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9 Disgusting Drugs That Prove Prohibition Will Never Work

9 Disgusting Drugs That Prove Prohibition Will Never Work | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

Since its earliest stages, the war on drugs has followed the policy of prohibition as its misguiding light. Drug warriors, many driven by the belief that laws and enforcement alone can tame the desire to get high, have embraced the often draconian strategy as the primary weapon in an arsenal that has missed its target.

 

 


Via ReGenUC
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Drug use ought to be considered a public health issue rather than criminal one. Prohibition is expensive but has little or no effect on the supply and demand for drugs. The supply of dangerous drugs can be addressed by legalizing certain clean drugs. This will cause a shift in demand from dangerous illegal drugs to clean legal drugs, and the decrease in the demand of illegal drugs will automatically reduce the supply of them. It's a matter of harm-reduction. The next step is implementing public health interventions to make drug use less desirable and less accepted as a social norm, similar to the way smoking has been addressed in the recent years.

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ReGenUC's curator insight, October 29, 2013 7:02 PM

Highlighting that there will always be a demand for drugs and the high level of harms associated with drugs targetting the most vulnerable.

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Electronic cigarettes facilitate smoking cessation, new evidence shows

Electronic cigarettes facilitate smoking cessation, new evidence shows | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it
Do electronic cigarettes help smokers to quit? Yes, but… Researchers found that while nicotine containing electronic cigarettes were more effective than electronic cigarettes without nicotine (placebo) in helping smokers kick the habit, the results need to be confirmed by more studies.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Electronic cigarette seem to be a solution, at least for some

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The Power of Addiction and The Addiction of Power

Canadian physician Gabor Maté is a specialist in terminal illnesses, chemical dependents, and HIV positive patients. Dr. Maté is a renowned author of books and columnist known for his knowledge about attention deficit disorder, stress, chronic illness and parental relations. His theme at TEDxRio+20 was addiction -- from drugs to power. From the lack of love to the desire to escape oneself, from susceptibility of the being to interior power -- nothing escapes. And he risks a generic and generous prescription: "Find your nature and be nice to yourself."

 

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

"It’s a myth that drugs are addictive. Drugs are not by themselves addictive, because most people who use drugs never become addicted. The questions is: Why are some people vulnerable to becoming addicted?"

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What Heroin Addiction Tells Us About Changing Bad Habits

What Heroin Addiction Tells Us About Changing Bad Habits | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

It's a tradition as old as New Year's: making resolutions. We will not smoke, or sojourn with the bucket of mint chocolate chip. In fact, we will resist sweets generally, including the bowl of M&M's that our co-worker has helpfully positioned on the aisle corner of his desk. There will be exercise, and the learning of a new language. It is resolved. So what does science know about translating our resolve into actual changes in behavior? The answer to this question brings us — strangely enough — to a story about heroin use in Vietnam.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

95 percent of the people who were addicted in Vietnam did not become re-addicted when they returned to the United States.

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Alcohol interferes with body's ability to regulate sleep

Alcohol interferes with body's ability to regulate sleep | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it
Drinking alcohol to fall asleep interferes with sleep homeostasis, the body's sleep-regulating mechanism, researchers have found. Sleep homeostasis balances the body's need for sleep in relation to how long a person has been awake. If an individual loses sleep, the body produces adenosine, a naturally occurring sleep-regulating substance that increases a person's need for sleep. When a person goes to sleep early, sleep homeostasis is shifted and he or she may wake up in the middle of the night o
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Surprise, surprise: Alcohol not a good sleep drug!

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Booze ban results in consumption of 1 million litres less pure alcohol a year!

Booze ban results in consumption of 1 million litres less pure alcohol a year! | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

THE new drinking law triggered a massive drop in the volume of wine bought at supermarkets and off-licences the next year.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

"People in Scotland are drinking one million litres less booze a year after a ban on multi-buy and buy-one-get-one-free deals. Consumption dropped from 34.04 million litres of pure alcohol in 2011, the year of the ban, to 33.08 million litres in 2012. These findings show the Alcohol Act had the intended impact of reducing alcohol consumption by placing restrictions on how alcohol is displayed and promoted. The possible impacts of other factors, such as changes in income and alcohol prices, were also taken into account. This provides evidence that the effects were associated with the Act and not some other factor."

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Why Workaholics Are The Least Productive

Are you addicted to work? It can't be bad to enjoy working hard, can it?
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

There's a big difference between workaholism and work-enthusiasm!

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Rescooped by Ziggi Ivan Santini from TLP Addiction Training News.
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Booze calculator: What's your drinking nationality?

Booze calculator: What's your drinking nationality? | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

In the month of December alcohol consumption increases as many people celebrate the festive season. But how does your drinking measure up to the average from countries around the world? Find out if you are similar to a boozy Belarusian or a teetotal Kuwaiti.


Via Tim Pope
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Check out your drinking nationality! In my case, Denmark and Croatia rate number 4 and 5 respectively, on the top 5 of wine consuming countries in the world. The test, however, tells me I drink like a Macedonian!

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Mobile alcohol recovery truck launched

Mobile alcohol recovery truck launched | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

The Alcohol Recovery Centre (ARC) is a state-of-the-art 65-foot-long vehicle that delivers on-site support from emergency care practitioners to people who have become vulnerable due to alcohol. The first vehicle has been unveiled in the South West of England with a national roll out planned across the UK in the next 18 months. The initiative has been made possible by a grant of £500,000 awarded by the National Licensed Trade Association (NLTA), a not for profit organisation formed to raise awareness of alcohol consumption, with funds raised from one of its initiatives – Barcode. Barcode is a training programme for those working in the drinks industry that aims to redefine the way we think about alcohol.


Via Tim Pope
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

"This specially designed mobile treatment centre will be used over the festive period to provide an alcohol recovery centre. Patients are given a full assessment by a paramedic on arrival to ensure they don’t have any other symptoms or injuries that need treatment. Then, under the supervision of the ambulance staff, they are able to sleep off the alcohol, drink water and warm up before being collected by friends or relatives or being sober enough to safely make their own way home. ”

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Rescooped by Ziggi Ivan Santini from Drugs, Society, Human Rights & Justice
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Drug policy in Sweden: a repressive approach that increases harm

Drug policy in Sweden: a repressive approach that increases harm | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

The central aim of Swedish drug policy is to create a drug-free society. To achieve this aim, the country has adopted a punitive, enforcement-led approach to drugs. It is this approach, some have argued, that is responsible for Sweden’s historically low levels of drug use. This apparent success of the Swedish model is therefore often presented as an argument against drug policy reforms such as decriminalisation and legal regulation. However, the degree to which Sweden’s low prevalence of drug use can be attributed to its repressive approach is highly questionable, as research consistently shows that wider social, economic and cultural factors are the key drivers of drug prevalence – not the harshness of enforcement.


Via Julian
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

"The Swedish model – in particular its antipathy to proven harm reduction measures – has had serious negative consequences, such as alarmingly high rates of hepatitis C among people who inject drugs, and a 600% increase in drug-induced deaths over the last 20 years. The number of people convicted of drug offences has more than doubled over the last 10 years. And while fines are by far the most common penalty issued, the vast majority of convictions (83%) are for simple drug possession or use. It is therefore minor offenders who are overwhelmingly criminalised."

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To drink or not to drink, a health perspective

To drink or not to drink, a health perspective | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

Holiday celebrations, happy hours, cocktail parties. It would be nice to think the alcoholic beverages ever-present at social events are good for us. The news media typically makes the most of new studies suggesting a link between a daily glass of wine and a healthier heart or other health benefits. Such positive headlines may lead you to develop an overly favorable view of alcoholic beverages, but they clearly have both pros and cons.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

“A lot more people die from heart disease due to addiction and consuming too much alcohol compared to the number of people who may benefit by consuming moderate amounts of red wine. One recent report estimated that worldwide, alcohol causes twice as many deaths from heart disease as it prevents."

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Sleep-Deprived Teens are at Increased Risk of Substance Use

Sleep-Deprived Teens are at Increased Risk of Substance Use | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it
Recent research has shined a light on the potential adverse cognitive and health effects of disrupting the natural sleep cycle of teens, including an increased risk of obesity, depression, automobile accidents, and poor academic performance. Now, an emerging body of research is providing yet another reason to ensure that teens get enough sleep: the significant link between sleep patterns during middle and high school and the risk of substance use.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

"These findings have led a growing number of school districts to experiment with delayed start times and the American Academy of Pediatrics to formally recommend that middle and high schools begin the school day at a time that allows students to receive at least 8.5 to 9.5 hours of sleep per night.

Now, an emerging body of research is providing yet another reason to ensure that teens get enough sleep: the significant link between sleep patterns during middle and high school and the risk of substance use."

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On Campus: Overcoming Addiction To Drugs

Danny, a Kennesaw State University student whose last name is being withheld, knew it would be difficult to go to college sober. But when he gave into the temptations of drugs and alcohol at KSU, he found himself desperate for help. He explained to HuffPost Live on Wednesday what his life was like before seeking help from his university's Collegiate Recovery Center. "Before coming to the center, my experience was very similar to what many young adults in addiction is like," Danny said. "It’s a hopeless, sad road, and just the fact that I'm here talking to you today is pretty miraculous and incredible." Since 2008, the CRC has provided students struggling with addiction with "universal, targeted and mandated approaches for the collective campus community" by way of group or individual support, as outlined on CRC's website. Teresa Johnston, the director of the Center for Young Adult Addiction Recovery at KSU, said about 18 percent of young adults display some sort of substance addiction or dependency. "It’s fairly significant in our culture across the nation," Johnston said, adding that the CRC enables students to join together to answer "how we can climb up [the ladder of addiction] without even knowing."

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Every university and educational institution should have a recovery center for people struggling with addiction. It pays off at the end!

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Taboo: Addiction

Delve into the lives of those haunted by addiction. Meet a 15-year-old South Korean boy in rehab because he's hooked on video games. It's an addiction shared by millions of Koreans, even spurring the government to intervene with a specialized rehab facility. In California, a woman is addicted to anonymous sex —meeting countless partners in parking lots to satisfy her insatiable appetite.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

A really good introduction to behavioral addictions.

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Binge Drinking Isn’t Just for College Kids Anymore

Binge Drinking Isn’t Just for College Kids Anymore | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

The typical picture of a binge drinker may look as much like a middle-age man working long hours as it does a college fraternity boy partying late at night. A new study from 14 countries published in the British Medical Journal found that people who work more than 48 hours a week are more likely to drink to excess -- defined as 14 drinks a week for women and more than 21 for men. And the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated in a report last week that six people die daily from alcohol poisoning, mainly those ages 35 to 65

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

"High-pressure jobs push millions of people toward binge drinking, and deaths from alcohol abuse escalate as people get older."

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Pill Or Patch? Test Could Tell Best Way To Quit Smoking

Some scientists now say a blood test reserved for research can predict whether a pill or a nicotine patch is your best shot at quitting smoking.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

More on smoking...

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Rescooped by Ziggi Ivan Santini from Lives Lived Well
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Many people use drugs – but here’s why most don’t become addicts

Many people use drugs – but here’s why most don’t become addicts | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

Drug use is common, drug addiction is rare. About one adult in three will use an illegal drug in their lifetime and just under 3m people will do so this year in England and Wales alone. Most will suffer no long-term harm. There are immediate risks from overdose and intoxication, and longer-term health risks associated with heavy or prolonged use; damage to lungs from smoking cannabis or the bladder from ketamine for example. However most people will either pass unscathed through a short period of experimentation or learn to accommodate their drug use into their lifestyle, adjusting patterns of use to their social and domestic circumstances, as they do with alcohol.


Via Lives Lived Well
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

"A powerful cultural narrative focusing on the power of illegal drugs to disrupt otherwise stable, happy lives dominates our media and political discourse, and shapes policy responses. Drug use is deemed to “spiral out of control”, destroying an individual’s ability to earn their living or care for their children, transforming honest productive citizens into welfare dependent, criminal “families from hell”. Unfortunately the strong relationship between social distress and addiction is ignored by politicians and media commentators in favour of an assumption that addiction is a random risk driven by the power of the drug."

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Cocaine consumption quadruples the risk of sudden death in people between 19 and 49

Cocaine consumption quadruples the risk of sudden death in people between 19 and 49 | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it
The increase in sudden cardiovascular death with the recent consumption of cocaine has been, for the first time, documented by researchers. In people in the 19-49 age bracket this risk is quadrupled. In fact, cocaine consumption doubles the risk of death of cardiovascular origin that can be attributed to smoking, and becomes the main risk factor among subjects under 50.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Cocaine consumption multiplies the risk of dying by four compared with non-consumption.

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The Dangers of Sexual Objectification in Sex Addiction

The Dangers of Sexual Objectification in Sex Addiction | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

In pornography addiction, it’s easier to see that the image on the screen is a sexual object rather than a real person.  But when are you making a real person into an object?  And when are you objectifying yourself? The term “objectification” has a specific meaning in the psychological study of sexuality and in sex addiction treatment.  It means: “A person’s value comes only from his or her sexual appeal or behavior, to the exclusion of other characteristics”. It means defining someone’s entire value only in terms of sexual attractiveness.  So if we’re looking at the value of Ruth Bader Ginsburg vs. Kim Kardashian I guess we’d know who “wins.” Sexual objectification has significant and far reaching effects, not only to the sex addict, but also to the person being objectified.

 

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

"What is “sexually objectifying” someone, and how is it harmful?"

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The global burden of harmful alcohol consumption, and how to reduce it

The global burden of harmful alcohol consumption, and how to reduce it | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

Alcohol is a psychoactive substance with dependence-producing properties that has been widely used in many cultures for centuries. The harmful use of alcohol causes a large disease, social and economic burden in societies. Alcohol impacts people and societies in many ways and it is determined by the volume of alcohol consumed, the pattern of drinking, and, on rare occasions, the quality of alcohol consumed. In 2012, about 3.3 million deaths, or 5.9 % of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption. The harmful use of alcohol can also result in harm to other people, such as family members, friends, co-workers and strangers. Moreover, the harmful use of alcohol results in a significant health, social and economic burden on society at large.

 

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Worldwide, 3.3 million people die every year due to harmful use of alcohol. This represents 5.9 % of all deaths

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Does Mixing Alcohol Make You Drunker?

It's commonly believed that mixing alcohols will make you drunker? Is there any truth to this?
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

A few helpful tips for the season..

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A Prescription to End Drinking

A Prescription to End Drinking | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

New understanding of how alcohol affects the brain is prompting addiction experts to make a push for using medications to help people quit or cut down on excessive drinking.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

"There is growing recognition that alcohol problems come in wide varieties, driven by a complex mix of genetics, life experiences and differences in how the brain handles stress and seeks rewards. As a result, experts say, the most effective treatments are highly individualized."

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Infographic: Driving Under the Influence

Infographic: Driving Under the Influence | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

42,000 people in the U.S. die each year in motor vehicle crashes -- 16,000 of these deaths are alcohol or drug related.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

See this infographic  about the devastating consequences of drunk driving.

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What Do Addictive Sexual Fantasies Mean?

What Do Addictive Sexual Fantasies Mean? | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

Wouldn’t we all like a way to interpret our sexual fantasies?  Where do they come from? What do they mean?  Often sexual fantasies seem to take hold for no apparent reason. Their meaning seems like some kind of mysterious code that we could crack, as we do in dream interpretation. If you ask someone to describe their most compelling sexual fantasies, especially a sex addict, you will find that there is a central core, a rather specific set pattern as to where their imagination takes them.

 

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Addictive fantasies are laid down early in development.

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Brain activity after smokers quit predicts chances of relapsing

Brain activity after smokers quit predicts chances of relapsing | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

Quitting smoking sets off a series of changes in the brain that Penn Medicine researchers say may better identify smokers who will start smoking again–a prediction that goes above and beyond today’s clinical or behavioral tools for assessing relapse risk. Reporting in a new study published this week in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology, James Loughead, PhD, associate professor of Psychiatry, and Caryn Lerman, PhD, a professor of Psychiatry and director of Penn’s Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Nicotine Addiction, found that smokers who relapsed within seven days from their target quit date had specific disruptions in the brain’s working memory system during abstinence that separated them from the group who successfully quit. 

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

"Predictive models can identify therapeutic targets for pharmacotherapies or neuroscience-based nonpharmacologic interventions to promote smoking cessation."

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This Is How Addiction Works

This Is How Addiction Works | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

Kiwi tastes a golden nugget. It's delicious.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Watch this totally cool 5 minute video about how addiction really works.

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