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The Australian Red Cross Blood Service

The Australian Red Cross Blood Service | Accident Forensics | Scoop.it
The Australian Red Cross Blood Service site for health professionals.
Brianna Rae's insight:

When looking at white blood cells, red blood cells and plasma Tanya is required to pack and ready the samples for transport to other laboratories. Therefore in doing this she is required to know which types of blood components fixed shelf and storage temperatures  are. There are many different types of red blood cell components therefore when getting the samples ready they are to be clearly labelled and grouped. Any handling of the blood samples are to be done in room temperature. This is to ensure that the temperature of the refrigerator isn't exceeded. Red blood cells aren't aloud out for any longer then 30 minutes. Plasma is to directed as the labels during packaging. This webpage gives great detail of how to package blood for transport and although Tanya doesn't know what happens after they leave her lab she would know that she has done her part of the job when packaging. I also found these scoop.it's very useful in understanding how Tanya's job works. 

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How to Clean up a Blood Spill - YouTube (Quest 3)

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A visual representation of cleaning a contaminated area. 

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Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) - (Quest 3)

Brianna Rae's insight:

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is used in any and every job. It is a form of protection. Tanya has to wear PPE to stop contamination with Hepatitis B & C, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and virus's that can cause aids. PPE acts as a barrier against exposure and can significantly reduce the risk of catching these virus's. Well you would want to hope so. The PPE system is at no cost to the employers. This Equipment may include gloves, gowns, laboratory coats, face shields or marks,  eye protection, pocket masks and many others. specific PPE should be chosen appropriately in relation to the level of exposure. Those just taking blood won't be as affected as someone who is analyzing it. Gloves are a one use wear product. In Tanya's workplace she is required to wear lab coats, gowns, smocks, uniforms and other essential equipment like glasses and gloves. This is because she works with samples that contain traces of HIV. This equipment is to be decontaminated before leaving the lab or laundered. If a garment is exposed by splashed blood ti is to be removed immediately or as soon as feasible. It then needs to be disposed of in the correct manner. When undertaking practices Tanya is well prepares in regards to PPE. 

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Leanne Boreham - Quest 2

Leanne Boreham - Quest 2 | Accident Forensics | Scoop.it
Brianna Rae's insight:

Leanne Boreham is a self-employed and studying. She currently works for Boreham’s Glass as a factor or the office as she pretty much runs the show. Leanne is also studying solving the jigsaw facilities training. This is a program in which she will go and inform children of their wellbeing and others around them as well as raising awareness for bullying and working for her home business. Leanne loves her job most of the time but can become very stressful when stock doesn’t turn up or the boys are running late. She averages about 38 hours a week in her day job but can spend nights on end studying.  Leanne deals with a lot of different customers and on the rare occasion deals with customer abuse, due to their frustrations. This adds to Leanne’s stress. She also works alongside the boys in cutting the glass and fitting it into any given space. This is sometimes a danger to her physical wellbeing but uses PPE preparations to remain safe. Another safety precaution is on the job training that is taken with new employees but because it’s only a small business these requirements aren’t really needed. Leanne is really looking forwards to finishing her studies as well as carrying on the self-employed business. 

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Paul Warr - Quest 2

Paul Warr - Quest 2 | Accident Forensics | Scoop.it
Brianna Rae's insight:

Paul Warr is the Human Resources Specialist for Woolworths Limited 511 Supermarket. Paul deals with the career management, appointing roles, recruitment, industrial relations, employee relations remuneration and succession plans which involves planning for the future. Paul enjoys the many different roles in his job. This does keep him on his toes as he averages a 40 hour week but does extend working hours to accommodate for his employees and managers. Paul is faced with many different OHS issues both in his office and in the stores of the area. Paul suffers high levels of stress although knows when the working day is over. Due to the certain amount of kilometres Paul travels every year he suffers some fatigue, especially after spending 3 days in meetings then returning to his office for more work matters. He can also suffer from slips creating strains and sprains. Paul has a Duty of Care to his employees which he also has to carry out. This looks very stressful in Paul’s eyes I would definitely get left behind. 

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Jason Warr - Quest 2

Jason Warr - Quest 2 | Accident Forensics | Scoop.it
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This is Jason Warr, Accessory’s Manger for Team Moto Yamaha on the Gold Coast. Jason loves his job as you can see from the smile on his face it is a great carrier opportunity that he took hold of with both hands. Jason deals with everything motorbikes except the sales of the bikes themselves. This included helmets, clothing, sticker kits, bike parts and many more. He loves spending money and stocking the shop floor with his favourite products. On average Jason works between 38 – 50 hours a week. This is very easy because his work is portable via laptop. Although this also brings on the issue of fatigue. Jason can spend late nights at the shop due to his excitement when discovering new products. Jason describes his number one Occupational Health and Safety issue as being a danger to not only himself but potential buyers. This is because the issue is test riding. There are a lot of safety precautions that have to be taken when test riding the motorbike. Helmets are to be worn at all times, Jason has to wear a fluro yellow vest to demonstrate to other drivers that there is a test ride taking place. Another would be a slipping or obstruction hazard. It’s common to have a little leakage off the bikes of a morning or afternoon when putting bikes on display. During this process there can be many obstructions that cover exits and door ways. This generally happens before and after the store is closed therefore customers aren’t really subjects but workers are. The movement of heavy vehicles could also result in strains and strains. Jason and his co-workers undergo serious amounts of safety training and is also reviewed when incidents occur.

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What went wrong with flight QF32?

What went wrong with flight QF32? | Accident Forensics | Scoop.it

Via Louis Magnussen
Brianna Rae's insight:

There have been investigations as to why engine 2 blew up on flight QF32. these investigation have been undertaken by a team of skilled accident forensics mixed with engineers and specified aircraft mechanics. These types of investigations is something i look forward to in 5 years time. Mysteries can arise at the most unexpected times. this flight could have resulted in a complete disaster although the pilot was sure enough that they would return safely to ground. 

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Louis Magnussen's curator insight, March 14, 2014 12:22 AM

One of the concerns that I have with the increase in size of aircraft, as evident on the Airbus A380, is that with increased passenger carrying capabilities, the fatalities and injuries are also increased when something does go wrong with an aircraft. 

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Daniel Morcombe murder trial judge opposes tougher laws

Daniel Morcombe murder trial judge opposes tougher laws | Accident Forensics | Scoop.it
The judge in the Daniel Morcombe murder trial says the case highlights arguments against tougher sentences for sex offenders.
Brianna Rae's insight:

Brianna's insight- 

The story of Daniel Morcombe is a great representation of the dedication Australian investigators have. Although this isn't an accident I still think that this case identifies key elements of discovery. This particular case has been going on since I was a little girl and I feel that this could have been prevented. I don't want to show any disrespect to the family but only relate it to matters where the prevention of Daniel being taken occurs. It's not everyday a child gets taken in such a open environment. If the bus hadn't have broken down that day Daniel would have made it to the supermarket fine. Although to relate this to my line of study what caused the bus to break down? Why wasn't there a replacement bus coming? Why didn't someone wait with Daniel? This case mostly relied on witness' until there was leads to evidence. This is when the forensics investigators came into play, when investigating unknown locations. I would't like to have to investigate just a terrible investigation although the relief the family would have and now does have knowing the truth about their son really reminds me why I chose this field of study.

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Four killed in crash between car and truck

Four killed in crash between car and truck | Accident Forensics | Scoop.it
Four people have died in a fiery road crash near Koo Wee Rup, south-east of Melbourne.
Brianna Rae's insight:

On Friday February 28, 2014 a truck driver took right away from a family of 5 at an intersection in Koo Wee Rup, Melbourne. This fatal crash left 4 people dead after the truck and car burst into flames upon impact. It was also reported that the car engine had been ejected at some point in the accident. But how could this have possibly happened? The truck driver was taken into custody at the local hospital. Within 5 years time I want to be the person determining why this truck driver failed to stop at this intersection. What could have been the many distractions this truck driver had to disobey the road rules. I want to be able say why this truck court on fire upon impact or was there Mechanical problems with the car? These are all the questions as to why this accident shouldn't have happened. Although there is little reported in this article this investigation would have taken a while to consider all factors of how the events played out. 

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Forensics investigate Murarrie crash between cyclist and truck

Forensics investigate Murarrie crash between cyclist and truck | Accident Forensics | Scoop.it
A forensic crash unit is continuing investigations into a fatal accident between a 21-year-old female cyclist and a truck at Murarrie early on Saturday morning.
Brianna Rae's insight:

Saturday March 1, 2014 a forensic crash investigation unit was sent to a scene at the Gateway Bridge involving a cyclist and a truck. Unfortunately the female 21 year old cyclist was pronounced dead at the scene. Due to the little knowledge that police have, no charges where made at the scene. It appeared that the cyclist had collided with the truck. In 5 years time I would love to be in the forensic crash investigation unit. This would mean that I could perform investigations that might be open ended. I would have to play out different events to determine how the cyclist died, therefore giving a voice to the dead and viewing different angles of the scene. It would also be a challenge to determine which factors caused the accident: the environment, mechanical or the driver. 

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Lac Mégantic spurs calls for better rail safety

Lac Mégantic spurs calls for better rail safety | Accident Forensics | Scoop.it
It was Canada's worst rail disaster in more than a century. In the early morning hours of July 6, 2013, a 72-car freight train derailed and exploded in Lac-Mégantic, a small town in southern Quebec.
Brianna Rae's insight:

Canada July 6, 2013 an unattended train derailed after breaking loose from handbrakes and applied air breaks to 11 cars. At around 12:56 a.m Canada was soon to report one if it's worse rail disasters in over a century. Although it was unknown, this train was considered to be a ticking time bomb, it had been reported that a broken piston was leaking unused fuel onto the engine bay where sparks began to fly. A fire was extinguished and reported just after midnight although with the available time wouldn't you check the breaks to ensure the train was still fully stable? The train only employed one crew member which was a locomotive engineer, who at the time of the accident was sleeping in a local Hotel. Not aboard his train. After the train derailed the handbrakes and air breaks where no longer useful and this disasters was gaining speeding  and approaching a sharp curve. the train hit the curve, rolled and exploded killing 47 people and destroying 30 building in surrounding areas. This train was carrying  6 million liters of petrol and oil. This is what caused the train to explode. The crash zone had an estimated radius of 120 km. there was reports made prior to this accident to The Canadian Railway but they where ignored due to the Government making cuts of $6.7 million in regards to transport regulatory oversights. The way this accidents in-particular relates to where i want to be in 5 years time is through the thorough investigation of how this train managed to derail and crash. How could this train only have one crew member dedicated to a whole train of 72- cars. I hope to change the system just like these investigators that have written this report. I not only want to investigate what could be considered as a basic investigation for example a murder case where there a guidelines and procedures to follow like a case plan but incidents like this rail accident. it doesn't have a high frequency rate but can be a rare type of knowledge which would mean that new laws can be implemented to stop this from happening in future events. 

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Laboratory Sharps Disposal (Quest 3)

Brianna Rae's insight:

Sharps are a device that have acute rigid corners, edges or protuberances that are capable of cutting or piercing. In Tanya's lab she uses a broad range of glass slides and equipment that needs to be disposed of correctly. This equipment needs to be disposed of in a sharps container which is like a bin that in non retractable, meaning that you cant retrieve the item ones it's been thrown out. This includes pipettes, microscope slides and capillary tubes, it is essential to label the sharp waste containers appropriately. Once this has been done the waste needs to be disposed of in its respective container. This pdf file shows how to secure the waste containers so that they are ready for use. These procedures would help Tanya dispose of her sharp equipment correctly without harming the environment by throwing the sharps into a general waste bin. The Environmental health and safety students that wrote this information was very clear in stating that there was to be no sharp items thrown into a general waste bin, they are to disposed of correctly in there respective and allocated sharps container. 

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Chemical Fume Hood Animation in English - YouTube (Quest 3)

a laboratory safety project by Dartmouth College & The National Institute of Health "Chemical Fume Hood: How it Works to Protect You"
Brianna Rae's insight:

In a very slow attempt to tell you about a Fume cabinet here is what it does briefly. It is like an exhaust filled with a suction. It helps to stop vapors escaping into the air which could effect employees health. There is very specific ways to act around these cabinets. Qualified personnel are to be very slow but direct when dealing with the fume cabinet. There also needs to be little to no disruptions during airflow. Working on a shelf or only having the equipment required in the cabinet to help with airflow.  Tanya regularly uses fume cabinets to lower the risks of spills and contamination, as well as odors.   

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Appendix 5: Procedure for managing spills of blood and body fluidssubstances - Blue Book - Infectious Diseases Epidemiology & Surveillance - Department of Health, Victoria, Australia (Quest 3)

Appendix 5: Procedure for managing spills of blood and body fluidssubstances - Blue Book - Infectious Diseases Epidemiology & Surveillance - Department of Health, Victoria, Australia (Quest 3) | Accident Forensics | Scoop.it
This section of the Blue Book - guidelines for the control of infectious diseases - outlines the procedure for dealing with spills of body fluids.
Brianna Rae's insight:

In the instance of a spillage in Tanya's workplace there are specific procedures  in which she has to follow. If not done correctly her health and others can be at a high risk, especially because she is dealing with blood samples of HIV positive patients. In order to have a safe workplace Health services should have management systems in place. These systems should include a hard copy of procedural manuals, ongoing educations and training programs to not only help deal with workplace practice but also to ensure that their knowledge is refreshed. There are different ways to manage different spills. This depends on the identification of the nature, size, type, location and the likelihood of touching bare skin. In the instance of a spillage there are standard cleaning equipment that needs to be used. As well as clinical procedures to ensure that the spillage can be dealt with as soon as possible. Care should always be taken to ensure there is no contamination to bare skin. Therefore full PPE should be warn at all times. Cleaning procedures will change in relation to the surface in which the blood or tissue was spilt. Sodium hypochlorite (bleach) needs to be used and rinsed from the area. If the spill was a tissue like brain tissue then it is to be disposed of immediately. The surrounding area must be cordoned off to ensure that the safety of other personnel is considered. I believe this is a great procedural recommendation. I really hope that this has helped Tanya not only in her training but in the unlikely circumstance of a spillage/ contamination.  

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Cameron Smith - Quest 2

Cameron Smith - Quest 2 | Accident Forensics | Scoop.it
Brianna Rae's insight:

Cameron Smith is a Heavy Machinery Operator that works for AE Group Civil and Mining at Middlemount Coal. Cameron drives heavy machinery scraper that move surface dirt to a dump in order to strip top soil making a damn or creak conversation and also for rehabilitation for when the mine shuts down. Cameron works on a 14 day cycle where 10 days he is at the mine and 4 he is home. Cameron thoroughly enjoys his job but was very quick to point out the OHS issues in his field. Driver fatigue is number one on his list due to the extremely long hours in which these miners work some days can make up 12 hours of operating time. Mobile equipment interaction is a major OHS issue due to heavy and light machinery working together. When a light vehicle enters the circuit it is to be announced and marked with a flag so that heavy machinery have a visual on their where about. Another is the 3 point contact or a 4 point harness when exceeding 1.8 metre heights. PPE is a solution to these issues because it provides all the correct safety equipment to prevent any injuries or deaths.

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Tanya Warr - Quest 2

Tanya Warr - Quest 2 | Accident Forensics | Scoop.it
Brianna Rae's insight:

Tanya Warr is a Laboratory assistant at the Princess Alexandra Hospital in Queensland. She tests patients’ blood samples for red and white blood cells and platelets to diagnose any existing health problems. She is also looking at blood samples from a Leukaemia patient to see the differences in the cells. Tanya absolutely loves her job as she is also undertaking further study of her job. This also limits her work hours to only 20 hours a week whilst studying Bachelor of Health and a Major in Laboratory Medicine. The biggest OHS issues that Tanya deals with is cross-contamination. When examining the blood she has to be in full PPE. This is also to reduce the potential risk that could harm her health. These blood samples could contain traces of hepatitis A and B as well as HIV. Another issue is when working with glass slides there is the risk of spills and also cross-contamination with other blood samples. Spills could also lead to slips and trips within the workplace. Tanya undertakes many different types of safety training in order to maintain her personal health and safety whilst in the workplace.

 

 

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Major shift in the Flight 370 investigation – Anderson Cooper 360 ...

Major shift in the Flight 370 investigation – Anderson Cooper 360 ... | Accident Forensics | Scoop.it
There are now reports Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 may have vanished hundreds of miles from where authorities first thought. A Malaysian military source tells CNN that their radar suggests the plane may have been flying for ...
Brianna Rae's insight:

This is an investigation that is mostly directed by communication. In the investigation as to why this plan dropped of the Earth there are many accidents and Health and safety factors to take into consideration. 

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Chernobyl - Bing Videos

Chernobyl - Bing Videos | Accident Forensics | Scoop.it

Via Louis Magnussen
Brianna Rae's insight:

It has been nearly 30 years since this horrific disaster although it is still seen to one of the best examples of how incorrect procedures can result in death. This factory was built to fail in the case of an emergency. It resulted to be one of the biggest gas leaks  of this time which is still effecting the environment 30 years on. This is a great representation of how my job in 5 years time can be implemented into solving accidents like this. Although this particular case could have been stopped it wouldn't have been known until after the gas leak that water came into contact with the chemicals. Or that the back up systems would fail in any case of leak. This also relates to my line of study at the moment due to the Occupation Health and safety issues that where disregarded. 

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Louis Magnussen's curator insight, March 14, 2014 12:50 AM

Chernobyl was a perfect example of how neglect to correct procedures can lead to disaster.  With the recent meltdown at Fukishima, I have seen that although nuclear power is effective in reducing greehouse gas emissions, it still produces radioactive by-products and is extremely deadly if handled incorrectly. 

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Police investigate serious car and ice cream truck accident in Arncliffe

Police investigate serious car and ice cream truck accident in Arncliffe | Accident Forensics | Scoop.it
FreeNews Sydney based media & news portal
Brianna Rae's insight:

On the night of January 31, 2014 a Red Mitsubishi lancer collided with a stationary ice-cream truck. Officers notified news crews that it was a high speed collision that could have been fatal. The driver of the ice-cream truck, which had turned on its side, was freed from his truck a short time after the accident occurred although it took emergency services 2 hours to free the driver of the car after hitting a street sign and stopping in the middle of an intersection.As an accident forensic officer i would ask myself what would cause this accident? In this case it was speed. Although had the car been going any faster or slower would the circumstances be any different? It's not my job to determine the 'what if's' but to accumulate the facts. What cause the motorist to speed? Was speed the reason that the car hit a stationary vehicle? In this case the obvious is seen when finding the cause of the accident, which was the high speeding driver. I hope to tackle many accidents like this one with my studies. 

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Edward Haughey: Irish businessman dies in helicopter crash - Independent.ie

Edward Haughey: Irish businessman dies in helicopter crash - Independent.ie | Accident Forensics | Scoop.it
AN Irish businessman is among four people who died in a helicopter crash late last night.
Brianna Rae's insight:

On March 14, 2014 Eddie Haughey from Nortfolk, Ireland died along with 3 other in a Helicopter crash. Eddie was an Irish Business man who was known to be the richest in Ireland. On the evening of a business event Mr Haughey set off flight with 3 others. It was unusual that they all flew together but in this case it was a group event. This accident is a great mystery and I hope to have a chance in my life time to investigate an incident like such. In this case the evidence shows that the helicopter was passing over a field of thick fog where it was later pronounce crashed. Emergency Services where called after a farmer heard a loud crash. It is unknown as to how this helicopter crashed killing the richest man in Ireland. although conspiracy could show that assumptions where made that people could be trying to destroy Mr Haughey's successful business. 

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Worker to face murder charges after attack at Loblaws warehouse

Worker to face murder charges after attack at Loblaws warehouse | Accident Forensics | Scoop.it
Murder charges were pending Saturday against a man arrested after a bloody stabbing rampage at an Edmonton grocery warehouse, while those who knew the dead shared their grief and outrage.
Brianna Rae's insight:

One Friday morning in the town of Edmonton, ALTA. A young man by the name of Jayme Pasieka, 29, went on a bloody stabbing rampage in a warehouse where he had recently been working. Witness's describe a man to be wearing a military style vest and holding knives in his hands. Although the attack only lasted minutes it was described as a frantic scene especially when emergency services arrived. The fatality rate was 2, 1 that had died in an aisle and the other on the way to the hospital. Police report that Pasieka had no motives as to why he went on this rampage although it's still an ongoing investigation. In a court hearing Pasieka was charged with two counts of first degree murder, one count of attempted murder and other weapons charges. In the court hear it was noted that Pasieka had shown erratic behavior in the past involving weapons and assault. This investigation is a great representation of where i want to be in 5 years time. The reasoning behind this is due to the simple steps taken to find the man. It was only through visualization of a by stander that this man was found in another location. It isn't everyday an investigator has a offender who is willing to co-operate after a murder. It shows that thorough investigations and through communication between the investigator and the courts you are able to get a verdict, delivering an appropriate punishments for the actions of the criminal. 

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