Türkiye’deki mevcut petrol sahalarının sadece yüzde 20’sinin işletildiğini açıklayan Bakan Yıldız, “Ruhsat alınmış ancak işletmeye açılmamış kuyuları devreye alıyoruz. Petrolde çantacılık dönemi artık sona erdi” dedi.
The first decade of the twenty-first century has been characterized by a growing global awareness of the tremendous strains that human economic activity place on natural resources and the environment. As the world’s population increases, so does the demand for energy, food, and other resources, which adds to existing stresses on ecosystems, with potentially disastrous consequences. Humanity is at a crossroads in our pathway to future prosperity, and our next steps will impact our long-term sustainability immensely.
Solving many of the world’s biggest environmental challenges may have just gotten more difficult.
The Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the UN recently released population data indicating the midline estimate - more than 10.8 billion by 2100 - is 800 million higher than the 2010 prediction.
Today’s rural-to-urban migration will continue in full force, with upwards of 84% of the planet living in cities at the close of the century (compared to 52 % today).
Of course population isn’t the only factor contributing to humans’ planetary impact. Consumption may be equally important when looking at the drivers of environmental change across the Earth. Nevertheless, population will continue to be a major consideration as we work to address issues ranging from energy and food security to water availability, species loss, pollution, urban planning and more in the decades ahead...
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Many today believe that renewable energy will let us get off fossil fuels soon. Unfortunately, the facts say otherwise.
According to International Energy Agency data, 13.12% of the world’s energy came from renewables in 1971, the first year that the IEA reported global statistics. In 2011, renewables’ share was actually lower, at 12.99%. Yet a new survey shows that Americans believe that the share of renewables in 2035 will be 30.2%. In reality, it will likely be 14.5%.
Nuclear power generation in the United States is falling. After increasing rapidly since the 1970s, electricity generation at U.S. nuclear plants began to grow more slowly in the early 2000s. It then plateaued between 2007 and 2010—before falling more than 4 percent over the last two years. Projections for 2013 show a further 1 percent drop. With reactors retiring early and proposed projects being abandoned, U.S. nuclear power’s days are numbered.
Nükleer enerjinin önemini ayrıntılı bir şekilde anlatmadan önce, en son söylenecekleri en başa alarak konuyu açıklamaya çalışalım. 2012 yılı itibariyle Türkiye’nin kurulu gücü yenilenebilir kaynaklar toplamı (hidrolik, rüzgâr, güneş, jeotermal ve biyogaz) 22.200,9 MW, fosil kaynaklar toplamı (kömür, doğalgaz, petrol, asfaltit) 34.870,6 MW’tır. Daha doğru bir bilgi vermek gerekirse, ülkemizin yenilenebilir kaynaklarının tamamı devreye alındığında teorik olarak kurulu güç 124-164.000 MW, üretim ise 637 – 900 milyar kWh olacaktır. Bu gerekli ve istenilen ama çok uzun soluklu bir neticedir. Zira yıllar önce enerji yatırımlarında dengeli bir politika sürdürülseydi, şimdilerde Türkiye’nin iktisadi, sosyal ve politik durumu çok ilerilerde olurdu. Şayet Türkiye, 1962 yılında başlayan nükleer santral serüvenine devam edip elektrik enerjisi üreten bir noktaya gelseydi, bugün 30-40.000 MW gücünde ve yaklaşık 350 – 400 milyar kWh enerji üretimi yapan nükleer santrallerimiz olabilirdi. 2012 yılı itibariyle kurulu güç 57.080,5 MW, üretim 239.5 milyar kWh’tır. Daha anlaşılır bir ifade ile nükleer santrallerimiz zamanında kurulsaydı, 2012 yılında kurulu gücümüz 100.000 MW, üretimimiz 450-500 milyar kWh’a ulaşmış olacaktı. Bu netice her bakımdan daha güçlü ve zengin bir Türkiye değil midir?
Sea-surface temperatures may explain why climate change is not warming the planet as fast
From the 1940s through the 1970s there was no major warming trend in the average surface temperature of Earth. At the same time, the tropical Pacific Ocean, which is responsible for the weather patterns known as El Niño and La Niña that can swing global average temperatures by as much as 0.3 degree Celsius, was anomalously cold. For the past decade or so the tropical Pacific has again gone cold—more Niña than Niño—and a new study suggests that the phenomenon may explain the recent "pause" in global warming of average temperatures.
Türkiye, fosil yakıtların neden olduğu çevre kirliliği ve maliyeti sahip olduğu yeşil enerji potansiyeliyle ortadan kaldırabilir. Yeşil enerji alanında projeler sunan girişimci Serhan Süzer, Türkiye’nin tüm enerji ihtiyacını sadece yenilenebilir enerjiden elde edebileceğini belirtti. Nükleer enerjinin risklerine dikkat çeken Süzer, yeşil enerjinin ekonomiye ve topluma getireceği katkılarıntvmsnbc’ye anlattı.
If we agree that diamonds, malachite and tantalite are a curse for D.R. Congo, then oil must be the penultimate stained Holy Grail of the entire world. It aids Middle Eastern dictators in their bids to be the last man on their thrones, causes thirsty states to indulge in most sinful actions, pushes profit-driven corporations to exploit an entire array of stakeholders and entices individuals towards corruption beyond all forms of humanity just so they attain a small nugget of this black gold. A successful gamble on the virtual roulette can grant ecstasy to a lucky few, but potentially cause misery for millions, as shifts in oil prices can adjudge the fate of an entire nation, as the invisible hand ushers across the modern oil bazaar. In all, in this post we explore the major question of the 20th and 21st century – “who manipulates the global oil prices?”
The food the world wastes accounts for more greenhouse gas emissions than any country except for China and the United States, the United Nations said in a report on Wednesday.
Every year about a third of all food for human consumption, around 1.3 billion tonnes, is wasted, along with all the energy, water and chemicals needed to produce it and dispose of it.
Almost 30 percent of the world's farmland, and a volume of water equivalent to the annual discharge of the River Volga, are in effect being used in vain.
In its report entitled "The Food Wastage Footprint", the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) estimated that the carbon footprint of wasted food was equivalent to 3.3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide per year.
"Governments and international institutions are increasingly adopting a new approach to ecological preservation, based on the view that nature is a service provider."
Today, few people retain any illusions that United Nations conventions like the Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Convention on Biological Diversity can avert global warming, the loss of biodiversity, and the depletion of arable soil and water. Likewise, the pursuit of hard caps for CO2 emissions and stricter environmental and social standards to reduce natural-resource consumption and protect workers seems to have fallen out of vogue, with crisis-stricken economies concerned that such regulations would impede investment and trade.
What we can all learn from the late Ronald Coase about protecting wetlands and wildlife.
The recent death of Ronald Coase has given rise to an outpouring of praise about his contributions to the field of economics and his influence on the complex world of institutional politics. In my interactions with Coase, he was always cautious and diffident about social prescriptions—the very opposite of an ideologue. He never engaged in overt political activity and he had little patience for political opportunists who turned his ideas to ends that his own cautious intellect did not support. He never proselytized like Milton Friedman, but was an understated and consistent critic of big government.
Long before economics turned to psychology, environmentalists were nudging and framing and pushing their cause like highly gifted amateur psychologists. Their interventions seem to have changed behavior by altering beliefs, norms and preferences, but because psychological interventions are often coarse, inadvertent, offsetting side effects occur. After discussing the interplay between environmental preference-making and economics, I turn to three areas where strong, simple views have spread—electric cars, recycling and local conservation efforts. In all three areas, environmental rules of thumb can lead to significant, adverse environmental side effects. Local environmentalism, for example, may increase carbon emissions by pushing development from low emission areas, like coastal California, to high emissions areas elsewhere. I end by discussing how economic analysis of the political market for ideas can make sense of the remarkable disparity of views on global warming.
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