Energy Information Administration - EIA - Official Energy Statistics from the U.S. Government
Energy consumption patterns have changed significantly over the history of the United States as new energy sources have been developed and as uses of energy changed.
A typical American family from the time our country was founded used wood (a renewable energy source) as its primary energy source until the mid- to late-1800s. Early industrial growth was powered by water mills. Coal became dominant in the late 19th century before being overtaken by petroleum products in the middle of the last century, a time when natural gas usage also rose quickly.
Since the mid 20th century, use of coal has again increased (mainly as a primary energy source for electric power generation), and a new form of energy—nuclear electric power—emerged. After a pause in the 1970s, the use of petroleum and natural gas resumed growth, and the overall pattern of energy use since the late 20th century has remained fairly stable.
While the overall energy history of the United States is one of significant change as new forms of energy were developed, the three major fossil fuels—petroleum, natural gas, and coal, which together provided 87% of total U.S. primary energy over the past decade—have dominated the U.S. fuel mix for well over 100 years. Recent increases in the domestic production of petroleum liquids and natural gas have prompted shifts between the uses of fossil fuels (largely from coal-fired to natural gas-fired power generation), but the predominance of these three energy sources is likely to continue into the future.
Supply Shock debunks the widely accepted myths held by politicians, economists, and Wall Street that limitless economic expansion is the Holy Grail, and that there is no conflict between growing the economy and protecting the environment. We are in fact navigating the end of the era of economic growth, and the only sustainable alternative is the development of a steady state economy. Supply Shock leaves no doubt that the biggest idea of the twentieth century—economic growth—has become the biggest problem of the twenty-first. Required reading for anyone concerned about the world our children and grandchildren will inherit, this landmark work lays a solid foundation for a new economic model, perhaps in time for preventing global catastrophes; certainly in time for lessening the damages.
Environmental and Natural Resource Economics A Contemporary ApproachThird EditionJonathan M. Harris and Brian Roach
"The perfect introductory text covering environmental and natural resource economics. The choice and sequence of topics is excellent and the authors have provided the right balance between the neoclassical and ecological approaches." -Steven Kemp, Curtin University, Australia
This extensive revision now features more coverage (two full chapters) on the topic of global warming than any other text in this field; a new chapter on water economics, including water demand management and water pricing; a new chapter on environmental protection and the economy;new material on food supply and the food supply crisis, including biofuels and meat consumption; and expanded green accounting techniques. Online instructor's materials with PowerPoint slides are available to adopting professors, and student resources are also available free online.
Having read, with great interest might I add, the article by David Koranyi , Ian Brzezinski and Matthew Bryza , published here on New Atlanticist and entitled After Nabucco - Croatia to the Rescue of Central Europe's Energy Security , I totally...
The Ministerial Green Growth Group (GGG) of like-minded energy, climate and environment Ministers from 13 EU member states, co-hosted a European Green Growth Summit in Brussels on 28th October in the European Parliament.
The Green Growth Group is an informal grouping of like-minded energy, climate and environment Ministers from 13 EU Member States: UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Netherlands, Belgium, Portugal, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Slovenia and Estonia.
The Group is working together with a view to exploring, promoting and pursuing a cost-effective and growth-enhancing ambitious EU low carbon agenda. As part of their work, the Group has published this Joint Pamphlet entitled ‘Going for Green Growth’ which sets out the case for why the EU needs to take ambitious and immediate low carbon action.
Thirteen European environment ministers and dozens of business leaders urged the European Union on Monday to adopt "ambitious" energy and climate goals for 2030 to create a low-carbon economy in Europe to spur investment.
In a 40-page document released at a green growth conference in Brussels, they also said the 28-nation bloc should reform the structure of the EU's emissions trading system (ETS) and offer a strict emissions cut pledge at a climate summit next autumn.
Going against the tide of officials keen to blame green energy subsidies for higher energy bills, environment ministers from 13 EU countries and businesses including Coca Cola Enterprises and Shell called for action.
Notable exceptions included coal-dependent Poland which has battled against EU proposals to shift to a low-carbon economy, although two weeks ago, Warsaw said it would lead the call for nations to deepen emissions cuts when it hosts United Nations' climate talks next month.
"Businesses and investors are telling us that the EU needs to get its act together ... only then will investors have the confidence to put the billions into low carbon that we need," Ed Davey, Britain's energy and climate changesecretary, said in a statement.
There are often blanket claims that the world is facing more problems than ever but there is a lack of empirical data to show where things have deteriorated or in fact improved. In this book, some of the world's leading economists discuss ten problems that have blighted human development, ranging from malnutrition, education, and climate change, to trade barriers and armed conflicts. Costs of the problems are quantified in percent of GDP, giving readers a unique opportunity to understand the development of each problem over the past century and the likely development into the middle of this century, and to compare the size of the challenges. For example: how bad was air pollution in 1900? How has it deteriorated and what about the future? Did climate change cost more than malnutrition in 2010? This pioneering initiative to provide answers to many of these questions will undoubtedly spark debate amongst a wide readership.
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