Haiti - History
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Haiti An Island Luminous

Haiti An Island Luminous | Haiti - History | Scoop.it
Alex Lizzappi's insight:
Hispaniola, the island that Haiti and the Dominican Republic now share, was inhabited maybe as early as 4000 BCE by migrants originally from Central America. By 1200 CE, northern Caribbean civilizations had mixed and evolved into the Taínos,
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Why Haiti fared so much worse than the rest of the Americas? | Ayiti Now Corp

Why Haiti fared so much worse than the rest of the Americas? | Ayiti Now Corp | Haiti - History | Scoop.it
Before 1804, brutal slavery went on for 300 years. During slavery the only institutions and infrastructure was in function of plantation commerce and colonials. Spaniards systematically raped women and killed man, in most of the spanish colonies. You find widespread outbreeding, complex hierarchical racial systems, and more invested settlements, also arising from claims of citizenship …
Alex Lizzappi's insight:
The world one day will recognize to Haiti the most important chapter of human emancipation and the ongoing resistance against foreign influence for the right of self determination and sovereignty. 
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Haiti's Rigged Elections. Disinformation and Propaganda 101

Haiti's Rigged Elections. Disinformation and Propaganda 101 | Haiti - History | Scoop.it
The fight for Haiti is on. Since Haitians scuttled the fraudulent elections and started to make their own plans, the foreign occupation has become desperate to concoct a pseudo-Haitian solution to ...
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Lie #2. Haiti’s parliament is reassembled and functional

Jan 10, 2016 Miami Herald, “Martelly’s one-man rule comes to an end”
Jan 11, 2016 Miami Herald, “Haiti parliament returns after a year”
Jan 12, 2016 Yahoo, “Haiti parliament returns after a year of inaction”

There is still no parliament in Haiti, because the legislative elections were even more fraudulent than the presidential ones.

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FRAPH genesis

FRAPH genesis
Alex Lizzappi's insight:

 Members of FRAPH were working, and perhaps still are, for two social service agencies funded by the Agency for International LDevelopment, one of which maintains sensitive files on the movements of the Haitian poor.

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G. Dunkel, Washington cozy with death-sqad leader

According to the July 26 Baltimore Sun, the agreement to release Constant was drawn up by the State Department, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Justice and the National Security Council. It specifically allows him to work here and to go to any country he wants--other than Haiti.

In exchange, Constant dropped a lawsuit against the State Department in which he asserted that his actions were part of a collaboration with the CIA to undermine Aristide’s return by exposing him as a political extremist.
Alex Lizzappi's insight:

According to the July 26 Baltimore Sun, the agreement to release Constant was drawn up by the State Department, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Justice and the National Security Council. It specifically allows him to work here and to go to any country he wants--other than Haiti.

In exchange, Constant dropped a lawsuit against the State Department in which he asserted that his actions were part of a collaboration with the CIA to undermine Aristide’s return by exposing him as a political extremist. 

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The "occult" crimes of U.S. imperialism

The U.S. had an interest in beating a hasty retreat and letting the situation deteriorate. In so doing, it strengthened its position in relation to the other friends (France, Canada, Venezuela, Argentina), and weakened Haiti's economy as well as political power, creating the conditions necessary to justify a U.S.-led military invasion and U.S.-dominated restoration of democracy.
Alex Lizzappi's insight:

The U.S. had an interest in beating a hasty retreat and letting the situation deteriorate. In so doing, it strengthened its position in relation to the other friends (France, Canada, Venezuela, Argentina), and weakened Haiti's economy as well as political power, creating the conditions necessary to justify a U.S.-led military invasion and U.S.-dominatedrestoration of democracy.

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Revolutionary Front for Haitian Advancement and Progress (FRAPH) Front Révolutionnaire pour L'Avancement et le Progress Haitien (FRAPH)

Alex Lizzappi's insight:

According to a 1993 CIA Intelligence Memorandum obtained by the Center for Constitutional Rights through the Freedom of Information Act, "FRAPH members Jodel Chamblain, Emmanuel Constant, and Gabriel Douzable met with an unidentified military officer on the morning of 14 October to discuss plans to kill Malary"

 

 

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Why The US Owes Haiti Billions - The Briefest History by Bill Quigley

Why The US Owes Haiti Billions - The Briefest History by Bill Quigley | Haiti - History | Scoop.it
Why does the US owe Haiti Billions?
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Why The US Owes Haiti Billions - The Briefest History by Bill Quigley

Why does the US owe Haiti Billions? Colin Powell, former US Secretary of State, stated his foreign policy view as the "Pottery Barn rule." That is - "if you break it, you own it."

 
The US has worked to break Haiti for over 200 years. We owe Haiti. Not charity. We owe Haiti as a matter of justice. Reparations. And not the $100 million promised by President Obama either - that is Powerball money. The US owes Haiti Billions - with a big B.
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Former Haitian coup leader: 'We are ready for war'

Former Haitian coup leader: 'We are ready for war' | Haiti - History | Scoop.it
A former Haitian coup leader wanted by the US...
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A former Haitian coup leader wanted by the US for smuggling cocaine called on his supporters on Sunday to resist "anarchists" who forced a presidential election to be canceled, in a sign of deep polarization that could lead to more unrest.

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Key Statistics | Haiti Relief

Find key statistics for Haiti relief and recovery.
Alex Lizzappi's insight:
Facts and figures on the delivery of international assistance to Haiti and other fragile settings.

From 2009 to 2012, the United Nations Office of the Special Envoy for Haiti conducted research on the delivery of international assistance to Haiti and other countries in fragile settings. Key data from this research is below. 

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How statistics can be misleading - Mark Liddell

How statistics can be misleading - Mark Liddell | Haiti - History | Scoop.it
Statistics are persuasive. So much so that people, organizations, and whole countries base some of their most important decisions on organized data. But any set of statistics might have something l...
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Statistics are persuasive. So much so that people, organizations, and whole countries base some of their most important decisions on organized data. But any set of statistics might have something lurking inside it that can turn the results completely upside down. Mark Liddell investigates Simpson’s paradox.

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Where Does Haiti Fit in Citigroup’s Corporate History?

Where Does Haiti Fit in Citigroup’s Corporate History? | Haiti - History | Scoop.it
June 13 (Bloomberg) -- Citigroup Inc.’s online
timeline commemorating its 200th anniversary presents a
story of achievement, progress and ...
Alex Lizzappi's insight:
Where Does Haiti Fit in Citigroup’s Corporate History?
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The Price Of Sugar - YouTube

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On the Caribbean island of the Dominican Republic, tourists flock to pristine beaches, with little knowledge that a few miles away thousands of dispossessed Haitians are under armed guard on plantations harvesting sugarcane, most of which ends up in US kitchens. Cutting cane by machete, they work 14 hour days, 7 days a week, frequently without access to decent housing, electricity, clean water, education, healthcare or adequate nutrition. The Price of Sugar follows a charismatic Spanish priest, Father Christopher Hartley, as he organizes some of this hemisphere's poorest people, challenging the powerful interests profiting from their work. This film raises key questions about where the products we consume originate, at what human cost they are produced and ultimately, where our responsibility lies.

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Did the State Department help suppress the minimum wage in Haiti? | Ayiti Now Corp

Did the State Department help suppress the minimum wage in Haiti? | Ayiti Now Corp | Haiti - History | Scoop.it
U.S. began monitoring the minimum wage when the Haitian Parliament began discussing the daily minimum wage of $1.75 a day, or about 22 cents per hour.
Alex Lizzappi's insight:
U.S. began monitoring the minimum wage when the Haitian Parliament began discussing the daily minimum wage of $1.75 a day, or about 22 cents per hour.
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I am a leader of FRAPH, Emmanuel Constant, Haiti | Ayiti Now Corp

I am a leader of FRAPH, Emmanuel Constant, Haiti | Ayiti Now Corp | Haiti - History | Scoop.it
Dossier of Emmanuel Constant, a set of documents revealing the events and the people arising from the Front for the Advancement and Progress of Haiti (FRAPH)
Alex Lizzappi's insight:

Human rights violations in Haiti mounted in 1994 as the military regime increasingly turned to terror
tactics in its effort to eliminate all vestiges of support for elected President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
During the first half of the year, as international efforts to restore democracy foundered, the army
joined forces with paramilitary thugs in a marathon of gross human rights violations.
In May, the Clinton administration stepped up pressure on the regime through stiffer international
sanctions and threatening the use of force. In September, a last-minute agreement with the regime
led to the unopposed occupation of Haiti by a U.S.-led multinational force.

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FRAPH and ‘Toto’ Constant

FRAPH and ‘Toto’ Constant
Alex Lizzappi's insight:
FRAPH and Toto Constant, CIA, USAID, DOD, WH Contemporary political history of the Republic of Haiti
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US makes a mockery of justice

US began funding a five- year $18 million programme to reform the judicial system, yet, at the same time, Washington is blatantly obstructing the very process of Haitian justice
Alex Lizzappi's insight:

US began funding a five- year $18 million programme to reform the judicial system, yet, at the same time, Washington is blatantly obstructing the very process of Haitian justice

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Larry Rohter, Cables Show U.S. Deception on Haitian Violence

But a review of classified cables sent by the American Embassy in Haiti to the Defense and State Departments shows that for a year before the invasion in September 1994 the Pentagon knew that the official version was not true.
Alex Lizzappi's insight:

But a review of classified cables sent by the American Embassy in Haiti to the Defense and State Departments shows that for a year before the invasion in September 1994 the Pentagon knew that the official version was not true.

 
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CJA : Case Summary

CJA : Case Summary | Haiti - History | Scoop.it
Constant appeared on the news program 60 Minutes and revealed that he had been a paid operative of the CIA. He threatened to leak potentially damaging information regarding U.S. policy and covert action in Haiti.  For undisclosed reasons, U.S. officials reversed their position and allowed Constant to remain in the United States.
Alex Lizzappi's insight:

Constant appeared on the news program 60 Minutes and revealed that he had been a paid operative of the CIA. He threatened to leak potentially damaging information regarding U.S. policy and covert action in Haiti.  For undisclosed reasons, U.S. officials reversed their position and allowed Constant to remain in the United States. 

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Breaking news: Olivier Martelly was released on bail after a payment of $ 5 million

Breaking news: Olivier Martelly was released on bail after a payment of $ 5 million | Haiti - History | Scoop.it
Senator Jean-Baptiste Bien-Aime reported, Saturday, September 26, Olivier Martelly, eldest son of President Joseph Michel Martelly was provisionally released on bail following a payment of $ 5 million
Alex Lizzappi's insight:

he ship 600 tons of sugar, on which we had discovered 140 tons of cocaïnes and heroines. "The son of former Honduran President Porfirio Lobo Sosa (2010-2014), was arrested in the car of Olivier Martelly last April at a hotel in the Haitian capital," reports Jean-Baptiste Bien-Aimé. Olivier Martelly was released bail

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Democracy on Hold in Haiti

Democracy on Hold in Haiti | Haiti - History | Scoop.it
With the presidential runoff thankfully put off indefinitely, what’s needed is a transitional government leading to fair elections.
Alex Lizzappi's insight:

But the conditions that permit such elections do not exist in Haiti now, and are not going to suddenly emerge in the next two weeks. They have not been nurtured for the last five years by President Martelly, who displays the strongman tendencies of Haiti’s worst rulers, and who bears much responsibility for the crisis, having not called local and parliamentary elections for years. The terms of practically every elected official in the country have expired, allowing Mr. Martelly to rule by decree since January 2015.

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Haiti's anti-government protests continue for fifth day

Haiti's anti-government protests continue for fifth day | Haiti - History | Scoop.it
Haiti's anti-government protests continue for fifth day
Thousands march in Port-au-Prince after the country's presidential runoff election was put on hold indefinitely.
25 Jan 2016 07:57 GMT | Elections, Haiti, Politics, Latin America
Alex Lizzappi's insight:

Haiti's anti-government protests continue for fifth day 
Thousands march in Port-au-Prince after the country's presidential runoff election was put on hold indefinitely. 
#Elections, #Haiti, #Politics, #LatinAmerica

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The Price Of Sugar

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So close and so faraway, bloody hands full of ignorance and fake smiles on the backs of many 

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Haiti Under President Martelly: Current Conditions and Congressional Concerns December 23, 2015 | Ayiti Now Corp

Haiti Under President Martelly: Current Conditions and Congressional Concerns December 23, 2015 | Ayiti Now Corp | Haiti - History | Scoop.it
Haiti Under President Martelly: Current Conditions and Congressional Concerns Maureen Taft-Morales Specialist in Latin American Affairs December 23, 2015
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#Haiti Under #President #Martelly: #Current #Conditions and #Congressional #Concerns December 23, 2015

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Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) Between the United Nations and the Government of Haiti Concerning the Status of the United Nations Operation in Haiti (French and English)

Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) Between the United Nations and the Government of Haiti Concerning the Status of the United Nations Operation in Haiti (French and English) | Haiti - History | Scoop.it
Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) Between the United Nations and the Government of Haiti Concerning the Status of the United Nations Operation in Haiti (French and English)
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Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) Between the United Nations and the Government of Haiti Concerning the Status of the United Nations Operation in Haiti (French and English)
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