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21st Century Teaching and Learning
21st Century Teaching and Learning Pedagogy, Approaches and Design
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MindShift’s Big Ideas of 2013: Focus on Learning

MindShift’s Big Ideas of 2013: Focus on Learning | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
A look through the most popular MindShift posts this year reveals a strong interest in student-directed learning, inquiry-based approaches to teaching and the desire to help students learn how to learn in a changing world.
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

This is a nice 2013 wrap up on key learning approaches that will continue moving forward in the 21st century learning environments.

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A Classroom Where No One Cheats | The Atlantic

A Classroom Where No One Cheats | The Atlantic | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
A new book says it's possible—but only if teachers get their students to care about learning for learning's sake.

 

While I’d love to place the blame for this offense fully on my students’ shoulders, I can’t. My teaching methods and classroom habits are often as much to blame as their response to them.  If my teaching practices create an atmosphere in which students resort to cheating rather than rely on their own hard work and discovery, I’m doing something wrong.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

This article address assessment and cheating by providing interesting perspectives of the choices we make...as teachers and as learners. In Southeast Asia the pressure and culture to cheat is very strong..."achieve the best grades at all costs."

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Assessment vs. Accountability

Assessment vs. Accountability | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

We need to begin to articulate our vision and our plan to put balance on the board.  At the very least, we need to have profound insight into what needs to be done locally and coalesce our communities around an educational agenda...one with standards and accountability and more and with children at its core. We believe we will be heard and, then, we must be ready. At least we hope that is what happens.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

This is an interesting article of double standards in education and the lack of "common sense" when it comes to assessment vs. accountability.

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How Will Students Perform? Depends on Teachers’ Expectations

How Will Students Perform? Depends on Teachers’ Expectations | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
How do expectations influence students' achievement? A look into research old and new that shows the role of teachers' expectations influences outcomes.
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

I use the UbD which puts the learners expectations first in the learning and teaching model.  By incorporating the 7 ways teachers can change their expectations, it will provide good indicators on how to adjust the leaning environment of your learners.

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Samantha Hogan's curator insight, December 12, 2013 8:57 PM

This is so true! Our preconceived ideas can have such an impact on the children.  We need to be very careful, that we remain positive and try to be unbiased in the classroom.

Melissa Marshall's curator insight, December 12, 2013 10:39 PM

This has always been the case, but it particularly pertinent to how studets will use technology as well. This will line up to your expectations - if you expect them to mess around with their iPads - they will. If you expect they will be engaged in learning and model this - they will. 

John Gougoulis's curator insight, December 13, 2013 2:19 AM

It is a truism but teachers behaviours are infuenced by their expectations of students

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A Self-Directed Learning Model For 21st Century Learners

A Self-Directed Learning Model For 21st Century Learners | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
A Self-Directed Learning Model For 21st Century Learners

 

The above is the latest draft of our self-directed learning framework, version 1.1.

 

It is based, in spirit, of our Inside-Out School: A 21st Century Learning Model. It is intended to function as a guide for students–likely with the support and facilitation of teachers, parents, and mentors–to help students become expert learners.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

This is the updated inside-out school 21st century learning model that can be adapted to your learning environment.

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What Will Happen to MOOCs Now that Udacity Is Leaving Higher Ed? | Campus Technology

What Will Happen to MOOCs Now that Udacity Is Leaving Higher Ed? | Campus Technology | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
Sebastian Thrun threw a wrench in the MOOC model by declaring that massive open online courses don't work for higher education. What's next for the online learning trend?
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

"In a recently published Fast Company interview, Sebastian Thrun, co-founder of Udacity and one of the most-often quoted champions of the MOOC model, said that his company has "a lousy product" and revealed that he's planning to shift his enterprise's focus from higher education to corporate training."

 

This is a wait and see. The "shift to corporate training" is the leading factor for the change in direction.

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7 Skills To Become Super Smart | Super Scholar

7 Skills To Become Super Smart | Super Scholar | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
People aren't born smart. They become smart. And to become smart you need a well-defined set of skills. Here are some tips and resources for acquiring those
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

This is an interesting article with links provided for additional resources to review.

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6 Alternatives To Bloom's Taxonomy For Teachers -

6 Alternatives To Bloom's Taxonomy For Teachers - | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

And as technology evolves to empower more diverse and flexible assessments forms, constantly improving our sense of what understanding looks like–during mobile learning, during project-based learning, and in a flipped classroom–can not only improve learning outcomes, but just might be the secret to providing personalized learning for every learner.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

"At the end of the day, teaching is about learning, and learning is about understanding, Terry Heick." I agree. 21st century learning and teaching is all about adapting to the changing learning environment.

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Why Online Classes Might Not Be Good for Developing Countries

Why Online Classes Might Not Be Good for Developing Countries | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
This article originally appeared in the New America Foundation’s Weekly Wonk. Future Tense is a partnership of Slate, New America, and Arizona State University.
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

This perspective would depend on how "connected" the developing country is and how the support system is evolving. 

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Top Ed-Tech Trends of 2013: MOOCs and Anti-MOOCs

Top Ed-Tech Trends of 2013: MOOCs and Anti-MOOCs | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

But if 2012 was, as The New York Times decreed, the year of the MOOC, 2013 might be described as the year of the anti-MOOC as we slid down that Gartner Hype Cycle from the “Peak of Inflated Expectations” and into the “Trough of Disillusionment.”


For what it’s worth, Gartner pegged MOOCs at the peak back in July, while the Horizon Report says they’re still on the horizon. Nevertheless the head of edX appeared on the Colbert Report this year, and the word “MOOC” entered the Oxford Online Dictionary – so whether you think those are indications of peak or trough or both or neither, it seems the idea of free online university education has hit the mainstream.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

This is a very good year end review of MOOCing around...

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Meet The Nate Silver Of Education. Bruce Baker Will Bring Sanity To Reform Hype | TechCrunch

Meet The Nate Silver Of Education. Bruce Baker Will Bring Sanity To Reform Hype | TechCrunch | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

Public school children have become lab rats of policymakers who are eager to see change faster than we can study what works. 


"The problem is, education is tricky. Nobel Prize-winning economist James Heckman once quipped that they’d love to evaluate students by yearly improvement, but “children do not develop in nine-month chunks except during gestation.”

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

Let's bring back the use of common sense within the educational reform movement. Education is a social-cultural experience within that learning environment.

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Using Homework As Formative Assessment

Using Homework As Formative Assessment | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
Using Homework As Formative Assessment

 

In theory, I would define ‘formative’ assessment as “useful feedback with an opportunity to use that feedback” to perform optimally on later summative assessments.


A simple example: a pre-season of 4 games in soccer (as well as ongoing “scrimmages”) in which the games don’t ‘count’ is formative assessment to get teams ready for the games that do count in the regular season.


So, your comment about “use the information to evaluate teaching” introduces a slightly different purpose for me. Formative assessments provide feedback – for students first, then teachers; that’s their purpose.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

I agree in theory, but in functional applications of formative assessments tend to be used in competency based learning with the shift away from summative as the main assessment objective.

 

An example can be medical students learning how to start an IV.  Even though the lab practice sessions with a mannequin can be used in the assessment, it is not until a live subject is being used that this activity takes on a new focus.

 

Skills development of any activity with feedback are as creative as the activity itself and important part of the overall assessment plan.

 

This type of formative assessment is used in metacognitive learning strategies.

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Flipped Teaching and Learning – A Form on Blended Learning That Just Makes Sense

Flipped Teaching and Learning – A Form on Blended Learning That Just Makes Sense | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

Flipped Teaching incorporates elements of online learning and traditional learning, more commonly referred to as Blended Learning.

 

Blended Learning has been shown in multiple studies to be the optimal method of teaching (in contrast to exclusively online or face-to-face formats).

 

Here are a few resources for further exploration: Is Blended Learning Most Effective?,  Blended Learning from the EDUCAUSE Center for Applied Research.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

Making sense in 21st century learning environments...

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Deb Nystrom, REVELN's curator insight, December 7, 2013 10:39 PM

Maximizing the teacher - student interaction.  Sounds smart & agile to me.  ~  D

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Creativity on the Run: 18 Apps that Support the Creative Process

Creativity on the Run: 18 Apps that Support the Creative Process | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

"The intuitive mind is a sacred gift, the rational mind is a faithful servant. We have created a society that honors the servant and has forgotten the gift." - Albert Einstein

 

We do not need to teach creativity, but rather inspire its daily practice. Somewhere along the way, we simply forgot to honor this innate gift and how to access its power. Our role as educators is to encourage learning experiences that increase the ability to recognize and listen to our inner voice.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

"Together we can build ways to enhance rather than undermine creative thinking. No app, nor piece of technology, can produce this. It grows from the hearts, hands and guidance of a caring community."


Dr. Carl Rogers and Dr. Stephen Krashen research the conditions of safe, trusting and low stress learning environments. Dr. Paul Torrance life's work with his bench mark study on creativity, provided the base for which creativity teaching and learning approaches are developed in the 21st century learning environments.

 

I provide this type of learning environment in my Thai university classroom every time I teach...I try to produce the excitement of learning something new, functional knowledge, that can be applied in the "real  world".

 

I do not spoon feed the Thai students knowledge for rote learning but engage them to think,think,think (apply problem solving and inquiry based learning) and to play,play,play, (apply metacognitive and integrated task / project based learning to reinforce the deeper knowledge  and confidence gained in the learning experiences (in a fun way).

 

I truly learn as much from my students as they do from the learning experiences.

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Vision Schools's curator insight, December 18, 2013 9:51 AM

We do not need to teach creativity, but rather inspire its daily practice."

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Classroom Flipping: Jump Over The Hurdles - EdTechReview™ (ETR)

Classroom Flipping: Jump Over The Hurdles - EdTechReview™ (ETR) | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
Flipped Classroom is successful only when instructions are moved from group learning space to individual learning space. Now what the hurdle here could be.
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

The article is correct, not all students have internet access at home. In Thailand, almost every university student has a friend who has access to the internet (Mobile  phone) and of course campus has it. It comes down to time and resource management.

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Melissa Marshall's curator insight, December 16, 2013 7:46 PM

The hallmark of a flipped classroom is that it allows students to access the content independently of the teacher - but this creates responsibility for the student who may have never had this before. How do you foster independent learning and support students who, for whatever reason, do not access the content quickly or progress through as you would expect? 

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K-12 Breakthrough School Models from NGLC | Getting Smart by Megan Mead - blended learning

K-12 Breakthrough School Models from NGLC | Getting Smart by Megan Mead - blended learning | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
This updated set of K-12 Breakthrough School Models profiles is an excellent resource and serves as motivation for all in the world of education.
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

"Added to this round of profiles is also a new Key Features Guide that helps viewers quickly gain a sense of each grantee’s model, including: launch type (new, turnaround, redesign), the type of blended learning model, and the strengths of their model (project-based, Next-Gen Staffing, competency-based, social-emotional, etc").


Please review this article, it provides excellent teaching and learning approaches for the 21st century learners.

 
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Why BYOD Makes Sense: Thinking Beyond a Standardized 1:1

Why BYOD Makes Sense: Thinking Beyond a Standardized 1:1 | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
I was recently asked, "Why are you giving the teachers choice of a laptop? Why not just go all in with one device?" My answer, simply stated, is that homogenization of any tool is never a good idea i
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

BYOD is the only way to go in Southeast Asia and the teacher has to adapt to the learning environment of the school.

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Stratgies for using technology effectively in the college classroom

Stratgies for using technology effectively in the college classroom | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

by Naa Amponsah Dodoo Ph.D. student, University of Florida 

 

Teaching with technology is in and it’s in to stay.

 

Most if not all educational institutions have jumped on the use of technology in the classroom bandwagon with a passion in an effort to ensure that they are keeping up with the trend of incorporating technology into the classroom. Universities also want to take advantage of the benefits that technology is thought to achieve both for the instructors and the students.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

This is a good review of "Teaching with Technology" and supplemental resources for the 21st century learning environment.

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Where Good Ideas Come From & How Your Classroom Can Respond

Where Good Ideas Come From & How Your Classroom Can Respond | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
Steven Johnson discusses where good ideas come from, and TeachThought offers takeaways for teachers.
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

Innovation and creativity are key elements in motivation and learning.

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Designing An Adaptive Learning Program To Support Teachers

Designing An Adaptive Learning Program To Support Teachers | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
Designing An Adaptive Learning Program To Support Teachers

 

While technology is a powerful educational tool, it can’t and shouldn’t replace the teacher in the learning process. With so many committed, hardworking educators who make a significant, positive impact on their students, teachers are essential to effective student learning.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

"One of the biggest challenges educators face today is how to differentiate instruction within the classroom," Wil Lampros. I couldn't  agree more with this statement. Computer assisted learning can help bridge those gaps in learning through individualized CA programs.

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Excellent Pie Chart On What Influences Student Test Scores | Larry Ferlazzo’s Websites of the Day…

Excellent Pie Chart On What Influences Student Test Scores | Larry Ferlazzo’s Websites of the Day… | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

The finding that at least two-thirds of the factors influencing student test scores are outside of a teacher’s control is well-researched and pretty commonly accepted. You can find all that research at The Best Places To Learn What Impact A Teacher & Outside Factors Have On Student Achievement.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

This research clearly defines the teacher accountability with assessment..."enough said". 

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Learning Theory v5 - What are the established learning theories?

Learning Theory v5 - What are the established learning theories? | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

This is worth re-posting an over view of learning theories.

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Personalize Learning: Updated Personalization vs. Differentiation vs. Individualization Chart Version 3

Personalize Learning: Updated Personalization vs. Differentiation vs. Individualization Chart Version 3 | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
New Revised Version of Personalization vs Differentiation vs Individualization (PDI) Chart (2013)

 

We updated the chart again to version 3 from your feedback. Through discussions in our 5 W's of Personalized Learning eCourse and the Six Steps to Personalize Learning workshop, participants helped us realize that we were not clear in the chart about assessment. We needed to focus on Assessment AS, FOR, and OF Learning.

 

See more at: http://www.personalizelearning.com/2013/03/new-personalization-vs-differentiation.html#sthash.00hmPZM5.dpuf

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

Something to think about when developing learning strategies for 21st century learners.

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Tom Friedman's Right: There Is No Shanghai Secret

Tom Friedman's Right: There Is No Shanghai Secret | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
Marc Tucker argues that in order to greatly improve U.S. student achievement, we need to focus on developing the teachers we already have instead of driving them away with punitive accountability systems.
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

"They have been more successful than any other country in the world at developing the teachers they already have, focusing relentlessly on teacher training, embracing the system and its teachers, rather than driving the best away with punitive accountability systems," Marc Tucker. 

 

Well said...This is a very clear article that could solve 98% of the problems with the American education system, but when it comes to common sense, we are in short supply and lack the ability to apply it.

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Mlik Sahib's curator insight, December 9, 2013 10:44 PM

"if Friedman had visited the Shanghai Normal School, he would have found that the Chinese are doing a much better job than their American counterparts of teaching mathematics and science to their teachers.  If he had sat down with the members of the Shanghai Municipal Education Commission, he would have found out that they have worked very hard to get the best high school graduates they could get to go into teaching and have managed to come up with some very clever incentives to that end.
 
But Friedman has got the essentials right.  Shanghai did not get to where it is by creating charter schools or issuing vouchers.  It did not get there by sorting out teachers by the scores their students get on standardized tests and then weeding out the worst.  They have been more successful than any other country in the world at developing the teachers they already have, focusing relentlessly on teacher training, embracing the system and its teachers, rather than driving the best away with punitive accountability systems."

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How A Simple Checklist Can Improve Learning

How A Simple Checklist Can Improve Learning | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

From reminding us of what to pack for a trip to helping doctors perform surgery, checklists are crucial for projects that require sequential steps or a series of tasks.


As Atul Gawande points out in his book “Checklist Manifesto,” checklists break down complex tasks and also ensure consistency and efficiency if more than one person is working on a project. If checklists are so effective for airline pilots, skyscraper construction teams, and heart surgeons, why shouldn’t students use them as well?

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

 I agree with “By articulating and labeling operational steps, checklists scaffold students’ metacognitive development.” as I used this technique with my ESL medical students.

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