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European Theatre of World War II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The European Theatre of World War II was a huge area of heavy fighting across Europe from Germany's invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939 until the end of the war with the German unconditional surrender on May 8, 1945 (V-E Day). The Allied forces fought the Axis powers on two fronts (the Eastern Front and Western Front) as well as in the adjoining Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre.

Germany was defeated in World War I, and the Treaty of Versailles placed punitive conditions on the country, including significant financial reparations, the loss of territory (some only temporarily), war guilt, military weakening and limitation, and economic weakening. Germany was humiliated in front of the world and had to pay very large war reparations. Many Germans blamed their country's post-war economic collapse and hyperinflation on the treaty's conditions. These resentments contributed to the political instability which made it possible for Adolf Hitler and his National Socialist Party to come to power, with Hitler's appointment as Chancellor of Germany in 1933.


After Hitler took Germany out of the League of Nations, Mussolini and Hitler formed the Rome-Berlin axis, under a treaty known as the Pact of Steel. Later, Japan would also join as an Axis power under the rule of Hideki Tojo. Japan and Germany had already signed the Anti-Comintern Pact in 1939, to counter the Soviet Union's communism "threat". Other smaller powers also later joined the Axis through pacts.


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Allied leaders of World War II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Allied leaders of World War II listed below comprise the important political and military figures who fought for or supported the Allies during World War II. Engaged in total war, they had to adapt to new types of modern warfare, on the military, psychological and economic fronts.


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BBC - History - Adolf Hitler (pictures, video, facts & news)

BBC - History - Adolf Hitler (pictures, video, facts & news) | Academic | Scoop.it
Watch and listen to BBC clips about Adolf Hitler. Discover how the rise of Adolf Hitler led to World War Two and the deaths of over six million Jews.

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Peace in the Pacific - The End of World War II | 60 Years

Peace in the Pacific - The End of World War II | 60 Years | Academic | Scoop.it

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World War II Map, Second World War Map, World War 2 Map

World War II Map, Second World War Map, World War 2 Map | Academic | Scoop.it
World War II map throws light on the political scenario of the world during the war. Maps of World's World War 2 map shows the Allies, Axis and neutral countries of the world during World War II.

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World War II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 Soviet Union (1941–45)
 United States (1941–45)
 United Kingdom
 China
 France[nb 1]
 Poland
 Canada
 Australia
 New Zealand
 South Africa
 Yugoslavia (1941–45)
 Greece (1940–45)
 Norway (1940–45)
 Netherlands (1940–45)
 Belgium (1940–45)
 Czechoslovakia
 Brazil (1942–45)
 Mexico (1942–45)
...and others

Client and puppet states
Philippines (1941–45)
Mongolia (1941–45)
...and others

 Germany
 Japan
 Italy (1940–43)
 Hungary (1940–45)
 Romania (1941–44)
 Bulgaria (1941–44)


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Civilian Casualties of World War Two

Allies: Great Britain + Commonwealth 60,000 France 360,000 United States Minimal USSR 7,700,000 Belgium 90,000

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