En diciembre de 1946, en el primer Congreso Sionista de posguerra en Basilea, David Ben Gurión asumió la cartera de defensa, incluyendo la responsabilidad por la Haganá, que en esa época se centraba en la lucha contra los británicos.
A pesar de las restricciones británicas, las redadas y las detenciones convirtieron la construcción de una fuerza clandestina - con fuerzas blindadas y artillería, fuerza aérea y marina - en algo casi imposible, Ben Gurión decidió de inmediato que ésa era la tarea decisiva: crear una fuerza que se preparara para hacer frente a un ataque de los ejércitos regulares de los países árabes, que el yishuv debería afrontar solo, sin ayuda del exterior.
The British Record on Partition Reprinted from The Nation, May 8, 1948 Comments by Jared Israel, Emperor's Clothes.
Palestinian Arab leaders derive legitimacy from the accepted view that in 1948 their predecessors fought a National Liberation war against British-backed Jewish colonists. A 1948 Nation magazine study proves the opposite happened.
The Carmeli Brigade was formed by David Ben-Gurion in February 1948 to be one of nine elite fighting units, The Carmeli Brigade was initially responsible for operations in Haifa and western Galilee. Two months later, the Carmeli Brigade engaged in fierce fighting with several waves of Arab Druze forces, but succeeded in repelling the assault on the city of Haifa and then moved on to capture Arab positions in Acre. In late May and early June of 1948, the Carmeli Brigade faced Iraqi forces battling for the city of Jenin and although Israeli forces captured to town, they soon had to withdraw from it due to ineffective defenses. Throughout the Israeli war for independence, the Carmeli Brigade served as one of the primary units in the Israeli army. The 22nd Battalion was part of the Carmeli Brigade among other units.
Irregular Palestinian Arab bands blocked the roads of approach to Jewish settlements, thus cutting them off and isolating them. 'Sherut Ha'avir' - created just before the UN decision - was the only aerial force resisting the Arab assaults. The core of Sherut Ha'avir was made up of a handful of pilots - mostly Israeli-born - succoring the Jewish settlements and fighters on the different fronts with just a few light planes. Meanwhile, Sherut Ha'avir's staff prepared plans for establishing a full-fledged Air Force, and sent representatives to countries in all five continents to recruit volunteers and buy planes and other supplies necessary the operation of such a Force.
On April 9, the London BBC, relying on Ra’anan’s communique to the press, reported 200 Arabs killed at Deir-Yassin.150 The following day, ETZEL’s radio station quoted 254 killed, according to Ra’anan’s report to ETZEL headquarters in Tel Aviv. (...) IDF researchers wrote in the draft for the “State Book” in the 1950s that 240 Arabs were killed at Deir-Yassin.”153 For more than ten years, Yitzhak Levi, who had access to classified documentation on the subject, investigated the events of the War of Independence in Jerusalem. “During the action and after it,” he writes, “about 254 people were killed.”154 This figure has been published hundreds of times in Hebrew, Arabic and other languages. (,,,) The number of dead appears to have been 110. (,,,) The question remains whether those people were killed during the battle or after it.