According to Carol Rodgers in Defining Reflection :Another Look at John Dewey and Reflective Thinking, four criteria emerge from Dewey’s work that characterize reflection.
1. Reflection is a meaning making process that moves a learner from one experience into the next with deeper understanding of its relationships with and its connections to other experiences and ideas.
2. Reflection is a systematic, rigorous way of thinking, with its roots in scientific inquiry.
3. Reflection needs to happen in community, in interaction with others
4. Reflection requires attitudes that value the personal and intellectual growth of oneself and others.