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The Value Addition Imperative in Agriculture; Nigerian #ATA emphases Value chain approach @FmardNg @akin_adesina

The Value Addition Imperative in Agriculture;  Nigerian #ATA emphases Value chain approach @FmardNg @akin_adesina | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
Local agricultural processing is vital as Africa’s food imports continue to rise – but not all commodities are well suited to domestic value addition.
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Africa’s smallholder farmers are critical to food security

Africa’s smallholder farmers are critical to food security | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
Africa could emerge as a global breadbasket provided an enabling agricultural environment is fostered, said Paul E. Schickler, president of DuPont Pioneer, one of the world's leading agricultural businesses.
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FAO - News Article: Globally almost 870 million chronically undernourished - new hunger report

FAO - News Article: Globally almost 870 million chronically undernourished - new hunger report | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
Africa was the only region where the number of hungry grew over the period, from 175 million to 239 million, with nearly 20 million added in the past four years. The prevalence of hunger, although reduced over the entire period, has risen slightly over the past three years, from 22.6 percent to 22.9 percent - with nearly one in four hungry. And in sub-Saharan Africa, the modest progress achieved in recent years up to 2007 was reversed, with hunger rising 2 percent per year since then.
Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)'s insight:

Africa was the only region where the number of hungry grew over the period, from 175 million to 239 million, with nearly 20 million added in the past four years. The prevalence of hunger, although reduced over the entire period, has risen slightly over the past three years, from 22.6 percent to 22.9 percent - with nearly one in four hungry. And in sub-Saharan Africa, the modest progress achieved in recent years up to 2007 was reversed, with hunger rising 2 percent per year since then. 

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Next Brussels Briefing: Global food systems, local impact: the role of agribusiness and development partnerships in advancing African agriculture

Next Brussels Briefing: Global food systems, local impact: the role of agribusiness and development partnerships in advancing African agriculture | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
The next Brussels Development Briefing on “Global food systems, local impact: the role of agribusiness and development partnerships in advancing African agriculture” will take place Tuesday 25th No...
Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)'s insight:

"The transformation of the African agri-business sector is a key challenge to achieve food security and economic development. A differentiated approach to partnerships, based on the development of competitive local private sectors, is essential to boosting agricultural development in Africa." - Brussels briefings

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PAEPARD: Expert consultation on the future of Agricultural Knowledge Resource Centres in ACP regions

PAEPARD: Expert consultation on the future of Agricultural Knowledge Resource Centres in ACP regions | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
Knowledge is increasingly online and digital, making connectivity essential; and offline explicit knowledge invisible. Getting their own hidden knowledge online and visible is a number one task for institutional KRCs. It also makes sure that knowledge seekers are more likely to find more of what they want. Extension, educational and practical (non-scientific) information as well as content in smaller languages is especially missing. Physical ‘reading’ and ‘storage’ spaces are becoming redundant in many institutions; these spaces can be re-purposed to support other forms of communication and interaction. Peter Balyntine - ILRI
Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)'s insight:

"We need to adapt knowledge and information to different types of value chains: global value chains (in which other countries and regions are involved and depend from each other): in this you need something beyond a local Knowledge Resource Centers; local value chains can be targeted by KRCs (stakeholders; the State, the industry, the local communities) Pascal Bonnet" - CIRAD

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PAEPARD: African Livestock Futures: Realizing the potential of livestock for food security, poverty reduction and the environment in Sub-Saharan Africa

PAEPARD: African Livestock Futures: Realizing the potential of livestock for food security, poverty reduction and the environment in Sub-Saharan Africa | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it

David Nabarro, Special Representative of the UN Secretary General on Food Security and Nutrition who directed the development and implementation of the study, states that 

“As people’s incomes increase, their demand for (and access to) livestock products tends to increase as well.” He believes that “the degree to which people have predictable access to safe livestock products depends on the extent to which local markets responds to increasing demand and to which gaps in production can be met through imports from elsewhere”.

Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)'s insight:

As people’s incomes increase, their demand for (and access to) livestock products tends to increase as well.” He believes that “the degree to which people have predictable access to safe livestock products depends on the extent to which local markets responds to increasing demand and to which gaps in production can be met through imports from elsewhere”.

“The results of this research set the scene for more intensive work on options for expanding livestock production in Africa”,said David Nabarro. Follow-up work will explore how the dynamics of livestock markets will evolve in Africa and how changes in habitats will impact on the likelihood that new diseases will emerge and threaten the health of both animal and, if they are transmissible, human populations providing a detailed map for disease emergence hotspots under the different livestock scenarios. 
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Using mobile phones to better understand refugees' food needs

Using mobile phones to better understand refugees' food needs | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
With more than 50 million people in refugee camps or fleeing conflict, the World Food Programme is using mobiles to provide critical food assistance
Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)'s insight:

"We were curious: if we used mobile technology, could we get information faster, cheaper, and in a lighter way?" says Arif Husain, chief economist at the WFP, from the group's no frills offices in a warehouse district outside of Rome. "Meaning that if you use SMS or voice calling, you don't have 10 page questionnaires. You can throw out some simple questions, over time, and see the responses you get."

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Grass-fed Beef and Milk Is Healthier

Grass-fed Beef and Milk Is Healthier | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
When a scientist says something works, or is better, it's based on what research has demonstrated, or at least what it has demonstrated up to that point in time.  So when the Union of Concerned Sci...
Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)'s insight:

Based on the review then, you can safely claim these things about grass-fed beef and milk:

• Steak and ground beef from grass-fed cattle can be labeled “lean” or “extra lean.”

• Some steak from grass-fed cattle can be labeled “lower in total fat” than steak from conventionally raised cattle.

• Steak from grass-fed cattle can carry the health claim that foods low in total fat may reduce the risk of cancer.

• Steak and ground beef from grass-fed cattle can carry the “qualified” health claim that foods containing the omega-3 fatty acids EPA or DHA may reduce the risk of heart disease.


- See more at: http://onpasture.com/2014/08/04/grass-fed-beef-and-milk-is-healthier/#sthash.Skeisory.dpuf

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From dust bowl to carbon sink: the potential of conservation agriculture

From dust bowl to carbon sink: the potential of conservation agriculture | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
Two new videos exploring conservation agriculture were recently shared. The first looks back to the US dust bowl in the 1930s that motivated the development of no-till farming and conservation agri...
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PAEPARD

PAEPARD | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)'s insight:

The last decade of CAADP implementation, has redefined and reshaped the critical path to the attainment of Africa`s agricultural transformation objectives. Mrs. Tumusiime informed the Forum that the recent AU Joint Conference of Ministers of Agriculture, Rural Development, Fisheries and Aquaculture, held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from 1st to 2nd May 2014 adopted a Resolution endorsing seven Africa Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation Goals (3AGTGs) for 2025 for consideration by the AU Heads of State and Government, at their Malabo Summit.

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Small farms’ boost to food security - Business News | IOL Business | IOL.co.za

Small farms’ boost to food security - Business News | IOL Business | IOL.co.za | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)'s insight:

“@FAOKnowledge: Family farming is inextricably linked to national & global #foodsecurity. Key facts & figures w/ #iyff14 infographic: http://bit.ly/1saUo6D”

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Where to Get Quality Agricultural Information Online | Big Picture Agriculture

Where to Get Quality Agricultural Information Online | Big Picture Agriculture | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)'s insight:
Where to Get Quality Agricultural Information Online, @e_agriculture @FAOKnowlege @ICT4Agric @CTA
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Rescooped by Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c) from The Sustainability Journal - by Vikram R Chari
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Global Temperatures In April Tied For The Hottest On Record

Global Temperatures In April Tied For The Hottest On Record | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
“ A woman walks to get water near Gauhati, Assam, India in April. Rising temperatures coupled with scanty rainfall are badly affecting farmers in many parts of this north-eastern state.”
Via Vikram R Chari
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Farmers could cut emissions while boosting production - SciDev.Net

Farmers could cut emissions while boosting production - SciDev.Net | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
Using updated practices can cut greenhouse gas emissions and save livestock farmers money, says FAO report.
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Monkey malaria on the rise among humans in Malaysia

Monkey malaria on the rise among humans in Malaysia | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
The disease is caused by a parasite called Plasmodium knowlesi, transmitted by mosquitoes which usually feed on monkeys’ blood.
Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)'s insight:

"Once only monkeys were suffering — now people are getting sick too. Monkey malaria, which is three times more severe than other forms of malaria, now accounts for two-thirds of human malaria cases in Malaysian Borneo, says Balbir Singh, director of the Malaria Research Centre at the University of Malaysia in Sarawak." - Scidev.net 

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PAEPARD: Unlocking Africa’s potential for Growth and Prosperity

PAEPARD: Unlocking Africa’s potential for Growth and Prosperity | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)'s insight:

"....Africa is not a poor continent, it just happens to have a lot of poor people. We must transition the poor into wealth and create economic ladders of opportunities. We must therefore, not only improve the private capital stocks for Africa; we must rapidly build Africa’s social capital stocks. We must work to improve Africa’s development outcomes, strengthen economic, social and political systems, and build an enduring Africa – prosperous, peaceful and stable" - Dr Adesina, Nigerian Agric Minister

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Dairy Camel ~ Transforming from Desert Ecosystem to Modern Farming

Dairy Camel ~ Transforming from Desert Ecosystem to Modern Farming | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
The old world camels (Dromedary and Bactrian) are well adapted to the harsh (both cold extreme and hot extreme) and hostile (deserts with scarce water and feed availability) ecosystems of the north...
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Why George Monbiot is wrong: grazing livestock can save the world

Why George Monbiot is wrong: grazing livestock can save the world | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
L Hunter Lovins: George Monbiot’s recent criticism of Allan Savory’s theory that grazing livestock can reverse climate change ignores evidence that it’s already experiencing success
Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)'s insight:

"...grazing #livestock can reverse #desertification and restore #carbon to the #soil, enhancing its #biodiversity and countering #climatechange." - Savory

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Why developing gender sensitive policy responses into Africa’s climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies in agriculture is a priority.

Why developing gender sensitive policy responses into Africa’s climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies in agriculture is a priority. | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
In Africa, gender-sensitive policy responses to the effects of climate change are critical to ensure a productive agriculture sector and a food-secure growing population
Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)'s insight:

 African #women especially those directly engaged as primary food producers are not only vulnerable to climate change but they are also effective agents of change in relation to implementing adaptation and mitigation strategies” said Dr. Ruth Aura, Chairperson of Federation of Women Lawyers – Kenya (FIDA-Kenya) who attended the meeting.

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Micronutrients and improving nutrition through food systems | International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Micronutrients and improving nutrition through food systems | International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it

The first step any country should take to improve the micronutrient status of its population, according to Ruel, is to “work on the food system"

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Private sector investment in Nigeria's Agric sector tops N1.25trn in 2 years, says Minister

Private sector investment in Nigeria's Agric sector tops N1.25trn in 2 years, says Minister | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
Mr. Adesina also says the best performing stocks in the Nigerian market today were agriculture-related stocks Private sector investment in Nigeria's agricultural sector was valued at over $8billion...
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PAEPARD: Announcement: Moderated sessions July 28-30th 2014 from USAID on Animal Science Research Priorities

PAEPARD: Announcement: Moderated sessions July 28-30th 2014 from USAID on Animal Science Research Priorities | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)'s insight:

Reducing global poverty and hunger and improving nutrition are core objectives of Feed the Future, the U.S. Government’s global hunger and food security initiative. Harnessing agricultural science and technology is critical to meeting the challenge of increasing production of more nutritious food with fewer natural resources, while adapting to climate change. The Feed the Future Research Strategy supports targeted research on sustainable intensification of plant and animal production systems and on increasing the availability of and access to nutritious foods. Livestock – including goats, sheep, cattle, pigs, poultry and fish – are central to this effort and contribute to smallholder incomes and household nutrition.

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PAEPARD: ALiCE2014: African Livestock Conference and Exhibition

PAEPARD: ALiCE2014: African Livestock Conference and Exhibition | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)'s insight:

"#Livestock is currently contributing only 10%. This is very small. We need to increase the investment in the sector by about 35% and that is when the sector will be productive,”  Dr  Ndikumana

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Climate change activists: your focus on food insecurity is backfiring

Climate change activists: your focus on food insecurity is backfiring | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
Jonah
Sachs: Alarming predictions will likely just grow our current system of food production,
exacerbating its environmental problems. The message should be that
our industrial food system is driving climate change
Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)'s insight:

No matter how dire the facts, people still don’t seem to care enough about climate change to drive political action. If we want to make them care, we need to connect climate change to human impacts. Here’s a human impact: Climate change threatens food production. So we’ll get people to care by explaining that climate change may mean a future in which we won’t be able to produce enough food.

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Drop in global malnutrition depends on agricultural productivity, climate change

Drop in global malnutrition depends on agricultural productivity, climate change | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
Global malnutrition could fall 84 percent by the year 2050 as incomes in developing countries grow - but only if agricultural productivity continues to improve and climate change does not severely damage agriculture, Purdue University researchers say.
Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)'s insight:

"Up to 2050, there could be some pluses for agriculture," he said. "But in the longer run, adverse temperatures will likely become overwhelming, and rising carbon dioxide concentrations won't help after a certain point. Eventually, you drop off a cliff."




Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2014-05-global-malnutrition-agricultural-productivity-climate.html#jCp

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Rescooped by Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c) from Food Security
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News: Climate change a threat to security, food and humankind - IPCC report (2014)

News: Climate change a threat to security, food and humankind - IPCC report (2014) | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
A United Nations report raised the threat of climate change to a whole new level on Monday, warning of sweeping consequences to life and livelihood. The report from the UN's intergovernmental panel on climate change concluded that climate change was already having effects in real time – melting sea ice and thawing permafrost in the Arctic, killing off coral reefs in the oceans, and leading to heat waves, heavy rains and mega-disasters. And the worst was yet to come. Climate change posed a threat to global food stocks, and to human security, the blockbuster report said. The warning signs about climate change and extreme weather events have been accumulating over time. But this report struck out on relatively new ground by drawing a clear line connecting climate change to food scarcity, and conflict. The report said climate change had already cut into the global food supply. Global crop yields were beginning to decline – especially for wheat – raising doubts as to whether production could keep up with population growth. “It has now become evident in some parts of the world that the green revolution has reached a plateau,” Pachauri said. The future looks even more grim. Under some scenarios, climate change could lead to dramatic drops in global wheat production as well as reductions in maize. "Climate change is acting as a brake. We need yields to grow to meet growing demand, but already climate change is slowing those yields," said Michael Oppenheimer, a Princeton professor and an author of the report.
Via Kamoun Lab @ TSL, Food Security
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Sustainable food production: Facts and Figures - SciDev.Net

Sustainable food production: Facts and Figures - SciDev.Net | Agriculture, Climate & Food security | Scoop.it
Farming must feed more people more sustainably. Zareen Bharucha looks at scientific approaches past and present.
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