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21st Century Information Fluency
21CIF: Locate, Evaluate and Ethically use Digital information: Co Curators: Dennis O'Connor & Carl Heine
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Academic citation practices need to be modernized so that all references are digital and lead to full texts.

Academic citation practices need to be modernized so that all references are digital and lead to full texts. | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
Finally, let me plead directly with any readers who exercise power in the scholarly publication process — because you edit a journal or a book series, you work for a publisher or undertake editing for authors, or you are a powerful person in your professional academic association. Look hard at the rules, conventions and styles that you are currently applying. Can you honestly say that your legacy requirements meet contemporary needs and have adapted to the digital dissemination of scholarship? Are your citation rules designed in a ‘born digital’ way? Do they foster open access and the replicability of research by getting the full texts of source materials in front of readers in the most direct and simple way possible? If not, why not think about changing?
Dennis T OConnor's insight:

Common sense ideas for the 21st century.  I particularly appreciate the thinking about OER as the preferred primary resource. 

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Referencing and Citation Style Guides: MLA. APA. CSE. Chicago

Referencing and Citation Style Guides: MLA. APA. CSE. Chicago | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
Those are the four main styles used when writing professionally or academically. Students will need to use one of these standard styles, so it?s important
Dennis T OConnor's insight:

Well researched article on a complex topic.  Think of this as a jumping off point for resources on the major citation styles used in research.  

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HOME - GENERAL: Citing Sources - LibGuides at Miss Porter's School

HOME - GENERAL: Citing Sources - LibGuides at Miss Porter's School | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
LibGuides. GENERAL: Citing Sources. HOME.
Dennis T OConnor's insight:

Kudos to Laura Pearle for a very useful page on citation!

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Karen E Smith's curator insight, March 20, 2014 8:28 AM

Good graphic to pull it together visually.

Karen E Smith's curator insight, March 20, 2014 8:29 AM

Good use of a graphic to pull plagiarism together visually.

Helen Lynch's curator insight, April 9, 2014 5:08 AM

Easy to understand guide to avoiding plagiarism

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Internet Search Challenge: Freshness Dating Wizard

Internet Search Challenge: Freshness Dating Wizard | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

One of the more elusive search feats is to determine a date of publication. It's right up there with trying to track down an author when the creator of information uses a pseudonym or no name at all.


This prompted me to create a new search wizard to retrieve metadata from pages. In this case, the metadata is http header information that is transmitted when pages are sent by a server.

Dennis T OConnor's insight:

Carl Heine does it again, another usful free tool from 21CIF.

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Can You See Beneath the Surface? A Guide to Citing Images


Via Beth Dichter
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Beth Dichter's curator insight, June 22, 2013 10:12 PM

From Noodle Tools, an infographic that teaches you how to look carefully at photos and ask questions to determine if it has been altered. The infographic also walks you through the steps to take to cite an image using MLA Advanced.

Nancy Jones's curator insight, June 24, 2013 9:09 AM

ThisTheirs is a great visual tool for the classroom to help guide students as they use images more frequently in their work.

Tracy Shaw's curator insight, June 24, 2013 4:08 PM

Noodle Tools - great tutorials for students and teachers! Thoughtful, thorough work everytime. 

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Scholars Behaving Badly – Er, I Mean, Citing Wikipedia - Patheos (blog)

Scholars Behaving Badly – Er, I Mean, Citing Wikipedia - Patheos (blog) | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
Scholars Behaving Badly – Er, I Mean, Citing Wikipedia
Patheos (blog)
I've been discussing information literacy in general and Wikipedia in particular not only here, but on Facebook, quite a bit in recent days.
Dennis T OConnor's insight:

Thoughtful commentary:  would you recommend Wikipedia as a starting place for gathering information on an idea?

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Rutgers Beginner's Guide to Research

Rutgers Beginner's Guide to Research | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Via Beth Dichter
Dennis T OConnor's insight:

A solid look at research from Rutgers.

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Anita Vance's curator insight, May 30, 2013 9:54 AM

a visual aid - helpful for upper grades, or as a tutorial.  Any way we can help with examining a topic and planning the search is appreciated.

Peg Becksvoort's curator insight, May 30, 2013 5:29 PM

Look at this from the POV of when and how you will teach research skills. Students need consistent requirements for excellence and accountability.

johanna krijnsen's curator insight, June 6, 2013 3:49 AM

a great tool to teach your students how to research

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A Great Guide on How to Cite Social Media Using Both MLA and APA styles ~ Educational Technology and Mobile Learning

A Great Guide on How to Cite Social Media Using Both MLA and APA styles ~ Educational Technology and Mobile Learning | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Via Donna Clark, Jack Patterson
Dennis T OConnor's insight:

Here's an 'at-a-glance' chart to help with social media citation. 

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Patricia LeClaire's curator insight, April 18, 2013 9:33 AM

A useful guide not provided in the current versions of the ALA and MLA manuals.

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scrible | smarter online research - annotate, organize & collaborate on web pages

scrible | smarter online research - annotate, organize & collaborate on web pages | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Even though the world uses the Internet to research nearly everything for work, school and home (job postings, press releases, Wikipedia articles, medical info, etc.), most folks still use old-school ways of annotating, organizing and sharing online info (printing to mark by hand, copying/pasting into Word, etc.). It's archaic, laborious and a waste of time. We're changing that. We're bringing Web-based research into the Internet Era by empowering people to mark up web pages in the browser and manage and collaborate on them online. And that's just the start... We've got much more planned in a variety of areas to help people manage the mounds of info they're pulling off the Web everyday.

Dennis T OConnor's insight:

This Diigo competitor has a very rich editing tool set.  If you're looking for a research organizer and social bookmark system, Scrilbe has searious horsepower. 

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21st Century Information Fluency: Teacher's Guide: Ethical Use GameKit

21st Century Information Fluency: Teacher's Guide: Ethical Use GameKit | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

This guide provides instructions and ideas for using the Action Zone activities that are bundled in this Ethical Use Kit. The Sorting Hat Challenge requires searchers to dig for information within a site to find its author. Four new MicroModule Companions test skills in finding information about CopyrightCitation and Plagiarism (2 sets). In addition to serving as tutorial resources, each one may be used to assess the extent to which students are able to demonstrate skills in secondary searching and citing resources properly.

Dennis T OConnor's insight:

This is vintage work from Dr. Carl Heine and me.  I'm always pleased to share this!  You'll find lots of goodies here! 

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Lourense Das's curator insight, February 9, 2013 6:34 AM

Info and tools to discuss search techniques, copyright, plagiarism

Nancy Jones's curator insight, February 21, 2013 12:44 PM

Always good stuff from the work of Dennis O'Connor and Carl Heine. Thanks for making our jobs a little easier while helping make our students a little wiser.

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Kate Hart: Citing Sources: A Quick and Graphic Guide

Kate Hart: Citing Sources: A Quick and Graphic Guide | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Strong Article and Infographic about citing sources

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Content Curation: How To Cite, Credit and Attribute Other People's Content on the Web

Content Curation: How To Cite, Credit and Attribute Other People's Content on the Web | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Robin Good: Here is a good guide providing the basic principles that should be followed when using, reposting, citing or quoting other people's content (both text and images).


The article outlines "proper methods of source attribution on the internet to guarantee the right people get credit for their hard work and ideas."


Specific sections of the article cover:

  • How To Cite Content in Blog Posts
  • How To Cite Content in Social Media
  • How to Give Credit to Guest Bloggers and Ghost Writers
  • How to Cite Images and Visual Content



Well done. 8/10


Read more: http://blog.hubspot.com/blog/tabid/6307/bid/33098/How-Not-to-Steal-People-s-Content-on-the-Web.aspx





Via Robin Good, janlgordon
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El código Gutenberg's comment, August 18, 2012 2:01 PM
Thank you very much. You're very kind. I hope that readers like my work in "El código Gutenberg". And thank you for the information in your page.
nickcarman's curator insight, February 17, 2013 5:45 PM

This is an excellent article, which lays out the groundrules for using, or citing someone else's content.

Nevermore Sithole's curator insight, August 29, 2013 8:32 AM

A Good Resource

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A Handy Classroom Poster on APA Style

A Handy Classroom Poster on APA Style | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
August 7, 2014
In yesterday's post I mentioned that Online Writing Lab (OWL) is one of my favourite go-to place when looking for help with referencing my papers. OWL provides guidelines on both APA...

Via Susan Grigsby @sksgrigsby, Joyce Valenza
Dennis T OConnor's insight:

Thanks to super curator Joyce Valenza for bringing this to my attention.

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Susan Grigsby @sksgrigsby's curator insight, August 11, 2014 3:19 PM

Post in the media center and share with your ELA and SS staff!

Character Minutes's curator insight, August 15, 2014 7:58 AM

Great resource!

Joyce Valenza's curator insight, August 16, 2014 4:52 PM

A wonderful one-page summary for class use.

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Excellent Guides To Help Students Make Appropriate Citations and Bibliographies ~ Educational Technology and Mobile Learning

Excellent Guides To Help Students Make Appropriate Citations and Bibliographies ~ Educational Technology and Mobile Learning | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Via reuvenwerber
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GwynethJones's curator insight, April 13, 2014 3:16 PM

COOL!

Bookmarking Librarian's curator insight, April 14, 2014 3:27 AM

Citation of sources; referencing

Dean Mantz's curator insight, April 14, 2014 10:28 AM

Thanks to reuvenwerber for sharing this post on his Jewish Education Around the World page.  http://www.scoop.it/t/jewish-education-around-the-world/

 

This comes and a perfect time as my TnC356 preservice students from Sterling College are creating PSA videos and digital storytelling projects. 

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giving credit… | pia jane bijkerk

giving credit… | pia jane bijkerk | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
UPDATE: there have been many requests to buy the print – thank you! We’ll be looking into it this week – so hopefully by the end of the week (that being Friday March 25), we should have something available. Thanks again for all your support and positive attitude, it’s so wonderful to see so many of you enthusiastic about giving credit where credit is due. x
Dennis T OConnor's insight:

Thanks to Pia Jane Bijkerk for this original infographic! 

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Louise Quo Vadis's curator insight, July 23, 2013 2:15 PM

Yes I think giving credit to other people's material we use is the right thing to do. Thanks for posting this.

Sandra Carswell's curator insight, July 23, 2013 5:13 PM

Lots of steps to go through before using that copyrighted material. Maybe if the students had to look at this each time, they would just take your word for it and use Creative Commons licensed images to begin with! 

Linda Denty's curator insight, July 23, 2013 8:46 PM

Thanks Pia.

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A Fabulous Flow Chart on How Students Should Use Images from The Web ~ Educational Technology and Mobile Learning

A Fabulous Flow Chart on How Students Should Use Images from The Web ~ Educational Technology and Mobile Learning | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Via Dr Peter Carey
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Barbara Atherton Udall's curator insight, July 26, 2013 6:40 PM

Too complicated for my kids, but great to share with teachers!

Dr. Christine Van Hamersveld, Director of Libraries & Instructional Materials - Pasadena ISD's curator insight, August 19, 2013 1:42 PM

Great to share with students - the how and why of citing images from the web.

johanna krijnsen's curator insight, December 4, 2013 1:53 PM

flow chart on how to use images from the web

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Citation Generator

Citation Generator | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
Automatically generate bibliographies, references and title pages in APA, MLA and Chicago styles.

Via Ana Cristina Pratas
Dennis T OConnor's insight:

Bibliography generation just might be the killer app! 

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Dennis T OConnor's comment, June 10, 2013 7:34 PM
I use citation generators all the time. Indeed, my website has a number of them. Take a look at: http://21cif.com/tools/cite/
Eva Maier's comment, June 11, 2013 6:17 AM
i really like zotero.org
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How To Cite Social Media Using MLA and APA - Edudemic

How To Cite Social Media Using MLA and APA - Edudemic | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
Social media posts and videos are cropping up in academic publications more and more. This chart shows just how to cite social media with ease.
Dennis T OConnor's insight:

Here's a convenient chart that includes blog posts, youtube video, tweets, facebook posts and email. 

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Kathy Lenard's curator insight, June 10, 2013 12:03 PM

I have had problems in the past with citing information from Social Media.  I was so glad to see this article!  It will certainly help me and I hope you find it useful in your writing projects.

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scrible Student Edition

scrible Student Edition | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
scrible is launching a brand new Student Edition with new features and perks for any student with a ".edu" email address.
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Dennis T OConnor's curator insight, May 9, 2013 2:17 PM

The power research features of this online social bookmarking system make me sit up and take notice: 


Citations and Bibliographies

Capture citations in a snap and create bibliographies with a 
single click.


Summaries and Reports

Compile your annotations from multiple articles into a simple summary or robust report.


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Plagiarism and the link: How the web makes attribution easier -- and more complicated

Plagiarism and the link: How the web makes attribution easier -- and more complicated | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
The controversy over writer Nate Thayer’s failure to credit his sources, which some alleged amounted to plagiarism, is just part of an ongoing debate over how we use — and give credit for — information in a digital age.


The problem is that while adding hyperlinks is a great way of avoiding a charge of plagiarism — something that might have helped Fox News opinion writer Juan Williams and other alleged plagiarists — there is no accepted protocol for how or where to add those links, or how much content someone can cut and paste into their story or blog post without crossing the line from borrowing into plagiarism or copyright infringement.

Dennis T OConnor's insight:

I'm very interested in the idea that a hyperlink is a very solid kind of attribution.  Is it sufficient to simply link to the source? Is this kind of citaiton enought to avoid a charge of plagiarism?


The author of this piece, Mathew Ingram, asks " How much content is too much to take?"  He goes on to complain about aggregators who bury links to the original source at the bottom of posts.  Good attribution is essential. How to do it in a hyperlinked environment is a topic worth discussing. 

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reuvenwerber's curator insight, April 11, 2013 1:29 AM

Is a link enough for attribution?

Paige Jaeger 's comment, April 11, 2013 8:31 AM
As a hyperlink embedder, this is a timely post for introspection! Everyone should stop, read, and contemplate whether they are remaining true to the source. I'd like to think I have been, but it's time to reflect and inspect!
Sandra Carswell's curator insight, April 11, 2013 11:58 PM

This is also an important topic for librarians to address. We teach our students to cite sources and give attribution to the creators of materials they use in their projects. Is a link enough? And yes, just how much can you quote without losing your own voice? 

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The Keyword Blog: Citations are Anchovies

The Keyword Blog: Citations are Anchovies | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
Dennis T OConnor's insight:

Oh, that our students could deal with quotations and citations with this kind of insight. 

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Elizabeth Hutchinson's comment, March 19, 2013 2:40 PM
Very funny!
Ann Kenady's curator insight, March 20, 2013 4:21 PM

Jef Mallett is constantly brightening my mornings with his comicstrip "Frazz."

As far as I'm concerned, there's nothing more that needs to be said about citations!

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The 6 Best Online Bibliography Tools

The 6 Best Online Bibliography Tools | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it
If helping your students write papers is a part of your school day, you probably already know that there are enough issues to focus on without having to spend a lot of time teaching your students how to build a bibliography and correctly cite their sources. Your time is likely better spent helping create a focused, concise piece of work that uses excellent grammar and sentence structure.
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Citelighter - The fully automated bibliography, research, citation, and internet highlighting tool.

Citelighter - The fully automated bibliography, research, citation, and internet highlighting tool. | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

From FreeTech4Teachers:

 

Citelighter is a helpful tool for anyone trying to organize their online and or offline research findings. At its core Citelighter is a browser extension (available for Chrome, Firefox, and Safari) that enables you to select sections of webpages and save them along with the important information needed to create an APA, MLA, or Chicago style bibliography. If you have pieces of text from books and journals that you want to include in your list of citations, you can add those in Citelighter too.


Via Mark Rounds
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Kate Hart: Citing Sources: A Quick and Graphic Guide

Kate Hart: Citing Sources: A Quick and Graphic Guide | 21st Century Information Fluency | Scoop.it

Via reuvenwerber
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Tricia Adams's curator insight, November 27, 2013 4:28 AM

Lovely child friendly way to explain!

katana Robertson's curator insight, April 2, 2014 1:09 AM

This website adds insight into the proper way of referencing and avoiding plagiarism. This website is necessary for any written assessment.