1930s Cinema And Movies
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1930s Cinema And Movies
The Film Industry in the 1930s
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1930s Cinema & Movies iMovie

This is about the 1930s period when film industry was advancing. I do not own the photos.
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By: Jessica Beadle

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Historical Letter

By: Jessica Beadle

 

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Dear cousin Simon,

 

            Hello! It’s your cousin Anne. I haven’t sent a letter in a while because it’s been quite rough lately. Ma says it’s the depression that we’re in. Lately we haven’t been eating much. I’ve been really hungry, but Ma says we have to save what we can. On the brighter side, I have just turned thirteen years old last month. Though we couldn’t afford a cake, the bakery down the street gave one to us for free. I don’t really understand what’s going on, but ma says not to worry about it. She says it’s a grown-up problem. My friend Loretta has just moved away to one of the Hoovervilles. She and her family have lost everything. I will miss her a lot. There’s not really much to do now. All of the kids I went to school with are now working. I can’t believe it! Ma and Pa are very serious now a days. I try to crack jokes with them sometimes, but they rarely smile. They are starting to look old. Most of the time it’s like I’m not there… I’ve been trying my hardest to be useful around the house. I do whatever Mom or Pa asks of me. Sometimes they tell me to clean the dishes, mop the floors, or even wipe the windows. It’s been the most boring time of my life. When I’m at home, I listen to the radio. At the beginning, it’s usually boring with all of the talks about the President and whatsoever. But it really gets exciting to listen to the music and talk show host. My most favorite time is on Thursday nights. Every Thursday the old movie theatre will show a free movie! It is fantastic! I was so excited when Ma and Pa took me for the first time. My most favorite is the ones with Shirley Temple. People say I used to look like her when I was younger. My friend Jeffrey’s Pa owns the old show house. When I can, I ask him about how it runs, how did they get sound and color on it and much more. He says it’s an all-new kind of technology. He says first of all the Theatre is called a “cinema”. I think it’s a funny word. It reminds me of cinnamon rolls. He taught me that the movies were actually made out of film or celluloid strips. These films are 35-millimeter films. They put it on a projector and that’s how it turns out so big. Recently, sound has been put on movies. I like them more than the silent ones. Jeffrey’s Pa said that it was synchronized sound that was put onto films. He says that they use something called a Phonograph to do it. Oh, and guess what? Movies are in color now! They are so amazing and beautiful!  He says it’s called the Technicolor system. It’s where they mix yellow, blue, and red to make colored movies. Whoever made all of this up was probably a genius. Last Thursday, I watched this movie with Shirley temple that was more than just one show! They were all put together, one after another. I asked Jeffrey and he said his Pa called it a “Reeler”. I think that a weird thing to call it. I’d rather call it a 5-show movie. I used to go to the movies with Ma, Pa, and Loretta. Loretta couldn’t afford as much as us, but we still liked her. I can’t believe she lost her house. I asked Ma if she could come live with us, but she said no. She said we don’t have enough to feed her. Now I don’t know when I’ll see her again. I miss her so much. Hey Simon! Maybe the next time you come down you can come with us! It would be so much fun! I would say we could take a ride out on town, but the bank took our car. Now anywhere we go we have to walk. It’s no fun at all. All I can do now is watch people go to work and then come home. They walk to their house so late at night just like my Pa. He works so hard now a day. We used to afford nice things. But now we are struggling. I wish you could come down from Chicago. It would make it more fun down here. Anyway how is life up there in the city? Ma says it is probably better there than down here. Pa calls President Hoover a scoundrel. I don’t know why but there must be something wrong. I wish I could understand more of what’s going on. I hear you’re turning fourteen in a couple of months. Time is sure going fast. I hope you can come down and see us one day. Last time I seen you was a year ago. I can’t wait to see you and your family again! Well I should go because Ma tells me I have to clean the dishes. Hope to see you soon.

 

Sincerely,

Your cousin Anne

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Primary Source 2: The Wizard Of Oz Movie Ad

Primary Source 2: The Wizard Of Oz Movie Ad | 1930s Cinema And Movies | Scoop.it
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The Wizard of Oz was one of the most famous movies created in the 1930s. It was also one of the first colored movies created. It was produced in 1939 by American Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. It was notable for it's technicolor and special effects. It was MGM's most expensive movie up to that time. It was based off of the book "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" by L. Frank Baum. Though it had positive reviews, it was not a box office hit due to the depression.

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Website Today #2: A revival for small town theaters

Website Today #2: A revival for small town theaters | 1930s Cinema And Movies | Scoop.it
About a year ago, Tom Henriksen was considering the unthinkable — closing the doors to the Strand Twin Theatre, a local institution that his family has owned and operated for more than 75 years.
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Due to the new mandatory movie industry standards, the U.S. will stop the distribution of 35-millimeter films by the end of the year. Theatres are now required to switch and purchase digital projection and sound equipment. However, this is not cheap. For Theatres like Strand Twin Theatre, owned by Tom Henriksen in Grafton, N.D., the change will cost them over $250,000. To help this cause, the community started donating to the public theatre. Although some local theatres are gaining help from their community, others are seeking alternatives. Theatre owner Bob Moore is trying to convert without community aid.

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Website 1: Having Fun – Movies during the 1930s

Website 1: Having Fun – Movies during the 1930s | 1930s Cinema And Movies | Scoop.it
Jessica Beadle's insight:

The Great Depression was a hard time period in the U.S. However, the invention of movies and films made it more bearable for people. Movies became popular amongst people, and it made it more possible to get your mind off of the depression. Popular stars like Clark Gable, Bette Davis, and little Shirley Temple were big movie actors. This is the beginning point to a popular industry.

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Website 3: The Picture Show Man

Website 3: The Picture Show Man | 1930s Cinema And Movies | Scoop.it
Explore the history of motion pictures on The Picture Show Man website.
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Though new inventions and ideas were created in the Movie Industry, the economic complications were pounding on the increase of moviegoers. Many theatres went out of business due to low sales of tickets. Many depression victims could not afford to go the cinema. Though the sales were going down, the production was going up, leading to more efficient motion pictures. Hollywood was reach a “Golden Age” that would continue onto the next generation so on and forth.

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Primary Source 1: "A coach for Cinderella" Cartoon

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"The Coach for Cinderella" was made 90 years ago. It was for the purpose of advertising Chevrolets by General Motors.

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Vocabulary

Definitons

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1. 35 Millimeter Films- the film guage most commonly used for chemical still photography and motion pictures.

 

Due to a new requirement, 35 mm films will not be sold anymore by 2014.

 

2. Cinema- A movie theatre or the production of movies as an art or industry.

 

Cinema was popular during the 1920s.

 

3. Filmstrips- A series of transparencies in a strip for projection, used esp. as a teaching aid.

 

During the 1930s, the film industry was learning how to get dialogue on filmstrips.

 

4. Celluloid- A transparent flammable plastic made in sheets from camphor and nitrocellulose, formerly used for cinematographic film.

 

Celluloid strips were a popular film making process.

 

5. Technicolor System- Making color motion pictures by means of superimposing thethree primary colors to produce a final colored print.

 

In the 1930s, the Technicolor system was created to make colored movies.

 

6.Golden Age- The period when a specified art, skill, or activity is at its peak.

 

The film industry was at its Golden Age during the 1930s.

 

7. Synchronous Sound- Sync sound (synchronized sound recording) refers to sound recorded at the time of the filming of movies, and has been widely used in.

 

Film makers used synchronous sound to transfer sound and dialogue onto a filmstrip.

 

8. Phonograph- An early sound-reproducing machine that used cylinders to record as well as reproduce sound.

 

The Phonograph was used to capture sound.

 

9. Consolidation- combining into a solid mass.

 

10. Reel- A cylinder on which film, wire, thread, or other flexible materials can be wound.

 

Producers will often make reelers to make a full length video.

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Primary Source 3: War Babies (1932) w/ Shirley Temple - Complete Movie

A very early R M Savini produced Shirley Temple short where a group of soldiers in a café watch a dancer as she entertains them, but later two of them become...
Jessica Beadle's insight:

This short film starring the famous Shirley Temple is an example of the timeless classics made in the1930s. Produced in 1932, is the second in a series of eight reelers. This short film in particular was a spoof of WW1 film "What Price Glory?". The children play as adults to reach comedy standards.

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Website Today #1: 1930s-era theater in Preston struggling to adapt to costly digital age

Website Today #1: 1930s-era theater in Preston struggling to adapt to costly digital age | 1930s Cinema And Movies | Scoop.it
LOGAN, Utah - Preston's Worm Creek Opera House is under pressure from a rapidly changing motion picture industry that is forcing movie theaters around the country to phase out aging film projectors.
Jessica Beadle's insight:

The movie industry wants all theatres to go digital. As of January 1st, the Fox film company will no longer distribute film prints. The Preston Worm Creek Opera House is under pressure to change their system. They used to show Hollywood releases three times a week. A big problem that occurs is that the switch is not cheap. They’re estimating the price to buy a digital projector will cost $65,000-$70,000. For now they will show movies using two 1930s-era Christie projectors, that have been brought up to date over the years.

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Website 2: The History of Film; The 1930s

Website 2: The History of Film; The 1930s | 1930s Cinema And Movies | Scoop.it
This site contains all the information on Hollywood an outsider needs to get an in-depth understanding of the industry.
Jessica Beadle's insight:

Movies made a big impact on our society. In the 1930s the invention of sound and dialogue in filmstrips were introduced. Sound could be recorded onto a separate disc or onto the celluloid strip. Colored movies became possible by using the Technicolor system. Also big companies were taking over the industry. (Warner Bros, Paramount, Fox Studios…)

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