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No-Till Gardening & Sequestering Carbon : Organic Gardening

No-Till Gardening & Sequestering Carbon : Organic Gardening | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it

Soil has the ability to store carbon, preventing it from entering the air as the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide and contributing to climate change. No-till farming and gardening—growing crops with little or no tilling or plowing—may be particularly well suited to sequestering carbon, especially when combined with organic practices.

 

Soil organic carbon (SOC)—carbon that derives from organic materials and is stored or sequestered in soil—accounts for approximately 58 percent of the total organic mass found in soil. It is the largest global pool of terrestrial carbon. But historic levels of soil organic carbon far exceeded modern-day levels. Globally, most agricultural lands have already relinquished approximately 50 to 70 percent of their initial SOC stores. This loss of SOC contributes significantly to the levels of climate-altering carbon dioxide in the atmosphere; approximately 792 billion tons of carbon emissions from 1750 to 1999 can be attributed to the loss of SOC. The depletion continues today, fueled by land-use changes and the regular plowing and tilling of agricultural fields.

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Top 10 new species include a bizarre array of wonders

Top 10 new species include a bizarre array of wonders | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it
While we humans are helping to make mincemeat of other species at a worrisome rate, it’s heartening to remember that there are new ones constantly being discovered.

Although it’s a slippery number to confirm, scientists believe there are some 10 million species yet to be discovered, five times more than have already been identified. In 2015 alone, 18,000 new species were named during the course of the year.
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'Biting' plants discovered with teeth like ours!

'Biting' plants discovered with teeth like ours! | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it

For the first time, researchers have found calcium phosphate in the structure of plants – in this case, used to harden the needle-like hairs used to defend against predators.

Revenge of the plants? It’s hard for the mind not to wander into B-movie territory when considering what researchers from Bonn University recently discovered: The first plants found to have calcium phosphate as a structural biomineral.


Calcium phosphate is widely found in the animal kingdom; it’s a hard mineral substance of which bones and teeth are largely comprised. Now the researchers have confirmed its presence in the stinging hairs of rock nettles (Loasaceae), a “well-defended” plant native to the South American Andes.

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The week in wildlife – in pictures

The week in wildlife – in pictures | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it
A fleeing giraffe, a sleeping racoon and a close encounter with a great white shark are among this week’s pick of images from the natural world
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Is there any point in planting new trees? - BBC News

Is there any point in planting new trees? - BBC News | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it

Successive governments have made popular pledges to plant large numbers of new trees. But do these trees ever actually get planted and, where they do, does it ever achieve anything useful?


Woodlands have a vital role to play in our landscape. As well as being a valuable source of homegrown timber, trees store carbon, provide an essential home for wildlife, absorb air pollution, and are important spaces for pleasure and leisure.

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Wildlife Gardening Medicine, episode II

Wildlife Gardening Medicine, episode II | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it

his is the concept that by adding native plants and eliminating chemical use in our properties (and by extension our ecosystems), we can seamlessly introduce habitat restoration to our communities. And the concept goes further- there is rich natural history in this country with almost all of our favorite native plants, the same ones used in a wildlife garden, these native plants have been successfully used medicinally for many generations.

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Why I'm Going Native in My Garden

Why I'm Going Native in My Garden | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it

... A bigger problem than all of this direct destruction are the nonnative plants, insects and animals that are being transported by human beings all across the globe. Each and every island that we are trying to protect is failing. They are all being invaded by nonnative invasives and we don’t seem to be getting it. Intact ecosystems seem to do okay in battling the invaders, but all it takes is an “in” for them….a tornado….a hiker carrying in seeds on her shoes……a tree dying and a bird dropping a seed. ...

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Trading to extinction

Trading to extinction | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it
Photographer Patrick Brown spent 10 years documenting the illegal trade in endangered animals in Asia.

 

On 14 February, the UK government is hosting an international conference on the illegal trade in wildlife, at which it hopes to obtain high-level political commitment from governments around the world to fight the issue.

 

According to the government, the illegal wildlife industry is worth more than £6bn each year, and it is growing. Rhino horns can sell for up to £40,000 ($65,000) per kg, making it more expensive than gold. According to Cites - the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species - more than 22,000 elephants were slaughtered for their tusks in 2012.

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A “Doomsday Book” for Scotland’s woods: real insight into the condition of Scotland’s native woods

A “Doomsday Book” for Scotland’s woods: real insight into the condition of Scotland’s native woods | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it

For decades the Woodland Trust has championed the value of Scotland’s native-woodlands to the Scottish Government, the Forestry Commission, councils, landowners, and agencies such as Scottish Natural Heritage. To their credit, many of them did not take much persuading, but this week no-one in Scotland can be in any doubt as to the importance of native woodland to the country.

 

This comes with the unveiling of the final analysis of the Native Woodland Survey of Scotland after more than seven years of comprehensive fieldwork led by the Forestry Commission  to establish an “authoritative picture of Scotland’s native woodlands” covering, location, type, extent, composition and condition; and the results are fascinating. 

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Death by pest or pesticide? Antibiotic dangers trap bees in a Catch 22

Death by pest or pesticide? Antibiotic dangers trap bees in a Catch 22 | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it
Antibiotics used to protect them from bacterial illnesses ravaging hives are making them die from commonly used pesticides, some of which are used to ward-off bee-killing parasites. Matthew Thompson reports.
Antibiotics widely used in the bee industry, such as oxytetracycline, are preventing bees from effectively excreting widely used pesticides.

Honey bees are trapped in a Catch 22 where antibiotics used to protect them from bacterial illnesses ravaging hives are making them die from commonly used pesticides, some of which are used to ward-off bee-killing parasites.

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Trees and flooding

Trees and flooding | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it

Recent flooding has highlighted the importance of land use in either contributing to or mitigating flood risk. In particular the suggestion that trees might play an important role in helping reduce flood risk.

 

Reports from the Woodland Trust on water and farming and water in towns provide a review of the evidence for the role of trees. Forest Research has also undertaken a significant amount of work looking at the role of trees in delivering better water quality as well as modelling the impacts of increased tree cover on flood risk. These show that trees can make an important contribution both to mitigating flooding and improving water quality.

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Is this the cutest tiger ever?

Is this the cutest tiger ever? | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it
The adorable photograph was captured by Spanish photographer Pedro Jarque Krebs, 50, during a visit to the zoo at Mundopark in Seville, Spain.
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Green shoots - your winter photographs

Green shoots - your winter photographs | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it
Striking landscape and wildlife shots are among the best reader photographs of this winter
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Ivory Coast Pilots Novel Elephant Rescue

Ivory Coast Pilots Novel Elephant Rescue | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it

DAKAR, Senegal (AP) — A conservation group says it is capturing and relocating elephants in Ivory Coast to stave off future conflicts with villagers and townspeople in the first such operation attempted in Africa's forests.

 

The International Fund for Animal Welfare this week began tranquilizing up to a dozen forest elephants outside the western town of Daloa and transporting them to Assagny National Park on the southern coast.

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Photo: Leaf-litter toad mimics the forest floor

Photo: Leaf-litter toad mimics the forest floor | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it

While this leaf-litter toad photographed by Andreas Kay may stand out against a vibrant red leaf, against the mottled melange of the forest floor Rhinella alata blends right in.

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Watch these incredible green ants build a leaf castle

Watch these incredible green ants build a leaf castle | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it

Like an insect version of a barn raising, green ants (also called weaver ants) work together with incredible cooperation to pull leaves together and stitch them into place to create nests high in the trees. Linking their tiny bodies together to form chains from one leaf to another, their efforts are nothing short of Herculean!

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Spectacular bearded vulture spotted for first time in UK

Spectacular bearded vulture spotted for first time in UK | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it

A spectacular bearded vulture, believed to be the first recorded in the UK, has been spotted soaring over the Severn estuary and moorland in Devon.


If it is confirmed that the vulture, also known as the lammergeier or ossifrage, is a wild bird, it will be the first of its species to be found in Britain and the sightings have already caused ornithologists to rush to the west country hoping for a glimpse.

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One in Five of World’s Plant Species at Risk of Extinction

One in Five of World’s Plant Species at Risk of Extinction | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it
One in five of the world’s plant species is threatened with extinction, according to the first global assessment of flora, putting supplies of food and medicines at risk. But the report also found that 2,000 new species of plant are discovered every year, raising hopes of new sources of food that are resilient to disease and climate change.

The State of the World’s Plants report, by experts at the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, reveals that there are currently 390,000 species of known plants, with more than 30,000 used by people.
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Wildlife Gardening Medicine

Wildlife Gardening Medicine | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it

Wildlife gardening medicine may just be the future trend needed to turn the tides on the environmental crisis. If people want to have as many native plants growing on their property as possible to ensure there are enough stock plants for their family’s medicinal use harvesting (ie, if people believe there’s something in it for them), then maybe our beloved native plants, even the obscure ones would finally become less marginalized in the landscape.

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Poison Ivy - Good?

Poison Ivy - Good? | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it

Poison Ivy is quite a beautiful plant. Just look at its scarlet leaves in the first photograph. This is the scarlet of spring, with leaves that are often very shiny, whether scarlet in spring, or green in summer. As spring turns to summer, the plant puts out flowers. Large clusters of soft, pale green, with brilliant school bus yellow centers.

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Xeriscaping and the Principles of Saving Water: Organic Gardening

Xeriscaping and the Principles of Saving Water: Organic Gardening | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it
A xeriscape is a water-saving garden designed for a dry region and is especially useful in the western half of North America, where little rain falls in summer and gardeners depend heavily on irrigation. Learn the basic principles of making a drought-resistant landscape.
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The week in wildlife – in pictures

The week in wildlife – in pictures | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it
Hitch-hiking crabs, frozen musk ox and bats bouncing back are among the pick of this week's images from the natural world
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Vegetable and Herb Gardening at O'Hare: Organic Gardening

Vegetable and Herb Gardening at O'Hare: Organic Gardening | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it

With the demand for fresh local produce on a upward spiral, so is the demand for growing space. And that, in turn, inspires innovation and invention. A good example of this forward-thinking approach is the Urban Garden at O'Hare International Airport in Chicago. On the mezzanine level of one of the busiest airports in the world, travelers will find a 928-square-foot organic oasis that features nearly 50 kinds of vegetables and herbs. The technique that makes the indoor garden possible is aeroponics, a method of cultivating plants without soil but with a nutrient-rich solution that is misted onto their roots.

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Zone by zone to-do list for gardeners in February: Organic Gardening

Zone by zone to-do list for gardeners in February: Organic Gardening | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it
A zone-by-zone to do list for the month of February. There's so much to do to get ready for spring.
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Managing your Native Landscape to Support Pollinators

Managing your Native Landscape to Support Pollinators | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it
We can all do more (or less) to manage our landscapes for pollinators. Resist the urge to clean up your landscape; instead, leave natural items such as plant stems, logs, dead trees and leaves. Pollinators need undisturbed, pesticide-free, habitat-rich, plant diverse landscapes in order to thrive. Here are some ways we can all improve pollinator habitat in our own yards:
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The week in wildlife – in pictures

The week in wildlife – in pictures | 100 Acre Wood | Scoop.it
Flying fish, snow monkeys, koalas – and a 9,500-year-old tree, one of the oldest on Earth, are among the pick of this week's images from the natural world
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