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'Crack baby' study ends with unexpected but clear result

'Crack baby' study ends with unexpected but clear result | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

Ever since her birth 23 years ago, a team of researchers has been tracking every aspect of her development - gauging her progress as an infant, measuring her IQ as a prechooler, even peering into her adolescent brain using an MRI machine. Now, after nearly a quarter century, the federally funded study was ending, and the question the researchers had been asking was answered. Did cocaine harm the long-term development of children like Jaimee, who were exposed to the drug in their mother's womb? The researchers had expected the answer would be a resounding yes. But it wasn't. Another factor would prove far more critical....

 


Via Julian Buchanan
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

"Poverty is a more powerful influencer on the outcome of inner-city children than gestational exposure to cocaine". The social context is crucial!

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Julian Buchanan's curator insight, July 22, 2013 5:51 PM

A great example of policy driven by punitive populist ideology rather than rooted in scientific evidence and specialist experience ... and with terrible consequences for the children and their parents.

Interesting use of science technology (IQ & MRI Scans) as evidence. Currently being used in USA and beyond as evidence that 'addiction' is a brain disease.

 

see also:

http://articles.philly.com/2013-07-22/news/40709969_1_hallam-hurt-so-called-crack-babies-funded-study

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Throwing the Baby Out With the Bath Water: How Irrational Drug Laws are Hampering Medical Research

Prof. Nutt spoke on the work of the Beckley/Imperial team, and also how current national and international drug policies are holding back scientific and medical research into psychoactive substances, preventing the development of valuable treatments to psychiatric conditions ranging from addiction to anxiety and depression. The title of his presentation was ‘Throwing the Baby Out With the Bath Water: How Irrational Drug Laws are Hampering Medical Research’. In the past, Prof. Nutt has called the censorship around the area of psychedelic research the ‘worst censorship of medicine in world history‘, and has decried the Schedule I status given to psychedelic substances such as LSD and psilocybin, which is reserved for substances with no medical value and a high abuse potential. This classification creates unnecessary financial and bureaucratic hurdles for researchers, as well as contributing to the continuation of negative attitudes within the academic community to the medical use of psychedelic substances.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

It's really time for evidence-based drug policies and implementation of harm-reduction principles, rather than blind criminalization of all drugs other than alcohol. It's misinformed, misleading, and missing the mark in every possible way!

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Smart Interactions: Safety Of Patients Who Use Drugs Recreationally

It’s a truth rarely acknowledged that every surgery has a number of patients who use drugs recreationally and are putting themselves at risk as a result. JESS PIKE speaks to DR ADAM WINSTOCK about how general practice can ensure the safety of these patients and encourage a more open conversation between patient and GP.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

GPs can help by having the right conversation with patients. Yes, and by realising that it isn’t rocket science! The principals of harm can be summed up in two sentences: ‘Less drugs less often’ and ‘Don’t mix and don’t inject’. That’s it!

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What happened when Portugal decriminalised drugs?

Economist Films: For 20 years The Economist has led calls for a rethink on drug prohibition. This film looks at new approaches to drugs policy, from Portugal to Colorado. “Drugs: War or Store?” kicks off our new “Global Compass” series, examining novel approaches to policy problems.


Via Julian Buchanan
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Legalize now!

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Kaitlyn Evans's comment, July 20, 7:30 AM
I think that this video's ideas are in theory great ideas and I also think this video is a glorified version of what is happening in Colorado since the legalization of marijuana. I actually spoke with two people today who are from Colorado and they said that there is still a black market going around because the selling of marijuana is only regulated on a state basis and not federal. They said that the weed dispensaries only accept cash and there is no banking system for this money. It'll be interesting to see how the legalization in Alaska will impact the state.
Rob Duke's comment, July 20, 2:48 PM
California has legislation to allow dispensaries to open bank accounts; and, bitcoin is used in Oregon.
Rob Duke's comment, July 20, 2:51 PM
I guess not yet, but Oregon is working on it.
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Johann Hari: Everything you think you know about addiction is wrong

What really causes addiction — to everything from cocaine to smart-phones? And how can we overcome it? Johann Hari has seen our current methods fail firsthand, as he has watched loved ones struggle to manage their addictions. He started to wonder why we treat addicts the way we do — and if there might be a better way. As he shares in this deeply personal talk, his questions took him around the world, and unearthed some surprising and hopeful ways of thinking about an age-old problem.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Addiction is about the social, societal, and political context, not the drug itself. Legalize drugs now!

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The Global Drug Survey 2015 findings

The Global Drug Survey 2015 findings | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

We estimate that over the duration of the study (Nov-Dec 2014) over 100,000 people spent in excess of: 4 million minutes, 67,000 hours, 2,800 days, 400 weeks or 7.5 years worth of data-sharing. Whatever way you look at it, we have the world's most comprehensive survey of drug use.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Out today!!! Check out the first results from the coolest drug survey EVER!

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The case for prescription heroin

The case for prescription heroin | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

Our refusal to treat addiction in the most straightforward way creates crime, misery – and more addicts. In 1982 a doctor called John Marks walked into a grey little GP surgery in the Wirral, in the drizzly north of England where they used to build ships but now they built nothing. It was his first day as a psychiatrist there, and he was about to discover that this surgery was doing something he regarded as mad. It was handing out heroin to addicts — free, on the NHS.


Via Julian Buchanan
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

If you inject cement into your veins, you don’t have to be a medical expert to work out that’s going to cause harm!

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Julian Buchanan's curator insight, May 26, 5:20 AM
2min Video - Working with Dr John Marks:

http://www.fead.org.uk/.../Julian-Buchanan-on-working...Video: Julian Buchanan on working with Dr John Marks in Liverpool - by FEAD
 Establishing the South Sefton Community Drugs Team providing low threshold full range of harm reduction services with John Marks:

http://www.fead.org.uk/.../Julian-Buchanan-on-working-in...Video: Julian Buchanan on working in Merseyside in 1983 and lessons learned - by FEADfead.org.uk
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Recovery 2.0 Online Conference: June 12-18th, 2015!

Recovery 2.0 Online Conference: June 12-18th, 2015! | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it
Whether It's Your First Day Sober, You've Been in Recovery For Years, You Have a Loved One Who Has Struggled With Addiction, Or You Work in the Field of Recovery, Find Inspiration and Support at the 4th Annual Recovery 2.0 Conference!
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Watch the entire symposium online for free. Register here for the 5th Recovery 2.0 #MoveBeyond Addiction Conference

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Drug and alcohol workplace testing: an occupational health issue?

Drug and alcohol workplace testing: an occupational health issue? | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it
Drug and alcohol testing in the workplace is a contentious issue that has moved up the HR agenda in recent years. Should organisations fire an offending employee or treat it as a health and wellbeing issue? Darren Maw, managing director of occupational health and HR firm Vista, gives his view.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

How would results change if drug and alcohol use in the workplace was dealt with as a health problem rather than purely a disciplinary issue?

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Are the effects of drugs on the brain similar to a frying egg?!

You've seen the brain on drugs commercials and the posters and you might have believed the hysteria like most of us have. Once again Dr. Hart cuts through the hype.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Without behavioral measures, we may be enticed to make unwarranted speculations about the neural basis of behavior and the effect of drugs on the brain.

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Consuming three alcoholic drinks a day may cause liver cancer – study

Consuming three alcoholic drinks a day may cause liver cancer – study | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

Consuming three alcoholic drinks a day can be enough to cause liver cancer, experts have said. The World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) has pinpointed the level of drinking implicated in liver cancer after undertaking what it says was the biggest review so far of the evidence on the relationship between diet, weight, physical activity and the disease. Its assessment of 34 previous studies covering 8.2 million people, more than 24,500 of whom had liver cancer, revealed “strong evidence” linking intake of three drinks a day to the disease. “Around three or more drinks per day can be enough to cause liver cancer,” said Amanda Mclean, director of the charity’s UK branch. “Until now we were uncertain about the amount of alcohol likely to lead to liver cancer. But the research reviewed in this report is strong enough, for the first time, to be more specific about this.”

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

More evidence against heavy drinking..

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A majority want cannabis legalization in USA for first time

A majority want cannabis legalization in USA for first time | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

For the first time, the General Social Survey -- a large, national survey conducted every two years and widely considered to represent the gold standard for public opinion research -- shows a majority of Americans favoring the legalization of marijuana. In interviews conducted between March and October of last year -- when the legal marijuana markets in Colorado and Washington were ramping up -- researchers asked 1,687 respondents the following question: "Do you think the use of marijuana should be made legal or not?" Fifty-two percent said pot should be legalized, 42 percent opposed it, and another 7 percent were undecided. Support is up 9 percentage points from 2012, the last time the survey was conducted.


Via Julian Buchanan
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Prohibition of marijuana makes absolutely no sense, both scientifically and economically!

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Julian Buchanan's curator insight, March 4, 5:24 PM

The Drug Apartheid is ideological it’s never been based on science, reason or evidence. Yet  for around 50years, since it’s inception in the 1960s, drug reformers have tried to end the Drug War by engaging politicians in inquiries, research, evidence and reason. This resulted in virtually no change in any major advanced western capitalist country.

Between 1970 & 2007 interest in legalising cannabis in the US fluctuated between 16-33%, but interestingly since 2007 it has risen steadily to 52%. Global and widespread access to the internet and the use of social media, has in recent years played a significant part in enabling  the public to learn and gain access to dreadful truth about the the Drug Policy Sham. Drug reform change in the US is occurring not because of 50yrs of research evidence and debate that has persuaded politicians it was a mistake, no, its occurring because of a significant public awareness since 2007, that has resulted in growing electoral pressure for reform.

This is where the leverage for change is for global drug reform for ALL drugs.

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Portugal Cut Addiction Rates in Half by Connecting Drug Users With Communities Instead of Jailing Them

Portugal Cut Addiction Rates in Half by Connecting Drug Users With Communities Instead of Jailing Them | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it
Fifteen years ago, the Portuguese had one of the worst drug problems in Europe. So they decriminalized drugs, took money out of prisons, put it into holistic rehabilitation, and found that human connection is the antidote to addiction.

Via Rob Duke
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Disconnection drives addiction. Not drugs!

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Rob Duke's curator insight, February 22, 3:41 PM

Why we study other justice systems....

Kelly Logue's comment, February 22, 11:47 PM
I really really immensely like this idea because addicts become addicts in the first place to basically fill some type of void and if that is human connection then thats perfect to reconnect them with a society filled with people who want to help them rather than shun them in jail. I think Europe gets the win on this one and that the U.S. should take some notes.
Maria's comment, February 24, 10:46 PM
I must say, this is one of the most powerful articles I have read in a while. The correlation between human connection and addiction is just mind-blowing. I don’t think I have ever looked on addiction in this way before- as a mere lack of human bonding. We should take notes and incorporate this strategy in the US to deal with drugs and drug addicts.
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Reboot Camp — Learn how to quit porn by living the life you want

Reboot Camp — Learn how to quit porn by living the life you want | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

Removing an addiction requires more than just sincere commitment. There needs to be real changes made to your lifestyle, thought patterns and belief system. The main obstacle here is figuring out what those changes are and how to make them. Without any systematic approach, finding and making these changes could literally take you years! We’re here to tell you that it doesn’t have to be like that – we’re offering you a complete program designed to take you from where you are now, to where you want to be! This is done utilizing a powerful three-pronged approach to your recovery: The Get Clean! E-course, a private forum, and weekly mentoring calls.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

The immediate and universal accessibility to unlimited free high-streaming pornographic resources means that porn addiction may very well be one of our most prevalent addictions in society today! For the first time in the history of humanity, the NoFap Academy now offers a comprehensive online course for people struggling with porn addiction. Please pass this along to anyone that might need it. Let the world know that there's a way out!

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The Epidemic of Senior Citizen Drug and Alcohol Abuse

The Epidemic of Senior Citizen Drug and Alcohol Abuse | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it
Your golden years aren't supposed to be full of misbehavior and depravity. The widespread belief is that seniors live wholesome lives filled with tumblers of warm milk and bowls filled with tapioca soft foods while taking required minimum distributions from their diligently cultivated 401(k)s. Yet the prevailing evidence is a stark contrast showing that many are plunging into addiction.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

By 2020, the number of older people who need substance abuse treatment will increase from 1.7 million in 2003 to 4.4 million.

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Heroin ‘more common, diverse than ever in past’

Heroin ‘more common, diverse than ever in past’ | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

The notion of heroin use being confined to junkies in the inner city has been shattered by research showing heroin use has increased across the US among men and women, most age groups, and all income levels. “Now it’s probably a Caucasian issue, it’s expanded well outside the inner city. It’s in rural areas now,” said Dr. Marv Seppala, the chief medical officer for the Hazelden Betty Ford Foundation. “It used to be about 80% men. Now women and men are getting close to being equal (in its use.)”

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

People who take prescription painkillers are 40 times more likely to become heroin users!

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Help me legalise the drugs that killed my daughter

The mother of Martha Fernback – the teenager who died from a lethal drug overdose at an Oxford park – has visited 10 Downing Street to revitalise her campaign for drugs legalisation. Martha, 15, a Cherwell School pupil, died on July 20, 2013, after taking MDMA powder, more commonly known as ecstasy, in Hinksey Park. Following an inquest last year, when Oxfordshire coroner Darren Salter recorded a verdict of accidental death, Martha’s mother Anne-Marie Cockburn, from Summertown, said she wanted to meet Home Secretary Theresa May about her campaign to promote greater awareness about the dangers of drugs.

 

DONATE HERE: https://www.justgiving.com/anyoneschild/

 

See also: Mum of overdose victim wants drugs law change - http://www.oxfordtimes.co.uk/news/yourtown/oxford/13418663.Mum_of_overdose_victim_wants_drugs_law_change/?ref=twtrec


Via Julian Buchanan
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Since 2002, there have been over 26,000 drug deaths in the UK – compared with 453 UK soldiers lost in Afghanistan. Not only do current drug laws harm and kill, but legally regulating drugs through pharmacies and doctors, rather than street dealers, would provide better protection of our loved ones. In fact, some might still be alive if drugs were under strict government control.”

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Kaitlyn Evans's comment, July 20, 7:11 AM
I recently watched a TedTalk about addiction and the real problem with drugs and people being addicted to drugs. One point they stated was that in other countries where drugs are legalized, there were fewer addiction problems because they are regulated. This mother makes a valid point that if drugs are regulated through the government and pharmacists are able to inform the user, there might be fewer overdoses and problems with addiction.
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GDS2015 Findings: Synthetic Cannabinoid Products

'Synthetic Cannabinoids Products' is the name given to the manufactured chemicals that are designed to have the same effect as cannabis. Though available legally and not detected in urine drug screening, they are associated with alarming rates of accident and emergency presentations - and our findings from over 100,000 people surveyed in our GDS2015 annual drug-use survey - is that these drugs are really not nice. This video explains why.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Don't use synthetic cannabis products. It's a bad deal!

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Ana's death by Russian roulette should make us think again about drugs

Ana's death by Russian roulette should make us think again about drugs | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

The war on drugs is being lost, one incarcerated or dead young person at a time. Ana Hick was the latest victim, last Sunday. Ana's 19th birthday was a funeral. She was dead because she did what millions of kids before her did, and what millions more will do. She played Russian roulette with pills she bought from a criminal on the street. And she died because our drugs laws do not protect our children, or take into account human nature.


Via Julian Buchanan
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

"If your kid is going to take a pill this weekend they will take one, legal or not. Would you rather they were playing Russian roulette and buying from some dealer they barely know or would you rather they knew what they were taking and there was some form of regulation and support in place to prevent things from going horribly wrong and to help when things do go wrong?"

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Could children's rehydration drink cure hangovers?

Help from a surprising source: Watch Dr David Samadi and Marc Siegel on Americas News Hq and Sunday Housecall.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Give me that drink!!!

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How to Stop Cravings: 7 Tips from an Expert

How to Stop Cravings: 7 Tips from an Expert | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

You make yourself (and your friends and family) all kinds of promises to break that old addicted habit. You focus; you do the work to stay on track, making the right choices and taking the best actions to live a healthy life. Then, something happens. It could be an unexpected phone call, an altercation at work; the enviable success of your partner. The next thing you know your body and mind are singing the siren song of craving. You’re only human. Sometimes, you’ll be able to withstand the call of addiction. Other times, you have given in. You’ve done good recovery work, so when cravings clamor does it mean the work’s not working? And when you cheat (even the tiniest bit) does it mean you’re fatally flawed? No way! The truth is, you’re hard-wired to crave. The history of your very DNA holds the imprint for powerful desires, even when they’re not good for you. According to Dr. Omar Manejwala, author of Craving: Why We Can’t Seem to Get Enough, there are evolutionary, biological, and social factors that combine to create a craving culture in both your mind and body. While there may be history, science, and society behind your cravings there is much you can do to stand in front and stare them down.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Recovery from addiction is more about new ways of action than new ways of thinking!

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Republican Congressman Wants Heroin Overdose Drug Sold Over The Counter

Republican Congressman Wants Heroin Overdose Drug Sold Over The Counter | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

As heroin deaths continue to spike across the U.S., more and more states are allowing for greater use of naloxone, or Narcan, a drug that can reverse the effects of an opioid overdose. More first responders and family members of addicts now have access to the drug. But Rep. Michael Burgess (R-Texas) thinks the federal government should do more. During the House Energy and Commerce Committee's Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations hearing on the opioid epidemic Thursday morning, Burgess said the Food and Drug Administration should allow the life-saving medication to be sold over the counter like Advil or Nicorette. In an interview after the hearing, he explained that naloxone is still too difficult to access. “Right now, it’s hard to get,” Burgess told The Huffington Post. “If it were available at a 24-hour pharmacy, not saying it could save every life at risk, it could save some. The downside of having it available is what?”

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

There is no downside to this initiative!

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Addiction Interaction Disorder

Addiction Interaction Disorder | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it
I have been doing interventions for about 10 years. I have done around 180. I have always been successful in bringing the message to the still suffering alcohol or addict and his family. The loved one usually goes to treatment. I thought I was good at what I did until the term "addiction interaction disorder" began to crop up in my daily life. The term originally was coined by Patrick Carnes, the great sex addiction guru. It has been further refined by Rob Weiss in all of the groundbreaking work that he has been doing around sex addiction. Now when approaching an intervention I ask many more questions because there are always many layers to addiction and there is always more fused into the process or hidden under the surface.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

"We know that multiple addictions combine to overwhelm a person by their complexity and power. The phenomenon is so strong that no specific focus is strong enough to escape from it. The mono-drug user and addict is a vanishing species. The reality for our patients is that they have made a number of “bargains with chaos.” If each addiction brings unmanageability to the patient’s life, it would be clinically negligent to think that the resulting chaos from each does not compound the problems of the others. The whole may in fact be more than the sum of its parts!"

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Hamburg fights back against urination on streets with walls that 'pee back'

Hamburg fights back against urination on streets with walls that 'pee back' | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

An area of the German city of Hamburg known for its nightlife is fighting back against drunken revellers who relieve themselves in the streets - by modifying the area's walls to "pee back". A neighbourhood association has begun repainting walls along the famous Reeperbahn street, in the heart of the city's St Pauli nightlife district, with a water-repellent paint. The offending urine bounces straight off the wall – and on to the shoes of the perpetrator. Signs have been put up around the district that read "Don't pee here. We pee back." The menace of what is known as the Wildpinkler, or "wild urinator", is something of an obsession in Germany.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

High alcohol consumption levels is problematic in more ways than just one. It turns out that addressing this issue can also be done in more ways than one!

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Katy Talvi's comment, March 6, 10:08 PM
This is awesome! It's a non aggressive response.
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In USA a Louisiana Man Got Life in Prison for Selling $20 of Cannabis

In USA a Louisiana Man Got Life in Prison for Selling $20 of Cannabis | Addiction and Substance Use | Scoop.it

The Daily Beast's Abby Haglage has the story of a homeless man in Louisiana whose case demonstrates some of the worst extremes of the drug war. Fate Vincent Winslow, a 41-year-old homeless black man, was hungry on September 5th, 2008. Along with a man he called “Perdue,” he was the target of a sting by an undercover cop pretending to look for marijuana and a prostitute. Although Perdue was never arrested, Winslow was. Citing his previous non-violent felonies – a burglaries at age 17 and 26, and cocaine possession in 2004 – a judge sentenced him to life imprisonment with hard labor. This was a result of mandatory minimum sentencing laws which allowed the prosecution to seek such an extreme sentence.

 


Via Julian Buchanan
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

If I was a tax payer in the U.S., I would feel SO screwed over..

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Julian Buchanan's curator insight, February 27, 5:14 PM

Illustrates how drug policy is more dangerous than drugs an abuse of Human Rights

 

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Are We Addicted To Addiction?

As time goes on, humans become to addicted to more and more things. Are we addicted to addiction?

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

There's a BIG difference between clinical addiction and "addiction" to, for example, a favourite tv-show. Unfortunately, today's exaggerated overuse of the term often means that people do not take the issue as seriously as it really really is when it really really pertains to addiction.

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