In the winter edition of the Harvard Educational Review, researchers Steve Graham and Michael Hebert shared findings which showed that when students receive writing instruction, their reading fluency and comprehension improve. NCTE has been spreading this message for years. In a 1978 College English article, Alice S. Horning wrote, "In order to write, however, one must know how to read. Moreover, one must not only be able to read in the conventional sense, but also one must be able to develop the highly specialized reading skills needed to write successfully: the skills of proofreading, of knowing where to look for information on the printed page, of sorting, storing, and analyzing the print for the total message." NCTE provides many contemporary resources that emphasize the reading and writing connection.