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9 Disgusting Drugs That Prove Prohibition Will Never Work

9 Disgusting Drugs That Prove Prohibition Will Never Work | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it

Since its earliest stages, the war on drugs has followed the policy of prohibition as its misguiding light. Drug warriors, many driven by the belief that laws and enforcement alone can tame the desire to get high, have embraced the often draconian strategy as the primary weapon in an arsenal that has missed its target.

 

 


Via ReGenUC
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Drug use ought to be considered a public health issue rather than criminal one. Prohibition is expensive but has little or no effect on the supply and demand for drugs. The supply of dangerous drugs can be addressed by legalizing certain clean drugs. This will cause a shift in demand from dangerous illegal drugs to clean legal drugs, and the decrease in the demand of illegal drugs will automatically reduce the supply of them. It's a matter of harm-reduction. The next step is implementing public health interventions to make drug use less desirable and less accepted as a social norm, similar to the way smoking has been addressed in the recent years.

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ReGenUC's curator insight, October 29, 2013 7:02 PM

Highlighting that there will always be a demand for drugs and the high level of harms associated with drugs targetting the most vulnerable.

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Opioid Painkillers and Xanax or Valium a Deadly Mix

Opioid Painkillers and Xanax or Valium a Deadly Mix | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it
30 percent of fatal opioid overdoses involved both types of meds, but number of people prescribed both has spiked
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Mixing opioid painkillers with common anxiety and sleep medications is a prescription for a deadly overdose, a new U.S. study shows.

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America’s opioid epidemic is worsening

America’s opioid epidemic is worsening | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it

On Tuesday February 28th, in an address to a joint session of Congress, Donald Trump vowed to end America’s “terrible drug epidemic”. When discussing America’s social ills, Mr Trump has a tendency to exaggerate. But on the subject of drugs, the president’s characteristically dark and apocalyptic tone may well have been warranted.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

In 2015 more than 52,000 Americans died of drug overdoses. That is an average of one death every ten minutes. Approximately 33,000 of these fatal overdoses—nearly two-thirds of them—were from opioids, including prescription painkillers and heroin.

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Brian Chew's comment, March 9, 10:36 AM
I too hope that America's opioid abuse would start to decrease. It is tragic to see that medicine, which was created to help mankind, is getting abused. What is worse is that due to the abuse of consuming opioid, instead of actually getting the benefits of using opiods, those who abuse opiods instead die due to an overdose. I hope that this problem could be solved, as it is not a very complicated problem to solve like a disease. Instead precautions should be taken when prescribing medicine and we should adhere strictly to the prescription.
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If we want to save people from opioid overdoses, a new study shows naloxone works

If we want to save people from opioid overdoses, a new study shows naloxone works | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it

Drug overdoses now kill more Americans than car crashes, guns, and even HIV/AIDS at its peak in the 1990s — a startling result of the country’s opioid painkiller and heroin epidemic. The good news is new research shows there are some ways to combat the epidemic.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Improving access to naloxone is linked to a 9 to 11 percent reduction in opioid-related deaths, which would translate into 3,500 averted deaths in the US each year.

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Morgues Across US Struggle to Handle Growing Number of Fatal Overdoses; Opioids Blamed

Morgues Across US Struggle to Handle Growing Number of Fatal Overdoses; Opioids Blamed | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it
As more Americans succumb to opioid addiction, the surge in drug overdose deaths has exhausted public resources—all the way to the morgue.Most recently, the New York Times spoke with Kenneth M. Betz, director of the Montgomery County Coroner’s Office in Ohio, about how the epidemic of heroin and painkiller addiction has affected his work.
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Ohio forced to use refrigerated trucks and even a local funeral home for extra storage space.

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Patients Are Ditching Opioid Pills for Weed

Patients Are Ditching Opioid Pills for Weed | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it
Can marijuana help solve the opioid epidemic?
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Marijuana might have a bigger role in curbing drug abuse than previously thought. Its potential uses are actually threefold: to treat chronic pain, to treat acute pain, and to alleviate the cravings from opioid withdrawal. And it has the advantages of being much less dangerous and addictive than opioids.

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Brain Pathways for Gambling Addiction Similar to Substance Abuse

Brain Pathways for Gambling Addiction Similar to Substance Abuse | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it
A new study reveals that gambling addiction activates the same brain pathways as drug and alcohol cravings. The international study, led by researchers from Imperial College London, suggests targeting these brain pathways may lead to future treatments for the condition.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Behavioral addictions are always fascinating, essentially because people become hooked on a chemical that is not injected or consumed, but simply produced by the brain itself.

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Stopping smoking may ease symptoms of depression​

Stopping smoking may ease symptoms of depression​ | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it

Carried out by researchers at Kings College London and the Charles University in Prague, together the team looked at 3775 patients attending a stop smoking clinic in the Czech Republic. They found that smokers who received the clinic's specialist behavioral support and medication, 835 participants in total, were more likely to remain smoke-free for a year if they went back for repeat visits. In addition, successful quitters also showed a large improvement in their depression, with two-thirds (66.3 percent) of those who had moderate or severe depression when smoking describing no or minimal symptoms of the condition during a one-year follow up.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

New study finds that stopping smoking can help improve the symptoms of depression.

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Drug Addiction is 'Slavery,' Says Pope Francis

Drug Addiction is 'Slavery,' Says Pope Francis | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it
At a recent workshop, the Pope addressed the failure of the War on Drugs and the need for more addiction treatment programs. 
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Pope cautions against punitive measures and attitudes towards addicts, citing that each person struggling with substance abuse has "a different personal history which must be heard, understood, loved and, as soon as possible, healed and purified."

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Study finds abnormally low blood flow in the brain of marijuana users

Study finds abnormally low blood flow in the brain of marijuana users | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it

Hippocampus, the brain's key memory and learning center, has the lowest blood flow in marijuana users suggesting higher vulnerability to Alzheimer's. As the U.S. races to legalize marijuana for medicinal and recreational use, a new, large scale brain imaging study gives reason for caution. Published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, researchers using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), a sophisticated imaging study that evaluates blood flow and activity patterns, demonstrated abnormally low blood flow in virtually every area of the brain studies in nearly 1,000 marijuana compared to healthy controls, including areas known to be affected by Alzheimer's pathology such as the hippocampus.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Marijuana use has damaging influences in the brain - particularly regions important in memory and learning and known to be affected by Alzheimer's.

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Quitting smoking in your 60s can still boost life expectancy

Quitting smoking in your 60s can still boost life expectancy | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it

A new study confirms that it is never too late to stop smoking – and the earlier you give up, the longer you are likely to live. Scientists found that current smokers aged 70 and over were three times more likely to die over a period of six years than never smokers.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Smokers can extend their lives by quitting even if they wait until their 60s to kick the habit, research has shown.

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Does weed help you sleep? Probably not

Does weed help you sleep? Probably not | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it
Marijuana users may believe that frequent use helps them sleep, but that perception has been challenged by a new study. It found that daily marijuana users actually scored higher on the Insomnia Severity Index and on sleep-disturbance measures than those who did not use it daily.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Marijuana users are often convinced that frequent use helps them sleep, but marijuana users score higher on insomnia.

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Discovery of alcohol-regulating hormone could lead to pill which prevents cravings

Discovery of alcohol-regulating hormone could lead to pill which prevents cravings | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it

Researchers have shown for the first time how the liver hormone FGF21 plays a crucial role in setting a person’s drinking limits. They say the discovery lead to new treatments for people unable to control their drinking.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

A pill with the power to stop people craving a drink may be on the horizon after scientists discovered a hormone that regulates desire for alcohol.

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Born addicts: The babies starting life in rehab

Born addicts: The babies starting life in rehab | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it
Hundreds of babies in the UK are born suffering the effects of drug withdrawal because of their mother's addiction, but one unique facility is working to keep the newborns together with their parent while they detox.

 

See also:

How drug laws aimed at pregnant women penalize their children http://www.theverge.com/2016/3/25/11301898/prenatal-drug-testing-custody-laws-child-welfare?

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

In what universe will we see improved recovery and detox by separating a mother from her child?!

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The dangerous behaviors of teens who use fake weed

The dangerous behaviors of teens who use fake weed | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it
The synthetic cannabinoids often called "fake weed" are a mix of chemicals sprinkled on what looks like incense and sold in shiny packages, often to teens and young adults. It produces sensations similar to tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive ingredient in the cannabis plant, yet many users report more powerful, often dangerous effects. New research from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says young people who use fake weed are also more likely to use other drugs or alcohol, to behave violently and to have high-risk sex, according to a study published Monday in the journal Pediatrics.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Yet more reason to legalize weed. Prohibition will always have the effect of driving the drug market underground, making it impossible to control and regulate. The end result is always the same: Corrupted drugs that pose significant risk and harm to the most vulnerable segments of society, while illegal drug lords make a ton of money, rather than the government through revenue and taxation.

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The Hidden Link Between Autism and Addiction

The Hidden Link Between Autism and Addiction | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it
It’s believed that people on the spectrum don’t get hooked on alcohol or other drugs. New evidence suggests they do.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

A new study suggests that people with autism who have average or above-average intelligence are more than twice as likely to become addicted to alcohol or other drugs as their peers are. The risk is even higher for people who also have ADHD. The study is the first to look at the general risk for addiction among people with autism.

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Scientists genetically engineer a mouse that’s immune to cocaine addiction

Scientists genetically engineer a mouse that’s immune to cocaine addiction | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it

“The purpose of [our] study was to understand a little bit more about the addicted brain — and specifically to understand a little more about what’s going on at the cellular and molecular level,” Dr. Shernaz Bamji, a professor in the Department of Cellular and Physiological Sciences, who worked on the project, told Digital Trends. “Researchers are pretty confident now that addiction is a form of learning that goes a bit haywire in a particular circuit in the brain. To learn you have to strengthen synaptic connections, and this involves adding more ‘glue’ — a protein called cadherin, which holds brain cells together — to the synapse.” The researchers figured that adding more cadherin to synapses found within the brain circuit involved in addiction would lead to higher levels of addiction, since more glue should mean stronger synapses and more learned behavior, including pathological addiction.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Scientists have genetically engineered a mouse incapable of becoming addicted to cocaine.

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E-cigarettes ‘far safer’ than smoking, say health experts

E-cigarettes ‘far safer’ than smoking, say health experts | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it

Vaping has been given an emphatic thumbs up by health experts after the first long-term study of its effects in ex-smokers. After six months, people who switched from real to e-cigarettes had far fewer toxins and cancer-causing substances in their bodies than continual smokers, scientists found. Nicotine patches also appeared to be far safer than tobacco products, according to the analysis of saliva and urine samples. Experts hope the findings will reassure would-be quitters who have been confused by mixed messages about the safety of e-cigarettes.

 

See related:

E-cigarettes act as gateway to smoking for teens, scientists warn  http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2017/02/07/e-cigarettes-act-gateway-smoking-teens-scientists-warn/?WT.mc_id=tmg_share_tw

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

First long-term study of vaping effects show fewer toxins compared to normal cigarettes.

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Health Benefits Of Alcohol Are Exaggerated And Likely Non-Existent, Suggests Study

Health Benefits Of Alcohol Are Exaggerated And Likely Non-Existent, Suggests Study | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it
New research challenges the idea that alcohol consumption can be healthy in moderation, and instead suggests that these findings are based on skewed data.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

New research suggests that the relationship between health  and alcohol intake doesn't reflect 'how much' people are drinking, as much as  'who is drinking'.

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Radical ketamine therapy could treat alcohol addiction

Radical ketamine therapy could treat alcohol addiction | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it
Scientists believe that a radical treatment involving the tranquilliser ketamine could help overcome alcohol addiction by “erasing” drink-related memories.
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A one-off dose of the drug could help alcohol addicts reduce their intake by ‘erasing’ drink-related memories, say psychologists testing treatment.

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Minimum alcohol pricing gets backing of UK government's health advisers

Minimum alcohol pricing gets backing of UK government's health advisers | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it
New evidence commissioned by the government from its own health advisers has concluded that ministers should introduce minimum unit pricing of alcohol to tackle the grim medical, economic and social toll of drink-related harm.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

UK study has found that alcohol is now the biggest killer of people aged between 15 and 49 in England. It accounts for 167,000 years of lost productivity every year and is a factor in more than 200 different illnesses. It leads to such huge harm that the lost economic activity it produces, through early death and disability among workers, is more than that for the 10 most common cancers combined. Governments would do well to introduce minimum unit pricing.

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Quitting Smoking Leads To Better Sobriety Outcomes For Teens In Treatment

Quitting Smoking Leads To Better Sobriety Outcomes For Teens In Treatment | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it
New findings suggest it's time for addiction treatment programs to make smoking cessation a priority.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Quitting smoking improves the prognosis in various ways for people with substance use disorders. Addiction treatment services should always actively encourage smoking cessation as an integral part of care.

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25 Odd Facts About Marijuana

25 Odd Facts About Marijuana | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it

Marijuana, the most commonly used illegal drug in America, is going mainstream. It's now legal to use marijuana recreationally in eight states — Alaska, California, Colorado, Oregon, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada, Washington — and the District of Columbia. Pot seems poised for wider use, too: There are 21 states that now allow the possession and use of marijuana for medicinal purposes, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Just how much do you know about the wacky weed and its odd effects? How exactly does marijuana provide its high, and who discovered the effects of smoking the plant in the first place? Read on for some of the stranger facts about cannabis consumption.

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Should Marijuana Be Legal Nationwide? President Obama Says Pot Should Be Regulated Like Cigarettes, Alcohol

Should Marijuana Be Legal Nationwide? President Obama Says Pot Should Be Regulated Like Cigarettes, Alcohol | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it
Obama says expecting the Justice Department and the Drug Enforcement Agency to enforce a "patchwork of laws" is "untenable."
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

It's time to rethink marijuana laws.

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Huge Study On Internet Gaming Addiction Turns Up Controversial Results

Huge Study On Internet Gaming Addiction Turns Up Controversial Results | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it
Does internet gaming have the makings of a debilitating addiction like gambling? Most likely not, according to the biggest study to date seeking a link between internet gaming and addictive behavior. I doubt it’s exactly what the originators of the term “internet gaming disorder” hoped to find, but in a minute I’ll discuss why it’s probably what they should have expected.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

New study fails to finds significant distress associated with internet gaming addiction.

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Here's Some Holiday Advice About Drinking And Stress, Gifted By Science

Here's Some Holiday Advice About Drinking And Stress, Gifted By Science | Substance Use and Addiction | Scoop.it
Here’s something to keep in mind as the holidays unfold: if you drink alcohol when you’re stressed, you may be flipping a brain switch that makes heavier drinking all the more likely. That’s the finding of a new animal study on the neural effects of drinking, and stressed humans should take note of the results.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Our brain’s reward center is prone to subtle hijacking. The stress response evolved to protect us, but addictive drugs use those mechanisms and trick our brains to keep us coming back for more. The slow roll of addiction likely begins just this way for many people, with stress playing a key part in triggering the process.

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