSW Police Force and Baird Government have labelled the project illegal. But in a significant development, high-level talks have commenced between trial organisers and police in other states who are understood to be both "sympathetic" and "interested" in the trial as a harm minimisation strategy. It was observed that the program might also help provide "early warning" about dangerous products before they flood the market.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

The Australian Drug Law Reform Foundation is leading the way towards harm reduction policies and safer drug use at festivals. We already know that people who want drugs WILL take drugs, whether they're illegal or not. However, significant harms can be avoided or reduced if politicians can finally look beyond short-sighted knee-jerk reactions and instead focus on what really works! 

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Drug addicts should be given free heroin on the NHS say doctors

Drug addicts should be given free heroin on the NHS say doctors | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

Drug addicts should be prescribed heroin on the NHS, leading doctors have urged. They also want to be allowed to supervise users in specially designated ‘shoot-up’ galleries in towns and cities where dependency is high. The British Medical Association yesterday passed the controversial motion, claiming it would help reduce crime, prevent the spread of HIV and ensure addicts did not overdose. It will now lobby the Government to provide ‘heroin-assisted treatment’ and ‘supervised consumption rooms’, where doctors would prescribe the drug and be on hand to help.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Motion to prescribe free heroin on the NHS passed by the British Medical Association.

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DEA Planning To Reclassify Marijuana This Summer, Says Anonymous Insider

DEA Planning To Reclassify Marijuana This Summer, Says Anonymous Insider | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it
An anonymous Drug Enforcement Administration lawyer dropped a bombshell on Monday by declaring the agency is planning to bring marijuana down to a Schedule II drug, which would essentially make medical cannabis legal with a doctor’s prescription in all 50 states.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

An anonymous DEA lawyer has revealed that the DEA will soon reschedule marijuana, making it legal with a doctor's prescription in all 50 states.

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Ecstasy pills increasingly made with child-friendly logos, says expert

Ecstasy pills increasingly made with child-friendly logos, says expert | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

Ecstasy pills are increasingly being marketed with child-friendly logos, a drugs expert has warned, after three 12-year-old girls in Greater Manchester were hospitalised after ingesting “teddy tablets”. Fiona Measham, a member of the government’s Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD) and founder of The Loop, a charity that tests drugs found or handed in at festivals, said of the pills she tested at Parklife in Manchester earlier this month, half had logos or designs that might appeal to children.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Is it just me or does anyone else think that common sense should facilitate at least some feelings of suspicion or reluctance to taking a pill shaped like a... teddy bear?!

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Marijuana use in pregnancy is major risk for pre-term birth

Marijuana use in pregnancy is major risk for pre-term birth | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

International research led by the University of Adelaide has for the first time shown a direct link between continued marijuana use during pregnancy and pre-term birth. The study evaluated data from more than 5500 pregnant women from Australia, New Zealand, Ireland and the United Kingdom who took part in the SCOPE (SCreening fOr Pregnancy Endpoints) study. Of those women, 5.6% reported using marijuana before or during pregnancy. A research team led by the University of Adelaide's Robinson Research Institute considered a range of risk factors -- such as cigarette smoking, age, obesity and socio-economic status -- and their links to serious pregnancy complications.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

For the first time, science has shown a direct link between continued marijuana use during pregnancy and pre-term birth. The results show that once all other major risk factors have been accounted for, continued marijuana use through to 20 weeks' gestation is independently associated with a five-fold increase in the risk of pre-term birth.

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Health bodies call for drugs to be decriminalised

Health bodies call for drugs to be decriminalised | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

The Royal Society for Public Health and the Faculty of Public Health said the government's approach to drugs policy had failed. There should be a greater focus on treatment and education, they added. The Home Office defended its record, saying drug misuse had declined over the past 10 years. The report, called Taking A New Line On Drugs, said criminal sanctions failed to deter illegal drug use, undermined people's life chances and could act as a barrier to addicts coming forward for help. It called for a "sea change in approach" and said the UK should adopt the Portuguese system under which people caught using drugs were offered treatment and support rather than being punished. However, dealers and suppliers would still be prosecuted.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Two leading public health organisations have called for the possession and personal use of all illegal drugs to be decriminalised in the UK.

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Johns Hopkins researchers locate what could be brain's trigger for binge behavior

Johns Hopkins researchers locate what could be brain's trigger for binge behavior | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

Ability to slow, calm reaction to triggers for binges could be key for people trying to moderate addictive behaviors. Rats that responded to cues for sugar with the speed and excitement of binge-eaters were less motivated for the treat when certain neurons were suppressed, researchers discovered. The findings suggest these neurons, in a largely unstudied region of the brain, are deeply connected to the tendency to overindulge in response to external triggers, a problem faced by people addicted to food, alcohol, and drugs. The findings are available online in Neuron and will appear in the June 15 issue of the journal.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Researchers show where in the brain the connection between environmental stimuli and the urge to engage in binge behavior is occurring.

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This is your brain on sugar

Your brain goes crazy for sugary sweet foods—and that's definitely not a good thing. Here's why it's so important to enjoy sugary treats in moderation.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Oh yes, It's a drug alright!

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Med Students Take Battle Against Opioid Epidemic Into Their Own Hands

Med Students Take Battle Against Opioid Epidemic Into Their Own Hands | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

The use of buprenorphine, a prescription drug also known by the brand name Suboxone, is tightly controlled. Only doctors who receive a Drug Enforcement Administration waiver after completing an eight-hour course can prescribe it, and there are caps on how many patients a doctor can see. Yet when combined with counseling in what’s known as medication-assisted treatment, it’s an effective way to treat opioid addiction.
Unfortunately, fewer doctors than needed have signed up to prescribe buprenorphine, so the Obama administration in March proposed increasing the number of patients permitted per doctor.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Despite record numbers of people dying from drug overdoses in the US, medical students had to organize class for themselves in order to learn how to administer effective drugs for combating the opioid epidemic.

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Nearly Winning Strongly Reinforces Gambling Addiction

Nearly Winning Strongly Reinforces Gambling Addiction | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

When pathological gamblers come extremely close to winning a game — but not quite — it strongly activates a reward-related area of the brain, leading them to believe they are “almost there” and further reinforcing the gambling addiction, according to a new study by Dutch neuroscientists. For the study, researchers compared the fMRI scans of 22 pathological gamblers to a similar number of healthy adults. The scans had been taken while the participants were playing a slot machine game. Despite being objective losses, near-misses activated a particular reward-related area in the brain’s striatum in the participants, and according to the new findings, this activity was exaggerated in pathological gamblers. Researchers believe this phenomenon reinforces gambling behavior by creating an illusion of control over the game.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Close, but no cigar! A phenomenon known as the 'gambler's fallacy' is the mistaken belief that prior random events have an influence on subsequent random events. A near-miss gives the gambler the illusion that the probability of a win changes with increasing bets, and that the next big win may just be right around the corner. Accordingly, near-misses trigger strong feelings of reward in the brain, urging pathological gamblers to continue to bet.

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Fentanyl: The new heroin, but deadlier

Fentanyl: The new heroin, but deadlier | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

The drug, fentanyl, has been around since the 1960s. Its potency works miracles, soothing extreme pain in cancer patients who are usually prescribed patches or lozenges.
But an illicit version of the drug is flooding into communities across America, and casual users are finding out that their fentanyl pills and powder are delivering a powerful high that is easy to overdose on. It can even kill. The Drug Enforcement Administration and the Centers for Disease Control say we have another national health crisis on our hands. These are just a handful of the people trying to stop it from taking more lives.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

A narcotic 50-100 times more potent than morphine and 25-50 times more potent than heroin is being sold illicitly all over the US, delivering a super high that almost certainly kills.

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More and more doctors want to make marijuana legal

More and more doctors want to make marijuana legal | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

For the first time, a national physicians' organization is endorsing the legalization of marijuana for adult recreational use, a break from the position of the American Medical Association, the largest organization of doctors in the country. DFCR argues that the prohibition and criminalization of marijuana use does more harm to the public than good. Citing hundreds of thousands of annual marijuana arrests, racial and economic disparities in marijuana enforcement, and the role of prohibition in keeping marijuana prices high and lucrative to violent drug dealers, the physicians say that creating a legal and regulated marijuana market is the best way to ensure public safety, combat the illicit drug trade and roll back the negative consequences of strict enforcement policies on disadvantaged communities.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

A group of more than 50 physicians, including a former surgeon general and faculty members at some of the nation's leading medical schools, has formed the first national organization of doctors to call on states and the federal government to legalize and regulate the use of marijuana in the interest of public health.

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Drug overdose epidemic has driven increase in organ donors, data shows

Drug overdose epidemic has driven increase in organ donors, data shows | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

The devastating epidemic of drug overdose deaths in the US has led to an increase in organ donors, data from the federal government shows. As the death rate from drug overdoses surged in the US over the last several years, the number of organ donors who died from overdoses increased from 1.1% of all deceased organ donors in 2000 to 9.34% in 2015, according to government data. These numbers reflect a marginal improvement in one public health crisis – 22 people die each day waiting for an organ transplant – spurred by the damage of another.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Damage of one public health crisis has prompted improvement in another: in 2015, 9.34% of organ donors died from overdoses, up from 1.1% in 2000.

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