30 Day Cleanse Yo...
Follow
Find
66 views | +0 today
 
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from Organic Farming
onto 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge
Scoop.it!

The Organic Certification Process

The Organic Certification Process | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it
Early BeginningsPart 3: I’ve devoted the first two installments in this series to exploring the dual wellsprings that gave rise to organic agriculture.

 

 

 

 

The Organic Certification Process

Early Beginnings

Part 3: I’ve devoted the first two installments in this series to exploring the dual wellsprings that gave rise to organic agriculture. Organic Agriculture: Its Origins and Evolution delved into Sir Albert Howard’s pioneering vision of organic agriculture as a self-regulating system of integrated crop and livestock production that provides optimal nutrition for organisms, including humans, on their journey through life. In Industrial Agriculture and the Organic Alternative: Rachel Carson’s Contribution, I introduced the more contemporary concern, brilliantly articulated by that noted marine biologist and author, that the reckless release of toxic synthetic compounds into the environment threatens to undermine the Earth’s ecological balance. The convergence of these two tributaries by the early 1960s led to a small but spirited torrent of dedicated farmers and supportive consumers who rejected a mainstream food supply increasingly driven by mass production, saturation advertising and convenience preparation.

How would consumers seeking chemical-free fruits and vegetables, brown eggs and bulgar wheat find the precious yet rare commodities they prized? One solution was to grow them personally and many people tried, with varying degrees of success, to go “back to the land” and start farming. Another solution was to pool resources with like-minded souls and procure bulk orders from trusted farmers for communal distribution which fostered the modern cooperative grocery/health food store movement. But becoming a farmer meant sweaty full-time work and joining a coop led to messy group dynamics and lots of left over brown rice. Alternative-minded farmers and consumers alike began imagining a simple yet reliable shorthand that would readily identify food raised and handled as naturally as possible and ideally with no chemical inputs. J.I. Rodale had been popularizing the term “organic” to describe such production systems through his publications and research institute since the 1940s. With this pedigree, “organic” was widely synonymous with natural farming systems and a numerous regional farmer groups (calling them “organizations” at this point would be stretching it) were using it as a marketing claim by the late 1970s.

Despite a perpetual cold shoulder from the land grant agricultural establishment and the commercial food industry, organic agriculture grew steadily if silently during the 1980s. Each regional farmer group developed its own set of standards that specified the conditions with which a farmer must comply for their farm and the food it produced to be certified, labeled and sold as organic. These standards began with the basics of Howard and Rodale – small scale systems emphasizing natural fertility sources including compost and cover crops, crop rotations, and crop diversity – and grafted on the Carson commandment – no synthetic inputs, especially pesticides. The pioneering farmers of this era deserve high praise not only for developing ways to produce under what were generally thought to be impossible conditions but for also building the credibility and market value of their distinct brands. By the end of the decade, there were at least thirty organic certification programs operating across the United States with some – especially in California, New England and the Upper Midwest – developing sizable consumer loyalty.

How were these nascent organic certification programs capable of guaranteeing potential customers that certified products had indeed been grown and processed in accordance with the proclaimed standards? It takes something more than the threat of bad karma to deter us from acting selfishly when we think no one is listening. The answer then, and to a considerable degree to this day, was similar to Ronald Reagan’s approach to negotiating nuclear disarmament with the Soviet Union: “Trust, but verify”. The certification process is predicated upon a comprehensive and ongoing dialogue between the farmer and their certifying agent. In a nutshell, the two parties agree on an organic system plan that commits the farmer to managing their operation in compliance with the standards. Compliance with the organic system plan is documented through an annual on-site inspection with follow-up as warranted, although the certifying agent can also conduct unannounced inspections. Detailed paperwork is fundamental to smooth certification and over time the certifying agents – who then and now tend to be the exacting types you would imagine would be drawn to this work – became highly efficient. In an oft-repeated phenomena, a member of the original farmer group who proved the most capable at the certification process stepped away from farming and took on an independent role in certifying their former peers. One cannot say that deliberate misrepresentation has not occurred, but the nearly forty year history of organic certification in the United States reflects has been overwhelmingly transparent, honest and accurate.

Anyone involved in business (or a relationship, for that matter) knows that success brings with it a whole new set of challenges and the organic community was clearly experiencing growing pains by 1990. More and more consumers were drawn to organic foods, but the plethora of independent certification programs (several states had joined the existing pool of farmer-based and for-profit certifying agents) created confusion around the generally slight but occasionally significant differences between their standards. This problem was magnified for food processors who wanted to combine ingredients certified by different programs into a single certified product such as corn chips or soup but were constrained by the lack of reciprocity. Amidst growing concern among established farmers and certifying agents that newcomers could seriously dilute or outright misrepresent the meaning and integrity of their hard work, organic agriculture literally went prime time overnight. In late 1989, the CBS news program 60 Minutes covered findings from the Natural Resources Defense Council that the widely used agricultural chemical Alar left carcinogenic residues on apples. In pre-Internet days when 60 Minutes was among the country’s most widely watched and trusted news sources, the story triggered a classic Rachel Carson backlash and Americans knocked down doors to get “chemical-free food”. Having become in a sense too big to fail and too small to keep going it alone, the organic community accepted what many continue to see as a Faustian bargain: they turned to the federal government to create a single standard and certification program to regulate use of the term “organic”.

Next time: we’ll explore how this relationship was consummated and what fruits it has borne.

Mark Keating has worked in the natural, sustainable, organic and local food movements since 1982. His work experience includes stints in commercial food service, farm labor, retail sales and marketing, state and federal civil service, non-profit advocacy and academia. While at the USDA between 1999 and 2004, Mark helped draft the national organic standards for crop and livestock production and spent two years working to develop and promote farmers markets. An inveterate believer that naturally raised and locally distributed food offers the best opportunity for human health and planetary survival, Mark lives in the Kentucky Bluegrass with his wife and their daughter.


Via Giri Kumar
more...
No comment yet.
30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge
Health and Wellness Challenge
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge
Scoop.it!

Company-Sponsored Organic Vegetable Gardens Promote Healthy Eating

Company-Sponsored Organic Vegetable Gardens Promote Healthy Eating | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it

- Mother Earth News:

Minneapolis public relations firm Haberman & Associates wants everyone to enjoy a company-sponsored organic vegetable garden like theirs... http://www.motherearthnews.com/Natural-Home-Living/Company-Sponsored-Organic-Vegetable-Gardens-Promote-Healthy-Eating.aspx?newsletter=1&utm_content=07.30.12+HE&utm_campaign=2012+HE&utm_source=iPost&utm_medium=email


Via pdjmoo, Debbie McDermott
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from Digital Health
Scoop.it!

Mobile Health: Celebrate the Battles

Mobile Health: Celebrate the Battles | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it
There's plenty of distance between enablement and empowerment. When it comes to personal health, the gap is even wider -- about as wide as the difference between holding a gym card and being in the gym itself. Even though there are more tips, tricks and tools out there than ever, as a whole, we're in the worst shape we've ever been in.

 

Meanwhile, the potential of mobile lies in its proximity and its ability to provide constant feedback. 


Via Alex Butler
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from Digital Health
Scoop.it!

The Birth of the Social Hospital

The Birth of the Social Hospital | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it
Imagine: a mother-to-be signs onto her hospital's website where her homepage loads to the pregnancy and child birth micro-site. She's able to read through discussion posts from other expectant mothers, access her medical charts and receive messages from her prenatal doctor. She can personalize her experience to receive relevant articles and tips, calls to action, and news updates.
Via Alex Butler
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from Heal Or Die: Recipes
Scoop.it!

10 Healthy-Food Facts All 'Foodies' Should Know - Healthy Recipes Center - Everyday Health

10 Healthy-Food Facts All 'Foodies' Should Know - Healthy Recipes Center - Everyday Health | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it
Being a foodie means enjoying delicious, healthy food that's fresh and well-prepared. Here are 10 healthy cooking tips to make the most of your ingredients.

Via A Smith
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from Vertical Farm - Food Factory
Scoop.it!

Local foodie gains national praise for promoting healthy eating habits in ... - Insight News

Local foodie gains national praise for promoting healthy eating habits in ... - Insight News | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it
Insight NewsLocal foodie gains national praise for promoting healthy eating habits in ...Insight NewsEarlier in September, LaDonna Redmond was featured on MSNBC's Melissa "Harris-Perry Show" for her efforts to promote healthy eating and urban...

Via Alan Yoshioka
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from The Asian Food Gazette.
Scoop.it!

The Best Vegan Naengmyeon in America

The Best Vegan Naengmyeon in America | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it
Okay, so maybe I could have just called this post "Naengmyeon."  But I am kind of liking these bold proclamations.   After all, when in Pyongyang....

Via Frank Kusters
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from Plantsheal
Scoop.it!

Vegan diet's role in triumph over cancer

Jessica tells how after being tortured for months with chemotherapy and having her breasts removed, her breast cancer had still spread throughout her body (stage 3). In desperation she tried Dr John McDougall's vegan diet and went on his programme. Not only does she now feel tremendously better, but her latest scan showed she is cancer-free!


Via Elle D'Coda
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from Food issues
Scoop.it!

Organics Community Calls for Boycott of Companies Fighting GMO Labels

Ban targets Kellogg's, General Mills, Dean Foods, Smucker's Coca-Cola, Safeway, ConAgra and PepsiCo.

Via Cathryn Wellner
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from Food issues
Scoop.it!

Only Organics Can Feed the Hungry World: Here's Why

Only Organics Can Feed the Hungry World: Here's Why | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it
If we are serious about tackling world hunger, then we need to keep farmers on their land growing for local consumption.

Via Cathryn Wellner
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from Science News
Scoop.it!

Vast Molecular Clouds of Organics --Do They Confirm a Biological Universe?

Vast Molecular Clouds of Organics --Do They Confirm a Biological Universe? | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it
The worldview of the cosmos as a biological universe is a revolutionary perspective as profound a revision in our way of thinking as the Copernican and Darwinian revolutions.

Via Sakis Koukouvis
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from Electronic Health Information Exchange
Scoop.it!

Recipes for Health: Spinach and Yogurt Dip — Recipes for Health

Recipes for Health: Spinach and Yogurt Dip — Recipes for Health (NY Times) http://t.co/t6evWW5H...

Via HealthlinkNY
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from Your Food Your Health
Scoop.it!

Prepared Salads - 15 Worst Foods For Your Diet

Prepared Salads - 15 Worst Foods For Your Diet | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it
RT @MarilynMonroeDC: Want to lose weight? Stay far away from these foods you thought were healthy like #1!

Via Steven Redhead
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from ♨ Family & Food ♨
Scoop.it!

Fresh summer salads - recipes - IOL Lifestyle | IOL.co.za

Fresh summer salads - recipes - IOL Lifestyle | IOL.co.za | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it
Fresh summer salads - recipes: Combine the olive oil and lemon juice and pour over the salad before serving on a...

Via Mary E. Berens-Oney
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from Healthy Drinking Water
Scoop.it!

Friends and Enemies of Your Right to Know

Friends and Enemies of Your Right to Know | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it
Friends and Enemies of Your Right to Know In recent weeks, several public interest groups, including the Organic Consumers Association, Cornucopia Institute, Mercola.com, and Natural News, have pointed out the gross hypocrisy and greed of large food...

Via Yolanda De LosAngeles
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from Digital Health
Scoop.it!

Mobile Exercise Trackers Do Help You Lose Weight | MIT Technology Review

Mobile Exercise Trackers Do Help You Lose Weight | MIT Technology Review | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it
Perhaps more than exercising, I like exercise tracking. I have handful of different exercise and nutrition apps on my iPhone. And as soon as I work up the nerve I’m going to splurge on one of those tracker devices like the Jawbone Up or FitBit that’ll measure miles run, laps swum, calories chewed, swallowed, and burned off.

Which is why this study from the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, a study that observed the effect of mobile tracking technology on weight loss, caught my eye.
Via Alex Butler
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from Digital Health
Scoop.it!

Study: Calorie-Counting Apps Rev Up Weight Loss

Study: Calorie-Counting Apps Rev Up Weight Loss | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it
Tracking your daily progress on a fitness or food app — in addition to eating superfoods, exercising regularly and maintaining healthy sleep schedule — could take your weight loss to a whole new level.

The weight-loss study led by Bonnie Spring, Ph.D., a professor of preventive medicine at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, was recently published in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

The study's investigators tracked 69 overweight and obese adults (according to body mass index) on their weight-loss journey for nearly a year. Patients enrolled in a standard physician-directed program were randomly split into two groups. The control group attended health education sessions, but went without the use of personal digital assistants to monitor diets and physical activity on a daily basis..
Via Alex Butler
more...
Steve Kingsley's curator insight, June 2, 2013 2:08 PM

Never mind "superfoods." Fresh, healthy, minimally processed foods are just as effective and less expensive.

Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from My 90 Day Fitness Challenge
Scoop.it!

My Top 10 – Favorite Smoothies and Snacks | The Healthy Foodie

My Top 10 – Favorite Smoothies and Snacks | The Healthy Foodie | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it
At this time, I'm probably swimming in the ocean, or laying on the beach...

 

Here are some Exotic smoothies!
I have trid a few but addd my Vi-shake Mix to keep on track
http://teamhealth2wealth.net


Via Chuck Bartok
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from Digital Health
Scoop.it!

Mobile Health Moves Forward: FDA Approves AliveCor’s Heart Monitor For The iPhone

Mobile Health Moves Forward: FDA Approves AliveCor’s Heart Monitor For The iPhone | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it
The next time your doctor says, "I have an app for that," try not to punch them in their stethoscope. Why? Because they just might be using AliveCor.

Via Alex Butler
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from The Asian Food Gazette.
Scoop.it!

Vegan Sushi Thai Style

Vegan Sushi Thai Style | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it
Enjoy an ethical snack with this Thai style vegan sushi recipe, with sticky red rice, cucumber, and fruit and garlic sauce...

Via Frank Kusters
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from Vertical Farm - Food Factory
Scoop.it!

Pop Up Dinner with Vegan Chef Donald

Pop Up Dinner with Vegan Chef Donald | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it
VegeNation Pop up Dinner at Eat Cafe
ENJOY SIX COURSE GLOBAL VEGAN TASTING MENU
SOURCED FROM THE DOWNTOWN 3RD FARMERS MARKET
                 REAL FOOD HEALTHY AND LOCAL !!!

Via Alan Yoshioka
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from Vertical Farm - Food Factory
Scoop.it!

Late Blight Confirmed in Western North Carolina | NC Alternative Crops and Organics

Late Blight Confirmed in Western North Carolina | NC Alternative Crops and Organics | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it

Late blight has been confirmed in a commercial tomato field in western North Carolina. Now is the time to start protecting your tomatoes. If you are a conventional grower, you can access the tomato spray guides that Cooperative Extension's Kelly Ivors has prepared for recommendations.


Via NCSU CALS, Alan Yoshioka
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from Vertical Farm - Food Factory
Scoop.it!

Sweet Water Organics - Urban Fish and Vegetable Farm - Milwaukee, WI

Sweet Water Organics - Urban Fish and Vegetable Farm - Milwaukee, WI | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it

Contrary to some blogs I posted earlier, Sweet Water is striving to deliver on its promise ...

 

Sweet Water Organics is an Urban aquaponic farm that provides quality fish and produce for restaurants, grocery, and consumers while helping to reduce community biowaste.


Via Alan Yoshioka
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from Vertical Farm - Food Factory
Scoop.it!

How Urban Farming Can Save Detroit, Part 1: A Return to Its Roots » Door to Door Organics Michigan

How Urban Farming Can Save Detroit, Part 1: A Return to Its Roots » Door to Door Organics Michigan | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it
RT @dtdOrganicsMI: In the coming weeks, we’ll introduce you to the city’s growing urban farming movement.

Via Alan Yoshioka
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Debbie McDermott
Scoop.it!

3 Great Fall Recipes for Whole Grain Salads

3 Great Fall Recipes for Whole Grain Salads | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it
Let’s look at some of the common misconceptions about the nutrient-rich grains food group, then make your favorite grain-rich salad.
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Debbie McDermott from Healthy Eating - Recipes, Food News
Scoop.it!

Prepared Salads - 15 Worst Foods For Your Diet

Prepared Salads - 15 Worst Foods For Your Diet | 30 Day Cleanse Your Life Challenge | Scoop.it
RT @DzWashington: Want to lose weight? Stay far away from these foods you thought were healthy like #1!

Via Steven Redhead
more...
No comment yet.