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21st Century Information Fluency
21CIF: Locate, Evaluate and Ethically use Digital information: Co Curators: Dennis O'Connor & Carl Heine
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Study of massive preprint archive hints at the geography of plagiarism

Study of massive preprint archive hints at the geography of plagiarism | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

"New analyses of the hundreds of thousands of technical manuscripts submitted to arXiv, the repository of digital preprint articles, are offering some intriguing insights into the consequences—and geography—of scientific plagiarism. It appears that copying text from other papers is more common in some nations than others, but the outcome is generally the same for authors who copy extensively: Their papers don’t get cited much. 


The map above, prepared by ScienceInsider, takes a conservative approach. It shows only the incidence of flagged authors for the 57 nations with at least 100 submitted papers, to minimize distortion from small sample sizes. (In Ethiopia, for example, there are only three submitting authors and two of them have been flagged.)"

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Citing Sources - QUEST - the District 155 Research Model - LibGuides at Community High School District 155

Citing Sources - QUEST - the District 155 Research Model - LibGuides at Community High School District 155 | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
LibGuides. QUEST - the District 155 Research Model. Citing Sources.
Dennis T OConnor's insight:

I enjoyed the lead off video of various speakers (students and teachers?) explaining plagiarism in their own words. 


As always, citation is the solution.

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From Texting to Plagiarism, How to Stop High-Tech Cheating -- THE Journal

From Texting to Plagiarism, How to Stop High-Tech Cheating -- THE Journal | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
With the proliferation of mobile devices and instant access to the internet, cheating has become easier than ever. What can educators do to stop it?
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Phillip Heath's comment, August 24, 2013 8:16 AM
ethical conduct in a virtual work one of the important attributes of 21st century
mixmaxmin's curator insight, December 20, 2013 3:46 PM

Probably the better question to ask is why do people cheat?

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Free Plagiarism Poster!

Free Plagiarism Poster! | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
 
I know this is a little simplistic, but I thought this flowchart from the fine folks at EasyBib was a fantastic way to drive home to students that more often than not they need to cite their sources.

Via Mario Zidar
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Maria Jose Vitorino's curator insight, July 15, 2013 2:44 PM

Paragráfe, citação, referência bibliográfica não são plágio!

There's no need to plagiarism... just quote properly!

Sandra Carswell's curator insight, July 24, 2013 4:39 PM

Yes, simple to us, but to our kids? Probably not. Nice to have a visual for them to see just when they need to cite and add a bibliography.

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Gaming Against Plagiarism Registration

Gaming Against Plagiarism Registration | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
Dennis T OConnor's insight:

The University of Florida developed three Flash games for their 'Gaming Against Plagiarism' project.

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Elizabeth Hutchinson's curator insight, May 22, 2013 3:27 AM

Looks like this could be fun to use with my students. 

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Writing professors question plagiarism detection software | Inside Higher Ed

Writing professors question plagiarism detection software | Inside Higher Ed | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Software to detect student plagiarism is faced with renewed criticism from the faculty members who may confront more plagiarism than do most of their colleagues – college writing professors.

Members of the Conference on College Composition and Communication passed a resolution at their annual convention last month to denounce plagiarism detection services, including products like Turnitin.

 

"...

Anson also complained about Turnitin’s practice of building its database by including submitted student papers. The company says it has “300+ million archived student papers” to aid its plagiarism detection efforts. The practice has been the subject of unsuccessful litigation against the company.

“Talk about taking work without attribution – they are taking students’ work without compensation. So it’s a strange, underhanded violation of intellectual property rights on behalf of students,” Anson said."


Via k3hamilton
Dennis T OConnor's insight:

Plagiarism remains a third rail...lots of heat, not much light.

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21st Century Information Fluency: Teacher's Guide: Ethical Use GameKit

21st Century Information Fluency: Teacher's Guide: Ethical Use GameKit | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

This guide provides instructions and ideas for using the Action Zone activities that are bundled in this Ethical Use Kit. The Sorting Hat Challenge requires searchers to dig for information within a site to find its author. Four new MicroModule Companions test skills in finding information about CopyrightCitation and Plagiarism (2 sets). In addition to serving as tutorial resources, each one may be used to assess the extent to which students are able to demonstrate skills in secondary searching and citing resources properly.

Dennis T OConnor's insight:

This is vintage work from Dr. Carl Heine and me.  I'm always pleased to share this!  You'll find lots of goodies here! 

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Lourense Das's curator insight, February 9, 2013 6:34 AM

Info and tools to discuss search techniques, copyright, plagiarism

Nancy Jones's curator insight, February 21, 2013 12:44 PM

Always good stuff from the work of Dennis O'Connor and Carl Heine. Thanks for making our jobs a little easier while helping make our students a little wiser.

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Content Curation, Plagiarism and the Difference Between the Two | Zukunft des Lernens

Content Curation, Plagiarism and the Difference Between the Two | Zukunft des Lernens | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
Content curation has been a topic of interest lately but there is a fine line that you should not cross! Discover the difference between curating and plagiarizing information!

Via Joyce Valenza
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Kate Hart: Citing Sources: A Quick and Graphic Guide

Kate Hart: Citing Sources: A Quick and Graphic Guide | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Strong Article and Infographic about citing sources

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Coursera Fantasy: Yes, Plagiarism: How Sad is That?

Coursera Fantasy: Yes, Plagiarism: How Sad is That? | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Laura Gibbs: Plagiarism means that students are not learning. If Coursera is committed to providing a good learning experience for students in the course, then it needs to intervene with a student who is plagiarizing, making sure the student understands what it means to do original work and why that is crucial to the learning experience. This, for me, is actually the most important reason that something has to be done about this - and far better, of course, if something is done proactively, rather than after a student has plagiarized. Now that Coursera knows plagiarism is a potential problem in a course with these types of writing assignments, some kind of plagiarism education needs to take place before the writing assignments begin. In our class, that plagiarism education needs to happen ASAP.


Dennis O'Connor:  For anyone interested in teaching students how to recognize plagiarism, and create proper citations consider the 21cif Plagiarism Detection Kits: http://www.diigo.com/list/wiredinstructor/plagiarism_games

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Forgiving The Unforgiveable Sin Of Plagiarism : NPR

Forgiving The Unforgiveable Sin Of Plagiarism : NPR | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
Many rushed to judgment, but while Ahmad Shafi sinned, he should not be punished. His is a case study in cultural differences and speedy editorial reaction. Left for debate is whether to remove stories from the Web and history.
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Plagiarism Report [INFOGRAPHIC] - Turnitin Community

Plagiarism Report [INFOGRAPHIC] - Turnitin Community | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
Turnitin is the leading academic plagiarism detector, utilized by teachers and students to avoid plagiarism and ensure academic integrity.
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Plagiarism Game - Lycoming College

Plagiarism Game - Lycoming College | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Interesting game which tests your knowledge of plagiarism. Done very simple but being right on the spot of the problem. This is a link to the game, but if you go one step back than prior to the game you have some nice tutorials.


Via Mihaela Banek Zorica, Lourense Das
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EasyBib Compares Two Years of Information Literacy Data

EasyBib Compares Two Years of Information Literacy Data | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
Students’ confidence radically mismatches librarians’ assessment of their skills, two reports from EasyBib conclude, particularly in website evaluation, paraphrasing, and direct quotation. Also, students are using the open web less often they were two years ago, and dramatically more librarians are stressing the role of faculty in promoting information literacy. The first report, Trends in Information Literacy: A Comparative View, was published in May 2014; the second, Perspectives on Student Research Skills in K-12 and Academic Communities, came out the following October; taken together, the two reveal some thought-provoking data on information literacy across the country.
Dennis T OConnor's insight:

As a classroom teacher I found teaching students how to paraphrase to be a very steep hill to climb.  Many never budged from the first steps on the learning curve. This graph helps us visualize the mis-match between student self assessment and the assessment of experts.  


To speak to this issue Dr. Carl Heine developed a challenging and highly effective online game that challenges misconceptions about paraphrase and plagiarism. To sample this no so simple tool The the Plagiarism Dropbox from 21CIF.com.

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Four Helpful Web Search Strategy Tutorials

Four Helpful Web Search Strategy Tutorials | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

"Vaughn Memorial Library at Acadia University hosts four free animated tutorials designed to teach lessons on web research strategies. The four tutorials are Credible Sources Count, Research It Right, Searching With Success, and You Quote It, You Note It."


Via Beth Dichter
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Dean Mantz's curator insight, September 22, 2013 8:29 PM

This is a helpful share from Richard Byrne's site Free Tech 4 Teachers.  I encourage all educators to add this resource site to aid in the development/strenthening of student searching skills. 

Sue Alexander's curator insight, September 23, 2013 9:28 AM

just can't have too many tools in our 1:1 toolbox. These are aimed at intermediate and middle grades. Thanks Beth for another helpful Scoop!

Lynne Kemmer's comment, September 25, 2013 2:55 PM
Excellent!!
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Home & School Matters: How websites fight and facilitate plagiarism

Home & School Matters: How websites fight and facilitate plagiarism | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
Websites that help students commit plagiarism and others that help catch cheaters are both ramping up as pressure mounts to boost achievement in schools.
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From beyond the grave, Rudyard Kipling admits 'Jungle Book' plagiarism

From beyond the grave, Rudyard Kipling admits 'Jungle Book' plagiarism | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
Say it ain't so, Rudyard. According to a recently discovered letter penned by the author himself, literary legend Kipling plagiarized portions of his iconic short story collection, "The Jungle Book." Yes, the "Jungle Book" that you grew up on. "In fact, it is extremely possible that I have helped myself promiscuously but at present cannot remember from whose stories I have stolen," writes Kipling in the letter, dated 1895
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Kate Hart: Citing Sources: A Quick and Graphic Guide

Kate Hart: Citing Sources: A Quick and Graphic Guide | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
how to avoid plagiarism: an infographic for bloggers and harry potter fans.
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Plagiarism and the link: How the web makes attribution easier -- and more complicated

Plagiarism and the link: How the web makes attribution easier -- and more complicated | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
The controversy over writer Nate Thayer’s failure to credit his sources, which some alleged amounted to plagiarism, is just part of an ongoing debate over how we use — and give credit for — information in a digital age.


The problem is that while adding hyperlinks is a great way of avoiding a charge of plagiarism — something that might have helped Fox News opinion writer Juan Williams and other alleged plagiarists — there is no accepted protocol for how or where to add those links, or how much content someone can cut and paste into their story or blog post without crossing the line from borrowing into plagiarism or copyright infringement.

Dennis T OConnor's insight:

I'm very interested in the idea that a hyperlink is a very solid kind of attribution.  Is it sufficient to simply link to the source? Is this kind of citaiton enought to avoid a charge of plagiarism?


The author of this piece, Mathew Ingram, asks " How much content is too much to take?"  He goes on to complain about aggregators who bury links to the original source at the bottom of posts.  Good attribution is essential. How to do it in a hyperlinked environment is a topic worth discussing. 

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reuvenwerber's curator insight, April 11, 2013 1:29 AM

Is a link enough for attribution?

Paige Jaeger 's comment, April 11, 2013 8:31 AM
As a hyperlink embedder, this is a timely post for introspection! Everyone should stop, read, and contemplate whether they are remaining true to the source. I'd like to think I have been, but it's time to reflect and inspect!
Sandra Carswell's curator insight, April 11, 2013 11:58 PM

This is also an important topic for librarians to address. We teach our students to cite sources and give attribution to the creators of materials they use in their projects. Is a link enough? And yes, just how much can you quote without losing your own voice? 

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10 Signs Of Plagiarism Every Teacher Should Know

10 Signs Of Plagiarism Every Teacher Should Know | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
Plagiarism is usually fairly easy to spot in a small class with students you work with daily. Students suddenly write–and sound–much different than they have in the past, or interject insights and ideas that sound nothing like you’ve ever heard or seen from them. But for larger classes–or for new students–it’s not always that obvious and can be easy to miss.
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Susan Connor's curator insight, January 12, 2013 6:15 PM

Sometimes it is wonderful to see the working mind grasp hold of what you are showing them and work the 'new angle' well.  But still with life knowledge and a  new idea grasped there is a danger of accusing the person before the 'facts' are known.

 

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21cif: Plagiarism DropBox: Online Tutorials

21cif:  Plagiarism DropBox:  Online Tutorials | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

New from the 21st Century Information Fluency Project:


For a limited time, try the new Plagiarism Dropbox self-paced tutorials for free!


This is a flash based training experience: 


http://searchwhys.com/plagiarism-dropbox.swf


This game is designed to give you online interactive training in identifying and eliminating plagiarism.  


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onlinecourselady / plagiarism

onlinecourselady / plagiarism | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Wiki edited by Laura Gibbs.


In my experience, people usually don't consciously decide to plagiarize, but they may end up plagiarizing "by accident" because they run out of time, or they get confused about the assignment, or maybe they copy-and-paste, intending to go back and edit later but forgetting to do so. Every time that I have seen plagiarism in an assignment, the person swore that the plagiarism happened "by accident." That does not change the fact of the matter: plagiarism, even when it happens by accident, is still plagiarism, and the consequences are serious. It's like when you are caught speeding or running a red light: it doesn't matter if you did not know you were speeding or if you did not notice the red light - you are still going to get a ticket.

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Online Plagiarism: What it Is, and What the Consequences Are - Distance Education.org

Online Plagiarism: What it Is, and What the Consequences Are - Distance Education.org | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
While many people think plagiarism is more prevalent in the online classroom than at a traditional school, this may not be true. However, some degree of plagiarism takes place in many different educational settings—despite educators’ attempts to stamp them out.


No matter what type of school you attend, it’s important to know the definition of plagiarism. The more you know about it, the easier it will be for you to avoid doing it by mistake.
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The Keyword Blog: Detecting Plagiarism: A MentorMob E-Learning Unit

The Keyword Blog: Detecting Plagiarism: A MentorMob E-Learning Unit | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

I learned about MentorMob when I spoke with Joyce Valenza at ISTE 2012. When Joyce speaks, I listen. This experimental lesson is my first use of MentorMob. Give it a try!


~ Dennis

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