21st Century Information Fluency
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21st Century Information Fluency
21CIF: Locate, Evaluate and Ethically use Digital information: Co Curators: Dennis O'Connor & Carl Heine
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My Bias Is More Objective Than Your Bias

My Bias Is More Objective Than Your Bias | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

"Lately a plethora of research in psychology and neuroscience has suggested that when we argue about politics, we are claiming to be more objective than the person or persons we are arguing with. The result is that, most of the time, political argument serves no purpose except to drive home and reinforce the beliefs we already hold."


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Upside of Irrationality Chapter 4: The Not-Invented-Here Bias

Dan discusses Chapter 4, The Not-Invented-Here Bias: Why "My" Ideas Are Better than "Yours"...
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Bias in Science Reporting - TED talk

Bias in Science Reporting - TED talk | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Excellent, humorous TED video about bias in science reporting.  


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List of cognitive biases - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

List of cognitive biases - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
Amazing list of cognitive biases (or, how do I know whether to believe what I think I think?

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Google Search reveals religious biases/ stereotypes

Google Search reveals religious biases/ stereotypes | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Not saying that Google Search itself is biased, but that it can reveal the bias of internet users and all of the "information" posted online.  Within the proper context, seeing potential searches can be very informative about cultural perceptions, online communities and prejudices.   Be cautious and judicious in how (or if) you use this within a classroom setting.   See comments for additional results of additional "religious" searches. 


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Seth Dixon's comment, November 13, 2011 2:48 PM
For the search "why are mormons so..." the results were 1) nice 2) happy and 3)rich.
Seth Dixon's comment, November 13, 2011 3:40 PM
For the search "Why are atheists so..." the results were 1) angry 2) hated and 3) mean.
Seth Dixon's comment, November 13, 2011 3:43 PM
For the search "Why are Hindus so..." the results were 1) afraid of Muslims 2) angry with Avatar 3) cheap and 4) smart.
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Confirmation Bias, Satire, and Stephen Colbert

Confirmation Bias, Satire, and Stephen Colbert | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
By: Christopher C. Duke, PhD

Even if you are not a psychologist, you have probably heard of confirmation bias. Whether you have heard of it or not, you have most certainly seen it and engaged in...

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Search Stereotypes: What Web Content Reveals About Cultural Biases

Search Stereotypes: What Web Content Reveals About Cultural Biases | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
Publications and communities that focus on Latinas and Asian women (among other groups) are finding it difficult for their content to compete with pornography in search results. What can be done to shift these hyper-sexualized biases on the web?

Via Marylene Delbourg-Delphis
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Is There A Hidden Bias Against Creativity? Psychological Science

Is There A Hidden Bias Against Creativity? Psychological Science | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

A new study finds that people have a hidden bias against creativity. We claim to like creativity, but when we’re feeling uncertain and anxious—just the way you might feel when you’re trying to come up with a creative solution to a problem—we cannot recognize the creative ideas we so desire.


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NewsTrust Your Guide to Good Journalism

NewsTrust Your Guide to Good Journalism | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Here's a group that is working with crowdsourced fact checking.  How does this method deal with bias?  Who checks the fact checkers (the crowd)? Can a crowd be trusted (does this start to sound like a Wikipedia debate)?  

 

Food for thought here! ~ Dennis

 

NewsTrust offers a compelling new way to find and share good journalism online. Our nonprofit project provides quality news feeds, news literacy tools and a trust network to help citizens make informed decisions about democracy.

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FactCheck.org | A Project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center

FactCheck.org | A Project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

I recall the catch phrase made famous by Dragnet's Joe Friday: "Just the facts ma'am."  

 

Getting the facts is made a bit easier by organizations like FactCheck.org who actually check what politicians (and others ) say. 

 

As we try to teach students to recognize bias and question digital resources, let keep in mind that fact-checking is the first line of defense.  

 

My work with 21CIF.com has taught me that fact checking is something most students never think about.  There is plenty too think about at this site!  ~ Dennis

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Information Fluency: Index of resources for teaching about Bias

Information Fluency:  Index of resources for teaching about Bias | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Do you know one sided and unfair information when you see it?

 

Anyone can publish a web page. Groups that publish websites may ignore other points of view or even use propaganda techniques to twist ideas.

 

Can you find proof of unfairness on a webpage?

 

This archive of information includes online flash based games that help the user learn to detect bias in digital information.

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Crap Detection 101 | City Brights: Howard Rheingold | an SFGate.com blog

Crap Detection 101 | City Brights: Howard Rheingold | an SFGate.com blog | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
Crap Detection 101...

 

Unless a great many people learn the basics of online crap detection and begin applying their critical faculties en masse and very soon, I fear for the future of the Internet as a useful source of credible news, medical advice, financial information, educational resources, scholarly and scientific research. Some critics argue that a tsunami of hogwash has already rendered the Web useless. I disagree. We are indeed inundated by online noise pollution, but the problem is soluble.

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Cognitive Biases Manifest in Trayvon Martin Case

Cognitive Biases Manifest in Trayvon Martin Case | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Opinions are divided over the killing of Trayvon Martin; but they are not just divided over the central questions of guilt.


Via Dimitris Agorastos
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A Selective Emotional Decision-Making Bias Elicited by Facial Expressions

A Selective Emotional Decision-Making Bias Elicited by Facial Expressions | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Les expressions du visage introduisent un biais lors d'une prise de décision. Emotional and social information can sway otherwise rational decisions. For example, when participants decide between two faces that are probabilistically rewarded, they make biased choices that favor smiling relative to angry faces.


Via Henri Kaufman et Marion Sciarli
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Nesma HOUHOU's comment, April 23, 2012 5:18 PM
You welcome ;)
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Media Literacy: Constructing Bias

Media Literacy: Constructing Bias | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Last week my grade 7's were given the task of deliberately constructing media with bias.


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Complexity, Context, Probability & Bias | The Big Picture

Complexity, Context, Probability & Bias | The Big Picture | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
No one seems to remember the second part of Occam's razor as rumored1 to be stated by Albert Einstein: Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not (BigPicture: Complexity, Context, Probability & Bias: No one seems to remember the ...

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Biases That Cripple Smart Decision-Making

Biases That Cripple Smart Decision-Making | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
Here are 8 common biases that cripple smart decision-making. Maybe if we become more aware of them we can better avoid them.

Via Alessandro Cerboni
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The Anti Creativity Behavioral Bias

The Anti Creativity Behavioral Bias | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
People often reject creative ideas even when espousing creativity as a desired goal. To explain this paradox, we propose that people can hold a bias against creativity that is not necessarily overt, and which is activated when ...

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Negativity Bias

Negativity Bias | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

While scientists have only fairly recently gotten around to studying cogitative biases, philosophers have been teaching about them for centuries-typically in the form of various logical errors. However, it is good that the scientific attention to these biases is serving to attract additional attention to them.


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How Cognitive Biases Shape User Experience

How Cognitive Biases Shape User Experience | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Everyone develops opinions regarding how things should look and behave.This article explores the concept of cognitive bias with examples.


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Trust Me: Credibility is the Future of Journalism

Trust Me: Credibility is the Future of Journalism | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

My colleague Matt Stempeck said it best: “Dan, I know that your life has been a tornado wrapped in a hurricane wrapped up in a whole box of tsunamis this week, but you really need to start wearing pants to work.”

 

It turns out only part of that quote is accurate, but you’ll never know which one for sure! This is why, before I can graduate from MIT, I have to create an automated bullshit detector. The basic premise is that we, as readers, are inherently lazy. It isn’t just that we’ll believe almost anything — remember that time in 1938 when we believed aliens were invading the planet just because someone on the radio said so? Yeah. That happened. The real problem is that we’ll often believe what we want to believe (or disbelieve what we don’t want to believe).

 

It’s hard to blame us. Just look at the amount of information flying around every which way. Who has time to think carefully about everything? Not me, that’s who’nt. This is why I’m working on a tool called Truth Goggles that will help hone our critical abilities; one that will help us identify pieces of information that are worth inspecting a little bit more closely before deciding how it fits into our world views.

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PolitiFact | Sorting out the truth in politics

PolitiFact | Sorting out the truth in politics | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

PolitiFact is a project of the Tampa Bay Times to help you find the truth in American politics. Reporters and editors from the Times fact-check statements by members of Congress, the White House, lobbyists and interest groups and rate them on our Truth-O-Meter.

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FairSpin - Welcome! Crowd Sourced Bias Detection on breaking news?

FairSpin - Welcome! Crowd Sourced Bias Detection on breaking news? | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

HOW DOES FAIRSPIN DETERMINE BIAS?

All bias judgments on FairSpin are determined by the users. When users read a story and vote on it, these votes are tabulated to determine the bias of the article. The bias judgment of an article can change in real time as users continue to vote on it.

 

Votes are also accumulated for the article's source and author, which enables FairSpin to form a general impression of the bias of a given publisher or writer. FairSpin uses this information to make "educated guesses" about the bias of new stories. These guesses are used simply to place new stories on the political spectrum, but are discarded as soon as real users cast their own votes for the article.

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