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21st Century Teaching and Learning
21st Century Teaching and Learning Pedagogy, Approaches and Design
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6 Alternatives To Bloom's Taxonomy For Teachers -

6 Alternatives To Bloom's Taxonomy For Teachers - | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

And as technology evolves to empower more diverse and flexible assessments forms, constantly improving our sense of what understanding looks like–during mobile learning, during project-based learning, and in a flipped classroom–can not only improve learning outcomes, but just might be the secret to providing personalized learning for every learner.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

"At the end of the day, teaching is about learning, and learning is about understanding, Terry Heick." I agree. 21st century learning and teaching is all about adapting to the changing learning environment.

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Why Online Classes Might Not Be Good for Developing Countries

Why Online Classes Might Not Be Good for Developing Countries | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
This article originally appeared in the New America Foundation’s Weekly Wonk. Future Tense is a partnership of Slate, New America, and Arizona State University.
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

This perspective would depend on how "connected" the developing country is and how the support system is evolving. 

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Top Ed-Tech Trends of 2013: MOOCs and Anti-MOOCs

Top Ed-Tech Trends of 2013: MOOCs and Anti-MOOCs | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

But if 2012 was, as The New York Times decreed, the year of the MOOC, 2013 might be described as the year of the anti-MOOC as we slid down that Gartner Hype Cycle from the “Peak of Inflated Expectations” and into the “Trough of Disillusionment.”


For what it’s worth, Gartner pegged MOOCs at the peak back in July, while the Horizon Report says they’re still on the horizon. Nevertheless the head of edX appeared on the Colbert Report this year, and the word “MOOC” entered the Oxford Online Dictionary – so whether you think those are indications of peak or trough or both or neither, it seems the idea of free online university education has hit the mainstream.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

This is a very good year end review of MOOCing around...

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Meet The Nate Silver Of Education. Bruce Baker Will Bring Sanity To Reform Hype | TechCrunch

Meet The Nate Silver Of Education. Bruce Baker Will Bring Sanity To Reform Hype | TechCrunch | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

Public school children have become lab rats of policymakers who are eager to see change faster than we can study what works. 


"The problem is, education is tricky. Nobel Prize-winning economist James Heckman once quipped that they’d love to evaluate students by yearly improvement, but “children do not develop in nine-month chunks except during gestation.”

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

Let's bring back the use of common sense within the educational reform movement. Education is a social-cultural experience within that learning environment.

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Using Homework As Formative Assessment

Using Homework As Formative Assessment | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
Using Homework As Formative Assessment

 

In theory, I would define ‘formative’ assessment as “useful feedback with an opportunity to use that feedback” to perform optimally on later summative assessments.


A simple example: a pre-season of 4 games in soccer (as well as ongoing “scrimmages”) in which the games don’t ‘count’ is formative assessment to get teams ready for the games that do count in the regular season.


So, your comment about “use the information to evaluate teaching” introduces a slightly different purpose for me. Formative assessments provide feedback – for students first, then teachers; that’s their purpose.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

I agree in theory, but in functional applications of formative assessments tend to be used in competency based learning with the shift away from summative as the main assessment objective.

 

An example can be medical students learning how to start an IV.  Even though the lab practice sessions with a mannequin can be used in the assessment, it is not until a live subject is being used that this activity takes on a new focus.

 

Skills development of any activity with feedback are as creative as the activity itself and important part of the overall assessment plan.

 

This type of formative assessment is used in metacognitive learning strategies.

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Flipped Teaching and Learning – A Form on Blended Learning That Just Makes Sense

Flipped Teaching and Learning – A Form on Blended Learning That Just Makes Sense | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

Flipped Teaching incorporates elements of online learning and traditional learning, more commonly referred to as Blended Learning.

 

Blended Learning has been shown in multiple studies to be the optimal method of teaching (in contrast to exclusively online or face-to-face formats).

 

Here are a few resources for further exploration: Is Blended Learning Most Effective?,  Blended Learning from the EDUCAUSE Center for Applied Research.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

Making sense in 21st century learning environments...

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Deb Nystrom, REVELN's curator insight, December 7, 2013 10:39 PM

Maximizing the teacher - student interaction.  Sounds smart & agile to me.  ~  D

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7 Pillars Of Digital Leadership In Education

7 Pillars Of Digital Leadership In Education | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
7 Pillars Of Digital Leadership In Education

 

As schools change leadership must as well.

 

With society becoming more and more reliant on technology it is incumbent upon leaders to harness the power of digital technologies in order to create school cultures that are transparent, relevant, meaningful, engaging, and inspiring. In order to set the stage for increasing achievement and to establish a greater sense of community pride for the work being done in our schools, we must begin to change the way we lead.

 

To do this, leaders must understand the origins of fear and misconceptions that often surround the use of technology such as social media and mobile devices.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

Number 8 International Cultural Awareness:

 

In this global society, cultural awareness and respect would allow for a more open and collaborative world learning environment for all lifelong learners. 

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Google Joins a Heavyweight Competition in Cloud Computing

Google Joins a Heavyweight Competition in Cloud Computing | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
The search giant, which for years has been evasive about its plans for the cloud, will announce rates and features for a wide-ranging computing service.
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

Google has always been thinking 10 years in the future but outside of the box.

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An Interview with Grant Wiggins: The Power of Backwards Design

An Interview with Grant Wiggins: The Power of Backwards Design | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

When Grant Wiggins and Jay McTighe wrote Understanding by Design (UbD) they did what no other educator had ever accomplished.

 

They unequivocally cast assessment in the central role of teaching and learning by making the forceful argument that testing should not be the afterthought of instruction, but the central point of instruction.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

UbD is used within competency based learning pedagogy. It will help with the over all development of the teaching and learning in problem-based, project-based and inquiry-based learning approaches.

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Three Trends That Will Shape the Future of Curriculum

Three Trends That Will Shape the Future of Curriculum | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

What we as adults experienced in school, as educators and students, will bear little resemblance to what lies ahead. Here’s a look at current trends, their implications, and changes to watch for.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

They list 3 key trends but I would add the culture of lifelong learning to the list.

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The New Classroom: A Vessel for Innovation

The New Classroom: A Vessel for Innovation | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
There are no textbooks, there is not one single desk, there are no stock motivational posters with children in neon eighties garb, no signs telling students to turn off their voices.
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

This is an interesting perspective in a learning environment..."The Hive Teaching Approach". This takes us back to true experimental education.

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Barriers to Competency- Based Innovation Aren’t Just Coming from Above : Education Next

Barriers to Competency- Based Innovation Aren’t Just Coming from Above : Education Next | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

There is a clarion call from online-learning proponents to free up student time—literally. As Susan Patrick explained in her opening speech at the annual iNACOL Symposium last month, student seat-time requirements are one of the greatest barriers to personalized, student-centered learning.

 

Removing seat time from state regulations certainly stands to open up more opportunities for students to move at their own pace, and for educators to measure progress in terms of authentic learning rather than hours and minutes. However, regulatory barriers are only half the battle. When it comes to creating effective competency-based schools and classrooms, policy change is only a small part of a much bigger endeavor. It is necessary, but by no means sufficient.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

This article has an interesting perspective, the more we change, the more we stay the same...

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Sir Ken Robinson: How to Escape Education’s Death Valley

Sir Ken Robinson: How to Escape Education’s Death Valley | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
The ever eloquent Sir Ken Robinson contends in this TED Talk that the culture of American education contradicts three principles that make human life thrive: diversity, curiosity and creativity.
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

I posted this several months ago. As we head toward the end of the year, this short video was worth posting again...to help us remember when, where, why and how we can avoid the death of diversity, curiosity and creativity...

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Excellent Pie Chart On What Influences Student Test Scores | Larry Ferlazzo’s Websites of the Day…

Excellent Pie Chart On What Influences Student Test Scores | Larry Ferlazzo’s Websites of the Day… | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

The finding that at least two-thirds of the factors influencing student test scores are outside of a teacher’s control is well-researched and pretty commonly accepted. You can find all that research at The Best Places To Learn What Impact A Teacher & Outside Factors Have On Student Achievement.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

This research clearly defines the teacher accountability with assessment..."enough said". 

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Learning Theory v5 - What are the established learning theories?

Learning Theory v5 - What are the established learning theories? | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

This is worth re-posting an over view of learning theories.

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Personalize Learning: Updated Personalization vs. Differentiation vs. Individualization Chart Version 3

Personalize Learning: Updated Personalization vs. Differentiation vs. Individualization Chart Version 3 | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
New Revised Version of Personalization vs Differentiation vs Individualization (PDI) Chart (2013)

 

We updated the chart again to version 3 from your feedback. Through discussions in our 5 W's of Personalized Learning eCourse and the Six Steps to Personalize Learning workshop, participants helped us realize that we were not clear in the chart about assessment. We needed to focus on Assessment AS, FOR, and OF Learning.

 

See more at: http://www.personalizelearning.com/2013/03/new-personalization-vs-differentiation.html#sthash.00hmPZM5.dpuf

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

Something to think about when developing learning strategies for 21st century learners.

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Tom Friedman's Right: There Is No Shanghai Secret

Tom Friedman's Right: There Is No Shanghai Secret | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
Marc Tucker argues that in order to greatly improve U.S. student achievement, we need to focus on developing the teachers we already have instead of driving them away with punitive accountability systems.
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

"They have been more successful than any other country in the world at developing the teachers they already have, focusing relentlessly on teacher training, embracing the system and its teachers, rather than driving the best away with punitive accountability systems," Marc Tucker. 

 

Well said...This is a very clear article that could solve 98% of the problems with the American education system, but when it comes to common sense, we are in short supply and lack the ability to apply it.

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Mlik Sahib's curator insight, December 9, 2013 10:44 PM

"if Friedman had visited the Shanghai Normal School, he would have found that the Chinese are doing a much better job than their American counterparts of teaching mathematics and science to their teachers.  If he had sat down with the members of the Shanghai Municipal Education Commission, he would have found out that they have worked very hard to get the best high school graduates they could get to go into teaching and have managed to come up with some very clever incentives to that end.
 
But Friedman has got the essentials right.  Shanghai did not get to where it is by creating charter schools or issuing vouchers.  It did not get there by sorting out teachers by the scores their students get on standardized tests and then weeding out the worst.  They have been more successful than any other country in the world at developing the teachers they already have, focusing relentlessly on teacher training, embracing the system and its teachers, rather than driving the best away with punitive accountability systems."

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How A Simple Checklist Can Improve Learning

How A Simple Checklist Can Improve Learning | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

From reminding us of what to pack for a trip to helping doctors perform surgery, checklists are crucial for projects that require sequential steps or a series of tasks.


As Atul Gawande points out in his book “Checklist Manifesto,” checklists break down complex tasks and also ensure consistency and efficiency if more than one person is working on a project. If checklists are so effective for airline pilots, skyscraper construction teams, and heart surgeons, why shouldn’t students use them as well?

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

 I agree with “By articulating and labeling operational steps, checklists scaffold students’ metacognitive development.” as I used this technique with my ESL medical students.

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Struggle Means Learning: Difference in Eastern and Western Cultures

Struggle Means Learning: Difference in Eastern and Western Cultures | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
In Japanese classrooms, teachers consciously design tasks that are slightly beyond the capabilities of the students they teach, so the students can actually experience struggling with something just outside their reach.
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

The intensity to achieve the highest marks from the best schools have proven to decrease the sociocultural learning  creating mindless, non-creative, aggressive robots.

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A Must Have Chart Featuring Critical Thinking Skills | Educational Technology and Mobile Learning

A Must Have Chart Featuring Critical Thinking Skills | Educational Technology and Mobile Learning | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

Critical thinking is an essential skill in our life.It is through thinking critically that we get to sideline our biases(cultural, racial,ethnic...etc) and see the clear picture.Critical thinking is a sort of meta-thinking, that is thinking about thinking.


It is a key to self-reliance : memorize the solution to a particular problem and you may master the solution to that particular problem, but improve your critical thinking and you ll get yourself the tools to create your own effective solutions to a multitude of unfamiliar problems.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

This is an excellent resource on critical thinking skills for teaching and learning.

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Mikko Hakala's curator insight, December 4, 2013 1:41 AM

The verbs and questions corresponding to Bloom's taxonomy.

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Thinking Creatively | Technology Enhanced Learning Blog

Thinking Creatively | Technology Enhanced Learning Blog | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

“Today’s world is no longer content with students who can simply apply the knowledge they learned in school: our generation will be asked to think and operate in ways that traditional education has not, and can not, prepare us for.” (Chivetta, 2008) -

 

See more at: http://www.dontwasteyourtime.co.uk/elearning/thinking-creatively/#sthash.fAhwWN9P.gycFUJy5.dpuf

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

I agree that the most powerful educational tool in the future is "Creative Thinking". 

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Educational Leadership in the 21st Century: Things to Keep in Mind | EdTechReview

Educational Leadership in the 21st Century: Things to Keep in Mind | EdTechReview | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

Being an educational leader in the 21st century is not an easy task. The educational practices have reformed to a large extent, owing to the pace of change and incorporation of technology. Students in this modern age have advanced perspectives about everything they learn.


Whereas, many educators continue to remain old school in their teaching and still feel hesitant to reform their teaching practices, due to which they fall short of their mark of attaining success with education in this modern era.


Educational leaders have direct influence on how successful their organization can be and how it can meet up with the demands of students, teachers and their community for advancement in education. To do this, firstly the leader needs to alter his mindset and should be willing enough to make amends to his organization’s traditional education practices.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

In the article it states that the biggest challenge is to change the outdated educational systems that are currently in place. 

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27 Ways to Inspire Students to Innovate

27 Ways to Inspire Students to Innovate | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
Educator Mia MacMeekin made this infographic about ways to inspire students to think more deeply about how innovation applies to them.
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

Creative activities that can allow the students to develop innovative thinking.

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Deb Nystrom, REVELN's curator insight, December 7, 2013 10:41 PM

After taking a look at this catchy infographic, what does innovation mean to you?  ~  D

Richard Platt's curator insight, December 8, 2013 11:40 PM

(from the Curator of IoT & Wearables): We've stayed away from many academic's re: how to enable students to be better at problem solving and innovating, (because most academics think they already know what innovation and complex problem solving is all about and well not to put too fine a point on it they just don't),  

 

We do take issue wtih the status quo of academia.  Obviously we have strongly held views on engineering education and problem solving / innovaiton, but they are warranted and justified.

 

We see most academic work in the area of innovating, problem solving / problem finding and more specifically in complex problem solving in the domain of engineering  to be broken., biased and prejudicial  

 

Nonetheless we do give credit in this post by Mia MacMeekin as it is a move in the right direction, we just don't see it going far enough to make problem solving and problem finding cool or effective enough for students to really be able to do anything significant with when it comes time for them to contribute.  Sorry we call it as we see it..  

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Why Learning Through Social Networks Is The Future

Why Learning Through Social Networks Is The Future | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it
Why Learning Through Social Networks Is The Future

 

Learning to create, manage and promote a professional learning network (PLN) will soon become, if it’s not already, one of the most necessary and sought after skills for a global citizen, and as such, must become a prominent feature of any school curriculum.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

This line of thinking follows Piaget's and Vygotsky's theories on cognitive learning development and also incorporates  a modified ZPD.

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Massachusetts Institute of Technology names edX key component in educational strategy | Inside Higher Ed

Massachusetts Institute of Technology names edX key component in educational strategy | Inside Higher Ed | 21st Century Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

Anant Agarwal has quit cold turkey -- coffee, that is. But the president of edX, the massive open online course provider co-founded by Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, is as energetic about MOOCs as ever, despite almost daily calls from traditionalists for the death of his product.

 

Some of that energy was on display here on Friday, when Agarwal headlined the morning keynote at the Sloan Consortium International Conference on Online Learning. He called his platform a “particle accelerator for learning,” demonstrated an online lab session calculating how to cook a steak and brushed away complaints about the completion rate of MOOCs.



Read more: http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2013/11/25/massachusetts-institute-technology-names-edx-key-component-educational-strategy#ixzz2li7JGPfP ;
Inside Higher Ed 

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s insight:

"That’s where edX comes in. Half of MIT’s undergraduates use edX content in their residential courses, and as more faculty members break their courses into modules, Agarwal said he expects MIT will move away from the traditional four-year on-campus experience."


Now you can understand why educational institutions fear this educational evolution or revolution. The infrastructure of the "brick and mortar' schools will be changed forever.


One key point I wish to share is teaching and learning is still a social and cultural experience that humans will need to experience regardless of the learning environment.

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